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ABCB1 C1236T, G2677T/A and C3435T polymorphisms in systemic lupus erythematosus patients BJMBR
Gonzalez,T.P.; Mucenic,T.; Brenol,J.C.T.; Xavier,R.M.; Schiengold,M.; Chies,J.A.B..
P-glycoprotein (Pgp), the ABCB1 gene product, acts as an efflux pump that transports a large variety of substrates and is a mechanism of cell protection against xenobiotics. An increasing number of studies have shown that some ABCB1 polymorphisms may affect Pgp expression and activity, as well as affecting the development and susceptibility to diseases and pharmacological response. High activity of Pgp has been detected in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. The C1236T, G2677T/A, and C3435T are the most commonly studied single nucleotide polymorphisms in the ABCB1 gene. Therefore, their frequencies were determined in Brazilian individuals with European ancestry (N = 143) and in SLE patients (N = 137). Genotyping was performed by PCR-RFLP analysis...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: ABCB1; MDR1; P-glycoprotein; Polymorphism; Systemic lupus erythematosus.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2008000900005
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Frequency of CCR5delta32 in Brazilian populations BJMBR
Vargas,A.E.; Marrero,A.R.; Salzano,F.M.; Bortolini,M.C.; Chies,J.A.B..
A sample of 103 randomly chosen healthy individuals from Alegrete, RS, Brazil, was tested for the CCR5delta32 allele, which is known to influence susceptibility to HIV-1 infection. The CCR5delta32 allele was identified by PCR amplification using specific primers flanking the region of deletion, followed by electrophoresis on a 3% agarose gel. The data obtained were compared to those reported for other populations and interpreted in terms of Brazilian history. The individuals studied came from a highly admixed population. Most of them were identified as white (N = 59), while blacks and browns (mulattoes) were N = 13 and N = 31, respectively. The observed frequencies, considering the white, black and brown samples (6.8, 3.8, and 6.4%, respectively), suggest...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: CCR5; Chemokine receptors; Brazilian population; Gene flow.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2006000300002
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High frequency of the CCR5delta32 variant among individuals from an admixed Brazilian population with sickle cell anemia BJMBR
Chies,J.A.B.; Hutz,M.H..
Homozygous sickle cell disease (SCD) has a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations. In Brazil, the main cause of death of individuals with SCD is recurrent infection. The CCR5delta32 allele, which confers relative resistance to macrophage-tropic HIV virus infection, probably has reached its frequency and world distribution due to other pathogens that target macrophage in European populations. In the present investigation a relatively higher prevalence (5.1%) of the CCR5delta32 allele was identified, by PCR amplification using specific primers, in 79 SCD patients when compared to healthy controls (1.3%) with the same ethnic background (Afro-Brazilians). Based on a hypothesis that considers SCD as a chronic inflammatory condition, and since the CCR5...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: CCR5delta32; Sickle cell anemia; Inflammation.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2003000100010
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The use of stem cells for the treatment of autoimmune diseases BJMBR
Rosa,S.B.; Voltarelli,J.C.; Chies,J.A.B.; Pranke,P..
Autoimmune diseases constitute a heterogeneous group of conditions commonly treated with anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressant and immunomodulating drugs, with satisfactory results in most cases. Nevertheless, some patients become resistant to conventional therapy. The use of high doses of drugs in such cases results in the need for bone marrow reconstitution, a situation which has stimulated research into the use of hematopoietic stem cells in autoimmune disease therapy. Stem cell transplantation in such diseases aims to destroy the self-reacting immune cells and produce a new functional immune system, as well as substitute cells for tissue damaged in the course of the disease. Significant results, such as the reestablishment of tolerance and a decrease in...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Autoimmune disease; Stem cells; Transplantation; Lupus erythematosus; Arthritis; Type I diabetes mellitus.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2007001200001
Registros recuperados: 4
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