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Assessment of a brown tide impact on microalgal benthic communities in Baffin-bay (texas) in 1990 using a primary production simulation-model ArchiMer
Blanchard, Gf; Montagna, Pa.
A primary production simulation model was used to assess the effect of a brown tide (Chrysophytes) on benthic microalgal photosynthesis. This model is based on the assumption that photosynthesis of microphytobenthos is primarily determined by irradiance at the sediment-water interface and by the photophysiological response of microalgae to changes of this irradiance. So, irradiance recordings at the sediment-water interface were used as the forcing variable. The simulation indicates that before the introduction of the brown tide, primary production of microphytobenthos was physically controlled. Light levels, hence primary production rates, were very variable (<1-132 mg C m(-2) d(-1), CV = 80%) because wind-induced resuspension generates turbidity...
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Ano: 1995 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00097/20785/18410.pdf
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Dynamic model of the short-term variability of microphytobenthic biomass on temperate intertidal mudflats ArchiMer
Guarini, Jean-marc; Blanchard, Gf; Gros, Philippe; Gouleau, Dominique; Bacher, Cedric.
In the present paper, we list and document the relevant behavioral and physiological processes controlling primary productivity of epipelic microalgae on intertidal mudflats in order to develop a simplified model. We first propose, in an attempt to characterize the 'photosynthetically active biomass' of the epipelic community, a new approach to describe the photic environment at the sediment surface, by substituting a discrete a-layer model in place of continuous vertical light distribution. This concept thus allows us to build a functional representation of the distribution of the photosynthetically active biomass in the sediment and, by then integrating the light and temperature forcing of the latter biomass, to predict the dynamics of the whole epipelic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microphytobenthos; Intertidal mudflat; Primary production; Dynamic model; Migratory rhythm; Ecophysiological response.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/10540/7601.pdf
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