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Améliorer le bien-être et la santé des porcs - Un livret pour les éleveurs de porcs biologiques Organic Eprints
Holinger, Mirjam; Ayrle, Hannah; Bochicchio, Davide; Butler, Gillian; Dippel, Sabine; Edwards, Sandra; Holmes, Diane; Illmann, Gudrun; Leeb, Christine; Maupertuis, Florence; Melišová, Michala; Prunier, Armelle; Rousing, Tine; Rudolph, Gwendolyn; Früh, Barbara.
Le guide résume l'expertise des agriculteurs, consultants, scientifiques et de la littérature technique sur le maintien de la santé des porcs. Les recommandations visent à soutenir les agriculteurs et les consultants dans le développement d'un élevage de porcs bios optimal. Avec l’aide de simples listes de contrôle le manuel liste les causes possibles pour les problèmes de santé et troubles du comportement des porcs. Ensuite le guide propose des mesures pour la correction dans les domaines du logement, de l'alimentation et de la gestion et donne des conseils sur les traitements possibles.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Health and welfare Pigs Education; Extension and communication.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/28583/1/1675-guide-propig.pdf
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Betriebsspezifische Strategien zur Reduktion des Umwelteinflusses durch Verbesserung von Tiergesundheit, Wohlergehen und Ernährung von Bioschweinen Organic Eprints
Leeb, Christine; Rudolph, Gwendolyn; Bochicchio, Davide; Butler, Gillian; Dippel, Sabine; Dourmad, Jean Yves; Edwards, Sandra; Früh, Barbara; Illmann, Gudrun; Prunier, Armelle; Rousing, Tine; Winckler, Christoph.
In der biologischen Schweinehaltung stellen widerstandsfähige und zugleich leistungsfähige Tiere die Grundlage für gute Tiergesundheit, hohes Tierwohl und geringe Umweltwirkung dar. ProPIG hatte zum Ziel, durch Verbesserung der Tiergesundheit und des Tierwohls auf 75 Betrieben in 8 europäischen Ländern die Umweltwirkung von Bioschweinesystemen zu minimieren. Während dreier Betriebsbesuche wurde die Situation anhand tierbezogener Indikatoren erfasst, betriebsspezifische Verbesserungsstrategien festgelegt und die Effektivität der Maßnahmen nach einem Jahr beurteilt. Zusätzlich wurde die Umweltwirkung der drei Haltungssysteme (Stallhaltung mit Betonauslauf/ teilweise Freiland/Freiland) berechnet, wobei eine große Variation innerhalb des Systems, aber kein...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Air and water emissions; Health and welfare; Pigs.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/27988/1/141105_Leeb%20et%20al_Gumpenstein_1.pdf
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Composition differences between organic and conventional meat: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis Organic Eprints
Srednicka-Tober, Dominika; Baranski, Marcin; Seal, Chris; Sanderson, Roy; Benbrook, Charles; Steinshamn, Håvard; Gromadzka-Ostrowska, Joanna; Rembialkowska, Ewa; Skwarło-Sonta, Krystyna; Eyre, Mick; Cozzi, Giulio; Krogh Larsen, Mette; Jordon, Teresa; Niggli, Urs; Sakowski, Tomasz; Calder, Philip C.; Burdge, Graham C.; Sotiraki, Smaragda; Stefanakis, Alexandros; Yolcu, Halil; Stergiadis, Sokratis; Chatzidimitriou, Eleni; Butler, Gillian; Stewart, Gavin; Leifert, Carlo.
Demand for organic meat is partially driven by consumer perceptions that organic foods are more nutritious than non-organic foods. However, there have been no systematic reviews comparing specifically the nutrient content of organic and conventionally produced meat. In this study, we report results of a meta-analysis based on sixty-seven published studies comparing the composition of organic and non-organic meat products. For many nutritionally relevant compounds (e.g. minerals, antioxidants and most individual fatty acids (FA)), the evidence base was too weak for meaningful meta-analyses. However, significant differences in FA profiles were detected when data from all livestock species were pooled. Concentrations of SFA and MUFA were similar or slightly...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems Systems research and participatory research Processing; Packaging and transportation Consumer issues.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/36390/1/srednicka-tober-etal-2016-BritishJNutrition-Vol115-Issue6-p994-1011.pdf
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Conjugated linoleic acid isomer concentrations in milk from high- and low-input management dairy systems Organic Eprints
Butler, Gillian; Collomb, Marius; Rehberger, Brita; Sanderson, Roy; Eyre, Mick D.; Leifert, Carlo.
BACKGROUND: Different conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers are known to have contrasting physiology or health effects and there is growing evidence that the profile of natural isomers in milk is influenced by the production system. This survey is the first to compare feeding regimes and concentrations of 14 CLA isomers inmilk from three production systems in the UK. RESULTS: Total CLA and seven isomers (including C18 : 2 c9t11 which comprised >80% of total) were significantly higher in milk from both organically certified and non certified low input (LI) systems compared with milk from conventional high input farms. Sampling date also affected concentrations of total CLA and nine isomers; being lowest in March and highest in August. Seasonal...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Dairy cattle.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/16012/1/Butler%2Detal%2D2009%2Disomer_paper%2DJ_Sci_Food_Agric_89.pdf
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Een betere gezondheid en welzijn voor varkens Organic Eprints
Holinger, Mirjam; Ayrle, Hannah; Bochicchio, Davide; Butler, Gillian; Dippel, Sabine; Edwards, Sandra; Holmes, Diane; Illmann, Gudrun; Leeb, Christine; Maupertuis, Florence; Melišová, Michala; Prunier, Armelle; Rousing, Tine; Rudolph, Gwendolyn; Früh, Barbara.
Dit handboek is ontworpen om boeren te ondersteunen in hun dagelijkse werk om gezonde varkens te houden en om mogelijke symptomen vroegtijdig te herkennen. Zo wordt dierenleed voorkomen.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Health and welfare; Pigs.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34022/1/1136-handboek-propig.pdf
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Effect of dairy management on quality characteristics of milk Organic Eprints
Slots, Tina; Leifert, Carlo; Butler, Gillian; Kristensen, Troels; Nielsen, Jacob Holm.
The objective of the study was (i) to compare the nutritional composition of milk produced in organic and conventional production systems taking into consideration: different proportions of grass or grass silage, maize silage and different amount of concentrate (cereals), and (ii) to define the variation in content of pro- and antioxidants in milk in relation to regional variation, feeding and season. The feeding regime from 25 farms from Denmark, 20 farms from Sweden and 25 farms from United Kingdom was reg-istered and milk samples were collected and analysed for the content of antioxidants and fatty acid compo-sition. The daily milk production was significantly higher in the conventional milk production systems in the two Scandinavian countries compared...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Farm nutrient management Health and welfare.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/7631/1/Tina%2DSlots.doc
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Effect of Three Husbandry Systems on Environmental Impact of Organic Pigs Organic Eprints
Rudolph, Gwendolyn; Hörtenhuber, Stefan; Bochicchio, Davide; Butler, Gillian; Brandhofer, Roland; Dippel, Sabine; Dourmad, Jean Yves; Edwards, Sandra; Früh, Barbara; Meier, Matthias; Prunier, Armelle; Winckler, Christoph; Zollitsch, Werner; Leeb, Christine.
This study examined the environmental impact of the three common organic pig husbandry systems, indoor (n = 24), partly outdoor (n = 30), and outdoor (n = 10), in eight European countries. Global warming (GWP), acidification (AP), and eutrophication potential (EP) was assessed per 1000 kg pig live weight on 64 farrow-to-finish pig production chains (cradle to farm gate). GWP, AP, and EP varied greatly, and the most important source was feed production, followed by housing. GWP did not differ between systems (p = 0.934), but AP in indoor systems and EP in outdoor systems were higher than in partly outdoor systems (p = 0.006 and p = 0.010, respectively). The higher AP in indoor systems can mainly be explained by NH3 arising from manure spreading, while...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Health and welfare; Pigs; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34749/1/rudolph-etal-2018-sustainability-10-03796-p1-20.pdf
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Fatty acid and fat-soluble antioxidant concentrations in milk from high- and low-input conventional and organic systems: seasonal variation Organic Eprints
Butler, Gillian; Nielsen, Jacob H.; Slots, Tina; Seal, Chris; Eyre, Mick D.; Sanderson, Roy; Leifert, Carlo.
BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed differences in fatty acid (FA) and antioxidant profiles between organic and conventional milk. However, they did not (a) investigate seasonal differences, (b) include non-organic, lowinput systems or (c) compare individual carotenoids, stereoisomers of α-tocopherol or isomers of conjugated linoleic acid. This survey-based study compares milk from three production systems: (i) high-input, conventional (10 farms); (ii) low-input, organic (10 farms); and (iii) low-input non-organic (5 farms). Samples were taken during the outdoor grazing (78 samples) and indoor periods (31 samples). RESULTS: During the outdoor grazing period, on average, milk from the low-input systems had lower saturated FAs, but higher mono- and...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Dairy cattle.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/16010/1/Butler%2Detal%2D2008%2DJ_Sci_Food_Agric_88.pdf
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Impact of US Brown Swiss genetics on milk quality from low-input herds in Switzerland: Interactions with season Organic Eprints
Stergiadis, Sokratis; Bieber, Anna; Chatzidimitriou, Eleni; Franceschin, Enrica; Isensee, Anne; Rempelos, Leonidas; Baranski, Marcin; Maurer, Veronika; Cozzi, Giulio; Bapst, Beat; Butler, Gillian; Leifert, Carlo.
This study investigated the effect of, and interactions between, US Brown Swiss (BS) genetics and season on milk yield, basic composition and fatty acid profiles, from cows on low-input farms in Switzerland. Milk samples (n = 1,976) were collected from 1,220 crossbreed cows with differing proportions of BS, Braunvieh and Original Braunvieh genetics on 40 farms during winter-housing and summer-grazing. Cows with more BS genetics produced more milk in winter but not in summer, possibly because of underfeeding potentially high-yielding cows on low-input pasture-based diets. Cows with more Original Braunvieh genetics produced milk with more (i) nutritionally desirable eicosapentaenoic and docosapentaenoic acids, throughout the year, and (ii) vaccenic and...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Beef cattle; Breeding and genetics.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34686/1/Stergiades_etal-2018_FoodChemostry-Vol251-p93-102.pdf
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Improving health and welfare of pigs - A handbook for organic pig farmers Organic Eprints
Holinger, Mirjam; Ayrle, Hannah; Bochicchio, Davide; Butler, Gillian; Dippel, Sabine; Edwards, Sandra; Holmes, Diane; Illmann, Gudrun; Leeb, Christine; Maupertuis, Florence; Melišová , Michala; Prunier, Armelle; Rousing, Tine; Rudolph, Gwendolyn; Früh, Barbara.
The handbook summarizes the expertise of farmers, consultants, scientists and technical literature for maintaining the health of pigs. The recommendations are intended to support farmers and consultants in the development of an optimal pig husbandry. By means of simple checklists, the manual lists possible causes and behavioural disorders for the major problem areas, and suggests measures for their correction.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Health and welfare Pigs Education; Extension and communication.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/28584/1/1676-handbook-propig.pdf
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Improving health and welfare of pigs - A handbook for organic pig farmers Organic Eprints
Holinger, Mirjam; Ayrle, Hannah; Bochicchio, Davide; Butler, Gillian; Dippel, Sabine; Edwards, Sandra; Holmes, Diane; Illmann, Gudrun; Leeb, Christine; Maupertuis, Florence; Melišová, Michala; Prunier, Armelle; Rousing, Tine; Rudolph, Gwendolyn; Früh, Barbara.
As part of the CoreOrganic II project ProPig, researchers and advisors assessed animal health, welfare and environmental impact on 74 organic pig farms across eight European countries and in different housing systems, including outdoor, indoor and partly outdoor systems. Based on these assessments, improvement strategies were deve­loped together with pig farmers and compiled in this handbook. The recommendations are intended to guide farmers and advisors in developing pig management, housing, and feeding towards optimal animal health and welfare.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Animal husbandry; Health and welfare; Pigs.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/35307/1/1676-handbook-propig.pdf
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Lessons from LowInputBreeds and ProPIG projects for pig and poultry producers Organic Eprints
Butler, Gillian.
A summary of outputs from the LowInputBreeds and ProPIG projects that might be relevant to organic pig and poultry producers
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Breeding and genetics; Health and welfare; Pigs; Poultry.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/27920/1/LIB%20and%20propig%20lessons%20for%20pigs%20and%20poultry.pdf
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Livestock production systems and future food security? Organic Eprints
Butler, Gillian; Cooper, Julia; Wilcockson, Steve; Leifert, Carlo.
This presentation looks at livefestock production systems and future food security.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Breeding and genetics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/18714/1/Leifert%2DNiche%2Dor%2Dmodel%2Dpresentations.pdf
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Management factors affecting udder health and effects of a one year extension program in organic dairy herds Organic Eprints
Ivemeyer, Silvia; Walkenhorst, Michael; Heil, Fritz; Notz, Christophe; Maeschli, Ariane; Butler, Gillian; Klocke, Peter.
The first part of this study was a cross-sectional analysis of the impact of 29 management factors on udder health in organic dairy farms in Switzerland. All 77 farms joined the extension program ‘pro-Q’. As a measure of udder health the theoretical bulk milk somatic cell count (TBMSCC)calculated by the monthly cow composite somatic cell count over a time period of 1 year was chosen. The basic udder health of the farms was determined by TBMSCC during the year prior to the start of the project (mean for all farms 176,460 cells/ml). In the multivariable analysis, the five factors ‘swiss brown breed’, ‘alpine summer pasturing’, ‘calf feeding with milk from mastitis diseased cows’, ‘hard bedding’ and ‘no post-milking’ remained as significant risk factors on...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Animal husbandry; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/16375/1/ivemeyer_et_al_2009.pdf
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Migliorare benessere e salute dei suini - Manuale per allevatori bio Organic Eprints
Holinger, Mirjam; Ayrle, Hannah; Bochicchio, Davide; Butler, Gillian; Dippel, Sabine; Edwards, Sandra; Holmes, Diane; Illmann, Gudrun; Leeb, Christine; Maupertuis, Florence; Melišová , Michala; Prunier, Armelle; Rousing, Tine; Rudolph, Gwendolyn; Früh, Barbara.
Il manuale riassume le conoscenze tecniche di contadini, consulenti, scienziati e della letteratura specializzata relative al tema del mantenimento della salute dei suini. Le raccomandazioni servono a sostenere i contadini e i consulenti nello sviluppo di un allevamento di suini bio ottimale. Il manuale ordinato secondo gli ambiti problematici fornisce indicazioni su possibili cause e disturbi comportamentali mediante semplici liste di controllo, propone misure da adottare per eliminarli nell’allevamento, nel foraggiamento, nella gestione e indica possibili trattamenti.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Health and welfare; Pigs.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/29551/1/1697-salute-suini.pdf
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Nutritional characteristics of the diets in organic pig production Organic Eprints
Prunier, Armelle; Rudolph, Gwendolyn; Bodicchio, Davide; Butler, Gillian; Dippel, Sabine; Leeb, Christine.
A better knowledge of the rations pigs receive, should help identify weaknesses and hence improve the efficiency of organic pig production. A research project was initiated in 8 EU countries (ProPIG from the ERANET CoreOrganic II) involving 72 farms: 59 with sows (53 farrow-to-finish = FF, 5 with and 1 without weaners), 11 fattening (F) and 2 with weaners and fatteners. Farmers were asked to describe their feeding practices and the nutrient content of feeds used was recorded, either from the manufacturer claim or calculated from ingredients. Four FF farms used a single diet for all pigs. For sows, 46% of the farms fed the same diet. For fatteners, 58% of the farms used a single diet, 38% used two diets and 5% used 3 diets. For weaners, 73% of the farms...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth; Pigs.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/26945/1/EAAP%202014-Prunier-Propig.pdf
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PigSurfer – SURveillance, FEedback & Reporting within ProPIG for communication with 75 pig farmers Organic Eprints
Leeb, Christine; Bochicchio, Davide; Butler, Gillian; Edwards, Sandra; Früh, Barbara; Illmann, Gudrun; Prunier, Armelle; Rousing, Tine; Rudolph, Gwendolyn; Dippel, Sabine.
The CoreOrganic2 research project ProPIG is carried out in 75 organic pig farms in 8 European countries (AT; CH; CZ; DE; DK; FR; IT; UK) to improve animal health, welfare and nutrition using farm customised strategies. For future on-farm application (e.g. advisory/certification activities, which are mostly carried out during one day visits), a practical, automatic recording and feedback tool was developed. This should allow on-farm data collection, import of data into a database and the possibility for benchmarking, including a printed output for the farmer to facilitate immediate discussion of results and improvement strategies. To document not only animal health and welfare, but also integrate diet composition and productivity data, it was important to...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Production systems Health and welfare Pigs Education; Extension and communication.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/26922/1/POSTER%20ProPIG%20WAFL-2014_26_08_2014.pdf
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Présentation du projet Propig et des principaux résultats Organic Eprints
Prunier, Armelle; Bodicchio, Davide; Butler, Gillian; Dippel, Sabine; Dourmad, Jean Yves; Edwards, Sandra; Rousing, Tine; Rudolph, Gwendolyn; Illmann, Gudrun; Leeb, Christine.
Main traits and some results of the ERANET Propig project were described during a meeting of the "Groupe National Porc Biologique" organized by ITAB and IFIP.
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: Animal husbandry.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/28257/1/ProPIG_France_Fev2015.pdf
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ProPIG – Betriebsspezifische Strategien zur Reduktion der Umweltauswirkung von Bioschweine Betrieben durch Verbesserung von Tiergesundheit, Wohlergehen und Ernährung von Bioschweinen Organic Eprints
Rudolph, Gwendolyn; Bochicchio, Davide; Butler, Gillian; Dippel, Sabine; Dourmad, Jean Yves; Edwards, Sandra; Früh, Barbara; Illmann, Gudrun; Meier, Matthias; Prunier, Armelle; Rousing, Tine; Silerova, Jitka; Salomon, Eva; Sorensen, J.T.; Urban, Jiri; Vertes, Francois; Winckler, Christoph; Leeb, Christine.
ProPIG ist ein europäisches Bioschweine-Forschungsprojekt im Rahmen des CORE Organic II Programmes. Die Studie wird von 2011-2014 in acht europäischen Ländern auf insgesamt 75 Bioschweinebetrieben (je 3 Betriebsbesuche) durchgeführt, und wird vom Department für Nachhaltige Agrarsysteme koordiniert. In den letzten Jahren haben sich Wissenschaftler intensiv mit der Thematik „Nachhaltigkeit in der Landwirtschaft“ und dem Einfluss der Landwirtschaft auf den Klimawandel beschäftigt. Die Haltung von Nutztieren ist je nach Produktionssystem (z.B. Ökologisch, Konventionell, Freilandhaltung) mit unterschiedlichen Umweltauswirkungen (z.B. Treibhausgasemissionen) verbunden. Bislang wurden die Umweltauswirkungen der verschiedenen Haltungssysteme von Bioschweinen...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Production systems; Air and water emissions; Health and welfare; Pigs.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/22616/1/abstract_Biolandbau_Tagung_BOKU_Rudolph.pdf
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‘ProPIG’ Challenges and opportunities for on farm pig researchers: How to collect sound scientific data on animal health, welfare, nutrition and environmental impact AND act as a facilitator to improve these aspects at the same time? Organic Eprints
Rudolph, Gwendolyn; Bochicchio, Davide; Brandhofer, Roland; Berner, Alfred; Butler, Gillian; Dippel, Sabine; Dourmad, Jean Yves; Edwards, Sandra; Früh, Barbara; Holinger, Mirjam; Holmes, Diane; Illmann, Gudrun; Knop, Denise; Meier, Matthias; Prunier, Armelle; Rousing, Tine; Salomon, E.; Silerova, Jitka; Sorensen, J.T.; Urban, Jiri; Vertes, Francois; Winckler, Christoph; Leeb, Christine.
Challenges and opportunities of on farm research are discussed and it is concluded, that transdisciplinary on-farm research requires from all involved parties: Understanding and willingness to learn from each other Acceptance, that own field of research is only a part of the whole “on farm picture” Sound scientific methods as well as technical tools for support (e.g. tablet PCs) Move from being/expecting “experts” towards “facilitation"
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Systems research and participatory research Education; Extension and communication Research methodology and philosophy.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/25627/1/POSTER%20ProPIG%20IFSA_2014_final.pdf
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