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Effects of water viscosity upon ventilation and metabolism of a flatfish, the common sole Solea solea (L.) ArchiMer
Couturier, Christine; Rouault, Alice; Mckenzie, David; Galois, Robert; Robert, Serge; Joassard, Lucette; Claireaux, Guy.
The French Atlantic coast contains large highly productive intertidal mudflats that are colonised by juveniles of numerous flatfish species, including the common sole (Solea solea, L.). These ecosystems are also heavily exploited by the shellfish farming industry. Intensive bivalve culture is associated with substantial biodeposition (1-6 t-dw ha(-1) day(-1)), which directly or indirectly contributes to increase exopolysaccharide (EPS) concentrations at the interface between water column and seabed. EPS are long-chain molecules organised into colloids, which influence rheological properties of water, particularly viscosity. Increased water viscosity had consequences for ventilatory activity of juvenile flatfish, whereby the minimal pressure required to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: EPS; Hypoxia; Metabolism; Water viscosity; Biodeposition; Solea solea.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2801.pdf
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Effets des caractéristiques physico-chimiques et biorhéologiques de l'eau sur la physiologie, les performances adaptatives et la sélection de l'habitat chez la sole commune Solea solea (Linnaeus, 1758) ArchiMer
Couturier, Christine.
Shellfish culture can lead to an accumulation of exopolysaccharides (EPS) over the surface of intertidal mudflats. EPS are rheologically active polymers that change water viscosity and water flow over the branchial basket of the juvenile flatfish that colonise intertidal mudflats. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of water EPS content on various aspects of the physiology and behaviour of the common sole Solea solea. Field studies revealed that water total EPS can be up to 15 mg l 1 in the field. In sole juveniles (aged class 0+) ventilatory distress was observed at concentrations above 4 mg l-1, and the intensity of the constraint decreased with fish size. Nonetheless, neither standard metabolic rate nor tolerance of hypoxia were influenced...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Flatfish; SDA; Growth; Habitat selection; Metabolism; Hypoxia; EPS; Viscosity; Common sole; Poissons plats; SDA; Croissance; Sélection d'habitat; Métabolisme; Hypoxie; EPS; Viscosité; Sole commune.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/these-3461.pdf
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