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Registros recuperados: 77
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A coastal operational oceanography system coupled to the GMES marine service ArchiMer
Lecornu, Fabrice; Dumas, Franck; Gohin, Francis; Le Traon, Pierre-yves; Menesguen, Alain; Pineau-guillou, Lucia.
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00243/35380/33883.pdf
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BMGTools : a community tool to handle model grid and bathymetry ArchiMer
Theetten, Sebastien; Thiebault, Benoit; Dumas, Franck; Paul, Julien.
A software called BathyMeshGridTools is proposed to facilitate the construction of gridded bathymetry data for hydrodynamic ocean models from global to coastal scales. These tools consist of a graphical interface written in Java and a computational core written in FORTRAN, which are freely distributed under LGPL and GPL licenses (http://www.ifremer.fr/bmgtools). The process of gridded bathymetry creation relies on three successive tasks : (1) creation of structured grid using graphic user interface for positioning, resizing and creating a hierarchy of nested model grids on map ; (2) data interpolation using a grid-to-grid interpolation algorithm for interpolation of Digital Terrain Model and kriging algorithm for bathymetric sounding data interpolation ;...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00195/30646/29101.pdf
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Caractérisation des composantes hydrodynamiques d'un système côtier semi-fermé : Le Bassin de Marennes-Oléron ArchiMer
Stanisiere, Jean-yves; Dumas, Franck; Plus, Martin; Maurer, Daniele; Robert, Stephane.
Introduction and objectives of the study: Understanding the operating modes of the coastline systems requires the study of the hydrodynamics responsible for transporting the whole of the geobiological compartments of which they are composed. The idea of maintaining a close connexion between the physics, biology, geology and chemistry of the oceans is not new, and was for that matter the subject of a note in the first report of the International Council for the Study of the Oceans (ICSS) in 1902 (Sverdrup et al., 1954): ... it was seen from the beginning that the study of the physical conditions, of the chemical nature of the ocean waters, of the currents, etc., was of the greatest importance for the investigation of the problems connected with life, that...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: France; Atlantic north east; Marennes Oleron basin; Modellling; Hydrodynamic.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/rapport-2353.pdf
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Caractérisation des composantes hydrodynamiques d'une lagune mésotidale, le Bassin d'Arcachon. ArchiMer
Plus, Martin; Maurer, Daniele; Stanisiere, Jean-yves; Dumas, Franck.
Introduction and objectives of the study: Understanding the operation modes of the coastline systems requires the study of the hydrodynamics responsible for transporting the whole of the chemical and biological elements of which they are composed. The idea of maintaining a close connexion between the physics, biology, geology and chemistry of the oceans is not new, and was for that matter the subject of a note in the first report of the International Council for the Study of the Oceans (ICSS) in 1902 (Sverdrup et al., 1954): " it was seen from the beginning that the study of the physical conditions, of the chemical nature of the ocean waters, of the currents, etc., was of the greatest importance for the investigation of the problems connected with life,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: France; Atlantic north east; Arcachon basin; Modelling; Measuring; Current; Hydrodynamic.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/rapport-2352.pdf
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Circulation and suspended sediment transport in a coral reef lagoon: The south-west lagoon of New Caledonia ArchiMer
Ouillon, S.; Douillet, Pascal; Lefebvre, J. P.; Le Gendre, Romain; Jouon, Aymeric; Bonneton, P.; Fernandez,; Chevillon, C.; Magand, O.; Lefevre, J.; Le Hir, Pierre; Laganier, R.; Dumas, Franck; Marchesiello, P.; Madani, A. Bel; Andrefouet, S.; Panche, J. Y.; Fichez, R..
The south-west lagoon of New Caledonia is a wide semi-open coral reef lagoon bounded by an intertidal barrier reef and bisected by numerous deep inlets. This paper synthesizes findings from the 2000-2008 French National Program EC2CO-PNEC relative to the circulation and the transport of suspended particles in this lagoon. Numerical model development (hydrodynamic, fine suspended sediment transport, wind-wave, small-scale atmospheric circulation) allowed the determination of circulation patterns in the lagoon and the charting of residence time, the later of which has been recently used in a series of ecological studies. Topical studies based on field measurements permitted the parameterisation of wave set-up induced by the swell breaking on the reef barrier...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hydrodynamics; Suspended sediment; New Caledonia; Coral reef lagoon; Sediment; Turbidity; Resuspension.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00014/12526/9401.pdf
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Circulation around La Reunion and Mauritius islands in the south-western Indian Ocean: A modeling perspective ArchiMer
Pous, Stephane; Lazure, Pascal; Andre, Gael; Dumas, Franck; Halo, Issufo; Penven, Pierrick.
Circulation around both islands is dominated by westward propagating features The predominant time scale of variability of currents and SSH is 60 days There is local generation of eddies in the lee of the islands due to topography
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ocean circulation; Hydrodynamic model; La Reunion; Eddies; Rossby waves.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00195/30624/29073.pdf
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Comment représenter les mouvements de la mer : introduction à l’hydrodynamique côtière et à sa modélisation ArchiMer
Le Gendre, Romain; Dumas, Franck; Lefevre, Jérôme; Loubersac, Lionel.
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Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00342/45332/44794.pdf
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Communication de l’information géographique maritime et côtière pour la gestion d’une crise environnementale : le naufrage du chimiquier « Ievoli Sun » en Centre Manche ArchiMer
Loubersac, Lionel; Lazure, Pascal; Dumas, Franck; Le Roux, Jean-francois; Riou, Philippe; Foucher, Eric; Guillaumont, Brigitte.
On the morning of the 31th October 2000, the Italian chemical tanker “Ievoli Sun” sank in the central Channel. Her cargo presented a risk of contamination for the marine environment and nearby coastal environment. From the moment the sinking was announced, Ifremer decided to implement, in almost real time, tools to produce and communicate environmental data. This paper presents the solutions chosen to develop: - a Geographic Information System to prepare maps, - a series of simulations for dispersion at sea of dissolved products - a general information web site structure (see http://www.ifremer.fr/envlit/surveillance/ievoli.htm). This paper will go beyond technical presentations of methods, tools and results obtained to take a critical look at the site’s...
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Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00089/20054/17695.pdf
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Coupling physical and biogeochemical processes in the Rio de la Plata plume ArchiMer
Huret, Martin; Dadou, Isabelle; Dumas, Franck; Lazure, Pascal; Garcon, Véronique.
A coupled three-dimensional physical-biogeochemical model was developed in order to simulate the ecological functioning of the Rio de la Plata estuary and plume. The biogeochemical model reproduces the nitrogen cycle between five compartments: dissolved inorganic nitrogen, phytoplankton, zooplankton, detritus and dissolved organic nitrogen. The coupling is tested in seasonal climatological configurations and for the particular year 1999. The circulation is forced with Parana and Uruguay rivers discharges, NCEP wind and tide. The biogeochemical model includes loads of inorganic and organic nitrogen from both rivers. The model reproduces the correct tidal amplitudes in the estuary, as well as the most outstanding features of the observed horizontal and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Rio de la Plata; SeaWiFS; Primary production; Chlorophyll; River plumes; Biogeochemical modelling; Physical.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-334.pdf
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Designing optimal scenarios of nutrient loading reduction in a WFD/MSFD perspective by using passive tracers in a biogeochemical-3D model of the English Channel/Bay of Biscay area ArchiMer
Menesguen, Alain; Dussauze, Morgan; Dumas, Franck.
In most cases, eutrophication of a coastal zone is a multi-source phenomenon. The questions often raised by authorities about these different sources are: what are their marine area of influence and their respective role in the eutrophication process? A first answer to these questions is proposed for the bay of Biscay-English Channel French coasts, using a hydrodynamical model alone with a passive tracer for each of the main 45 French watersheds of the domain. The statistical marine receiving area of each river is then defined over a whole decade (2000–2010) by using different percentiles (respectively the 10th, 50th, 90th ones) of the distribution of tracer values in each mesh of the grid: this enables to map the dilution areas of each river plume...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: 3D modelling; Regions of freshwater influence; Nutrient loading reduction; Good ecological status; Simplex method.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00445/55626/57302.pdf
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Development and validation of a sediment dynamics model within a coastal operational oceanographic system ArchiMer
Cayocca, Florence; Verney, Romaric; Petton, Sebastien; Caillaud, Matthieu; Dussauze, Morgan; Dumas, Franck; Le Roux, Jean-francois; Pineau-guillou, Lucia; Le Hir, Pierre.
The rising interest in environmental and ecosystem dynamics have lead coastal oceanographers to not only investigate the “traditional” physical parameters describing the ocean state and its dynamics (e.g. temperature, salinity, currents, water levels in coastal areas), but to also account for the dynamics of parameters describing its biogeochemical components. To that end, MARS3D regional and coastal modelling system has been coupled to ecosystem modules (ECO-MARS3D, ECO3M) as well as sediment dynamics modules (MARS3D-SEDIM): sediment, nutrient and primary production contents can be considered as the lower level environment and ecosystem descriptors of the “biogeochemical” ocean. Early investments into physical and biological analysis at the regional scale...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00194/30572/29015.pdf
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Development of a hydrodynamic model of the Bay of Biscay. Validation of hydrology ArchiMer
Lazure, Pascal; Garnier, Valerie; Dumas, Franck; Herry, Christelle; Chifflet, Marina.
The hydrology of the Bay of Biscay was investigated using the regional ocean model MARS3D (Model for Application at Regional Scale). The simulated hydrology is compared to a set of various data encompassing monthly climatology, remote sensing SST CTD casts, and coastal salinity measurements. Special focus was put on the validation over the continental shelf. This paper reports that despite some misfits, the climatological hydrology and its seasonal variability are correctly simulated. Various statistics computed over the period from 1999-2004 highlight different aspects of the hydrology. The biases and root mean square errors (RMSE) remain very weak at all depths when comparing salinity (< 0.1 and < 0.6psu respectively). The predicted temperature...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Biscay; Regional model; Performance assessment.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/11079/9282.pdf
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Development of emergency response tools for accidental radiological contamination of French coastal areas ArchiMer
Duffa, Celine; Du Bois, Pascal Bailly; Caillaud, Matthieu; Charmasson, Sabine; Couvez, Celine; Didier, Damien; Dumas, Franck; Fievet, Bruno; Morillon, Mehdi; Renaud, Philippe; Thebault, Herve.
The Fukushima nuclear accident resulted in the largest ever accidental release of artificial radionuclides in coastal waters. This accident has shown the importance of marine assessment capabilities for emergency response and the need to develop tools for adequately predicting the evolution and potential impact of radioactive releases to the marine environment. The French Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN) equips its emergency response centre with operational tools to assist experts and decision makers in the event of accidental atmospheric releases and contamination of the terrestrial environment. The on-going project aims to develop tools for the management of marine contamination events in French coastal areas. This should...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Decision support; Marine; Modelling; Radioecology; Nuclear accident.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00270/38118/36480.pdf
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DILEMES - DIspersion LarvairE de Mytilus Edulis en baie de Seine. Rapport final ArchiMer
Le Gendre, Romain; Morin, Jocelyne; Maheux, Frank; Fournier, Florent; Simon, Benjamin; Cochard, Marie-laure; Pierre-duplessix, Olivier; Dumas, Franck; Harmel, Béatrice; Paul, Catherine; Riou, Philippe.
Ce rapport est constitué de deux volumes : - Document 1 : ≪ Rapport principal ≫ qui presente les travaux realises et les résultats obtenus - Document 2 : ≪ Annexes ≫ qui contient l’ensemble des cartes, graphiques et documents de communication...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00188/29916/28376.pdf
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Downscaling from Oceanic Global Circulation Model towards Regional and Coastal Model using spectral nudging techniques: application to the Mediterranean Sea and IBI area models ArchiMer
Herbert, Gaelle; Garreau, Pierre; Garnier, Valerie; Dumas, Franck; Caillaud, S.; Chanut, Jerome; Levier, Bruno; Aznar, Roland.
In order to favour the downstream from the European MyOcean service of large scale ocean forecasts to the national service of coastal ocean forecasts, studies of new methods improving the downscaling between global or regional ocean models and coastal ones are in progress. In the framework of PREVIMER and MyOcean projects respectively, IFREMER and Mercator Ocean studied in parallel the impact of the spectral nudging method. In the present work, the performance of spectral nudging was assessed using two regional hydrodynamic models: one of Mediterranean Sea and one of the Iberia-Biscay-Ireland (IBI) area. They are both forced by a coarser global circulation model (GCM) (PSY2V4/Mercator Ocean). This technique prevents large and unrealistic departures between...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00197/30794/29162.pdf
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Ecological model of the Bay of Biscay and English Channel shelf for Environmental Status assessment Part 1: Nutrients, phytoplankton and oxygen ArchiMer
Menesguen, Alain; Dussauze, Morgan; Dumas, Franck; Thouvenin, Benedicte; Garnier, Valerie; Lecornu, Fabrice; Repecaud, Michel.
European directives (Water Framework Directive - WFD and Marine Strategy Framework Directive - MSFD) require a regular survey of several descriptors of the Environmental Status of coastal waters of the North-east Atlantic Ocean. Especially for the MSFD, which may concern large continental shelf areas where measurements are scarce, realistic ecological models can help assessing the Environmental Status. The ECO-MARS3D model of the pelagic ecosystem of the Bay of Biscay and English Channel continental shelf (NE Atlantic) has been developed for these applied purposes and validated against various types of historic data. This first paper deals with the basic biogeochemical version, which contains inorganic nutrients (NH4, NO3, PO4, Si(OH)4), three...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecological 3D model; Continental shelf; Bay of Biscay and English Channel; Surface chlorophyll; Dissolved oxygen; MSFD.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00469/58098/60510.pdf
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Estimating the Lagrangian residual circulation in the Iroise Sea ArchiMer
Muller, Heloise; Blanke, Bruno; Dumas, Franck; Lekien, Francois; Mariette, Vincent.
In this study, the Lagrangian residual circulation in the Iroise Sea is estimated by a numerical method where the trajectories of the particles released in any given velocity field are calculated by a diagnostic tool. From their knowledge, the residual Lagrangian currents are computed over a whole number of M2 tidal cycles. The Lagrangian residual circulation is mapped from sea surface currents measured by HF radars and from the surface currents computed with the Model for Applications at Regional Scales (MARS), a regional 3D ocean model forced, here, by the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) regional meteorological model. In order to overcome inconvenient space- and time-variations in radar coverage, the measured radar data are interpolated,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: High frequency radar data; Regional ocean modeling; Lagrangian residual circulation; Iroise Sea.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-7324.pdf
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Etude de faisabilité d’opérations de ‘repeuplement orienté’ dans deux sites français de captage de l’huître creuse (Crassostrea gigas) ArchiMer
Bernard, Ismael; Lapegue, Sylvie; Dumas, Franck; Talarmain, Eric; Cornette, Florence; Degremont, Lionel; Chavanne, Herve; Pouvreau, Stephane; Auby, Isabelle; Maurer, Daniele; Plus, Martin; Le Moine, Olivier; Boudry, Pierre.
La forte augmentation des mortalités de juvéniles d’huître creuse depuis 2008 a relancé la problématique de l’approvisionnement en naissains de l’ostréiculture française. Dans ce contexte, cette étude a pour objectif d’étudier la faisabilité d’opérations de repeuplement en huîtres génétiquement plus résistantes, afin d’améliorer les performances de survie du naissain capté dans le milieu naturel. Cette étude s’est ainsi focalisée sur les deux bassins naisseurs historiques, Marennes-Oléron et Arcachon. Nous avons donc cherché à établir (1) une hiérarchie des bancs en fonction de l’expulsion de larves d’huître dans le bassin d’Arcachon, (2) une cartographie des liens en termes de connectivité entre les bancs des pertuis charentais et (3) la faisabilité du...
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00083/19410/17013.pdf
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Fast hydrodynamic model for medium- and long-term dispersion in seawater in the English Channel and southern North Sea, qualitative and quantitative validation by radionuclide tracers ArchiMer
Bailly Du Bois, Pascal; Dumas, Franck.
The database for medium- and long-term model validation using Sb-125 released by the La Hague reprocessing plant includes 1400 measurements performed between 1987 and 1994 in the English Channel and the North Sea and data for each release since 1982. Antimony-125 has a conservative behaviour in water masses over a period of several years. These data can be used qualitatively and quantitatively to compare the measured concentrations with the calculated ones and quantities of tracers. Tritium measurements are also available for model calibration. A two-dimensional hydrodynamic model has been developed to allow repetitive long-term simulations. This model uses a database of residual tidal currents calculated using the Lagrangian barycentric method [Salomon,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: North Sea; English Channel; European Continental Shelf; Tritium; Sb 125; Radioactive tracer; Wind stress; Calibration; Modelling.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-731.pdf
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General Introduction: PREVIMER, a French pre-operational coastal ocean forecasting capability. ArchiMer
Dumas, Franck; Pineau-guillou, Lucia; Lecornu, Fabrice; Le Roux, Jean-francois; Le Squere, Bruno.
Pre-operational system PREVIMER provides with coastal observations and forecasts along French coasts: currents, waves, sea levels, temperature, salinity, primary production and turbidity. These marine environmental data come from in situ observations, satellite images, and numerical models. They are centralized and archived in PREVIMER databases, then published on website (real time and historical data), and freely available to users, private companies as well as public administrations. This paper describes in details PREVIMER components and users.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00189/30037/28523.pdf
Registros recuperados: 77
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