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Agulhas Leakage Predominantly Responds to the Southern Hemisphere Westerlies ArchiMer
Durgadoo, Jonathan V.; Loveday, Benjamin R.; Reason, Chris J. C.; Penven, Pierrick; Biastoch, Arne.
The Agulhas Current plays a crucial role in the thermohaline circulation through its leakage into the South Atlantic Ocean. Under both past and present climates, the trade winds and westerlies could have the ability to modulate the amount of Indian-Atlantic inflow. Compelling arguments have been put forward suggesting that trade winds alone have little impact on the magnitude of Agulhas leakage. Here, employing three ocean models for robust analysisa global coarse-resolution, a regional eddy-permitting, and a nested high-resolution eddy-resolving configurationand systematically altering the position and intensity of the westerly wind belt in a series of sensitivity experiments, it is shown that the westerlies, in particular their intensity, control the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Boundary currents; Meridional overturning circulation; Wind stress; Mesoscale models; Numerical analysis; Modeling.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00161/27247/25452.pdf
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An assessment of global and regional sea level for years 1993-2007 in a suite of interannual CORE-II simulations ArchiMer
Griffies, Stephen M.; Yin, Jianjun; Durack, Paul J.; Goddard, Paul; Bates, Susan C.; Behrens, Erik; Bentsen, Mats; Bi, Daohua; Biastoch, Arne; Boening, Claus W.; Bozec, Alexandra; Chassignet, Eric; Danabasoglu, Gokhan; Danilov, Sergey; Domingues, Catia M.; Drange, Helge; Farneti, Riccardo; Fernandez, Elodie; Greatbatch, Richard J.; Holland, David M.; Ilicak, Mehmet; Large, William G.; Lorbacher, Katja; Lu, Jianhua; Marsland, Simon J.; Mishra, Akhilesh; Nurser, A. J. George; Salas Y Melia, David; Palter, Jaime B.; Samuels, Bonita L.; Schroeter, Jens; Schwarzkopf, Franziska U.; Sidorenko, Dmitry; Treguier, Anne-marie; Tseng, Yu-heng; Tsujino, Hiroyuki; Uotila, Petteri; Valcke, Sophie; Voldoire, Aurore; Wang, Qiang; Winton, Michael; Zhang, Xuebin.
The Palomares Margin, an NNE–SSW segment of the South Iberian Margin located between the Alboran and the Algerian–Balearic basins, is dissected by two major submarine canyon systems: the Gata (in the South) and the Alías–Almanzora (in the North). New swath bathymetry, side-scan sonar images, accompanied by 5 kHz and TOPAS subbottom profiles, allow us to recognize these canyons as Mediterranean examples of medium-sized turbidite systems developed in a tectonically active margin. The Gata Turbidite System is confined between residual basement seamounts and exhibits incised braided channels that feed a discrete deep-sea fan, which points to a dominantly coarse-grained turbiditic system. The Alías–Almanzora Turbidite System, larger and less confined, is a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sea level; CORE global ocean-ice simulations; Steric sea level; Global sea level; Ocean heat content.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00188/29904/28349.pdf
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An assessment of the Arctic Ocean in a suite of interannual CORE-II simulations. Part II: Liquid freshwater ArchiMer
Wang, Qiang; Ilicak, Mehmet; Gerdes, Ruediger; Drange, Helge; Aksenov, Yevgeny; Bailey, David A.; Bentsen, Mats; Biastoch, Arne; Bozec, Alexandra; Boening, Claus; Cassou, Christophe; Chassignet, Eric; Coward, Andrew C.; Curry, Beth; Danabasoglu, Gokhan; Danilov, Sergey; Fernandez, Elodie; Fogli, Pier Giuseppe; Fujii, Yosuke; Griffies, Stephen M.; Iovino, Doroteaciro; Jahn, Alexandra; Jung, Thomas; Large, William G.; Lee, Craig; Lique, Camille; Lu, Jianhua; Masina, Simona; Nurser, A. J. George; Rabe, Benjamin; Roth, Christina; Salas Y Melia, David; Samuels, Bonita L.; Spence, Paul; Tsujino, Hiroyuki; Valcke, Sophie; Voldoire, Aurore; Wang, Xuezhu; Yeager, Steve G..
The Arctic Ocean simulated in 14 global ocean-sea ice models in the framework of the Coordinated Ocean-ice Reference Experiments, phase II (CORE-II) is analyzed in this study. The focus is on the Arctic liquid freshwater (FW) sources and freshwater content (FWC). The models agree on the interannual variability of liquid FW transport at the gateways where the ocean volume transport determines the FW transport variability. The variation of liquid FWC is induced by both the surface FW flux (associated with sea ice production) and lateral liquid FW transport, which are in phase when averaged on decadal time scales. The liquid FWC shows an increase starting from the mid-1990s, caused by the reduction of both sea ice formation and liquid FW export, with the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Arctic Ocean; Freshwater; Sea ice; CORE II atmospheric forcing.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00313/42463/41835.pdf
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An assessment of the Arctic Ocean in a suite of interannual CORE-II simulations. Part III: Hydrography and fluxes ArchiMer
Ilicak, Mehmet; Drange, Helge; Wang, Qiang; Gerdes, Rudiger; Aksenov, Yevgeny; Bailey, David; Bentsen, Mats; Biastoch, Arne; Bozec, Alexandra; Boening, Claus; Cassou, Christophe; Chassignet, Eric; Coward, Andrew C.; Curry, Beth; Danabasoglu, Gokhan; Danilov, Sergey; Fernandez, Elodie; Fogli, Pier Giuseppe; Fujii, Yosuke; Griffies, Stephen M.; Iovino, Doroteaciro; Jahn, Alexandra; Jung, Thomas; Large, William G.; Lee, Craig; Lique, Camille; Lu, Jianhua; Masina, Simona; Nurser, A. J. George; Roth, Christina; Salas Y Melia, David; Samuels, Bonita L.; Spence, Paul; Tsujino, Hiroyuki; Valcke, Sophie; Voldoire, Aurore; Wang, Xuezhu; Yeager, Steve G..
In this paper we compare the simulated Arctic Ocean in 15 global ocean–sea ice models in the framework of the Coordinated Ocean-ice Reference Experiments, phase II (CORE-II). Most of these models are the ocean and sea-ice components of the coupled climate models used in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) experiments. We mainly focus on the hydrography of the Arctic interior, the state of Atlantic Water layer and heat and volume transports at the gateways of the Davis Strait, the Bering Strait, the Fram Strait and the Barents Sea Opening. We found that there is a large spread in temperature in the Arctic Ocean between the models, and generally large differences compared to the observed temperature at intermediate depths. Warm bias...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Arctic Ocean; Atlantic Water; St. Anna Trough; Density currents; CORE-II atmospheric forcing.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00317/42864/42295.pdf
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Lagrangian ocean analysis: fundamentals and practices ArchiMer
Van Sebille, Erik; Griffies, Stephen M.; Abernathey, Ryan; Adams, Thomas P.; Berloff, Pavel; Biastoch, Arne; Blanke, Bruno; Chassignet, Eric P.; Cheng, Yu; Cotter, Colin J.; Deleersnijder, Eric; Doos, Kristofer; Drake, Henri F.; Drijfhout, Sybren; Gary, Stefan F.; Heemink, Arnold W.; Kjellsson, Joakim; Koszalka, Inga Monika; Lange, Michael; Lique, Camille; Macgilchrist, Graeme A.; Marsh, Robert; Adame, C. Gabriela Mayorga; Mcadam, Ronan; Nencioli, Francesco; Paris, Claire B.; Piggott, Matthew D.; Polton, Jeff A.; Ruehs, Siren; Shah, Syed H. A. M.; Thomas, Matthew; Wang, Jinbo; Wolfram, Phillip J.; Zanna, Laure; Zika, Jan D..
Lagrangian analysis is a powerful way to analyse the output of ocean circulation models and other ocean velocity data such as from altimetry. In the Lagrangian approach, large sets of virtual particles are integrated within the three-dimensional, time-evolving velocity fields. Over several decades, a variety of tools and methods for this purpose have emerged. Here, we review the state of the art in the field of Lagrangian analysis of ocean velocity data, starting from a fundamental kinematic framework and with a focus on large-scale open ocean applications. Beyond the use of explicit velocity fields, we consider the influence of unresolved physics and dynamics on particle trajectories. We comprehensively list and discuss the tools currently available for...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ocean circulation; Lagrangian analysis; Connectivity; Particle tracking; Future modelling.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00412/52324/53099.pdf
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North Atlantic simulations in Coordinated Ocean-ice Reference Experiments phase II (CORE-II). Part I: Mean states ArchiMer
Danabasoglu, Gokhan; Yeager, Steve G.; Bailey, David; Behrens, Erik; Bentsen, Mats; Bi, Daohua; Biastoch, Arne; Boening, Claus; Bozec, Alexandra; Canuto, Vittorio M.; Cassou, Christophe; Chassignet, Eric; Coward, Andrew C.; Danilov, Sergey; Diansky, Nikolay; Drange, Helge; Farneti, Riccardo; Fernandez, E; Fogli, Pier Giuseppe; Forget, Gael; Fujii, Yosuke; Griffies, Stephen M.; Gusev, Anatoly; Heimbach, Patrick; Howard, Armando; Jung, Thomas; Kelley, Maxwell; Large, William G.; Leboissetier, Anthony; Lu, Jianhua; Madec, G; Marsland, Simon J.; Masinam, Simona; Navarram, Antonio; Nurser, A. J. George; Pirani, Anna; Salas Y Melia, David; Samuels, Bonita L.; Scheinert, Markus; Sidorenko, Dmitry; Treguier, Anne-marie; Tsujino, Hiroyuki; Uotila, Petteri; Valcke, Sophie; Voldoire, Aurore; Wangi, Qiang.
Simulation characteristics from eighteen global ocean–sea-ice coupled models are presented with a focus on the mean Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) and other related fields in the North Atlantic. These experiments use inter-annually varying atmospheric forcing data sets for the 60-year period from 1948 to 2007 and are performed as contributions to the second phase of the Coordinated Ocean-ice Reference Experiments (CORE-II). The protocol for conducting such CORE-II experiments is summarized. Despite using the same atmospheric forcing, the solutions show significant differences. As most models also differ from available observations, biases in the Labrador Sea region in upper-ocean potential temperature and salinity distributions, mixed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Global ocean-sea-ice modelling; Ocean model comparisons; Atmospheric forcing; Experimental design; Atlantic meridional overturning circulation; North Atlantic simulations.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00164/27525/28368.pdf
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Ocean current connectivity propelling the secondary spread of a marine invasive comb jelly across western Eurasia ArchiMer
Jaspers, Cornelia; Huwer, Bastian; Antajan, Elvire; Hosia, Aino; Hinrichsen, Hans-harald; Biastoch, Arne; Angel, Dror; Asmus, Ragnhild; Augustin, Christina; Bagheri, Siamak; Beggs, Steven E.; Balsby, Thorsten J. S.; Boersma, Maarten; Bonnet, Delphine; Christensen, Jens T.; Daenhardt, Andreas; Delpy, Floriane; Falkenhaug, Tone; Finenko, Galina; Fleming, Nicholas E. C.; Fuentes, Veronica; Galil, Bella; Gittenberger, Arjan; Griffin, Donal C.; Haslob, Holger; Javidpour, Jamileh; Kamburska, Lyudmila; Kube, Sandra; Langenberg, Victor T.; Lehtiniemi, Maiju; Lombard, Fabien; Malzahn, Arne; Marambio, Macarena; Mihneva, Veselina; Moller, Lene Friis; Niermann, Ulrich; Okyar, Melek Isinibilir; Ozdemir, Zekiye Birinci; Pitois, Sophie; Reusch, Thorsten B. H.; Robbens, Johan; Stefanova, Kremena; Thibault, Delphine; Van Der Veer, Henk W.; Vansteenbrugge, Lies; Van Walraven, Lodewijk; Wozniczka, Adam.
Aim Invasive species are of increasing global concern. Nevertheless, the mechanisms driving further distribution after the initial establishment of non‐native species remain largely unresolved, especially in marine systems. Ocean currents can be a major driver governing range occupancy, but this has not been accounted for in most invasion ecology studies so far. We investigate how well initial establishment areas are interconnected to later occupancy regions to test for the potential role of ocean currents driving secondary spread dynamics in order to infer invasion corridors and the source–sink dynamics of a non‐native holoplanktonic biological probe species on a continental scale. Location Western Eurasia. Time period 1980s–2016. Major taxa studied ‘Comb...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biological invasions; Gelatinous zooplankton; Invasion corridors; Invasive species; Jellyfish; Marine connectivity; Mnemiopsis leidyi; Range expansion; Source populations; Source-sink dynamics.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00440/55133/56595.pdf
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Towards an understanding of Labrador Sea salinity drift in eddy-permitting simulations ArchiMer
Rattan, Sanjay; Myers, Paul G.; Treguier, Anne-marie; Theetten, Sebastien; Biastoch, Arne; Boening, Claus.
Model drift in the Labrador Sea in eddy permitting model simulations is examined using a series of configurations based on the NEMO numerical framework. There are two phases of the drift that we can identify, beginning with an initial rapid 3-year period, associated with the adjustment of the model from its initial conditions followed by an extended model drift/adjustment that continued for at least another decade. The drift controlled the model salinity in the Labrador Sea, over-riding the variability. Thus, during this initial period, similar behavior was observed between the inter-annually forced experiments as with perpetual year forcing. The results also did not depend on whether the configuration was global, or regional North Atlantic Ocean. The...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Numerical modelling; Labrador Sea; Model salinity drift; Boundary currents; Eddy-permitting models.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00013/12411/9226.pdf
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