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Registros recuperados: 7
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General and partial equilibrium analysis of the impact of the Central America Free Trade Agreement on the U.S. rice sector AgEcon
Durand-Morat, Alvaro; Wailes, Eric J..
The market conditions proposed by CAFTA are likely to positively impact the U.S. rice sector. Despite the differences in the impact of the agreement, both analytical approaches, namely, partial and general equilibrium modeling, yield results in the same direction. The small difference in the results from both approaches suggests low income and cross-sectoral effects between the U.S. rice sector and other segments of the economy. U.S. rice production is likely to expand to meet an increasing international demand for this commodity. The U.S. rice milling industry should also expect benefits from CAFTA, expanding by 1 percent in the general equilibrium model and up to 8 percent in the partial equilibrium framework.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19238
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HYBRID RICE AND ITS IMPACT ON FOOD SECURITY AND THE PATTERN OF GLOBAL PRODUCTION AND TRADE AgEcon
Durand-Morat, Alvaro; Wailes, Eric J.; Chavez, Eddie C..
The hybrid rice technology is one of the many ways in which productivity of scarce resources devoted to rice production could be enhanced, with the consequent alleviation of food insecurity. The findings of this study show that the hybrid rice technology has so far made some sizable contributions to per-capita availability of rice in adopting countries with marginal spillover effects to other regions. However, at forecasted population growths, a massive intensification of adoption would be needed to maintain per-capita availability of rice at baseline levels. But even with adoption rates climbing significantly, much higher equilibrium prices are expected, which will represent a challenge for the hungry in many parts of the world. While hybrid rice has the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Hybrid rice; Food security; Technology change; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q16; Q55.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98845
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Rice Trade Policies and Their Implications for Food Security AgEcon
Durand-Morat, Alvaro; Wailes, Eric J..
There is a strong linkage between the behavior of the rice market and the state of food security in many regions around the world, particularly in Asia, as made evident in the 2007-08 commodity crisis. Rice is a staple for the majority of the population in Asia, where roughly 60% of the close to one billion undernourished people live (FAO, 2010). As Timmer (2010) states, “it is impossible to improve food security in the short run or long run without providing adequate supplies of rice that are accessible to the poor” (p. 2). The rice crisis of 2007-08 showed the crucial role of export and import policies on the behavior of the rice market and its consequences for price stability and food security. Market fundamentals could only explain a minimal part of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rice; Trade; Policies; Food security; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; F13; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103818
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Riceflow: a Multi-region, Multi-product, Spatial Partial Equilibrium Model of the World Rice Economy AgEcon
Durand-Morat, Alvaro; Wailes, Eric J..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rice; Spatial trade model; Bilateral trade; Policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C02; C61; F11; F14; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92010
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Sensitive Product Designation in the Doha Round: The Case of Rice AgEcon
Durand-Morat, Alvaro; Wailes, Eric J..
Effects of sensitive product designation in WTO trade reform on the international rice market are analyzed. General and partial equilibrium frameworks are used. Results suggest large impacts. Among exporters, China and the U.S., major suppliers of the Japanese and South Korean markets, are most negatively affected.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35275
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Sensitive Product Treatment in Agricultural Trade Negotiations AgEcon
Durand-Morat, Alvaro; Wailes, Eric J.; Sharp, Misti.
The fact that trade, and especially agricultural trade, remains far from free is puzzling, since the superiority of free trade receives overwhelming support among economists (Gawande and Krishna, 2003; Rodrik, 1994). International trade scholars have devoted significant resources to forecasting the impact of trade policy reforms (for a survey of these studies see Congressional Budget Office, 2005), and their findings are relevant inputs for officials negotiating a trade agreement as well as for politicians in charge of ratifying it. The perceived gains and losses attached to different outcomes have been identified as a significant factor shifting the outcome of a trade agreement negotiation (McMillan, 1990). Less well-known are the factors that would...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade negotiations; Agricultural trade; Free trade agreements; Political economy; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; F59; Q17.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103835
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TARIFF ESCALATION: IMPACTS ON U.S. AND GLOBAL RICE TRADE AgEcon
Wailes, Eric J.; Durand-Morat, Alvaro; Hoffman, Linwood A.; Childs, Nathan W..
Tariff escalation is an important aspect of protection for domestic milling industries, particularly in Central America. The United States exports over 40 percent of its rice as paddy. This study uses a spatial equilibrium trade model to evaluate the impacts of tariff escalation on U.S. and global long grain paddy and milled rice trade. Tariffs are harmonized for paddy and milled rice at two levels: milled tariff rates and zero. The results indicate that tariff escalation distorts US rice trade in favor of paddy exports, reducing the demand for rice milling and associated value-added activities in the US.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Tariff escalation; Rice; Trade; Milling; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20137
Registros recuperados: 7
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