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Community dynamics over a decadal scale at Logatchev, 14 degrees 45 ' N, Mid-Atlantic Ridge 5
Gebruk, Andrey; Fabri, Marie-claire; Briand, Patrick; Desbruyeres, Daniel.
Hydrothermal vent community dynamics over a ten year span was studied in the Logatchev area, 14 degrees 45'N on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. On the SERPENTINE cruise in March 2007 with the RN Pourquoi pas? and the ROV Victor 6000 (IFREMER), composition, abundance and distribution of dominant megafauna at Logatchev were examined and compared to published data from 1997. Our results revealed notable changes in several community characteristics. The most significant changes evident in March 2007 compared to July 1997 were the increase up to by order of magnitude in the population density of predatory gastropods Phymorchynchus spp. at the site Irina-2 and disappearance of a live population of vesicomyids at the site Anya's Garden. Other notable differences between...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hydrothermal vent; Community dynamics; Succession; Phymorchynchus; Bathymodiolus puteoserpentis; Vesicomyids; Logatchev; Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00019/13044/10156.pdf
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Does Presence of a Mid-Ocean Ridge Enhance Biomass and Biodiversity? 5
Priede, Imants G.; Bergstad, Odd Aksel; Miller, Peter I.; Vecchione, Michael; Gebruk, Andrey; Falkenhaug, Tone; Billett, David S. M.; Craig, Jessica; Dale, Andrew C.; Shields, Mark A.; Tilstone, Gavin H.; Sutton, Tracey T.; Gooday, Andrew J.; Inall, Mark E.; Jones, Daniel O. B.; Martinez-vicente, Victor; Menezes, Gui M.; Niedzielski, Tomasz; Sigurosson, Porsteinn; Rothe, Nina; Rogacheva, Antonina; Alt, Claudia H. S.; Brand, Timothy; Abell, Richard; Brierley, Andrew S.; Cousins, Nicola J.; Crockard, Deborah; Hoelzel, A. Rus; Hoines, Age; Letessier, Tom B.; Read, Jane F.; Shimmield, Tracy; Cox, Martin J.; Galbraith, John K.; Gordon, John D. M.; Horton, Tammy; Neat, Francis; Lorance, Pascal.
In contrast to generally sparse biological communities in open-ocean settings, seamounts and ridges are perceived as areas of elevated productivity and biodiversity capable of supporting commercial fisheries. We investigated the origin of this apparent biological enhancement over a segment of the North Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) using sonar, corers, trawls, traps, and a remotely operated vehicle to survey habitat, biomass, and biodiversity. Satellite remote sensing provided information on flow patterns, thermal fronts, and primary production, while sediment traps measured export flux during 2007–2010. The MAR, 3,704,404 km2 in area, accounts for 44.7% lower bathyal habitat (800–3500 m depth) in the North Atlantic and is dominated by fine soft sediment...
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Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00135/24650/22683.pdf
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Resilience of benthic deep-sea fauna to mining activities 5
Gollner, Sabine; Kaiser, Stefanie; Menzel, Lena; Jones, Daniel O. B.; Brown, Alastair; Mestre, Nelia C.; Van Oevelen, Dick; Menot, Lenaick; Colaco, Ana; Canals, Miguel; Cuvelier, Daphne; Durden, Jennifer M.; Gebruk, Andrey; Egho, Great A.; Haeckel, Matthias; Marcon, Yann; Mevenkamp, Lisa; Morato, Telmo; Pham, Christopher K.; Purser, Autun; Sanchez-vidal, Anna; Vanreusel, Ann; Vink, Annemiek; Arbizu, Pedro Martinez.
With increasing demand for mineral resources, extraction of polymetallic sulphides at hydrothermal vents, cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts at seamounts, and polymetallic nodules on abyssal plains may be imminent. Here, we shortly introduce ecosystem characteristics of mining areas, report on recent mining developments, and identify potential stress and disturbances created by mining. We analyze species’ potential resistance to future mining and perform meta-analyses on population density and diversity recovery after disturbances most similar to mining: volcanic eruptions at vents, fisheries on seamounts, and experiments that mimic nodule mining on abyssal plains. We report wide variation in recovery rates among taxa, size, and mobility of fauna. While...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Deep ocean; Disturbance; Minerals; Mining; Abyssal plains; Hydrothermal vents; Seamounts; Resilience; Recovery; Benthos.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00382/49291/49690.pdf
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