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Achieving good environmental status in the Black Sea: scale mismatches in environmental management Ecology and Society
O'Higgins, Tim; Scottish Association for Marine Science; Tim.O'Higgins@sams.ac.uk; Farmer, Andrew; Institute for European Environmental Policy; AFarmer@ieep.eu; Daskalov, Georgi; IBER-BAS;; Knudsen, Stale; University in Bergen; stale.knudsen@sosantr.uib.no; Mee, Laurence; Scottish Association for Marine Science; laurence.mee@sams.ac.uk.
The Black Sea has suffered severe environmental degradation. Governance of the Black Sea region is complex and results in a series of scale mismatches which constrain management. This paper develops a simple classification of spatial scale mismatches incorporating the driver, pressure, state, welfare, response (DPSWR) framework. The scale mismatch classification is applied to two major environmental problems of the Black Sea, eutrophication and small pelagic fisheries. A number of scale mismatches are described and classified and potential solutions are identified.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Black Sea; Ecosystem approach; Eutrophication; Fisheries; Marine strategy framework directive; Scale mismatch.
Ano: 2014
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Temporal constraints on ecosystem management: definitions and examples from Europe’s regional seas Ecology and Society
O'Higgins, Tim; Scottish Association for Marine Science; Tim.O\\\'Higgins@sams.ac.uk; Cooper, Philip; School of Management, University of Bath; p.cooper@bath.ac.uk; Roth, Eva; Southern Denmark University; er@sam.sdu.dk; Newton, Alice; Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU); anewton@ualg.pt; Farmer, Andrew; Institute for European Environmental Policy; AFarmer@ieep.eu; Goulding, Ian C; Megapesca Lda.; ian@megapesca.com; Tett, Paul; Scottish Association for Marine Science; paul.tett@sams.ac.uk.
Our ability to meet environmental targets is often constrained by processes and events that occur over long timescales and which may not be considered during the planning process. We illustrate with examples and define three major types of temporal scale phenomena of relevance to marine managers: Memory and Future Effects (jointly called Legacy Effects) and Committed Behaviors. We examine the role of these effects in achieving marine environmental targets in Europe under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and the implications for future management, indicating the increased importance that these temporal phenomena give to reducing future pressures.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Ecosystem approach; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Temporal scales.
Ano: 2014
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