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Registros recuperados: 16
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Are deep-sea ecosystems surrounding Madagascar threatened by land-use or climate change? ArchiMer
Fontanier, Christophe; Mamo, Briony; Toucanne, Samuel; Bayon, Germain; Schmidt, Sabine; Deflandre, Bruno; Dennielou, Bernard; Jouet, Gwenael; Garnier, Eline; Sakai, Saburo; Lamas, Ruth Martinez; Duros, Pauline; Toyofuku, Takashi; Sale, Aurelien; Belleney, Deborah; Bichon, Sabrina; Boissier, Audrey; Cheron, Sandrine; Pitel, Mathilde; Roubi, Angelique; Rovere, Mickael; Gremare, Antoine; Dupre, Stephanie; Jorry, Stephan.
In this short communication, we present a multidisciplinaty study of sedimentary records collected from a deep-sea interfluve proximal to the mouths of major northwestern Madagascan rivers. For the last 60 years, the seafloor has been repeatedly disturbed by the deposition of organic rich, tropical, terrestrial sediments causing marked reductions in benthic biodiversity. Increased soil erosion due to local land-use, deforestation and intensifying tropical cyclones are potential causes for this sedimentary budget and biodiversity shift. Our marine sedimentary records indicate that until now, these conditions have not occurred within the region for at least 20,000 years.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Multidisciplinary study; Benthic foraminifera; Land-use; Tropical cyclones.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00413/52488/53276.pdf
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Benthic foraminifera from the deep-water Niger delta (gulf of Guinea): Assessing present-day and past activity of hydrate pockmarks ArchiMer
Fontanier, Christophe; Koho, K. A.; Goni-urriza, M. S.; Deflandre, Bruno; Galaup, S.; Ivanovsky, A.; Gayet, Nicolas; Dennielou, Bernard; Gremare, Antoine; Bichon, S.; Gassie, C.; Anschutz, P.; Duran, R.; Reichart, G. J..
We present ecological and isotopic (δ18O and δ13C) data on benthic foraminifera sampled from 4 deep-sea stations in a pockmark field from the deep-water Niger delta (Gulf of Guinea, Equatorial Atlantic Ocean). In addition, a series of sedimentological and (bio)geochemical data are shown to back up foraminiferal observations. All stations are located within 1.2 km of each other, so prevailing oceanographic conditions can be assumed to be similar at each site. Two of the sites (GMMC-01 and GMMC-02) are located in a pockmark (named “pockmark A”) where current methane seepages were recorded by ROV observations. A third station (GMMC-03) is located in the topographic depression interpreted as a collapsed pockmark (named “pockmark B”). The fourth site (GMMC-04)...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Niger delta; Hydrate pockmark; Foraminifera; Stable isotopes; Bacteria.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00211/32194/30628.pdf
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Benthic foraminiferal Mn / Ca ratios reflect microhabitat preferences ArchiMer
Koho, Karoliina A.; De Nooijer, Lennart J.; Fontanier, Christophe; Toyofuku, Takashi; Oguri, Kazumasa; Kitazato, Hiroshi; Reichart, Gert-jan.
The Mn / Ca of calcium carbonate tests of living (rose-Bengal-stained) benthic foraminifera (Elphidium batialis, Uvigerina spp., Bolivina spissa, Nonionellina labradorica and Chilostomellina fimbriata) were determined in relation to pore water manganese (Mn) concentrations for the first time along a bottom water oxygen gradient across the continental slope along the NE Japan margin (western Pacific). The local bottom water oxygen (BWO) gradient differs from previous field study sites focusing on foraminiferal Mn / Ca and redox chemistry, therefore allowing further resolution of previously observed trends. The Mn / Ca ratios were analysed using laser ablation inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer (ICP-MS), allowing single-chamber determination of Mn...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00391/50237/50880.pdf
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Characteristics of meiofauna in extreme marine ecosystems: a review ArchiMer
Zeppilli, Daniela; Leduc, Daniel; Fontanier, Christophe; Fontaneto, Diego; Fuchs, Sandra; Gooday, Andrew J.; Goineau, Aurelie; Ingels, Jeroen; Ivanenko, Viatcheslav N.; Kristensen, Reinhardt Mobjerg; Neves, Ricardo Cardoso; Sanchez, Nuria; Sandulli, Roberto; Sarrazin, Jozee; Sorensen, Martin V.; Tasiemski, Aurelie; Vanreusel, Ann; Autret, Marine; Bourdonnay, Louis; Claireaux, Marion; Coquille, Valerie; De Wever, Lisa; Rachel, Durand; Marchant, James; Toomey, Lola; Fernandes, David.
Extreme marine environments cover more than 50% of the Earth’s surface and offer many opportunities for investigating the biological responses and adaptations of organisms to stressful life conditions. Extreme marine environments are sometimes associated with ephemeral and unstable ecosystems, but can host abundant, often endemic and well-adapted meiofaunal species. In this review, we present an integrated view of the biodiversity, ecology and physiological responses of marine meiofauna inhabiting several extreme marine environments (mangroves, submarine caves, Polar ecosystems, hypersaline areas, hypoxic/anoxic environments, hydrothermal vents, cold seeps, carcasses/sunken woods, deep-sea canyons, deep hypersaline anoxic basins [DHABs] and hadal zones)....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Extreme environments; Meiofauna; Mangroves; Submarine caves; Polar ecosystems; Melting ice; Hypersaline areas; Anoxic and hypoxic zones; Hydrothermal vents; Cold seeps; Carcasses and sunken woods; Deep sea; Submarine canyons; Deep hypersaline anoxic basins (DHABs); Hadal zones.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00410/52140/52851.pdf
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Is the meiofauna a good indicator for climate change and anthropogenic impacts? ArchiMer
Zeppilli, Daniela; Sarrazin, Jozee; Leduc, Daniel; Arbizu, Pedro Martinez; Fontaneto, Diego; Fontanier, Christophe; Gooday, Andrew J.; Kristensen, Reinhardt Mobjerg; Ivanenko, Viatcheslav N.; Sorensen, Martin V.; Vanreusel, Ann; Thebault, Julien; Mea, Marianna; Allio, Noemie; Andro, Thomas; Arvigo, Alexandre; Castrec, Justine; Danielo, Morgan; Foulon, Valentin; Fumeron, Raphaelle; Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Hulot, Vivien; James, Tristan; Langonne-augen, Roxanne; Le Bot, Tangi; Long, Marc; Mahabror, Dendy; Morel, Quentin; Pantalos, Michael; Pouplard, Etienne; Raimondeau, Laura; Rio-cabello, Antoine; Seite, Sarah; Traisnel, Gwendoline; Urvoy, Kevin; Van Der Stegen, Thomas; Weyand, Mariam; Fernandes, David.
Our planet is changing, and one of the most pressing challenges facing the scientific community revolves around understanding how ecological communities respond to global changes. From coastal to deep-sea ecosystems, ecologists are exploring new areas of research to find model organisms that help predict the future of life on our planet. Among the different categories of organisms, meiofauna offer several advantages for the study of marine benthic ecosystems. This paper reviews the advances in the study of meiofauna with regard to climate change and anthropogenic impacts. Four taxonomic groups are valuable for predicting global changes: foraminifers (especially calcareous forms), nematodes, copepods and ostracods. Environmental variables are fundamental in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Meiofauna; Climate change; Anthropogenic impacts; Biomonitoring; Natural observations and experimental studies.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00278/38938/37521.pdf
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Live−dead comparison of benthic foraminiferal faunas from the Rhône prodelta (Gulf of Lions, NW Mediterranean): Development of a proxy for palaeoenvironmental reconstructions ArchiMer
Goineau, A.; Fontanier, Christophe; Mojtahid, M.; Fanget, Anne-sophie; Bassetti, M-a.; Berne, Serge; Jorissen, F..
Dead benthic foraminiferal faunas (> 150 μm) from the Rhône prodelta (Gulf of Lions, NW Mediterranean) were analysed at 41 stations (15–100 m water depth) sampled in June 2005 and September 2006, and compared to the living faunas investigated during previous studies at the same stations. The comparison between dead and living assemblages enhances the understanding of taphonomic processes that may modify the composition of the dead faunas in this area. We observed a loss of individuals from living to dead assemblages of species characterised by a fairly fragile test and therefore more prone to fragmentation or dissolution (e.g., Bolivina alata, Quinqueloculina tenuicollis). Allochthonous dead and/or live specimens may be transported to some parts of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Benthic foraminifera; Rhone prodelta; Taphonomy; Thanatofacies; Palaeoceanography.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00273/38399/36725.pdf
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Living (stained) benthic foraminifera from the Mozambique Channel (eastern Africa): Exploring ecology of deep-sea unicellular meiofauna ArchiMer
Fontanier, Christophe; Garnier, Eline; Brandily, Christophe; Dennielou, Bernard; Bichon, S.; Gayet, Nicolas; Eugene, Thibaut; Rovere, Mickael; Gremare, A.; Deflandre, B..
Live (Rose-Bengal stained) deep-sea foraminiferal faunas have been studied at four stations between 530–3200-m depth in the Mozambique Channel (eastern Africa) to understand how complex environmental conditions (e.g., organic matter, oxygenation) control their ecological structure (i.e., diversity, density, and microhabitats). Two upper-slope stations, located at 530- and 780-m depth off Madagascar, are bathed by well-oxygenated bottom waters. They are characterized by fine sediments enriched in highly degraded organic matter (low amino-acid bio-availability and reduced chlorophyllic freshness). Mineralization of organic compounds results in relatively moderate oxygen penetration depth (i.e., 15 and 30 mm) in sediment. Interestingly, foraminiferal species...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mozambique Channel; Foraminifera; Diversity; Microhabitat; Organic matter.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00344/45505/45057.pdf
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Living (stained) deep-sea foraminifera from the Sea of Marmara: a preliminary study ArchiMer
Fontanier, Christophe; Dissard, D.; Ruffine, Livio; Mamo, B.; Ponzevera, Emmanuel; Pelleter, Ewan; Baudin, F.; Roubi, Angelique; Cheron, Sandrine; Boissier, Audrey; Gayet, Nicolas; Bermell-fleury, S.; Pitel, M.; Guyader, Vivien; Lesongeur, Francoise; Savignac, F..
In this preliminary study, we investigate living (stained) foraminifera from the Sea of Marmara. We focus on the faunal composition and geochemical signatures (trace elements, carbon and oxygen stable isotopes) in foraminiferal tests at two deep-sea sites (329 and ~1240 m depth respectively). Documented by ROV observations and sampling, both study areas are heterogeneous (including bacterial mats and carbonate concretions), proximal to cold seeps and consist of dysoxic bottom water (O2<20 µmol/L). The prevailing dysoxia at both study areas restricts foraminiferal diversity to very low values (S<9, H’<0.97). Stress-tolerant species Bolivina vadescens and Globobulimina affinis dominate living faunas at both sites. The highest foraminiferal standing...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Living (stained) benthic foraminifera; Sea of Marmara; Extreme ecosystems; Trace elements; Stable isotopes.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00416/52774/53646.pdf
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Modern sediments and Pleistocene reefs from isolated carbonate platforms (Iles Eparses, SW Indian Ocean): A preliminary study ArchiMer
Jorry, Stephan; Camoin, Gilbert F.; Jouet, Gwenael; Le Roy, Pascal; Vella, Claude; Courgeon, Simon; Prat, Sophie; Fontanier, Christophe; Paumard, Victorien; Boulle, Julien; Caline, Bruno; Borgomano, Jean.
Isolated carbonate platforms occur throughout the geologic record, from Archean to present. Although the respective roles of tectonics, sediment supply and sea-level changes in the stratigraphical architecture of these systems are relatively well constrained, the details of the nature and controls on the variability of sedimentological patterns between and within individual geomorphologic units on platforms have been barely investigated. This study aims at describing and comparing geomorphological and sedimentological features of surficial sediments and fossil reefs from three isolated carbonate platforms located in the SW Indian Ocean (Glorieuses, Juan de Nova and Europa). These carbonate platforms are relatively small and lack continuous reef margins,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mozambique channel; Carbonate sediments; Fossil reefs; Isolated carbonate platforms.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00292/40329/39074.pdf
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Multidisciplinary investigation on cold seeps with vigorous gas emissions in the Sea of Marmara (MarsiteCruise): Strategy for site detection and sampling and first scientific outcome ArchiMer
Ruffine, Livio; Ondreas, Helene; Blanc-valleron, Marie-madeleine; Teichert, Barbara M. A.; Scalabrin, Carla; Rinnert, Emmanuel; Birot, Dominique; Croguennec, Claire; Ponzevera, Emmanuel; Pierre, Catherine; Donval, Jean-pierre; Alix, Anne-sophie; Germain, Yoan; Bignon, Laurent; Etoubleau, Joel; Caprais, Jean-claude; Knoery, Joel; Lesongeur, Francoise; Thomas, Bastien; Roubi, Angelique; Legoix, Ludovic Nicolas; Burnard, Pete; Chevalier, Nicolas; Lu, Hailong; Dupre, Stephanie; Fontanier, Christophe; Dissard, Delphine; Olgun, Nazli; Yang, Hailin; Strauss, Harald; Ozaksoy, Volkan; Perchoc, Jonathan; Podeur, Christian; Tarditi, Corinne; Ozbeki, Eyyup; Guyader, Vivien; Marty, Bernard; Madre, David G; Pitel-roudaut, Mathilde; Grall, Celine; Embriaco, Davide; Polonia, Mina; Gasperini, Lucas; Cagatay, M. Namik; Henry, Pierre; Geli, Louis.
MarsiteCruise was undertaken in October/November 2014 in the Sea of Marmara to gain detailed insight into the fate of fluids migrating within the sedimentary column and partially released into the water column. The overall objective of the project was to achieve a more global understanding of cold-seep dynamics in the context of a major active strike-slip fault. Five remotely operated vehicle (ROV) dives were performed at selected areas along the North Anatolian Fault and inherited faults. To efficiently detect, select and sample the gas seeps, we applied an original procedure. It combines sequentially (1) the acquisition of ship-borne multibeam acoustic data from the water column prior to each dive to detect gas emission sites and to design the tracks of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Acoustic survey; Authigenic carbonates; Biogeochemistry; Chemical analyses; Cold seeps; Dissolved major elements; Fluid seepage; Geology; In situ Raman analysis; Methane; ROV dives.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00433/54434/55783.pdf
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Refining benthic foraminiferal Mg/Ca-temperature calibrations using core-tops from the western tropical Atlantic: Implication for paleotemperature estimation ArchiMer
Tisserand, Amandine A.; Dokken, Trond M.; Waelbroeck, Claire; Gherardi, Jeanne Marie; Scao, Vincent; Fontanier, Christophe; Jorissen, Frans.
Benthic foraminiferal Mg/Ca has been shown to have great potential as a proxy for reconstructing deep water temperatures. However, the exact relationship between Mg uptake in benthic foraminifera and temperature is still ambiguous, and further exploration and refinement is much needed to reduce uncertainties associated with the method. Here, we present new core-top Mg/Ca data from benthic foraminiferal species from the lower part of the thermocline in the western tropical Atlantic (northern Brazilian margin). This area is unusual in that the changes in carbonate chemistry along the transect are very small, making it an ideal region for isolating and studying the role of temperature in the incorporation of Mg into the benthic shells. Our results show that...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Benthic foraminiferal Mg; Ca; Intermediate water temperature; Equatorial thermocline; Western tropical Atlantic Ocean; Core-tops.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00181/29191/27596.pdf
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Sea-level control on turbidite activity in the Rhone canyon and the upper fan during the Last Glacial Maximum and early Deglacial ArchiMer
Lombo Tombo, Swesslath; Dennielou, Bernard; Berne, Serge; Bassetti, Maria-angela; Toucanne, Samuel; Jorry, Stephan; Jouet, Gwenael; Fontanier, Christophe.
The timing, routing and processes of sediment transfer from the continents to the oceans at millennial time-scale are still largely unknown. The potential of turbidite systems (dominantly deposited during sea-level lowstands) to record global or regional environmental fluctuations is usually under-exploited because of the difficulty to obtain robust chronostratigraphic constraints in turbiditic deposits, and therefore to tie changes in sedimentary processes to environmental fluctuations. We were able to obtain a millennial-scale chronostratigraphy based on oxygen isotopes of the scarce foraminifera preserved in turbiditic deposits of the Rhone Turbidite System within the Western Mediterranean. Our results show that 1) objective criteria can be defined for...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Rhone Turbidite System; Turbidites; Hyperpycnite; Sea level; Last Glacial Maximum; Western Mediterranean.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00266/37712/35730.pdf
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Sedimentary archives of climate and sea-level changes during the Holocene in the Rhone prodelta (NW Mediterranean Sea) ArchiMer
Fanget, Anne-sophie; Bassetti, Maria-angela; Fontanier, Christophe; Tudryn, Alina; Berne, Serge.
A 7.38 m-long sediment core was collected from the eastern part of the Rhone prodelta (NW Mediterranean) at 67 m water depth. A multi-proxy study (sedimentary facies, benthic foraminifera and ostracods, clay mineralogy, and major elements from XRF) provides a multi-decadal to century-scale record of climate and sea-level changes during the Holocene. The early Holocene is marked by alternative silt and clay layers interpreted as distal tempestites deposited in a context of rising sea level. This interval contains shallow infra-littoral benthic meiofauna (e.g. Pontocythere elongata, Elphidium spp., Quinqueloculina lata) and formed between ca. 20 and 50 m water depth. The middle Holocene (ca. 8.3 to 4.5 ka cal. BP), is characterized, at the core site, by a...
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Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00345/45591/45203.pdf
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Stable isotopes in deep-sea living (stained) foraminifera from the Mozambique Channel (eastern Africa): multispecies signatures and paleoenvironmental application ArchiMer
Fontanier, Christophe; Sakai, Saburo; Toyofuku, Takashi; Garnier, Eline; Brandily, Christophe; Eugene, Thibaut; Deflandre, Bruno.
Oxygen and carbon isotopes (δ18O and δ13C) have been investigated in carbonate tests of deep-sea foraminifera living in the Mozambique Channel (eastern Africa) to understand how environmental constraints (e.g., organic matter, oxygenation) control the intra- and interspecific variability of isotopic signatures. 197 living individuals, including eight different species, from various microhabitats within the sediment were sorted from sediment samples gathered at two stations on the Malagasy upper slope. Results show that the δ18O values of foraminiferal taxa were not controlled by microhabitat pattern. They presented tremendous and intriguing intraspecific variability that is not explained by the classical ontogenetic effect. The δ13C values of infaunal...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oxygen and carbon isotopes; Deep-sea foraminifera; Organic matter; Oxygenation; Microhabitat.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00357/46831/46979.pdf
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Tracking rainfall in the northern Mediterranean borderlands during sapropel deposition ArchiMer
Toucanne, Samuel; Mintoo, Charlie Morelle Angue; Fontanier, Christophe; Bassetti, Maria-angela; Jorry, Stephan; Jouet, Gwenael.
The role of mid-latitude precipitation in the hydrological forcing leading to the deposition of sapropels in the Mediterranean Sea remains unclear. The new GDEC-4-2 borehole, East Corsica margin (northern Tyrrhenian Sea), provides the first precisely dated evidence for enhanced rainfall in the Western Mediterranean during warm intervals of interglacial periods over the last 547 kyr. Comparison of GDEC-4-2 proxy records with pollen sequences and speleothems from the central and eastern Mediterranean reveals that these pluvial events were regional in character and occurred probably in response to the intensification of the Mediterranean storm track along the northern Mediterranean borderlands in autumn/winter. Our dataset suggests that the timing of maxima...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mediterranean; Rainfall; Interglacials; Sapropel.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00287/39804/38301.pdf
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Unexpected biotic resilience on the Japanese seafloor caused by the 2011 Tohoku-Oki tsunami ArchiMer
Toyofuku, Takashi; Duros, Pauline; Fontanier, Christophe; Mamo, Briony; Bichon, Sabrina; Buscail, Roselyne; Chabaud, Gerard; Deflandre, Bruno; Goubet, Sarah; Gremare, Antoine; Menniti, Christophe; Fujii, Minami; Kawamura, Kiichiro; Koho, Karoliina Annika; Noda, Atsushi; Namegaya, Yuichi; Oguri, Kazumasa; Radakovitch, Olivier; Murayama, Masafumi; De Nooijer, Lennart Jan; Kurasawa, Atushi; Ohkawara, Nina; Okutani, Takashi; Sakaguchi, Arito; Jorissen, Frans; Reichart, Gert-jan; Kitazato, Hiroshi.
On March 11th, 2011 the Mw 9.0 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake resulted in a tsunami which caused major devastation in coastal areas. Along the Japanese NE coast, tsunami waves reached maximum run-ups of 40 m, and travelled kilometers inland. Whereas devastation was clearly visible on land, underwater impact is much more difficult to assess. Here, we report unexpected results obtained during a research cruise targeting the seafloor off Shimokita (NE Japan), shortly (five months) after the disaster. The geography of the studied area is characterized by smooth coastline and a gradually descending shelf slope. Although high-energy tsunami waves caused major sediment reworking in shallow-water environments, investigated shelf ecosystems were characterized by...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Palaeoceanography; Biodiversity.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00248/35914/34453.pdf
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