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Calibration procedures and first dataset of Southern Ocean chlorophyll a profiles collected by elephant seals equipped with a newly developed CTD-fluorescence tags ArchiMer
Guinet, Christophe; Xing, X.; Walker, E; Monestiez, P; Marchand, S.; Picard, Baptiste; Jaud, T.; Authier, Matthieu; Cotte, Cedric; Dragon, Ac; Diamond, E; Antoine, David; Lovell, P.; Blain, Stephane; D'Ortenzio, Fabrizio; Claustre, Herve.
In situ observation of the marine environment has traditionally relied on ship-based platforms. The obvious consequence is that physical and biogeochemical properties have been dramatically undersampled, especially in the remote Southern Ocean (SO). The difficulty in obtaining in situ data represents the major limitations to our understanding, and interpretation of the coupling between physical forcing and the biogeochemical response. Southern elephant seals (Mirounga leonina) equipped with a new generation of oceanographic sensors can measure ocean structure in regions and seasons rarely observed with traditional oceanographic platforms. Over the last few years, seals have allowed for a considerable increase in temperature and salinity profiles from the...
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Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00185/29663/28034.pdf
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Chemometric perspectives on plankton community responses to natural iron fertilisation over and downstream of the Kerguelen Plateau in the Southern Ocean ArchiMer
Trull, Thomas; Davies, Diana M.; Dehairs, Frank; Cavagna, Anne-julie; Lasbleiz, Marine; Laurenceau Cornec, Emmanuel C.; D'Ovidio, Francesco; Planchon, Frederic; Leblanc, Karine; Queguiner, Bernard; Blain, Stephane.
We examined phytoplankton community responses to natural iron fertilisation at 32 sites over and downstream from the Kerguelen Plateau in the Southern Ocean during the austral spring bloom in October-November 2011. The community structure was estimated from chemical and isotopic measurements (particulate organic carbon - POC; C-13-POC; particulate nitrogen -PN; N-15-PN; and biogenic silica - BSi) on size-fractionated samples from surface waters (300, 210, 50, 20, 5, and 1 mu m fractions). Higher values of C-13-POC (vs. co-located C-13 values for dissolved inorganic carbon -DIC) were taken as indicative of faster growth rates and higher values of N-15-PN (vs. co-located N-15-NO3 source values) as indicative of greater nitrate use (rather than ammonium use,...
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00255/36642/35222.pdf
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Microbial iron metabolism as revealed by gene expression profiles in contrasted Southern Ocean regimes ArchiMer
Debeljak, Pavla; Toulza, Eve; Beier, Sara; Blain, Stephane; Obernosterer, Ingrid.
Iron (Fe) is a limiting nutrient in large regions of the ocean, but the strategies of prokaryotes to cope with this micronutrient are poorly known. Using a gene‐specific approach from metatranscriptomics data, we investigated 7 Fe‐related metabolic pathways in microbial communities from High Nutrient Low Chlorophyll and naturally Fe‐fertilized waters in the Southern Ocean. We observed major differences in the contribution of prokaryotic groups at different taxonomic levels to transcripts encoding Fe uptake‐mechanisms, intracellular Fe storage and replacement, and Fe‐related pathways in the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. The composition of the prokaryotic communities contributing to the transcripts of a given Fe‐related pathway was overall independent of...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00488/59921/63113.eps
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Moose: An integrated multi-sites observatory system in the NW Mediterranean sea ArchiMer
Mantoura, F; Coppola, Laurent; Cousin, M.; Antoine, David; Beguery, Laurent; Blain, Stephane; Bouin, Marie-noelle; Cadiou, Jean-francois; Durrieu De Madron, Xavier; Forget, Philippe; Fraunie, Philippe; Gojak, Carl; Gorsky, Gaby; Goyet, Catherine; Lebaron, Philippe; Lellouche, Jean-michel; Ludwig, Hubert; Molcard, Anne; Mortier, Laurent; Petit De La Villeon, Loic; Petrenko, Anne; Piazzola, J.; Queguiner, B.; Raimbault, Patrick; Rigaud, Vincent; Sempere, Richard; Tamburini, Jean-simon; Testor, Pierre; Vuillemin, Renaud; Zakardjian, B..
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Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00122/23341/21166.pdf
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The Role of the Glyoxylate Shunt in the Acclimation to Iron Limitation in Marine Heterotrophic Bacteria ArchiMer
Koedooder, Coco; Gueneugues, Audrey; Van Geersdaele, Remy; Verge, Valerie; Bouget, Francois-yves; Labreuche, Yannick; Obernosterer, Ingrid; Blain, Stephane.
Iron (Fe) is an essential element for marine microbial growth but is present in trace amounts (<0.1 nM) in surface waters of the ocean. In heterotrophic bacteria, Fe-limitation particularly impacts ATP production as Fe is an essential co-factor of enzymes involved in the electron-transport chain as well as the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. Fe-limitation can therefore drastically reduce both bacterial growth and respiration, consequently affecting the efficiency of organic carbon remineralization. Heterotrophic bacteria possess various strategies to cope with Fe-limitation. In the present study we tested the hypothesis that the induction of the glyoxylate shunt can represent one such strategy. Genetic approaches were used to gain insight into the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Iron; Fe-limitation; Photobacterium angustum S14; Glyoxylate shunt; Isocitrate lyase.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00468/58017/60413.pdf
Registros recuperados: 5
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