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Registros recuperados: 7
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Characterizing, modelling and understanding the climate variability of the deep water formation in the North-Western Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Somot, Samuel; Houpert, Loic; Sevault, Florence; Testor, Pierre; Bosse, Anthony; Taupier-letage, Isabelle; Bouin, Marie-noelle; Waldman, Robin; Cassou, Christophe; Sanchez-gomez, Emilia; Durrieu De Madron, Xavier; Adloff, Fanny; Nabat, Pierre; Herrmann, Marine.
Observing, modelling and understanding the climate-scale variability of the deep water formation (DWF) in the North-Western Mediterranean Sea remains today very challenging. In this study, we first characterize the interannual variability of this phenomenon by a thorough reanalysis of observations in order to establish reference time series. These quantitative indicators include 31 observed years for the yearly maximum mixed layer depth over the period 1980–2013 and a detailed multi-indicator description of the period 2007–2013. Then a 1980–2013 hindcast simulation is performed with a fully-coupled regional climate system model including the high-resolution representation of the regional atmosphere, ocean, land-surface and rivers. The simulation reproduces...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Deep water formation; Open-sea deep convection; Interannual variability; Mediterranean Sea; Regional climate models; Climate trends.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00348/45948/45654.pdf
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Evidence for a differential sea level rise between hemispheres over the twentieth century ArchiMer
Woeppelmann, Guy; Marcos, Marta; Santamaria-gomez, Alvaro; Martin-miguez, Belen; Bouin, Marie-noelle; Gravelle, Mederic.
Tide gauge records are the primary source of sea level information over multidecadal to century timescales. A critical issue in using this type of data to determine global climate-related contributions to sea level change concerns the vertical motion of the land upon which the gauges are grounded. Here we use observations from the Global Positioning System for the correction of this vertical land motion. As a result, the spatial coherence in the rates of sea level change during the twentieth century is highlighted at the local and the regional scales, ultimately revealing a clearly distinct behavior between the Northern and the Southern Hemispheres with values of 2.0mm/yr and 1.1mm/yr, respectively. Our findings challenge the widely accepted value of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sea level; Climate change; Land motion; Geodesy; Tide gauge; GPS.
Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00489/60025/63282.pdf
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Moose: An integrated multi-sites observatory system in the NW Mediterranean sea ArchiMer
Mantoura, F; Coppola, Laurent; Cousin, M.; Antoine, David; Beguery, Laurent; Blain, Stephane; Bouin, Marie-noelle; Cadiou, Jean-francois; Durrieu De Madron, Xavier; Forget, Philippe; Fraunie, Philippe; Gojak, Carl; Gorsky, Gaby; Goyet, Catherine; Lebaron, Philippe; Lellouche, Jean-michel; Ludwig, Hubert; Molcard, Anne; Mortier, Laurent; Petit De La Villeon, Loic; Petrenko, Anne; Piazzola, J.; Queguiner, B.; Raimbault, Patrick; Rigaud, Vincent; Sempere, Richard; Tamburini, Jean-simon; Testor, Pierre; Vuillemin, Renaud; Zakardjian, B..
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00122/23341/21166.pdf
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Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction. Improvement of wind stress for coastal physical modelling ArchiMer
Pineau-guillou, Lucia; Ardhuin, Fabrice; Bouin, Marie-noelle; Redelsperger, Jean-luc.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00279/39039/37586.pdf
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Strong winds in a coupled wave-atmosphere model during a North Atlantic storm event: evaluation against observations ArchiMer
Pineau-guillou, Lucia; Ardhuin, Fabrice; Bouin, Marie-noelle; Redelsperger, Jean-luc; Chapron, Bertrand; Bidlot, Jean-raymond; Quilfen, Yves.
Strong winds may be biased in atmospheric models. Here the ECMWF coupled wave-atmosphere model is used (1) to evaluate strong winds against observations, (2) to test how alternative wind stress parameterizations could lead to a more accurate model. For the period of storms Kaat and Lilli (23 to 27 January 2014), we compared simulated winds with in-situ – moored buoys and platforms - and satellite observations available from the North Atlantic. Five wind stress parameterizations were evaluated. The first result is that moderate simulated winds (5-20 m s-1) match with all observations. However, for strong winds (above 20 m s-1), mean differences appear, as much as -7 m s-1 at 30 m s-1. Significant differences also exist between observations, with buoys and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Air-sea exchanges; Northeast Atlantic; Winds; IFS; Sea state; Roughness length; Drag coefficient; Wind stress.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00410/52118/52826.pdf
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SURFEX v8.0 interface with OASIS3-MCT to couple atmosphere with hydrology, ocean, waves and sea-ice models, from coastal to global scales ArchiMer
Voldoire, Aurore; Decharme, Bertrand; Pianezze, Joris; Brossier, Cindy Lebeaupin; Sevault, Florence; Seyfried, Leo; Garnier, Valerie; Bielli, Soline; Valcke, Sophie; Alias, Antoinette; Accensi, Mickael; Ardhuin, Fabrice; Bouin, Marie-noelle; Ducrocq, Veronique; Faroux, Stephanie; Giordani, Herve; Leger, Fabien; Marsaleix, Patrick; Rainaud, Romain; Redelsperger, Jean-luc; Richard, Evelyne; Riette, Sebastien.
This study presents the principles of the new coupling interface based on the SURFEX multi-surface model and the OASIS3-MCT coupler. As SURFEX can be plugged into several atmospheric models, it can be used in a wide range of applications, from global and regional coupled climate systems to high-resolution numerical weather prediction systems or very fine-scale models dedicated to process studies. The objective of this development is to build and share a common structure for the atmosphere-surface coupling of all these applications, involving on the one hand atmospheric models and on the other hand ocean, ice, hydrology, and wave models. The numerical and physical principles of SURFEX interface between the different component models are described, and the...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00412/52391/53239.pdf
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Using Scintillometry to Estimate Sensible Heat Fluxes over Water: First Insights ArchiMer
Bouin, Marie-noelle; Legain, D.; Traulle, O.; Belamari, S.; Caniaux, G.; Fiandrino, Annie; Lagarde, Franck; Barrie, J.; Moulin, E.; Bouhours, G..
An extra large aperture scintillometer (XLAS) was used over several months across the Thau Lagoon (South of France) to retrieve one-wavelength scintillation and, thence, sensible heat flux. We present the experiment with the XLAS, an eddy-covariance station and meteorological stations measuring on or near the Thau Lagoon. Changes implemented to adapt the scintillometry processing schemes to the above water conditions are presented together with a full error budget, including sensitivity tests to the relevant parameters of the scintillometer processing scheme. The XLAS error budget amounts to 16% (systematic part) +/- 50% (random part). Sensible heat fluxes obtained using the XLAS under unstable atmospheric conditions are then compared to eddy-covariance...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Air-sea fluxes; Eddy covariance; Footprint; Monin-Obukhov similarity theory; Scintillometry; Sensible heat flux.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00085/19621/17483.pdf
Registros recuperados: 7
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