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Registros recuperados: 11
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Calanoides carinatus (copépode pélagique) sur le plateau continental congolais : 1. Aperçu sur la répartition bathymétrique, géographique et biométrique des stades; générations durant la saison froide 1974 IRD
Petit, Didier; Courties, Claude.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PLATEAU CONTINENTAL; ESPECE PELAGIQUE; REPARTITION VERTICALE; ZONATION ECOLOGIQUE; REPARTITION GEOGRAPHIQUE; MIGRATION VERTICALE; BIOMETRIE; ABONDANCE; VARIATION SAISONNIERE; CRUSTACEA; COPEPODA; CALANIDAE; CALANOIDES CARINATUS; STADE COPEPODITE.
Ano: 1976 URL: http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:19720
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DEDUCTION : A research project for shrimp farming sustainability in New-Caledonia ArchiMer
Beliaeff, Benoit; Chim, Liet; Della Patrona, Luc; Goyard, Emmanuel; Herlin, Jose; Labreuche, Yannick; Walling, Emilie; Ansquer, Dominique; Brun, Pierre; Castex, Mathieu; Coatanea, Denis; Courties, Claude; De Lorgeril, Julien; Dufour, Robert; Frappier, Julie; Goarant, Cyrille; Huber, Matthias; Lemaire, Pierrette; Lemonnier, Hugues; Loubersac, Lionel; Le Roux, Frederique; Lucas, Ronan; Patrois, Jacques; Peignon, Jean-marie; Pham, Dominique; Ramage, Yannick; Soulard, Benoit; Vic, Marlene; Vourey, Elodie; Wabete, Nelly.
New Caledonian shrimp farming feasibility studies started in the mid-seventies. Today ca. 2000 tons of Litopenaeus stylirostris, introduced in 1978, are semi-intensively produced each year. Since fifteen years, production has been impacted by two seasonal vibriosis, the “Summer” syndrome caused by Vibrio nigripulchritudo in relation to pond bottom and water column quality, and the “Winter Syndrome” caused by Vibrio penaeicida in relation to drastic temperature drops . With the ambition of elucidating processes possibly leading to mortality outbreaks in ponds, Ifremer has been conducting a research program since 2003 under the DESANS project (2003-2006) and the present DEDUCTION project, equally funded by the South and North Provinces and by the Government...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Shrimp farming; Technical and scientific support; Vibriosis; Water quality; Pathology; Ecophysiology; Genetics; Zoosanitary monitoring and procedures; Multifactorial and multidisciplinary approach.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00143/25438/23591.pdf
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Description des premiers stades larvaires de trois crevettes pénéides pêchées à Madagascar : Penaeus indicus H. Milne Edwards, Penaeus semisulcatus de Haan, Metapenaeus monoceros (Fabricius) IRD
Courties, Claude.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: ZONE COTIERE; LARVE; ANATOMIE ANIMALE; ETUDE COMPARATIVE; CRUSTACEA; DECAPODA; PENAEUS INDICUS; PENAEUS SEMISULCATUS; PENAEUS MONOCEROS.
Ano: 1976 URL: http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:19711
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Dynamics of phytoplankton communities in eutrophying tropical shrimp ponds affected by vibriosis ArchiMer
Lemonnier, Hugues; Lantoine, Francois; Courties, Claude; Guillebault, Delphine; Nezan, Elisabeth; Chomerat, Nicolas; Escoubeyrou, Karine; Galinie, Christian; Blockmans, Bernard; Laugier, Thierry.
Tropical shrimp aquaculture systems in New Caledonia regularly face major crises resulting from outbreaks of Vibrio infections. Ponds are highly dynamic and challenging environments and display a wide range of trophic conditions. In farms affected by vibriosis, phytoplankton biomass and composition are highly variable. These conditions may promote the development of harmful algae increasing shrimp susceptibility to bacterial infections. Phytoplankton compartment before and during mortality outbreaks was monitored at a shrimp farm that has been regularly and highly impacted by these diseases. Combining information from flow cytometry, microscopy, pigment and phylogenetic analysis, the presence of Picocyanobacteria, Prasinophyceae and Diatomophyceae were...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tropical aquaculture pond; Litopenaeus stylirostris; Vibriosis; Eutrophication; Phytoplankton; Harmful algae.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00343/45411/44986.pdf
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Etude de surveillance écologique sur le site du Blayais. Rapport général ArchiMer
Poli, J.m.; Pujos, M; Chaurial, Bernard; Salinieres, J.b.; Castel, J.; Courties, Claude.
Ce rapport présente les résultats obtenus en 1978 par trois équipes de recherche, dans le cadre du contrat CNEXO n° 78/1821/B, intitulé "Surveillance écologique du site du Blayais".
Tipo: Text
Ano: 1979 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00068/17911/15435.pdf
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Nutrient and microbial dynamics in eutrophying shrimp ponds affected or unaffected by vibriosis ArchiMer
Lemonnier, Hugues; Courties, Claude; Mugnier, Chantal; Torreton, Jean-pascal; Herbland, Alain.
A field survey was conducted on two intensive shrimp farms using similar technical practices: one (DF) historically affected by a vibriosis, the other (HC) in which the pathogen has been observed although no mortality event has occurred. Because historical data suggest that eutrophication process may directly or indirectly play a role in the disease outbreak, we focussed our research on its dynamics. A higher variability of the phytoplanktonic compartment linked to an imbalance in the molar N:P ratio was observed in farm DF compared to farm HC, implying a modification on the linkage between the bacteria and phytoplankton compartments at DF. The beginning of the mortality outbreak at DF followed a shift from picoto nanophytoplankton. The organic matter...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Shrimp; Eutrophication; Ecosystem shift; Phytoplankton; Vibriosis.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00002/11368/8119.pdf
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Phytoplankton dynamics in the southern New Caledonian lagoon during a southeast trade winds event ArchiMer
Neveux, Jacques; Lefebvre, Jean-pierre; Le Gendre, Romain; Dupouy, Cecile; Gallois, Francis; Courties, Claude; Gerard, Philippe; Fernandez, Jean-michel; Ouillon, Sylvain.
During the Echolag cruise (13 February-8 March 2007), the effect of 16-30 knot trade winds on abundance, community structure and dynamics of phytoplankton was investigated in the southern part of the New Caledonian coral reefs and surrounding oceanic waters. In this area, the coral reefs form two horn-like structures (hereinafter referred to as 'horn reefs'), oriented south-east, and separated by a relatively deep valley. Three repeated samplings at one week intervals of a 32 station array showed that trade winds induce surface water cooling and significant enrichment of mid- and bottom waters above the reef shelf. This enrichment appeared as the result of a general rise of the oceanic thermocline and nitracline due to the combination of trade winds and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Chlorophyll; Phycoerythrin; Flow cytometry; Phytoplankton; In vivo fluorescence; Growth rate; Trade winds; Lagoon; Internal wave; New Caledonia.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00013/12437/9258.pdf
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Response of phytoplankton to organic enrichment and shrimp activity in tropical aquaculture ponds: a mesocosm study ArchiMer
Lemonnier, Hugues; Hochard, Sebastien; Nakagawa, Kento; Courties, Claude; Rodier, Martine.
We conducted a mesocosm study to investigate the combined effect of organic enrichment and sediment resuspension by shrimp on phytoplankton communities in shrimp aquaculture ponds. Hence, the factorial design included two factors, i.e., (i) shrimp density with a concomitant increase of feed input resulting in organic enrichment and (ii) with/without access of shrimp to the sediments. Increasing feed input in the system raised the eutrophication state of the environment characterized by an increase in phytoplankton biomass. Bioturbation enhanced (i) mineralization of organic matter via the microbial loop, resulting in faster nutrient recycling, (ii) an increase of primary production, and (iii) buffering capacity against eutrophication consequences. The...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Litopenaeus stylirostris; Phytoplankton communities; Eutrophication; Bioturbation.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00392/50364/51066.pdf
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Responses of enteric bacteria to environmental stresses in seawater ArchiMer
Troussellier, Marc; Bonnefont, Jean-luc; Courties, Claude; Derrien, Annick; Dupray, Elizabeth; Gauthier, Michel; Gourmelon, Michele; Joux, Fabien; Lebaron, Philippe; Martin, Yvan; Pommepuy, Monique.
The effects of different environmental factors (nutrient deprivation, hyperosmotic shock, exposure to light) on enteric bacteria which have been transferred into the marine environment, have been studied experimentally (microcosms) by considering demographic, physiological and genetic responses in Escherichia coli or Salmonella typhimurium populations. Short-term experiments (less than or equal to 48 h) showed that nutrient deprivation induced limited changes in measured bacteriological variables, but when combined with hyperosmotic shock, it results in an energy charge decrease and inactivation of membrane transport. Light exposure mainly affects the colony-forming capacity of bacterial populations. Combining different stress factors confirmed the rapid...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Genetics; Cellular states; Physiology; Seawater; Enteric bacteria; Génétique; Etats cellulaires; Physiologie; Eau de mer; Entérobactéries.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1998/publication-845.pdf
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Short-term interactions between phytoplankton and intertidal seagrass vegetation in a coastal lagoon (Bassin d'Arcachon, SW France) ArchiMer
De Wit, Rutger; Troussellier, Marc; Courties, Claude; Buffan-dubau, Evelyne; Lemaire, Emmanuelle.
We experimentally simulated the temporality of the interactions between intertidal seagrasses and phytoplankton in the context of nutrient enrichment from continental origin. Phytoplankton development was retarded after 1-day exposure to intertidal Zostera noltii Hornemann vegetation samples, with respect to control treatments. This was not explained by resource competition and we hypothesized a direct interference between seagrass leaves and phytoplankton. After separation from the vegetation in 5-day incubations, the final yield of large phytoplankton, mainly diatoms and haptophytes, was determined by nutrient loading. In contrast, Synechococcus-like cells (SYN), phototrophic picoeukaryotes and nanophytoplankton decreased after day 3, most likely due to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Competition; Allelopathy; Zostera noltii; Sediment; Intertidal vegetation; Flow cytometry; Photosynthetic pigments.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00106/21717/19414.pdf
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Spatial and temporal extension of eutrophication associated with shrimp farm wastewater discharges in the New Caledonia lagoon ArchiMer
Thomas, Yoann; Courties, Claude; El Helwe, Yasmin; Herbland, Alain; Lemonnier, Hugues.
Shrimp farming in New Caledonia typically uses a flow-through system with water exchange rates as a tool to maintain optimum hydrological and biological parameters for the crop. Moreover, the effluent shows hydrobiological characteristics (minerals, phytoplankton biomass and organic matter) significantly higher than that of the receiving environment. Separate surveys were carried out in a bay (CH Bay) with a medium-size intensive farm (30 ha) (PO) and in a mangrove-lined creek (TE Creek) near a larger semi-intensive farm (133 ha) (SO). Net loads of nitrogen exported from the semi-intensive farm and the intensive farm amounted to 0.68 and 1.36 kg ha(-1) day(-1), respectively. At CH Bay, discharge effects were spatially limited and clearly restricted to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Environmental impact; Shrimp farming; Eutrophication; Flow cytometry; New Caledonia.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00014/12527/9882.pdf
Registros recuperados: 11
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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