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Discarded fish in European waters: general patterns and contrasts 5
Uhlmann, Sebastian S.; Van Helmond, Aloysius T. M.; Stefansdottir, Elisabet Kemp; Siguroardottir, Sigriour; Haralabous, John; Maria Bellido, Jose; Carbonell, A.; Catchpole, Tom; Damalas, Dimitrios; Fauconnet, Laurence; Feekings, Jordan; Garcia, Teresa; Madsen, Niels; Mallold, Sandra; Margeirsson, Sveinn; Palialexis, Andreas; Readdy, Lisa; Valeiras, Julio; Vassilopoulou, Vassiliki; Rochet, Marie-joelle.
To reduce the practice of discarding commercially fished organisms, several measures such as a discard ban and extra allowances on top of landings quotas (“catch quota”) have been proposed by the European Commission. However, for their development and successful implementation, an understanding of discard patterns on a European scale is needed. In this study, we present an inter-national synthesis of discard data collected on board commercial, towed-gear equipped vessels operating under six different national flags spanning from the Baltic to the Mediterranean Seas mainly between 2003 and 2008. We considered discarded species of commercial value such as Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus), European hake (Merluccius merluccius),...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bycatch; Common Fisheries Policy reform; Data Collection Framework; Discard reduction; Europe; Monitoring.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00198/30932/29347.pdf
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Lessons learned from an intercalibration exercise on the quantification and characterisation of microplastic particles in sediment and water samples 5
Cadiou, Jean-francois; Gerigny, Olivia; Koren, Š.; Zeri, C.; Kaberi, H.; Alomar, C.; Panti, C.; Fossi, M.c.; Adamopoulou, A.; Digka, N.; Deudero, S.; Concato, M.; Carbonell, A.; Baini, M.; Galli, M.; Galgani, Francois.
An intercalibration exercise on the characterisation of microplastics in marine sediment and water samples was carried out among five laboratories involved in the implementation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) in their country. The samples were prepared by mixing cleaned natural sediment and sea water with microplastics sets made of particles of various polymers, shapes and colours. Overall, the errors on total counts were under 25% in absolute value. The risk of non-detection and loss of particles is greater than the risk of contamination during sample analysis. Significant differences are observed among particle types. It appears difficult to obtain reliable and comparable data on the colour of microplastics. A comparison of the errors...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastics; Intercalibration; Protocols; Sediment; Seawater.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00622/73397/72812.pdf
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