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Determination of risk factors for herpesvirus outbreak in oysters using a broad-scale spatial epidemiology framework ArchiMer
Pernet, Fabrice; Fuhrmann, Marine; Petton, Bruno; Mazurie, Joseph; Bouget, Jean-francois; Fleury, Elodie; Daigle, Gaetan; Gernez, Pierre.
Marine diseases have major impacts on ecosystems and economic consequences for aquaculture and fisheries. Understanding origin, spread and risk factors of disease is crucial for management, but data in the ocean are limited compared to the terrestrial environment. Here we investigated how the marine environment drives the spread of viral disease outbreak affecting The Pacific oyster worldwide by using a spatial epidemiology framework. We collected environmental and oyster health data at 46 sites spread over an area of 300 km2 along an inshore-offshore gradient during an epizootic event and conducted risk analysis. We found that disease broke out in the intertidal farming area and spread seaward. Mortalities and virus detection were observed in oysters...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00450/56130/57670.pdf
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Déterminisme du recrutement larvaire de l’huître creuse (Crassostrea gigas) dans la lagune de Thau. ArchiMer
Lagarde, Franck; Fiandrino, Annie; Richard, Marion; Bernard, Ismael; Mortreux, Serge; Ubertini, Martin; Chiantella, Claude; Boj, Marie; Meddah, Slem; Leurion, Axel; Soriano, Solenn; Fuhrmann, Marine; Le Gall, Patrik; Chiera, Caroline; Berteaux, Tom; Guillou, Jean-louis; Roque D'Orbcastel, Emmanuelle; Perignon, Adeline; Bonnet, Delphine; Roques, Cecile; Bec, Beatrice; Cochet, Helene; Gervasoni, Erika; Miron, Gilles; Pouvreau, Stephane.
Since spat mortality events that were firstly detected in 2008, Mediterranean shellfish industry seeks to exploit the Pacific oyster spat from lagoon natural recruitment. The CRCM, Cepralmar and Ifremer developed accordingly a research project named PRONAMED Phase 1 and 2 - 2010-2014, in order to define the economic potential of spatfall and improve knowledge of the reproductive cycle of Crassostrea gigas in this specific environmental context. The results of the past three year‘s study (2012, 2013, 2014) showed that broodstock have the ability to provide larvae after sexual maturation and spawning. A coincidence was noted between moon phase (new and full moon) and spawnings with an amplifying effect of storms on the intensity of spawning (Ubertini et al....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Lagune; Recrutement; Naissain; Huître creuse; Ecologie larvaire; Cycle de reproduction; Captage naturel.; Lagoon; Recruitment; Spat; Pacific oysters; Larval ecology; Reproduction Cycle; Natural spat collection..
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00279/39054/37620.pdf
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Episodes de mortalité massive de moules bleues observés en 2014 dans les Pertuis charentais ArchiMer
Bechemin, Christian; Soletchnik, Patrick; Polsenaere, Pierre; Le Moine, Olivier; Pernet, Fabrice; Protat, Martin; Fuhrmann, Marine; Quere, Claudie; Goulitquer, Sophie; Corporeau, Charlotte; Lapegue, Sylvie; Travers, Marie-agnes; Morga, Benjamin; Garrigues, Manon; Garcia, Celine; Haffner, Philippe; Dubreuil, Christine; Faury, Nicole; Baillon, Laury; Baud, Jean-pierre; Renault, Tristan.
Mass mortality outbreaks (90-100%) in both juvenile and adult blue mussels were reported in 2014 along the Pertuis Charentais area of the French Atlantic coast. A series of studies were carried out to learn more about the phenomenon through detecting pathogens, describing environmental conditions and establishing the physiological status of the animals. Bacteria identif ied as belonging to the V. splendidus species were detected in dying mussels and seem able to cause mortality in blue mussels in the laboratory. Unusual environmental conditions (large amounts of fresh water, re-suspension of sediments during a series of storms, and a high renewal rate of specific water masses in Brittany’s Pertuis area) may be partially responsible for sparking the phenomen
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mortalités; Moules; Pertuis Charentais; Vibrio splendidus; Environnement; Mortality; Mussels; Pertuis Charentais; Vibrio splendidus; Environment.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00312/42343/41682.pdf
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Larval recruitement of Crassostrea gigas in a french Mediterranean lagoon ArchiMer
Lagarde, Franck; Roque D'Orbcastel, Emmanuelle; Perignon, Adeline; Mortreux, Serge; Fuhrmann, Marine; Le Gall, Patrik; Leurion, Axel; Chiantella, Claude; Bec, Beatrice; Roques, Cecile; Bonnet, Delphine; Cochet, Helene; Boj, Marie; Gervasoni, Erika; Miron, Gilles; Fiandrino, Annie; Pouvreau, Stephane; Pernet, Fabrice.
We bring new items in connection with the origins of the natural recruitment variability of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas in Thau lagoon. A poor relationship between " number of larvae" and "number of spat" in 2012 shows a biological lock around oysterculture areas during the metamorphosis in spite of better success of recruitment outside shellfish farming zone. A comprehensive analysis of environmental factors effects and the development of prognosis tools are planned to assist oysterfarmers in rationalization of natural oyster recruitment around Mediterranean lagoon.
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Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00165/27653/25822.pdf
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Low pH reduced survival of the oyster Crassostrea gigas exposed to the Ostreid herpesvirus 1 by altering the metabolic response of the host ArchiMer
Fuhrmann, Marine; Richard, Gaëlle; Quere, Claudie; Petton, Bruno; Pernet, Fabrice.
Environmental change in the marine realm has been accompanied by emerging diseases as new pathogens evolve to take advantage of hosts weakened by environmental stress. Here we investigated how an exposure to reduced seawater pH influenced the response of the oyster Crassostrea gigas to an infection by the Ostreid herpesvirus type I (OsHV-1). Oysters were acclimated at pH 8.1 or pH 7.8 and then exposed to OsHV-1. Their survival was monitored and oyster tissues were sampled for biochemical analyses. The survival of oysters exposed to OsHV-1 at pH 7.8 was lower (33.5%) than that of their counterparts at pH 8.1 (44.8%) whereas levels of OsHV-1 DNA were similar. Energetic reserves, fatty acid composition and prostaglandin levels in oyster did not vary...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Acidification; Bivalve; Disease; Environment; Metabolism; Mortality risk.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00472/58334/60887.pdf
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Metabolism of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas , is influenced by salinity and modulates survival to the Ostreid herpesvirus OsHV-1 ArchiMer
Fuhrmann, Marine; Delisle, Lizenn; Petton, Bruno; Corporeau, Charlotte; Pernet, Fabrice.
The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, is an osmoconforming bivalve exposed to wide salinity fluctuations. The physiological mechanisms used by oysters to cope with salinity stress are energy demanding and may impair other processes, such as defense against pathogens. This oyster species has been experiencing recurrent mortality events caused by the Ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1). The objectives of this study were to investigate the effect of salinity (10, 15, 25 and 35‰) on energetic reserves, key enzyme activities and membrane fatty acids, and to identify the metabolic risk factors related to OsHV-1-induced mortality of oysters. Acclimation to low salinity led to increased water content, protein level, and energetic reserves (carbohydrates and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalve; Disease; Environment; Metabolism; Mortality risk; Salinity.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00427/53886/54958.pdf
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Recherche de gisements de captage naturel de Crassostrea gigas en lagune de Thau.Répartition spatiotemporelle du naissain, aspects culturaux et économiques. ArchiMer
Lagarde, Franck; Perignon, Adeline; Gervasoni, Erika; Mortreux, Serge; Meddah, Slem; Leurion, Axel; Le Gall, Patrik; Guillou, Jean-louis; Boj, Marie; Fuhrmann, Marine; Richard, Marion; Ubertini, Martin; Fiandrino, Annie; Roque D'Orbcastel, Emmanuelle; Pouvreau, Stephane.
Le travail est axé sur la volonté de la filière conchylicole méditerranéenne pour s'approvisionner en naissains d'huîtres creuses sauvages d’origine lagunaire. L'observatoire du captage naturel, mis en place entre 2012 et 2014, a permis de découvrir des gisements de naissains collectés naturellement dans la lagune de Thau selon un protocole défini à l’échelle expérimentale. Bien que très hétérogènes spatialement et temporellement, les densités de naissains sur les collecteurs révèlent des catégories de captage allant de "moyen i. e. 20 à 200 naissains par coupelle" à "excellent i. e. 200 à 2000 naissains par coupelle " sur certaines stations expérimentales. Les expériences de captage naturel à échelle semi-industrielle (avec filière de coupelles en lagune)...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Captage naturel; Crassostrea gigas; Recrutement; Conchyliculture méditerranéenne; Lagune..
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00260/37103/35632.pdf
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Salinity influences disease-induced mortality of the oyster Crassostrea gigas and infectivity of the ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) ArchiMer
Fuhrmann, Marine; Petton, Bruno; Quillien, Virgile; Faury, Nicole; Morga, Benjamin; Pernet, Fabrice.
Mortality of young Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas associated with the ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) is occurring worldwide. Here, we examined for the first time the effect of salinity on OsHV-1 transmission and disease-related mortality of C. gigas, as well as salinity-related effects on the pathogen itself. To obtain donors for OsHV-1 transmission, we transferred laboratory-raised oysters to an estuary during a disease outbreak and then back to the laboratory. Oysters that tested OsHV-1 positive were placed in seawater tanks (35‰, 21°C). Water from these tanks was used to infect naïve oysters in 2 experimental setups: (1) oysters acclimated or non-acclimated to a salinity of 10, 15, 25 and 35‰ and (2) oysters acclimated to a salinity of 25‰; the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalve; Herpesviridae; Infection; Disease transmission; Risk analysis.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00350/46100/45781.pdf
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Surmortalités de la moule bleue Mytilus edulis dans les Pertuis Charentais (mars 2014) ArchiMer
Bechemin, Christian; Soletchnik, Patrick; Polsenaere, Pierre; Le Moine, Olivier; Pernet, Fabrice; Protat, Martin; Fuhrmann, Marine; Quere, Claudie; Goulitquer, Sophie; Corporeau, Charlotte; Renault, Tristan; Lapegue, Sylvie; Travers, Marie-agnes; Morga, Benjamin; Garriques, Manon; Garcia, Celine; Haffner, Philippe; Dubreuil, Christine; Faury, Nicole; Baillon, Laury; Baud, Jean-pierre.
Suite aux surmortalités observées au sein des élevages de moules touchant à la fois les animaux adultes et les juvéniles au mois de mars, dans les Pertuis Charentais, la Direction Générale de l’Alimentation (DGAl) a adressé une saisine à Ifremer le 04 avril 2014. Celle-ci fait état d’une demande d’appui scientifique et technique d’Ifremer pour tenter d’apporter des éléments de réponse par rapport à cette mortalité subite et importante. L’Ifremer a proposé un projet d’action permettant l’expertise du phénomène de surmortalité de la moule bleue, selon 3 axes : l’impact environnemental, la pathologie et les caractéristiques physiologiques des moules. Il s’agit de mettre en évidence la présence ou non d’agents infectieux connus ou émergents, d’apporter des...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00229/34022/32387.pdf
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The Voltage-Dependent Anion Channel (VDAC) of Pacific Oysters Crassostrea gigas Is Upaccumulated During Infection by the Ostreid Herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1): an Indicator of the Warburg Effect ArchiMer
Delisle, Lizenn; Fuhrmann, Marine; Quere, Claudie; Pauletto, Marianna; Pichereau, Vianney; Pernet, Fabrice; Corporeau, Charlotte.
Voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) is a key mitochondrial protein. VDAC drives cellular energy metabolism by controlling the influx and efflux of metabolites and ions through the mitochondrial membrane, playing a role in its permeabilization. This protein exerts a pivotal role during the white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, through its involvement in a particular metabolism that plays in favor of the virus, the Warburg effect. The Warburg effect corresponds to an atypical metabolic shift toward an aerobic glycolysis that provides energy for rapid cell division and resistance to apoptosis. In the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, the Warburg effect occurs during infection by Ostreid herpesvirus (OsHV-1). At present, the role of VDAC in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Voltage-dependent anion channel; Warburg effect; Crassostrea gigas; Ostreid herpes virus.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00420/53129/54142.pdf
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