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Buoyancy and localizing properties of continental mantle lithosphere: Insights from thermomechanical models of the eastern Gulf of Aden ArchiMer
Watremez, L.; Burov, E.; D'Acremont, E.; Leroy, Sylvie; Huet, B.; Lepourhiet, L.; Bellahsen, N..
Physical properties of the mantle lithosphere have a strong influence on the rifting processes and rifted structures. In particular, in context of rifting, two of these properties have been overlooked: (1) Mohr-Coulomb plasticity (localizing pressure dependent) may not be valid at mantle depths as opposed to nonlocalizing pressure-independent plasticity (hereafter, perfect plasticity), and (2) lithosphere buoyancy can vary, depending on the petrological composition of the mantle. Focussing on the Arabian plate, we show that the lithosphere may be negatively buoyant. We use thermomechanical modeling to investigate the importance of mantle rheology and composition on the formation of a passive margin, ocean-continent transition (OCT) and oceanic basin. We...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Thermomechanical modeling; Rifting; Ocean-continent transition; Plasticity; Lithosphere buoyancy; Gulf of Aden.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00199/31070/29483.pdf
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Probing connections between deep earth and surface processes in a land-locked ocean basin transformed into a giant saline basin: the Mediterranean GOLD project ArchiMer
Rabineau, Marina; Cloetingh, S.; Kuroda, J.; Aslanian, Daniel; Droxler, A.; Gorini, C.; Garcia-castellanos, D.; Moscariello, A.; Burov, E.; Sierro, F.; Lirer, F.; Roure, F.; Pezard, P. A.; Matenco, L.; Hello, Y.; Mart, Y.; Camerlenghi, A.; Tripati, A..
During the last decade, the interaction of deep processes in the lithosphere and mantle with surface processes (erosion, climate, sea-level, subsidence, glacio-isostatic readjustment) has been the subject of heated discussion. The use of a multidisciplinary approach linking geology, geophysics, geodesy, modelling, and geotechnology has led to the awareness of coupled deep and surface processes. Deep earth dynamics (topography, erosion, tectonics) are strongly connected to natural hazards such as earthquakes, landslides, and tsunamis; sedimentary mass transfers have important consequences on isostatic movements and on georesources, geothermal energy repartitions. The ability to read and understand the link between deep Earth dynamics and surface processes...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Deep drilling; Geodynamics; Passive margins; Paleoclimate; Messinian erosional and salinity crisis; Deep biosphere; Georesources.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00256/36741/35342.pdf
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