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Registros recuperados: 18
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Away-From-Home Foods Increasingly Important to Quality of American Diet AgEcon
Lin, Biing-Hwan; Frazao, Elizabeth; Guthrie, Joanne F..
The increasing popularity of dining out over the past two decades has raised the proportion of nutrients obtained from away-from-home food sources. Between 1977 and 1995, home foods significantly improved their nutritional quality, more so than away-from-home foods, which typically contained more of the nutrients overconsumed (fat and saturated fat) and less of the nutrients underconsumed (calcium, fiber, and iron) by Americans. Since the trend of eating out frequently is expected to continue, strategies to improve the American diet must address consumers' food choices when eating out. This report analyzes food intake survey data collected by USDA over the past two decades to compare the nutritional quality of home and away-from-home foods and examine how...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33733
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Can Food Stamps Do More to Improve Food Choices? An Economic Perspective AgEcon
Guthrie, Joanne F.; Andrews, Margaret S.; Frazao, Elizabeth; Leibtag, Ephraim S.; Lin, Biing-Hwan; Mancino, Lisa; Nord, Mark; Prell, Mark A.; Smallwood, David M.; Variyam, Jayachandran N.; Ver Ploeg, Michele.
Food stamp recipients, like other Americans, struggle with nutrition problems associated with choice of foods, as well as amounts. This series of Economic Information Bulletins compiles evidence to help answer the question of whether the Food Stamp Program can do more to improve the food choices of participants. It examines the role of affordability and price of healthful foods in influencing food choices and the likely success of any policy targeted at changing food choices through food stamp bonuses or restrictions. It also examines other approaches to changing food choices, including nutrition education and potential strategies drawn from behavioral economics literature. Meaningful improvements in the diets of food stamp recipients will likely depend on...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Stamp Program; Food consumption; Food prices; Food expenditures; Nutrition education; Behavioral economics; Food choices; Diet; Health; Fruits and vegetables; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; FANRP; ERS; USDA; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59417
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Can Food Stamps Do More to Improve Food Choices? An Economic Perspective-Food Spending Patterns of Low-Income Households: Will Increasing Purchasing Power Result in Healthier Food Choices? AgEcon
Frazao, Elizabeth; Andrews, Margaret S.; Smallwood, David M.; Prell, Mark A..
The Food Stamp Program provides benefits that low-income households can use to purchase food in grocery stores. The rise in obesity has raised the question of whether food stamp participants would purchase more healthy foods, such as fruits and vegetables, if food stamp benefits were higher. This report examines household food spending patterns and how they differ across income levels to provide insight into how participants might change their food spending in response to additional income.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Stamp Program; Food consumption; Food prices; Food expenditures; Nutrition education; Behavioral economics; Food choices; Diet; Health; Fruits and vegetables; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; FANRP; ERS; USDA; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59430
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Can Food Stamps Do More to Improve Food Choices? An Economic Perspective--How Can We Tell If We Are Making a Difference? ERS Efforts To Improve Evaluation of Nutrition Outcomes AgEcon
Frazao, Elizabeth; Guthrie, Joanne F.; Smallwood, David M..
Currently, the effects of the Food Stamp Program on the food choices and diet quality of participants are the subject of much debate. Improved evaluation of the nutrition and health effects of the program would be of use to program and policy officials, but most of the existing research is limited by three key factors: the difficulty in separating the effect of the program itself from other factors that may be related to program participation (that is, selection bias); relative age of the data (which do not capture current programs or population behaviors); and use of outdated dietary standards and assessment methods. This brief describes current ERS activities to address these problems and improve evaluation.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Stamp Program; Food consumption; Food prices; Food expenditures; Nutrition education; Behavioral economics; Food choices; Diet; Health; Fruits and vegetables; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; FANRP; ERS; USDA; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59439
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Can Food Stamps Do More to Improve Food Choices? An Economic Perspectives--Overview: Can Food Stamps Do More To Improve Food Choices? AgEcon
Guthrie, Joanne F.; Lin, Biing-Hwan; Ver Ploeg, Michele; Frazao, Elizabeth.
The increased food purchasing power offered by the Food Stamp Program can promote food security and improve the overall economic well-being of low-income households. Now, as Americans struggle with obesity and other diet-related health problems, there is interest in whether the program can be more effective in encouraging participants to make healthy food choices. ERS has compiled economic research to provide decisionmakers with information on the likely effects of various proposed strategies for improving the food choices of food stamp program participants. This overview summarizes the findings, which are presented in more detail in a series of individual briefs.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Stamp Program; Food consumption; Food prices; Food expenditures; Nutrition education; Behavioral economics; Food choices; Diet; Health; Fruits and vegetables; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; FANRP; ERS; USDA; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59422
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Converging Patterns in Global Food Consumption and Food Delivery Systems AgEcon
Frazao, Elizabeth; Meade, Birgit Gisela Saager; Regmi, Anita.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123992
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Do Healthy Foods Cost More? It Depends on How You Measure the Cost AgEcon
Carlson, Andrea; Frazao, Elizabeth.
Replaced with revised version of poster 07/22/10.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cost of healthy foods; Whole grains; Fruits; Vegetables; Energy cost; Edible weight cost; Standard portion cost; Food cost; Prices; NHANES; PED; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61014
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How Much Do Americans Pay for Fruits and Vegetables? AgEcon
Reed, Jane; Frazao, Elizabeth; Itskowitz, Rachel.
This analysis uses ACNielsen Homescan data on 1999 household food purchases from all types of retail outlets to estimate an annual retail price per pound and per serving for 69 forms of fruits and 85 forms of vegetables. Among the forms we priced, more than half were estimated to cost 25 cents or less per serving. Consumers can meet the recommendation of three servings of fruits and four servings of vegetables daily for 64 cents.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33653
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How Much Do Americans Pay for Fruits and Vegetables? AgEcon
Reed, Jane; Frazao, Elizabeth; Itskowitz, Rachel.
Many Americans do not consume the recommended amount of fruits and vegetables. Almost half of Americans think eating more fruits and vegetables would make their diets healthier, so why don't they? One argument is that fruits and vegetables are expensive, especially when purchased fresh. According to an ERS study, a consumer can meet the recommendation of three servings of fruits and four servings of vegetables daily for 64 cents.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33691
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How Much Do Fruits and Vegetables Cost? AgEcon
Stewart, Hayden; Hyman, Jeffrey; Buzby, Jean C.; Frazao, Elizabeth; Carlson, Andrea.
Federal dietary guidance advises Americans to consume more vegetables and fruits because most Americans do not consume the recommended quantities or variety. Food prices, along with taste, convenience, income, and awareness of the link between diet and health, shape food choices. We used 2008 Nielsen Homescan data to estimate the average price at retail stores of a pound and an edible cup equivalent (or, for juices, a pint and an edible cup equivalent) of 153 commonly consumed fresh and processed fruits and vegetables. We found that average prices ranged from less than 20 cents per edible cup equivalent to more than $2 per edible cup equivalent. We also found that, in 2008, an adult on a 2,000- calorie diet could satisfy recommendations for vegetable and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food prices; Food budgeting; Fruit and vegetable consumption; 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/101280
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Most Infant Formula Purchased Through WIC AgEcon
Oliveira, Victor; Frazao, Elizabeth.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122154
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Nutrition and Health Characteristics of Low-Income Populations: Clinic Measures of Iron, Folate, Vitamin B12, Cholesterol, Bone Density, and Lead Poisoning AgEcon
Frazao, Elizabeth.
The Nutrition and Health Characteristics of Low-Income Populations study examined several eating behaviors for children and adults using 1988-94 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES-III) data. This summary focuses on the nutritional biochemistry blood tests and bone density measures that showed differences between income groups. The measures provide a baseline to monitor eating behaviors of Americans, focusing on the low-income population.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33635
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Nutrition and Health Characteristics of Low-Income Populations: Meal Patterns, Milk and Soft Drink Consumption, and Supplement Use AgEcon
Frazao, Elizabeth.
The Nutrition and Health Characteristics of Low-Income Populations study examined several eating behaviors for children and adults using 1988-94 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES-III) data. The measures provide a baseline to monitor eating behaviors of Americans, focusing on the low-income population.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33785
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NUTRITIONALLY-IMPROVED FOODS IN SUPERMARKETS: 1989-93 AgEcon
Frazao, Elizabeth; Allshouse, Jane E..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Nutrition; Food products; New product introductions; Scanner data; Agribusiness.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25962
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Rising Infant Formula Costs to the WIC Program: Recent Trends in Rebates and Wholesale Prices AgEcon
Oliveira, Victor; Frazao, Elizabeth; Smallwood, David M..
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) provides participating infants with free infant formula. This study estimated that between 57 and 68 percent of all infant formula sold in the United States was purchased through WIC, based on 2004-06 data, and that formula costs to the WIC program have increased. Typically, WIC State agencies receive substantial rebates from manufacturers for each can of formula provided through the program. Each WIC State agency, or group of agencies, awards a contract to the manufacturer offering the lowest net wholesale price, defined as the difference between the manufacturer’s wholesale price and the State agency’s rebate. After adjusting for inflation, net wholesale prices increased by...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Infant formula; Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women; Infants and Children; WIC; Infant formula maximum daily allowance; Economic Research Service (ERS); U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA); Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59384
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The Infant Formula Market: Consequences of a Change in the WIC Contract Brand AgEcon
Oliveira, Victor; Frazao, Elizabeth; Smallwood, David M..
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is the major purchaser of infant formula in the United States. To reduce cost to the WIC program, each State awards a sole-source contract to a formula manufacturer to provide its product to WIC participants in the State. As part of the contract, the WIC State agency receives rebates from the manufacturers. In this study, we use 2004-09 Nielsen scanner-based retail sales data from over 7,000 stores in 30 States to examine the effect of winning a WIC sole-source contract on infant formula manufacturers’ market share in supermarkets. We find that the manufacturer holding the WIC contract brand accounted for the vast majority—84 percent—of all formula sold by the top three...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: WIC; Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women; Infants; And Children; Infant formula; Rebate; Sole-source contracts; Contract brand; Spillover effect; ERS; USDA; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Marketing.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118020
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The WIC Program: Background, Trends, and Economic Issues, 2009 Edition AgEcon
Oliveira, Victor; Frazao, Elizabeth.
The mission of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is to safeguard the health of low-income women, infants, and children through age 4 who are at nutritional risk. WIC provides nutritious foods to supplement diets, nutrition education, and referrals to health care and other social services. Administered by USDA’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), almost half of all infants and about a quarter of all children ages 1-4 in the United States participate in the program. WIC is USDA’s third-largest food and nutrition assistance program, accounting for 10 percent of total Federal spending on food and nutrition assistance. This report describes the WIC program—how it works, its history, program trends, and the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food and Nutrition Assistance Programs; Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women; Infants; And Children; WIC; Administrative-based issues; Outcomebased issues; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55839
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WIC AND THE RETAIL PRICE OF INFANT FORMULA AgEcon
Oliveira, Victor; Prell, Mark A.; Smallwood, David M.; Frazao, Elizabeth.
Rebates from infant formula manufacturers to State agencies that administer the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) support over one-quarter of all WIC participants. However, concerns have been raised that WIC and its infant formula rebate program may significantly affect the infant formula prices faced by non-WIC consumers. This report presents findings from the most comprehensive national study of infant formula prices at the retail level. For a given set of wholesale prices, WIC and its infant formula rebate program resulted in modest increases in the supermarket price of infant formula, especially in States with a high percentage of WIC formula-fed infants. However, lower priced infant formulas are available to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: WIC program; Infant formula; Cost-containment; Rebates; Food package costs; Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women; Infants; And Children; Child nutrition; Food assistance; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33873
Registros recuperados: 18
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