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Registros recuperados: 65
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A Cost Function Analysis of Crop Insurance Moral Hazard and Agricultural Chemical Use AgEcon
Liang, Yan; Coble, Keith H..
This paper employs a cost function analysis method to investigate the existence of moral hazard in cotton buy-up insurance. The trans-log cost function estimates of the own-price elasticity of fertilizer, herbicide, and insecticide is -0.222, -0.143, and -0.121, respectively for Mississippi cotton production. Our results found statistically significant relationship between per acre direct cost and cotton buy-up insurance for year 2001 and 2005 in Mississippi. Our results also indicate that moral hazard can either decrease or increase agricultural input usage depending specific production condition in an individual year. But in general the results support effects smaller than anecdotal evidence would suggest.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop insurance; Moral hazard; Agricultural input use; Cost function analysis; Cotton; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49485
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A Government Decision Model for Invasive Species: Choosing the Most Efficient Government Program for the Management of Livestock Diseases AgEcon
Zhang, Yichen; Muhammad, Andrew; Coble, Keith H..
The impact of invasive species has grown substantially in recent years as evident by the trends in government expenditures in response to outbreaks. In this paper, authors analyze advantages and disadvantages of current government compensation measures for invasive species. The conceptual models are built to describe the relationship between producers’ utility and the effect of adoption of different measures under different observability condition. As a case study, a survey is designed to analyze producer behavior in mitigating AI & END outbreaks.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Invasive species; Indemnification programs; Insurance programs; Tiered indemnification.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47115
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A MODEL OF ENTRY-EXIT DECISIONS AND CAPACITY CHOICE UNDER DEMAND UNCERTAINTY AgEcon
Isik, Murat; Coble, Keith H.; Hudson, Darren; House, Lisa.
Many investment decisions of agribusiness firms such as when to invest in an emerging market or whether to expand the capacity of the firm involve irreversible investment and uncertainty about demand, cost or competition. This paper uses an option-value model to examine the factors affecting an agribusiness firm's decision whether and how much to invest in an emerging market under demand uncertainty. Demand uncertainty and irreversibility of investment make investment less desirable than the net present value (NPV) rule indicates. The inactive firm is more reluctant to enter the market when it takes into account demand uncertainty because it preserves the opportunity of making a better investment later. The active firm is more reluctant to abandon the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness decision-making; Demand uncertainty; Entry-exit decisions; Net present value; Real options; Remote sensing; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19797
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A Real Options Framework for Analyzing Program Participation as Human Capital Investments: The Case of the Average Crop Revenue Election (ACRE) Program AgEcon
Mitchell, Paul D.; Rejesus, Roderick M.; Coble, Keith H.; Knight, Thomas O..
We develop a real options framework to model producer participation in a subsidy program as a human capital investment to learn how the stochastic subsidy affects returns and how to adapt production activities to new program incentives, formally linking the framework to a multinomial logit specification for empirical applications. Analysis of farmer intentions for participation in the ACRE program created by the 2008 Farm Bill finds that reluctance to participate was driven largely by risk aversion and perceptions about income risk from yield and price variability, consistent with the theory that uncertainty creates an option value discouraging human capital investments.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural Policy; Commodity Programs; Farm Bill; Multinomial Logit; Real Options Theory; Subsidy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92896
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ACTUARIAL EFFECTS OF UNIT STRUCTURE IN THE U.S. ACTUAL PRODUCTION HISTORY CROP INSURANCE PROGRAM AgEcon
Knight, Thomas O.; Coble, Keith H..
This paper examines the effects of optional subdivision on APHP losses for wheat, corn, and soybeans. Thirty-seven state/crop programs are analyzed and the implications of the results are discussed in relation to newly developed crop and revenue insurance programs. The results illustrate the importance of incorporating actuarial experience into the premium rate structure and contract provisions of an insurance program.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Actual Production History Program (APHP); Crop insurance programs; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15150
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ADVERSE SELECTION IN THE MARKET FOR CROP INSURANCE AgEcon
Somwaru, Agapi; Makki, Shiva S.; Coble, Keith H..
This paper examines the potential for adverse selection when farmers are offered a portfolio of insurance policies. We analyze the risk characteristics farmers who bought alternative insurance instruments in 1996-97. Inability to differentiate farmers according to risk types results in pooling equilibrium which may implicitly subsidize high risk farmers.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21002
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Agricultural Insurance as an Environmental Policy Tool AgEcon
Coble, Keith H.; Hanson, Terrill R.; Miller, J. Corey; Shaik, Saleem.
This paper examines the possibility that insurance for row crops, livestock, and aquaculture can be used effectively to encourage producers to adopt practices that will improve environmental behavior. Examples of agricultural environmental insurance are provided and considered in the context of alternative policy mechanisms. The current state of agricultural insurance and the nonagricultural environmental insurance market are explored. We also lay out the characteristics of an insurable risk along with the theoretical basis of insurance provision. An empirical example of an environmental insurance design is provided, and the behavioral implications of such a design are examined. Finally, we discuss important considerations that should be evaluated...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Environment; Insurance; Liability; D81; G22; H23; K13; Q18.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43214
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AN ANALYSIS OF LENDERS' INFLUENCE ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCERS' RISK MANAGEMENT DECISIONS AgEcon
Knight, Thomas O.; Lovell, Ashley C.; Rister, M. Edward; Coble, Keith H..
Agricultural lenders have a stake in and are in a position to influence their borrowers' management decisions. Risk management practice adoption is an area in which lenders might want to exercise this influence. This study employs logistic statistical models to estimate lenders' influence on crop producers' decisions regarding use of three alternative risk management practices: federal multiple-peril crop insurance, crop hail and fire insurance, and forward contracting. Results suggest lenders can exert significant influence on these decisions but that poor communication between lenders and borrowers likely reduces this influence.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30092
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An Experimental Investigation of Inter-temporal Risk Decision-making (PowerPoint) AgEcon
Coble, Keith H.; Lusk, Jayson L..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Risk; Decision-making; Risk and Uncertainty; D81.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48911
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An International Comparison of the Effects of Government Agricultural Support on Food Budget Shares AgEcon
Miller, J. Corey; Coble, Keith H..
This study evaluates econometrically the effect of government support to agriculture on a measure of the affordability of food in 10 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. The panel model we construct specifically utilizes two values calculated by the OECD: Producer Support Estimates as a percentage of gross farm receipts and the Consumer Nominal Protection Coefficient. These two variables represent transfers from taxpayers to agricultural producers through government programs and transfers from consumers to government through protectionist measures, respectively. By using dummy variables, we find implications for groups of countries on the basis of their relative levels of support and protection.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Obesity; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; I18; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47196
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Analyzing Farmer Participation Intentions and Enrollment Rates for the Average Crop Revenue Election (ACRE) Program AgEcon
Mitchell, Paul D.; Rejesus, Roderick M.; Coble, Keith H.; Knight, Thomas O..
The 2008 Farm Bill created the Average Crop Revenue Election (ACRE) program as a new commodity support program. We analyze actual county-level ACRE enrollment rates and a mail survey of farmers just before the ACRE sign-up deadline in Mississippi, North Carolina, Texas and Wisconsin. As discussions begin regarding the next Farm Bill, an understanding of the factors affecting ACRE participation can provide guidance as program changes are discussed. Our empirical analysis of the survey suggest that initial farmer plans to switch to ACRE in 2009 were driven by producer perceptions of whether or not ACRE would pay more than existing programs and whether or not it would provide more risk protection. On the other hand, planning to stay with existing programs in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116705
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Analyzing Producer Preferences for Counter-Cyclical Government Payments AgEcon
Miller, J. Corey; Barnett, Barry J.; Coble, Keith H..
A dynamic-stochastic model is developed to evaluate preferences among alternative countercyclical payment programs for representative farms producing corn or soybeans in Iowa and cotton or soybeans in Mississippi. Countercyclical payment programs are found to not necessarily be preferred to fixed payment programs.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Bootstrapping; Countercyclical payments; Nonparametric; C15; D81; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43203
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ANALYZING PRODUCER PREFERENCES FOR COUNTER-CYCLICAL GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AgEcon
Miller, J. Corey; Barnett, Barry J.; Coble, Keith H..
A dynamic-stochastic model is developed to evaluate preferences among alternative counter-cyclical payment programs for representative farms producing corn and soybeans in Iowa and cotton and soybeans in Mississippi. These programs are found to not necessarily be preferred to existing government programs.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20455
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Are Our Agricultural Risk Management Tools Adequate for a New Era? AgEcon
Barnett, Barry J.; Coble, Keith H..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Risk; Commodity programs; Insurance; Agricultural Finance; Risk and Uncertainty; D80; G11; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94700
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Cheap Food Policy: Fact or Rhetoric? AgEcon
Miller, James C.; Coble, Keith H..
The term “"cheap food policy"” has frequently been used as a descriptor for U.S. commodity programs by those who contend these payments to farmers ultimately result in lower food costs for consumers. More recently, farm policy has been criticized for contributing to the obesity problem in the U.S. by making large quantities of fattening foods widely available and relatively inexpensive. This paper econometrically evaluates the impact of direct government payments to farmers from 1960-1999 on the proportion of disposable income consumers spend on food. The model finds the payments do not significantly affect the affordability of food.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19310
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Comparing Commodity Programs under the 2002 Farm Bill to the USDA Proposal for Marketing Loan, Direct Payment, and Counter- Cyclical Payment Programs AgEcon
Coble, Keith H.; Anderson, John D.; Thomas, Sarah E.; Miller, J. Corey.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Marketing.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92858
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CROP PRODUCER RISK MANAGEMENT SURVEY: A PRELIMINARY SUMMARY OF SELECTED DATA; A REPORT FROM THE UNDERSTANDING FARMER RISK MANAGEMENT DECISION MAKING AND EDUCATIONAL NEEDS RESEARCH PROJECT AgEcon
Coble, Keith H.; Knight, Thomas O.; Patrick, George F.; Baquet, Alan E..
Changes in the risk environment and tools available to manage risk have resulted in an increased need for risk management skills among farmers and ranchers. In response the USDA initiated a risk management education competitive grants program in the spring of 1998. This is the first report from one of the grant-funded projects. The project's primary objective is to provide supporting research that will contribute to the design and implementation of effective risk management education programs, policies and tools. This report provides selected summary statistics, without analysis, from a survey of crop producers conducted as part of the first phase of the project. Over 1,800 usable producer responses from Mississippi, Texas, Indiana, and Nebraska are...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Risk Insurance Marketing Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15805
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Crop Revenue and Yield Insurance Demand: A Subjective Probability Approach AgEcon
Shaik, Saleem; Coble, Keith H.; Knight, Thomas O.; Baquet, Alan E.; Patrick, George F..
A multinomial logit is utilized to model the choice of whether to purchase yield or revenue insurance using subjectively elicited survey data. Our results indicate that the demand for crop insurance is inelastic (-0.40), consistent with most earlier yield elasticity estimates, but the elasticity for choices between yield and revenue insurance is found to be relatively more elastic (-0.88).
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Crop insurance; Elasticities; Multinomial logit model; Revenue demand; Subjective elicitation; Survey; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47256
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Crop Supply Response under Risk: Impacts of Emerging Issues on Southeastern U.S. Agriculture AgEcon
Liang, Yan; Miller, J. Corey; Harri, Ardian; Coble, Keith H..
In this paper we consider factors that affect both crop prices and yields in order to examine supply responses of major crops in the Southeast. Due to the variable nature of crop production in the Southeast, previous studies that ignore price and yield risk may fail to capture one of the salient features of the region’s agriculture. Our results indicate supply elasticity values for corn, cotton, and soybeans of approximately 0.670, 0.506, and 0.195, respectively. Compared with the results of studies in other regions, corn and cotton acres respond more to price changes and soybean acres respond less to price changes.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Acreage supply; Crop supply response model; Risk analysis; Southeast U.S. agriculture; Crop Production/Industries; Production Economics; Q12; Q13; Q16.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/104615
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Customizable Area Whole Farm Insurance (CAWFI) AgEcon
Chalise, Lekhnath; Coble, Keith H.; Barnett, Barry J..
The customizable area whole farm insurance (CAWFI) was designed and compared with no insurance program and currently available whole farm insurance based on farm level yield (CFWFI). The CAWFI yields higher certainty equivalents over no insurance program, but lower to CFWFI; CAWFI has fairly small indemnity compared with CFWFI.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98900
Registros recuperados: 65
Primeira ... 1234 ... Última
 

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