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Effect of (+)-dehydrofukinone on GABAA receptors and stress response in fish model BJMBR
Garlet,Q.I.; Pires,L.C.; Silva,D.T.; Spall,S.; Gressler,L.T.; Bürger,M.E.; Baldisserotto,B.; Heinzmann,B.M..
(+)-Dehydrofukinone (DHF) is a major component of the essential oil of Nectandra grandiflora (Lauraceae), and exerts a depressant effect on the central nervous system of fish. However, the neuronal mechanism underlying DHF action remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the action of DHF on GABAA receptors using a silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) model. Additionally, we investigated the effect of DHF exposure on stress-induced cortisol modulation. Chemical identification was performed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and purity was evaluated using gas chromatography with a flame ionization detector. To an aquarium, we applied between 2.5 and 50 mg/L DHF diluted in ethanol, in combination with 42.7 mg/L diazepam. DHF within the range of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Sedation; Anesthesia; Rhamdia quelen; Nectandra grandiflora; Cortisol.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2016000100607
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Monoterpenoids (thymol, carvacrol and S-(+)-linalool) with anesthetic activity in silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen): evaluation of acetylcholinesterase and GABAergic activity BJMBR
Bianchini,A.E.; Garlet,Q.I.; da Cunha,J.A.; Bandeira Junior,G.; Brusque,I.C.M.; Salbego,J.; Heinzmann,B.M.; Baldisserotto,B..
This study evaluated the anesthetic potential of thymol and carvacrol, and their influence on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in the muscle and brain of silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen). The AChE activity of S-(+)-linalool was also evaluated. We subsequently assessed the effects of thymol and S-(+)-linalool on the GABAergic system. Fish were exposed to thymol and carvacrol (25, 50, 75, and 100 mg/L) to evaluate time for anesthesia and recovery. Both compounds induced sedation at 25 mg/L and anesthesia with 50–100 mg/L. However, fish exposed to carvacrol presented strong muscle contractions and mortality. AChE activity was increased in the brain of fish at 50 mg/L carvacrol and 100 mg/L thymol, and decreased in the muscle at 100 mg/L carvacrol....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: AChE; Anesthesia; Benzodiazepine; Fish; GABAA; Terpenoids.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2017001200610
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Sedative and anesthetic activities of the essential oils of Hyptis mutabilis (Rich.) Briq. and their isolated components in silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) BJMBR
Silva,L.L.; Garlet,Q.I.; Benovit,S.C.; Dolci,G.; Mallmann,C.A.; Bürger,M.E.; Baldisserotto,B.; Longhi,S.J.; Heinzmann,B.M..
This study evaluated the sedative and anesthetic effects of the essential oils (EO) of Hyptis mutabilis (Rich.) Briq. and their isolated components on silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen). Quantitative chemical differences between the EOs obtained from leaves and inflorescences were verified, and a new chemotype rich in globulol was described. Although there were no significant differences in the time of induction for sedation and anesthesia between the EOs, only the leaf EO at 344 mg/L anesthetized all fish without side effects. Fractionation of the leaf EO was carried out by column chromatography. The isolated compounds [(+)-1-terpinen-4-ol and (-)-globulol] showed different activity from that detected for the leaf EO in proportional concentrations and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Silver catfish; (+)-1-Terpinen-4-ol; (-)-Globulol; Sedation; GABA.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2013000900771
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