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A proposal to correct external effects in the coffee market: a tax on regular coffee and tea to subsidise the fair trade coffee AgEcon
Galarraga, Ibon; Markandya, Anil.
This paper justifies the need to introduce a tax on regular coffee drinkers in the UK to subsidise the fair trade/organic coffee production. This policy will allow to take full account of the negative external effect of regular coffee production while internalising the positive effect of fair trade initiatives. Designing such a policy is possible and the benefits of it can be calculated. This paper shows how. Propuesta para corregir las externalidades en el mercado de café: un impuesto sobre el te y el café regular y una subvención sobre el café de Comercio Justo. El presente artículo justifica la necesidad de introducir un impuesto sobre los consumidores de café y té en el Reino Unido para subvencionar la producción de café orgánico y de Comercio Justo....
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Coffee market; Fair trade; International Relations/Trade; Q18; H23.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7991
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Aportaciones desde la economía de la adaptación a la toma de decisiones sobre cambio climático: un ejemplo para la Comunidad Autónoma del País Vasco AgEcon
Galarraga, Ibon; Oses, Nuria; Markandya, Anil; Chiabai, Aline; Khantun, Kaysara.
As a consequence of Climate Change sea level rise as well as a change in the intensity and propensity of rain are expected in the Basque Country. Valuing the costs and benefits of adapting to these changes becomes an important piece of information for the planning process. This paper develops two methodological frameworks. The first one devoted to estimating the economic impacts to urban areas of an increase in the risk of flooding. The values estimated for the Nervión river in the city of Amurrio (Álava) indicate that the average expected damage will increase in 15 per cent as a consequence of CC (from €56,097 to €64,451). For an extreme episode the total loss could increase to €20 million. The second framework is oriented towards the valuation of the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Climate change impacts; Economic valuation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q51; Q54.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117620
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Economic techniques to estimate the demand for sustainable products: a case study for fair trade and organic coffee in the United Kingdom AgEcon
Galarraga, Ibon; Markandya, Anil.
The hedonic approach is used in this paper to estimate how much is paid for the fair trade/organic characteristic of the coffee in the British market. This information is later combined with the Quantity Based Demand System (QBDS) model -developed by the authors- and the Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS) (Deaton and Muellbauer, 1980) to completely determine the demand function for different coffees. The QBDS model is easier to handle and less data demanding than the AIDS model in this study. Resumen El presente artículo se basa en la utilización del método hedónico para la estimación de la cantidad que se paga por la característica de "Orgánico/Comercio Justo" del café en el mercado británico. La información obtenida se combina después con el modelo...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Demand systems; Hedonic method; Coffee demand; Labelling; C13; C21; D12.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28732
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