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Dynamic Interpolation of Sea Surface Height and Potential Applications for Future High-Resolution Altimetry Mapping ArchiMer
Ubelmann, Clement; Klein, Patrice; Fu, Lee-lueng.
Many issues may challenge standard interpolation techniques to produce high-resolution gridded maps of sea surface height in the context of future missions like Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT). The present study proposes a new method to address these challenges. Based on the conservation of potential vorticity, the method provides a simple dynamic approach to interpolation through temporal gaps between high spatial resolution observations. For gaps shorter than 20 days, the dynamic interpolation is extremely efficient and allows for the reconstruction of the time evolution of small mesoscale eddies (below 100 km) that would be smoothed out by conventional methods based on optimal mapping. Such a simple approach offers some perspectives for...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: : Conservation equations; Eddies; Mesoscale processes; Mesoscale forecasting; Interpolation schemes; Quasigeostrophic models.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00252/36313/34865.pdf
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Eddy dynamics from satellite altimetry ArchiMer
Fu, Lee-lueng; Chelton, Dudley B.; Le Traon, Pierre-yves; Morrow, Rosemary.
Most of the kinetic energy of ocean circulation is contained in ubiquitous mesoscale eddies. Their prominent signatures in sea surface height have rendered satellite altimetry highly effective in observing global ocean eddies. Our knowledge of ocean eddy dynamics has grown by leaps and bounds since the advent of satellite altimetry in the early 1980s. A satellite's fast sampling allows a broad view of the global distribution of eddy variability and its spatial structures. Since the early 1990s, the combination of data available from two simultaneous flying altimeters has resulted in a time-series record of global maps of ocean eddies. Despite the moderate resolution, these maps provide an opportunity to study the temporal and spatial variability of the...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00026/13744/10874.pdf
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Global Observations of Fine-Scale Ocean Surface Topography With the Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) Mission ArchiMer
Morrow, Rosemary; Fu, Lee-lueng; Ardhuin, Fabrice; Benkiran, Mounir; Chapron, Bertrand; Cosme, Emmanuel; D’ovidio, Francesco; Farrar, J. Thomas; Gille, Sarah T.; Lapeyre, Guillaume; Le Traon, Pierre-yves; Pascual, Ananda; Ponte, Aurelien; Qiu, Bo; Rascle, Nicolas; Ubelmann, Clement; Wang, Jinbo; Zaron, Edward D..
The future international Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) Mission, planned for launch in 2021, will make high-resolution 2D observations of sea-surface height using SAR radar interferometric techniques. SWOT will map the global and coastal oceans up to 77.6∘ latitude every 21 days over a swath of 120 km (20 km nadir gap). Today’s 2D mapped altimeter data can resolve ocean scales of 150 km wavelength whereas the SWOT measurement will extend our 2D observations down to 15–30 km, depending on sea state. SWOT will offer new opportunities to observe the oceanic dynamic processes at scales that are important in the generation and dissipation of kinetic energy in the ocean, and that facilitate the exchange of energy between the ocean interior and the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ocean mesoscale circulation; Satellite altimetry; SAR-interferometry; Tides and internal tides; Calibration-validation.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00495/60685/64181.pdf
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Partitioning ocean motions into balanced motions and internal gravity waves: A modeling study in anticipation of future space missions ArchiMer
Torres, Hector S.; Klein, Patrice; Menemenlis, Dimitris; Qiu, Bo; Su, Zhan; Wang, Jinbo; Chen, Shuiming; Fu, Lee-lueng.
Internal gravity waves (IGWs) and balanced motions (BMs) with scales < 100‐km capture most of the vertical velocity field in the upper ocean. They have, however, different impacts on the ocean energy budget, which explains the need to partition motions into BMs and IGWs. One way is to exploit the synergy of using different satellite observations, the only observations with global coverage and a reasonable spatial and temporal resolution. But we need first to characterize and understand their signatures on the different surface oceanic fields. This study addresses this issue by using an ocean global numerical simulation with high‐resolution (1/48o). Our methodology is based on the analysis of the 12,000 frequency‐wavenumber spectra to discriminate these...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oceanic surface motions; Satellite observations; Balanced motions; Internal gravity waves.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00464/57568/59746.pdf
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Reconstructability of 3-Dimensional Upper Ocean Circulation from SWOT Sea Surface Height Measurements ArchiMer
Qiu, Bo; Chen, Shuiming; Klein, Patrice; Ubelmann, Clement; Fu, Lee-lueng; Sasaki, Hideharu.
Utilizing the framework of effective surface quasi-geostrophic (eSQG) theory, we explored the potential of reconstructing the 3D upper ocean circulation structures, including the balanced vertical velocity (w) field, from high-resolution sea surface height (SSH) data of the planned SWOT satellite mission. Specifically, we utilized the 1/30°, submesoscale-resolving, OFES model output and subjected it through the SWOT simulator that generates the along-swath SSH data with expected measurement errors. Focusing on the Kuroshio Extension region in the North Pacific where regional Rossby numbers range from 0.22 to 0.32, we found that the eSQG dynamics constitutes an effective framework for reconstructing the 3D upper ocean circulation field. Using the modeled...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Variability; Models and modeling; General circulation models; Vertical motion; Circulation/ Dynamics; Quasigeostrophic models; Mesoscale processes; Observational techniques and algorithms; Oceanic variability; Altimetry.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00309/42032/41331.pdf
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Reconstructing Upper Ocean Vertical Velocity Field from Sea Surface Height in the Presence of Unbalanced Motion ArchiMer
Qiu, Bo; Chen, Shuiming; Klein, Patrice; Torres, Hector; Wang, Jinbo; Fu, Lee-lueng; Menemenlis, Dimitris.
Reconstructability of upper ocean vertical velocity (w) and vorticity (ζ) fields from high-resolution sea surface height (SSH) data is explored using the global 1/48° horizontal-resolution MITgcm output in the context of the forth-coming Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission. By decomposing w with an omega equation of the primitive-equation system and by taking into account the measurement design of the SWOT mission, this study seeks to reconstruct the subinertial, balanced w and ζ signals. By adopting the effective surface quasi-geostrophic (eSQG) framework and applying to the Kuroshio Extension region of the North Pacific, we find that the target and reconstructed fields have a spatial correlation of ~0.7 below the mixed layer for w and 0.7 ~...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Eddies; Mesoscale processes; Ocean dynamics; Vertical motion; Altimetry.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00593/70561/68744.pdf
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Satellite Altimetry and Key Observations: What We've Learned, and What's Possible with New Technologies ArchiMer
Scott, Robert B.; Bourassa, Mark; Chelton, Dudley; Cipollini, Paolo; Ferrari, Raffaele; Fu, Lee-lueng; Galperin, Boris; Gille, Sarah; Huang, Huei-ping; Klein, Patrice; Maximenko, Nikolai; Morrow, Rosemary; Qiu, Bo; Rodriguez, Ernesto; Stammer, Detlef; Tailleux, Remi; Wunsch, Carl.
The advent of high accuracy satellite altimetry in the 1990's brought the first global view of ocean dynamics, which together with a global network of supporting observations brought a revolution in understanding of how the ocean works [1]. At present a constellation of flying satellite missions routinely provides sea level anomaly, sea winds, sea surface temperature (SST), ocean colour, etc. with mesoscale resolution (50km to 100km, 20 to 150 days) on a near global scale. Concurrently, in situ monitoring is carried out by surface drifters, Argo floats, moorings, sea gliders as well as ship-borne CTD (Conductivity-Temperature-Depth) and XBT (Expendable Bathythermograph) (to measure profiles of temperature and salinity), and ADCP (Acoustic Doppler Current...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00067/17791/15315.pdf
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Seasonality in Transition Scale from Balanced to Unbalanced Motions in the World Ocean ArchiMer
Qiu, Bo; Chen, Shuiming; Klein, Patrice; Wang, Jinbo; Torres, Hector; Fu, Lee-lueng; Menemenlis, Dimitris.
The transition scale Lt from balanced geostrophic motions to unbalanced wave motions, including near-inertial flows, internal tides and inertia-gravity wave continuum, is explored using the output from a global 1/48° horizontal resolution MITgcm simulation. Defined as the wavelength with equal balanced and unbalanced motion kinetic energy (KE) spectral density, Lt is detected to be geographically highly inhomogeneous: it falls below 40 km in the western boundary current and Antarctic Circumpolar Current regions, increases to 40- 100 km in the interior subtropical and subpolar gyres, and exceeds, in general, 200 km in the tropical oceans. With the exception of the Pacific and Indian sectors of the Southern Ocean, the seasonal KE uctuations of the surface...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00423/53431/54318.pdf
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SEASTAR: A Mission to Study Ocean Submesoscale Dynamics and Small-Scale Atmosphere-Ocean Processes in Coastal, Shelf and Polar Seas ArchiMer
Gommenginger, Christine; Chapron, Bertrand; Hogg, Andy; Buckingham, Christian; Fox-kemper, Baylor; Eriksson, Leif; Soulat, Francois; Ubelmann, Clément; Ocampo-torres, Francisco; Nardelli, Bruno Buongiorno; Griffin, David; Lopez-dekker, Paco; Knudsen, Per; Andersen, Ole; Stenseng, Lars; Stapleton, Neil; Perrie, William; Violante-carvalho, Nelson; Schulz-stellenfleth, Johannes; Woolf, David; Isern-fontanet, Jordi; Ardhuin, Fabrice; Klein, Patrice; Mouche, Alexis; Pascual, Ananda; Capet, Xavier; Hauser, Daniele; Stoffelen, Ad; Morrow, Rosemary; Aouf, Lotfi; Breivik, Øyvind; Fu, Lee-lueng; Johannessen, Johnny A.; Aksenov, Yevgeny; Bricheno, Lucy; Hirschi, Joel; Martin, Adrien Ch; Martin, Adiran P; Nurser, George; Polton, Jeff; Wolf, Judith; Johnsen, Harald; Soloviev, Alexander; Jacobs, Gregg A.; Collard, Fabrice; Groom, Steve; Kudryavtsev, Vladimir; Wilkin, John; Navarro, Victor; Babanin, Alex; Martin, Matthew; Siddorn, John; Saulter, Andrew; Rippeth, Tom; Emery, Bill; Maximenko, Nikolai; Romeiser, Roland; Graber, Hans; Azcarate, Aida Alvera; Hughes, Chris W.; Vandemark, Doug; Silva, Jose Da; Leeuwen, Peter Jan Van; Naveira-garabato, Alberto; Gemmrich, Johannes; Mahadevan, Amala; Marquez, Jose; Munro, Yvonne; Doody, Sam; Burbidge, Geoff.
High-resolution satellite images of ocean color and sea surface temperature reveal an abundance of ocean fronts, vortices and filaments at scales below 10 km but measurements of ocean surface dynamics at these scales are rare. There is increasing recognition of the role played by small scale ocean processes in ocean-atmosphere coupling, upper-ocean mixing and ocean vertical transports, with advanced numerical models and in situ observations highlighting fundamental changes in dynamics when scales reach 1 km. Numerous scientific publications highlight the global impact of small oceanic scales on marine ecosystems, operational forecasts and long-term climate projections through strong ageostrophic circulations, large vertical ocean velocities and mixed layer...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Satellite; Air sea interactions; Upper ocean dynamics; Submesoscale; Coastal; Marginal ice zone; Radar; Along-track interferometry.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00510/62121/66325.pdf
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Towards Comprehensive Observing and Modeling Systems for Monitoring and Predicting Regional to Coastal Sea Level ArchiMer
Ponte, Rui M.; Carson, Mark; Cirano, Mauro; Domingues, Catia M.; Jevrejeva, Svetlana; Marcos, Marta; Mitchum, Gary; Van De Wal, R. S. W.; Woodworth, Philip L.; Ablain, Michaël; Ardhuin, Fabrice; Ballu, Valérie; Becker, Mélanie; Benveniste, Jérôme; Birol, Florence; Bradshaw, Elizabeth; Cazenave, Anny; De Mey-frémaux, P.; Durand, Fabien; Ezer, Tal; Fu, Lee-lueng; Fukumori, Ichiro; Gordon, Kathy; Gravelle, Médéric; Griffies, Stephen M.; Han, Weiqing; Hibbert, Angela; Hughes, Chris W.; Idier, Déborah; Kourafalou, Villy H.; Little, Christopher M.; Matthews, Andrew; Melet, Angélique; Merrifield, Mark; Meyssignac, Benoit; Minobe, Shoshiro; Penduff, Thierry; Picot, Nicolas; Piecuch, Christopher; Ray, Richard D.; Rickards, Lesley; Santamaría-gómez, Alvaro; Stammer, Detlef; Staneva, Joanna; Testut, Laurent; Thompson, Keith; Thompson, Philip; Vignudelli, Stefano; Williams, Joanne; Williams, Simon D. P.; Wöppelmann, Guy; Zanna, Laure; Zhang, Xuebin.
A major challenge for managing impacts and implementing effective mitigation measures and adaptation strategies for coastal zones affected by future sea level (SL) rise is our limited capacity to predict SL change at the coast on relevant spatial and temporal scales. Predicting coastal SL requires the ability to monitor and simulate a multitude of physical processes affecting SL, from local effects of wind waves and river runoff to remote influences of the large-scale ocean circulation on the coast. Here we assess our current understanding of the causes of coastal SL variability on monthly to multi-decadal timescales, including geodetic, oceanographic and atmospheric aspects of the problem, and review available observing systems informing on coastal SL. We...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Coastal sea level; Sea-level trends; Coastal ocean modeling; Coastal impacts; Coastal adaptation; Observational gaps; Integrated observing system.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00508/61958/66049.pdf
Registros recuperados: 10
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