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Biological productivity regime and associated N cycling in the vicinity of Kerguelen Island area, Southern Ocean 5
Cavagna, A. J.; Fripiat, F.; Elskens, M.; Dehairs, F.; Mangion, P.; Chirurgien, L.; Closset, I.; Lasbleiz, M.; Flores–leiva, L.; Cardinal, D.; Leblanc, K.; Fernandez, C.; Lefèvre, D.; Oriol, L.; Blain, S.; Quéguiner, B..
Although the Southern Ocean is considered a High Nutrient Low Chlorophyll area (HNLC), massive and recurrent blooms are observed over and downstream the Kerguelen Plateau. This mosaic of blooms is triggered by a higher iron supply resulting from the interaction between the Antarctic Circumpolar Current and the local bathymetry. Net primary production, N-uptake (NO3− and NH4+), and nitrification rates were measured at 8 stations in austral spring 2011 (October–November) during the KEOPS2 cruise in the Kerguelen area. Iron fertilization stimulates primary production, with integrated net primary production and growth rates much higher in the fertilized areas (up to 315 mmol C m−2 d−1 and up to 0.31 d−1, respectively) compared to the HNLC reference site (12...
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Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00294/40558/39445.pdf
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Nitrogen cycling in the Southern Ocean Kerguelen Plateau area: evidence for significant surface nitrification from nitrate isotopic compositions 5
Dehairs, F.; Fripiat, F.; Cavagna, A. -j.; Trull, T.w.; Fernandez, C.; Davies, D.; Roukaerts, A.; Fonseca Batista, D.; Planchon, F.; Elskens, M..
This paper presents whole water column data for nitrate N, O isotopic composition for the Kerguelen Plateau area and the basin extending east of Heard Island, aiming at understanding the N-cycling in this naturally iron fertilized area that is characterized by large re-current phytoplankton blooms. The KEOPS 2 expedition (October-November 2011) took place in spring season and complements knowledge gathered during an earlier summer expedition to the same area (KEOPS 1, February-March 2005). As noted by others a remarkable condition of the system is the moderate consumption of nitrate over the season (nitrate remains >20 mu M) while silicic acid becomes depleted, suggesting significant recycling of nitrogen. Nitrate isotopic signatures in the upper water...
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00260/37085/35584.pdf
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Production regime and associated N cycling in the vicinity of Kerguelen Island, Southern Ocean 5
Cavagna, A. J.; Fripiat, F.; Elskens, M.; Mangion, P.; Chirurgien, L.; Closset, I.; Lasbleiz, M.; Florez-leiva, L.; Cardinal, D.; Leblanc, K.; Fernandez, C.; Lefevre, D.; Oriol, L.; Blain, S.; Queguiner, B.; Dehairs, F..
Although the Southern Ocean is considered a high-nutrient, low-chlorophyll (HNLC) area, massive and recurrent blooms are observed over and downstream of the Kerguelen Plateau. This mosaic of blooms is triggered by a higher iron supply resulting from the interaction between the Antarctic Circumpolar Current and the local bathymetry. Net primary production, N uptake (NO3− and NH4+), and nitrification rates were measured at eight stations in austral spring 2011 (October–November) during the KEOPS 2 cruise in the Kerguelen Plateau area. Natural iron fertilization stimulated primary production, with mixed layer integrated net primary production and growth rates much higher in the fertilized areas (up to 315 mmol C m−2 d−1 and up to 0.31 d−1 respectively)...
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00294/40561/39448.pdf
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Significant mixed layer nitrification in a natural iron-fertilized bloom of the Southern Ocean 5
Fripiat, F.; Elskens, M.; Trull, T. W.; Blain, S.; Cavagna, A. -j.; Fernandez, C.; Fonseca-batista, D.; Planchon, F.; Raimbault, P.; Roukaerts, A.; Dehairs, F..
Nitrification, the microbially mediated oxidation of ammonium into nitrate, is generally expected to be low in the Southern Ocean mixed layer. This paradigm assumes that nitrate is mainly provided through vertical mixing and assimilated during the vegetative season, supporting the concept that nitrate uptake is equivalent to the new primary production (i.e., primary production which is potentially available for export). Here we show that nitrification is significant (~40–80% of the seasonal nitrate uptake) in the naturally iron-fertilized bloom over the southeast Kerguelen Plateau. Hence, a large fraction of the nitrate-based primary production is regenerated, instead of being exported. It appears that nitrate assimilation (light dependent) and...
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00296/40704/39700.pdf
Registros recuperados: 4
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