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Registros recuperados: 14
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Association of Mechanical and Chemical Methods for Cotton Stalk Destruction 87
FRANCISCHINI,A.C.; CONSTANTIN,J.; MATTE,W.D.; OLIVEIRA JR.,R.S.; RIOS,F.A.; MACHADO,F.G..
ABSTRACT: The destruction of cotton stalks after harvesting is a prophylactic measure aimed at reducing the population of insects and disease inoculants that may remain in the crop residues and remaining cotton plants. The objective of this work was to evaluate integrated methods of management of the cotton stalks, combining mechanical and chemical control, to promote the eradication of cotton stalks. A 7x5 factorial experiment was installed where seven different methods of mechanical control of cotton stalk and five herbicide treatments were tested. The percentage of control (visual scale of 0 to 100%) and the number of plants regrowth per meter were evaluated at 14, 28 and 50 days after herbicide application treatment. At the end of the experiment, the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Gossypium hirsutum; Herbicides; Integrated management; Host-free period.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582019000100162
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Chemical Control of Glyphosate-Resistant Goosegrass 87
TAKANO,H.K.; OLIVEIRA JR.,R.S.; CONSTANTIN,J.; SILVA,V.F.V.; MENDES,R.R..
ABSTRACT: The use of mixtures and rotation of herbicide modes of action are essential for herbicide resistance management. The purpose of this research was to evaluate different pre- and post-emergence herbicides to control goosegrass in soybean and corn. Four greenhouse experiments were conducted, one in pre-emergence and the three others in post-emergence. In pre-emergence, the number of emerged plants and the control percentage at 20, 35 and 50 days after application were evaluated. In post-emergence, the control percentage was evaluated at 14 and 28 days after application on plants with one tiller and four tillers. The use of residual herbicides to control glyphosate-resistant goosegrass is a very important tool for its effective management. The...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Eleusine indica; Residual herbicides; ACCase inhibithors; Contact herbicides; Application stage.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582018000100256
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Dose-response curve to soil applied herbicides and susceptibility evaluation of different amaranthus species using model identity 87
RAIMONDI,M.A.; OLIVEIRA J.R.,R.S.; CONSTANTIN,J.; RIOS,F.A.; GEMELLI,A.; RAIMONDI,R.T..
Greenhouse studies were conducted in 2008-2009 with the objective of adjusting dose-response curves of the main soil-applied herbicides currently used in cotton for the control of Amaranthus viridis, A. hybridus, A. spinosus, A. lividus, as well as comparing susceptibility among different species, using the identity test models. Thirty six individual experiments were simultaneously carried out in greenhouse, in a sandy clay loam soil (21% clay, 2.36% OM) combining increasing doses of the herbicides alachlor, clomazone, diuron, oxyfluorfen, pendimethalin, prometryn, S-metolachlor, and trifluralin applied to each species. Dose-response curves were adjusted for visual weed control at 28 days after herbicide application and doses required for 80% (C80) and 95%...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cotton; Dose-response curve; Pigweed; Tolerance.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582015000100137
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Glyphosate-Resistant Sourgrass Management Programs Associating Mowing and Herbicides 87
RAIMONDI,R.T.; CONSTANTIN,J.; MENDES,R.R.; OLIVEIRA JR.,R.S.; RIOS,F.A..
ABSTRACT: Currently, sourgrass is one of the most important weeds in grain production areas in Brazil. The objective of this work was to evaluate the efficiency of associated systems composed by mowing and chemical control against clumped sourgrass. In the first experiment, different mowing heights (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 cm), coupled with complementary applications of glyphosate + clethodim, were evaluated on sourgrass control. The second experiment was composed by programs starting with fallow mowing at different times, 50 (early), 35 (intermediate) and 20 (late) days before soybean sowing. After mowing, treatments were followed by herbicide applications according to the need until soybean harvest. The shorter the mowing height associated with herbicide...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Digitaria insularis; Mechanical control; Soybean; Fallow.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582020000100232
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GOOSEGRASS RESISTANT TO GLYPHOSATE IN BRAZIL 87
TAKANO,H.K.; OLIVEIRA JR.,R.S.; CONSTANTIN,J.; BRAZ,G.B.P.; GHENO,E.A..
ABSTRACT Several cases of herbicide resistance in goosegrass have been confirmed worldwide. Reports of control failures after glyphosate application have been observed, especially in the Midwest region of Paraná State. The objective of this study was to evaluate the existence of goosegrass populations resistant to glyphosate. For this, 25 populations collected in two consecutive seasons (2013/2014 and 2014/2015) were sown and grown in greenhouse. Glyphosate dose-response curve experiments were performed using doses of 0, 60, 120, 240, 480, 960, 1,920, 3,840, 7,680 and 15,360 g a.e. ha-1. The application stages were from two to three tillers (E1) for the populations of 2013/2014 and E1 and five to six tillers (E2) for the populations of 2014/2015....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Eleusine indica; Dose-response; Application timming; Resistance factor.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582017000100217
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Growth, Development and Seed Production of Goosegrass1 87
TAKANO,H.K.; OLIVEIRA JR,R.S.; CONSTANTIN,J.; BRAZ,G.B.P.; PADOVESE,J.C..
ABSTRACT E. indica is one of the most problematic weeds in the world because it is present in almost every continent, and there are reports of multiple resistance to herbicides by some biotypes. The objective of this paper was to analyze the growth, the development and the production of this plant's seeds, in order to generate information about its biology that can be useful for management. The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse from May to September 2015. Sixteen samples were taken during the development cycle of the plant: 3, 10, 17, 24, 31, 38, 45, 52, 59, 66, 73, 80, 87, 94, 101 and 108 days after emergence (DAE). The response variables were based on a leaf area and dry matter of each one of the parts of the plant and the number of seeds...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Eleusine indica; Relative growth; Biomass allocation; Weed biology.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582016000200249
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Identification and Mapping of Cross-Resistance Patterns to ALS-Inhibitors in Greater Beggarticks (Bidens spp.) 87
MENDES,R.R.; OLIVEIRA JR.,R.S.; CONSTANTIN,J.; SILVA,V.F.V.; HENCKS,J.R..
ABSTRACT: Greater beggarticks (Bidens pilosa and Bidens subalternans) biotypes have been under selection pressure of ALS-inhibitors since early 90’s in Brazil. The objectives of this work were to investigate whether there are different cross-resistance patterns among ALS-inhibitors herbicides in Bidens spp. biotypes; to understand the geographic distribution of resistance patterns in grains producing regions in Brazil; and evaluate the possibility of multiple resistance to ALS-inhibitors, EPSPs inhibitor and photosystem II inhibitors. Dose-response experiments were carried out with imazethapyr, chlorimuron and diclosulam in three populations. Sensibility to others 34 populations both from Paraná State (PR) and from others Brazilian regions were also...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Imazethapyr; Chlorimuron; Diclosulam; Bidens subalternans; Bidens pilosa.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582019000100187
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INFLUENCE OF PRECIPITATION AND SUGARCANE STRAW IN AMINOCYCLOPYRACHLOR AND INDAZIFLAM CONTROL EFFICIENCY 87
GUERRA,N.; OLIVEIRA JR,R. S.; CONSTANTIN,J.; OLIVEIRA NETO,A. M.; PUTON,G.; GARRIDO,T. H. P..
ABSTRACTThe raw sugarcane harvesting system has changed the dynamics of weed tillage for this crop, changing the predominant weed species and providing a barrier between the herbicide and the soil. Thus, this study has aimed to assess the influence of precipitation and sugarcane straw in the aminocyclopyrachlor and indaziflam herbicides control efficiency for the species Ipomoea trilobaand Euphorbia heterophylla. There were two trials, one for aminocyclopyrachlor and one for the indaziflam, both in the greenhouse at the campus of Faculdade Integrado in the Brazilian city of Campo Mourão, PR. Each experiment consisted of eight treatments with four replications. The treatments consisted of the combination of the presence of straw (10 t ha-1), capillary...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Mulching; Euphorbia heterophylla; Ipomoea triloba; Rainfall.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582015000300535
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Mowing Associated to Chemical Control for Glyphosate-Resistant Cotton Stalk Destruction 87
BRAZ,G.B.P.; ANDRADE JR.,E.R.; NICOLAI,M.; LOPEZ OVEJERO,R.F.; CAVENAGHI,A.L.; OLIVEIRA JR.,R.S.; CHRISTOFFOLETI,P.J.; PEREIRA,A.T.A.; CONSTANTIN,J.; GUIMARÃES,S.C..
ABSTRACT: Post-harvest cotton stalk control is mandatory in many cotton producing countries, and the major methods used for this practice are mechanical and chemical (glyphosate and 2,4-D as the most usual herbicides applied), or a combination of both. However, the adoption of glyphosate-resistant cotton varieties by growers have required the development of alternative chemical treatments. Six trials were conducted to evaluate systems combining mowing and chemical control of glyphosate-resistant cotton stalks. Experiments conducted in 2014 were installed in randomized complete block design with nineteen treatments and four replicates. In 2015, the experiments were also conducted in randomized complete block design with eleven treatments and four...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Crop residues; Fallow management; Herbicides; Transgenic plants.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582019000100260
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Multiple-and Cross-Resistance of Amaranthus retroflexus to Acetolactate Synthase (ALS) and Photosystem II (PSII) Inhibiting Herbicides in Preemergence 87
FRANCISCHINI,A.; CONSTANTIN,J.; OLIVEIRA JR,R.S.; TAKANO,H.K.; MENDES,R.R..
ABSTRACT: Herbicide resistance in Amaranthus genus occurs frequently around the word and has become a big problem in cotton producing areas. The objective of this work was to evaluate cross-and multiple-resistance of redroot pigweed (A. retroflexus) to herbicides used in preemergence in cotton fields in Brazil. Seven dose-response experiments were conducted with herbicides atrazine, prometryn, diuron, S-metolachlor, trifluralin, trifloxysulfuron-sodium and pyrithiobac-sodium, and the treatments consisted of application rates of 0, ¼, ½, 1, 2 and 4 times the recommended label rate. Eight A. retroflexus byotipes with suspect of resistance were sampled for experiments in three brazilian states of cotton producing. Resistance to prometryn was confirmed for one...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Redroot pigweed; Gossypium hirsutum L.; Triazines; Sulfonylureas.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582019000100225
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Persistence of Biological Activity and Leaching Potential of Herbicides Aminocyclopyrachlor and Indaziflam in Soils with Different Textures1 87
GUERRA,N.; OLIVEIRA JÚNIOR,R.S.; CONSTANTIN,J.; OLIVEIRA NETO,A.M.; GEMELLI,A.; PEREIRA JÚNIOR,D.M.; GUERRA,A..
ABSTRACT Herbicides aminocyclopyrachlor and indaziflam are under development in Brazil. Information about the behaviors in Brazilian soils and climate is scarce. Thus, the present work has aimed to evaluate the persistence of biological activity and leaching potential of aminocyclopyrachlor and indaziflam in contrasting textured soils by means of bioassays. For the evaluation of persistence, four experiments were performed, in which soils with different textures were studied in different time periods between herbicide application and bioindicator sowing (beet and soybeans). To determine leaching potential, three blades of rainfall (0, 30 and 60 mm) were simulated, each constituting a single experiment in soils with different textures and five bands of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Residual activity; Bioassay; Organic matter.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582016000200345
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SELECTION OF HERBICIDES TARGETING THE USE IN CROP SYSTEMS CULTIVATED WITH SHOWY CROTALARIA 87
BRAZ,G. B. P; OLIVEIRA JR,R. S; CONSTANTIN,J.; TAKANO,H. K.; CHASE,C. A.; FORNAZZA,F. G. F.; RAIMONDI,R. T..
ABSTRACT The increase in the area planted with Crotalaria spectabilishas occurred by several factors, highlighting the potential to reduce the nematodes, nitrogen fixation and the high production of biomass. By becoming a species sown as a crop, it is necessary to control the weeds that coexist with showy crotalaria. This change in the use of this crop creates the possibility of this specie becoming a weed. The aim of this study was to assess the potential use of herbicides applied in preemergence and postemergence of C.spectabilisfor different purposes (control of volunteer and selectivity plants). Three experiments were installed in a greenhouse (two with herbicides applied in preemergence - in soils with distinct textural categories; and one experiment...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Selectivity; Control of volunteer plants; Crop rotation; Crotalaria spectabilis.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582015000300521
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SELECTIVITY OF FOMESAFEN TO COTTON 87
OLIVEIRA NETO,A.M.; CONSTANTIN,J.; OLIVEIRA JR.,R.S.; BARROSO,A.L.L.; BRAZ,G.B.P.; GUERRA,N.; GHENO,E.A..
ABSTRACT The aim of this work was to evaluate the selectivity of fomesafen alone or in a tank mixture with other preemergent herbicides, with or without S-metolachlor application in early postemergence in cotton plant, cultivar DP 555 BG RR(r). The design utilized was a randomized complete block, organized in a split-plot arrangement, with four replications. For that, 24 herbicides were evaluated with fomesafen (0.45 and 0.625 kg ha-1), prometryn (1.25 kg ha-1), diuron (1.25 kg ha-1), trifluralin (1.8 kg ha-1), and S-metolachlor (0.77 kg ha-1), applied as preemergent, with or without S-metolachlor (0.77 kg ha-1) applied in early postemergence. The variables evaluated were: phytotoxicity, insertion height of the first reproductive branch, plant height,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Chemical control; Protox inhibitor; Tank mixture; Preemergence.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582015000400759
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SPECTRUM OF WEED CONTROL WITH 2,4-D AND DICAMBA HERBICIDES ASSOCIATED TO GLYPHOSATE OR NOT 87
OSIPE,J.B.; OLIVEIRA JR.,R.S.; CONSTANTIN,J.; TAKANO,H.K.; BIFFE,D.F..
ABSTRACT The possibility of using auxin mimics herbicides in culture postemergence applications contributes to weed management. This study aimed at evaluating and comparing the effectiveness of 2,4-D and dicamba herbicides on glyphosate resistant or tolerant weeds. The treatments were dicamba and 2,4-D doses with or without glyphosate. The evaluated weeds in the experiment were Richardia brasiliensis, Commelina benghalensis, Conyza sp. and Ipomoea nil. Herbicides were applied when weeds were in 4 to 6 and 10 to 12 leaves stages. Data referring to evaluations on day 30 after application were submitted to analysis of variance. Response-dose curves were obtained for herbicides, and C85 and C95 values were identified. Weed species showed different tolerance to...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Mimics auxin; Weeds; Richardia brasiliensis; Commelina benghalensis; Conyza bonariensis; Ipomoea nil.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582017000100251
Registros recuperados: 14
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