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Cytogenetic characterization of F1, F2 and backcross hybrids of the Neotropical catfish species Pseudoplatystoma corruscans and Pseudoplatystoma reticulatum (Pimelodidae, Siluriformes) Genet. Mol. Biol.
Prado,Fernanda Dotti do; Nunes,Tatiana Leite; Senhorini,José Augusto; Bortolozzi,Jehud; Foresti,Fausto; Porto-Foresti,Fábio.
The cytogenetic characteristics of Pseudoplatystoma corruscans and Pseudoplatystoma reticulatum and their F1, F2 and backcross hybrids were assessed by using chromosome banding techniques. The diploid number of 56 chromosomes was constant in all species and lineages, with a karyotypic formula containing 20 metacentric, 12 submetacentric, 12 subtelocentric and 12 acrocentric chromosomes. Nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) were identified in two subtelocentric chromosomes in the parents and hybrids, with partial nucleolar dominance in F1 and F2 specimens. Heterochromatic blocks were detected in the terminal and centromeric regions of some chromosomes in all individuals. For parental and hybrid lineages, 18S ribosomal clusters corresponding to NORs and 5S...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Backcrossing; Cytogenetics; Interspecific hybrids; Post-F1 hybrids; Pseudoplatystoma.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572012000100008
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Cytogenetic markers as diagnoses in the identification of the hybrid between Piauçu (Leporinus macrocephalus) and Piapara (Leporinus elongatus) Genet. Mol. Biol.
Porto-Foresti,Fábio; Hashimoto,Diogo Teruo; Alves,Anderson Luis; Almeida,Rodrigo Braz Castilho; Senhorini,José Augusto; Bortolozzi,Jehud; Foresti,Fausto.
The genetic monitoring of interspecific hybrids involves the application of methodologies able to provide an easy and indubitable genetic characterization of both parental and hybrid individuals. In the present work, cytogenetic techniques were used to identify a hybrid lineage of "Piaupara" in order to caracterize them in relation to the parental species, Leporinus macrocephalus (piauçu) and L. elongatus (piapara). The cytogenetic analysis revealed that L. macrocephalus presented 2n = 54 chromosomes and a nucleolar organizer regions (NOR) at the telomere of the long arm of the submetacentric chromosome pair 2. Analysis of constitutive heterochromatin (C-banding) revealed a conspicuous block at the pericentromeric region on the long arm of a submetacentric...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Interspecific hybrid; Fish culture; Fish cytogenetics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572008000200005
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First report of a B chromosome in a natural population of Astyanax altiparanae (Characiformes, Characidae) Genet. Mol. Biol.
Hashimoto,Diogo Teruo; Gonçalves,Vanessa Regina; Bortolozzi,Jehud; Foresti,Fausto; Porto-Foresti,Fábio.
Several species of the genus Astyanax have already been genetically studied, and B-chromosomes have been considered to be an interesting feature in some species of this group. In the present paper we report, for the first time, the occurrence of a B microchromosome in a natural population of A. altiparanae. This additional genomic element was identified as an acrocentric chromosome, similar in size to the smallest chromosomal pairs of the standard karyotype. Analysis of the constitutive heterochromatin pattern by C-banding evidenced heterochromatic blocks located on centromeric, pericentromeric, and interstitial regions of some chromosomes, and also positive marks in a subtelocentric chromosomal pair that presented the short arms entirely heterochromatic....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: B chromosomes; Fish cytogenetics; Astyanax altiparanae.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572008000200021
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Intraspecific crosses resulting in the first occurrence of eight and nine B chromosomes in Prochilodus lineatus (Characiformes, Prochilodontidae) Genet. Mol. Biol.
Voltolin,Tatiana Aparecida; Senhorini,José Augusto; Foresti,Fausto; Bortolozzi,Jehud; Porto-Foresti,Fábio.
B chromosomes are supernumerary elements present in about 15% of eukaryotic species and are most frequently heterochromatic, behave parasitically, show a transmission rate higher than standard (A) chromosomes, and can provoke harmful effects on carriers. In the current work, Prochilodus lineatus individuals carrying eight and nine B chromosomes were obtained by induced crossing performed involving breeders with different B chromosome numbers in their cells. The high B chromosome numbers found in the offspring were recorded for the first time in this species. The use of cytogenetic techniques applied in the present study revealed that regardless of the increase in number of B chromosomes in the genome of these individuals, those elements did not presented...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Supernumerary chromosome; Heterochromatic chromosome; Cross-fertilization.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572011000200009
Registros recuperados: 4
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