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Diversity of Meiofauna from the 9 degrees 50 ' N East Pacific Rise across a Gradient of Hydrothermal Fluid Emissions 5
Gollner, Sabine; Riemer, Barbara; Arbizu, Pedro Martinez; Le Bris, Nadine; Bright, Monika.
Background: We studied the meiofauna community at deep-sea hydrothermal vents along a gradient of vent fluid emissions in the axial summit trought (AST) of the East Pacific Rise 9 degrees 50'N region. The gradient ranged from extreme high temperatures, high sulfide concentrations, and low pH at sulfide chimneys to ambient deep-sea water conditions on bare basalt. We explore meiofauna diversity and abundance, and discuss its possible underlying ecological and evolutionary processes. Methodology/Principal Findings: After sampling in five physico-chemically different habitats, the meiofauna was sorted, counted and classified. Abundances were low at all sites. A total of 52 species were identified at vent habitats. The vent community was dominated by hard...
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Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00011/12246/9025.pdf
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Potential Mitigation and Restoration Actions in Ecosystems Impacted by Seabed Mining 5
Cuvelier, Daphne; Gollner, Sabine; Jones, Daniel Ob; Kaiser, Stefanie; Arbizu, Pedro Martinez; Menzel, Lena; Mestre, Nelia C.; Morato, Telmo; Pham, Christopher; Pradillon, Florence; Purser, Autun; Raschka, Uwe; Sarrazin, Jozee; Simon-lledo, Erik; Stewart, Ian M.; Stuckas, Heiko; Sweetman, Andrew K.; Colaco, Ana.
Mining impacts will affect local populations to different degrees. Impacts range from removal of habitats and possible energy sources to pollution and smaller-scale alterations in local habitats that, depending on the degree of disturbance, can lead to extinction of local communities. While there is a shortage or even lack of studies investigating impacts that resemble those caused by actual mining activity, the information available on the potential long-lasting impacts of seabed mining emphasise the need for effective environmental management plans. These plans should include efforts to mitigate deep-sea mining impact such as avoidance, minimisation and potentially restoration actions, to maintain or encourage reinstatement of a resilient ecosystem. A...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Deep sea; Mining; Restoration; Mitigation; Impacts; Assisted recovery; (re-)colonisation.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00470/58209/60711.pdf
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Resilience of benthic deep-sea fauna to mining activities 5
Gollner, Sabine; Kaiser, Stefanie; Menzel, Lena; Jones, Daniel O. B.; Brown, Alastair; Mestre, Nelia C.; Van Oevelen, Dick; Menot, Lenaick; Colaco, Ana; Canals, Miguel; Cuvelier, Daphne; Durden, Jennifer M.; Gebruk, Andrey; Egho, Great A.; Haeckel, Matthias; Marcon, Yann; Mevenkamp, Lisa; Morato, Telmo; Pham, Christopher K.; Purser, Autun; Sanchez-vidal, Anna; Vanreusel, Ann; Vink, Annemiek; Arbizu, Pedro Martinez.
With increasing demand for mineral resources, extraction of polymetallic sulphides at hydrothermal vents, cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts at seamounts, and polymetallic nodules on abyssal plains may be imminent. Here, we shortly introduce ecosystem characteristics of mining areas, report on recent mining developments, and identify potential stress and disturbances created by mining. We analyze species’ potential resistance to future mining and perform meta-analyses on population density and diversity recovery after disturbances most similar to mining: volcanic eruptions at vents, fisheries on seamounts, and experiments that mimic nodule mining on abyssal plains. We report wide variation in recovery rates among taxa, size, and mobility of fauna. While...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Deep ocean; Disturbance; Minerals; Mining; Abyssal plains; Hydrothermal vents; Seamounts; Resilience; Recovery; Benthos.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00382/49291/49690.pdf
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sFDvent: A global trait database for deep‐sea hydrothermal‐vent fauna 5
Chapman, Abbie S. A.; Beaulieu, Stace E.; Colaço, Ana; Gebruk, Andrey V.; Hilario, Ana; Kihara, Terue C.; Ramirez‐llodra, Eva; Sarrazin, Jozee; Tunnicliffe, Verena; Amon, Diva J.; Baker, Maria C.; Boschen‐rose, Rachel E.; Chen, Chong; Cooper, Isabelle J.; Copley, Jonathan T.; Corbari, Laure; Cordes, Erik E.; Cuvelier, Daphne; Duperron, Sebastien; Du Preez, Cherisse; Gollner, Sabine; Horton, Tammy; Hourdez, Stéphane; Krylova, Elena M.; Linse, Katrin; Lokabharathi, P. A.; Marsh, Leigh; Matabos, Marjolaine; Mills, Susan Wier; Mullineaux, Lauren S.; Rapp, Hans Tore; Reid, William D. K.; Rybakova (goroslavskaya), Elena; A. Thomas, Tresa Remya; Southgate, Samuel James; Stöhr, Sabine; Turner, Phillip J.; Watanabe, Hiromi Kayama; Yasuhara, Moriaki; Bates, Amanda E.; Padolfi, John.
Motivation Traits are increasingly being used to quantify global biodiversity patterns, with trait databases growing in size and number, across diverse taxa. Despite growing interest in a trait-based approach to the biodiversity of the deep sea, where the impacts of human activities (including seabed mining) accelerate, there is no single repository for species traits for deep-sea chemosynthesis-based ecosystems, including hydrothermal vents. Using an international, collaborative approach, we have compiled the first global-scale trait database for deep-sea hydrothermal-vent fauna - sFDvent (sDiv-funded trait database for the Functional Diversity of vents). We formed a funded working group to select traits appropriate to: (a) capture the performance of vent...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Collaboration; Conservation; Cross-ecosystem; Database; Deep sea; Functional trait; Global-scale; Hydrothermal vent; SFDvent.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00509/62033/66160.pdf
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Tubeworm-associated permanent meiobenthic communities from two chemically different hydrothermal vent sites on the East Pacific Rise 5
Gollner, Sabine; Zekely, Julia; Govenar, Breea; Le Bris, Nadine; Nemeschkal, Hans L.; Fisher, Charles R.; Bright, Monika.
The permanent meiobenthic community associated with aggregations of the tubeworm Riftia pachyptila was characterized at 2 different hydrothermal vent sites, Tica and Riftia Field, on the East Pacific Rise near 9 degrees 50'N. The maximum effluent temperatures were similar at both sites, but the chemistry of the hydrothermal fluids differed between sites. The abundance of meiobenthos was very low in 5 out of 6 samples (<61 ind. 10 cm(-2)) and was higher at Tica (20 to 976 ind. 10 cm(-2)) than at Riftia Field (< 1 to 12 ind. 10 cm(-2)). Meiobenthos abundance was positively correlated with the volume of sediment within the tubeworm aggregations. Sediment consisted mainly of particulate organic material and contained only a few mineral grains. A total of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Riftia pachyptila; Community study; Copepods; Nematodes; East Pacific Rise; Hydrothermal vent; Meiofauna; Meiobenthos.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2623.pdf
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