Sabiia Seb
PortuguêsEspañolEnglish
Embrapa
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar


Botão Atualizar

Ordenar por: 

RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 8
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
CHILD GROWTH, SHOCKS, AND FOOD AID IN RURAL ETHIOPIA AgEcon
Yamano, Takashi; Alderman, Harold; Christiaensen, Luc J.M..
Over the past decades child stunting in Ethiopia has persisted at alarming rates. While the country experienced several droughts during this period, it also received enormous amounts of food aid, leading some to question the effectiveness of food aid in reducing child malnutrition. Using nationally representative household surveys from 1995-96 and controlling for program placement, we find that children between 6 and 24 months experienced about 0.9 cm less growth over a six-month period in communities where half the crop area was damaged compared to those without crop damage. Food aid was also found to have a substantial effect on growth of children in this age group. Moreover, on average the total amount of food aid appeared to be sufficient to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25838
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
COMPARING VILLAGE CHARACTERISTICS DERIVED FROM RAPID APPRAISALS AND HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS: A TALE FROM NORTHERN MALI AgEcon
Christiaensen, Luc J.M.; Hoddinott, John; Bergeron, Gilles.
This paper investigates whether inferences drawn about a population are sensitive to the manner by which those data are obtained. It compares information obtained using participatory appraisal techniques with a survey of households randomly drawn from a locally administered census that had been carefully revised. The community map tends to include household members who do not, in fact, reside in the enumerated locality. By contrast, the revised official census is slightly more likely to exclude household members who actually lived in the surveyed area. Controlling for the survey technique, we find that the revised official census produces higher estimates of average household size and wealth but lower estimates of total village size or wealth, than the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16453
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
COMPARING VILLAGE CHARACTERISTICS DERIVED FROM RAPID APPRAISALS AND HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS: A TALE FROM NORTHERN MALI AgEcon
Christiaensen, Luc J.M.; Hoddinott, John; Bergeron, Gilles.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15944
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Poverty Reduction during the Rural-Urban Transformation - The Role of the Missing Middle AgEcon
Christiaensen, Luc J.M.; Todo, Yasuyuki.
As countries develop, they undergo a structural transformation from agriculture to manufacturing and services as well as a spatial transformation from rural to urban. Historically, this process has been far from uniform across countries, with some fostering rural diversification out of agriculture and others undergoing rapid agglomeration in mega cities. This paper examines whether the nature of these transformations (rural diversification versus agglomeration in mega-cities) affects the rate of poverty reduction. Using cross-country panel data for developing countries spanning 1980-2004, it is found that migration out of agriculture into the missing middle (rural nonfarm economy and secondary towns ) is strongly associated with poverty reduction, while...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Poverty; Rural-urban transformation; Rural non-farm economy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51467
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
The Role of Agriculture in Reducing Poverty in Tanzania: A Household Perspective from Rural Kilimanjaro and Ruvuma AgEcon
Sarris, Alexander H.; Savastano, Sara; Christiaensen, Luc J.M..
This paper explores how farm productivity affects poverty, and how various factor market constraints affect farm productivity. The empirical analysis draws on representative surveys of farm households in Kilimanjaro and Ruvuma, two cash crop growing regions in Tanzania. We find that poorer households do not only possess fewer assets, but are also much less productive. We find that agricultural productivity directly affects household consumption and hence overall poverty and welfare. Stochastic production frontier analysis indicates that many farmers are farming well below best practice in the region. Analysis of allocative efficiency suggests that family labour is substantially over utilized, a sign of considerable excess labour supply. Use of intermediate...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural development; Factor markets; Rural poverty; Farm productivity; Food Security and Poverty; O13; O120; Q120.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25573
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
VALIDATING OPERATIONAL FOOD SECURITY INDICATORS AGAINST A DYNAMIC BENCHMARK AgEcon
Christiaensen, Luc J.M.; Boisvert, Richard N..
Food security indicators used in practice are static in nature, thereby foregoing the key dimension of food security. This study develops an explicitly forward-looking food insecurity indicator and relative to this dynamic benchmark, we evaluate the performance of three readily available indicators: an agricultural production, a dietary diversity, and a coping strategy index. Calculation of our "gold standard" indicator, using panel data of 274 households from Mali, shows that neglecting the future may lead to substantial underestimation of a population's food insecurity. However, when compared to our "gold standard", the alternative indicators all identify most of the food insecure, with the coping strategy index displaying the most predictive power....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21781
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
VALIDITY OF RAPID ESTIMATES OF HOUSEHOLD WEALTH AND INCOME FOR HEALTH SURVEYS IN RURAL AFRICA AgEcon
Morris, Saul Sutkover; Carletto, Calogero; Hoddinott, John; Christiaensen, Luc J.M..
Drawing data from four different integrated household surveys in rural areas of Mali, Malawi, and two national surveys in Côte d’Ivoire, this paper tests the validity of proxy measures of household wealth and income that can be readily implemented in health surveys in rural Africa. The assumptions underlying the choice of wealth proxy are described, and correlations with the true value are assessed in two different settings. The expenditure proxy is developed and then tested for replicability in two independent data sets representing the same population. The study found that in both Mali and Malawi, the wealth proxy correlated highly (r $ 0.74) with the more complex monetary value method. For rural areas of Côte d’Ivoire, it was possible to generate a list...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94850
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Who is Vouching for the Input Voucher? Decentralized Targeting and Elite Capture in Tanzania AgEcon
Pan, Lei; Christiaensen, Luc J.M..
Through decentralized targeting of input vouchers new agricultural input subsidy programs aim to more effectively reach their objectives and target population. But, lingering fears of elite capture remain. These are borne out in the 2009 input voucher program in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Sixty percent of the voucher beneficiaries were households with village officials. This significantly reduced the targeting performance of the program, especially in unequal and remote communities. When targeting the poor, greater coverage and concentration in higher trust settings mitigated these concerns. Scrutiny remains important when relying on decentralized targeting, as is a clearer sense of purpose of input vouchers.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Local elite; Decentralization; Targeting; Fertilizer; Voucher program; Tanzania; International Development; Public Economics; H11; H42; O22.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122905
Registros recuperados: 8
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Embrapa
Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC: https://www.embrapa.br/fale-conosco

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional