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Registros recuperados: 7
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Carbon footprints of crops from organic and conventional arable crop rotations – using a life cycle assessment approach Organic Eprints
Knudsen, Marie Trydeman; Meyer-Aurich, Andreas; Olesen, Jørgen E.; Chirinda, N.; Hermansen, J.E..
Many current organic arable agriculture systems are challenged by a dependency on imported livestock manure from conventional agriculture. At the same time organic agriculture aims at being climate friendly. A life cycle assessment is used in this paper to compare the carbon footprints of different organic arable crop rotations with different sources of N supply. Data from long-term field experiments at three different locations in Denmark were used to analyse three different organic cropping systems (‘Slurry’, ‘Biogas’ and ‘Mulching’), one conventional cropping system (‘Conventional’) and a “No input” system as reference systems. The ‘Slurry’ and ‘Conventional’ rotations received slurry and mineral fertilizer, respectively, whereas the ‘No input’ was...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems; Crop combinations and interactions; Crop husbandry; Air and water emissions; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/23069/13/23069.pdf
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Emissions of nitrous oxide from arable organic and conventional cropping systems on two soil types Organic Eprints
Chirinda, N.; Carter, M.S; Albert, K.R.; Ambus, P.; Olesen, J.E.; Porter, J.R.; Petersen, S.O..
Conventional cropping systems rely on targeted short-term fertility management, whereas organic systems depend, in part, on long-term increase in soil fertility as determined by crop rotation and management. Such differences influence soil nitrogen (N) cycling and availability through the year. The main objective of this study was to compare nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from soil under winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) within three organic and one conventional cropping system that differed in type of fertilizer, presence of catch crops and proportion of N2-fixing crops. The study was replicated in two identical long-term crop rotation experiments on sandy loam soils under different climatic conditions in Denmark (Flakkebjerg–eastern Denmark and...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Air and water emissions; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/18510/1/chirinda_et_al_2010_%28N2O%29.pdf
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High Root Biomass FOR cereal crops increases carbon sequestration in organic Arable systems Organic Eprints
Chirinda, N.; Olesen, Jørgen E.; Porter, J.R..
In agroecosystems, soil organic carbon (C) inputs come from applied manures, plant roots and retained shoot residues. Several reasons, associated with root measurements, limit current knowledge on root C input.This study aimed at evaluating root responses to nutrient management and fertility building measures (e.g. catch crops). We made use of one inorganic fertilizer-based and two organic systems in an 11-year-old field experiment on sandy loam soil. At anthesis, soil cores (5 cm dia.) were sampled from 0-30 cm depth within and between rows of winter wheat and spring barley. Roots were separated from soil and washed with tap water, the dry matter (DM) biomass was determined. Dry matter biomass was also measured in shoots.The spring barley root DM was at...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/19499/4/19499.pdf
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Influence of cropping systems on greenhouse gas emissions Organic Eprints
Chirinda, N..
Globally, agricultural soils are the largest source of total anthropogenic nitrous oxide (N2O); a potent greenhouse gas (GHG). In agricultural soils N2O is produced as an intermediate in microbially mediated nitrification and denitrification and also represents a pathway of soil nitrogen (N) loss. Specific management practices such as fertilization, inclusion of grass-clover leys and catch crops would be expected to have different effects on soil C input, biological, chemical and physical properties and, consequently, crop production and soil N2O emissions. This study was mainly based on a monitoring programme conducted at a long-term experiment in Denmark. The effects of fertilization, catch crops and grass-clover leys on cereal production, soil...
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Soil; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/19459/4/19459.pdf
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Root carbon input in organic and inorganic fertilizer-based systems Organic Eprints
Chirinda, N.; Olesen, Jørgen E.; Porter, J.R..
In agroecosystems, carbon (C) inputs come from applied manures, plant roots and retained shoot residues. Whereas the manure and shoot derived C inputs can be relatively easily determined, high costs associated with root measurements have caused current knowledge of in situ root C input to remain scant, hence it may be considered a "black box". This study aimed at determining root biomass C and nitrogen (N) in response to nutrient management and soil fertility building measures (green manures and catch crops). We made use of one inorganic fertilizer-based and four organic arable cropping systems in an 11-year-old field experiment on a sandy loam soil. Shoots and roots of catch crop mixtures and cereals sampled in 2008 and 2010 were characterized for dry...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry; Soil.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/18757/4/18757.pdf
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Simulating soil N2O and CO2 emissions from arable cropping systems using FASSET and MOBILE-DNDC Organic Eprints
Chirinda, N.; Kracher, D.; Porter, J.R.; Olesen, J.E.; Petersen, B.M.; Doltra, J.; Kiese, R.; Butterbach-Bahl, K..
Modelling of soil emissions of nitrous oxide (N2O) and carbon dioxide (CO2) is complicated by complex interactions between processes and factors influencing their production, consumption and transport. In this study N2O emissions and heterotrophic CO2 respiration were simulated from soils under winter wheat grown in three different organic and one inorganic fertilizer-based cropping system using two different models, i.e., MoBiLE-DNDC and FASSET. The two models were generally capable of simulating most seasonal trends of measured soil heterotrophic CO2 respiration and N2O emissions. Annual soil heterotrophic CO2 respiration was underestimated by both models in all systems (about 10−30% by FASSET and 10−40% by MoBiLE-DNDC). Both models overestimated annual...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Nutrient turnover; Air and water emissions.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/18512/1/Chirinda_et_al_(modelling).pdf
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Soil properties, crop production and greenhouse gas emissions from organic and inorganic fertilizer-based arable cropping systems Organic Eprints
Chirinda, N.; Olesen, J.E.; Porter, J.R.; Schjønning, P..
Organic and conventional farming practices differ in the use of several management strategies, including use of catch crops, green manure, and fertilization, which may influence soil properties, greenhouse gas emissions and productivity of agroecosystems. An 11-yr old field experiment on a sandy loam soil in Denmark was used to compare several crop rotations with respect to a range of physical, chemical and biological characteristics related to carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) flows. Four organic rotations and an inorganic fertilizer-based system were selected to evaluate effects of fertilizer type, catch crops, of grass-clover used as green manure, and of animal manure application. Soil was sampled from winter wheat and spring barley plots in Sept 2007, April...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil biology; Nutrient turnover; Air and water emissions.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/18511/1/18511.pdf
Registros recuperados: 7
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