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Registros recuperados: 81
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A Multivariate Evaluation of Ex-ante Risks Associated with Fed Cattle Production AgEcon
Belasco, Eric J.; Goodwin, Barry K.; Ghosh, Sujit K..
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the risks faced by fed cattle producers. With the development of livestock insurance programs as part of the Agricultural Risk Protection Act of 2000, a thorough investigation into the probabilistic measures of individual risk factors is needed. This research jointly models cattle production yield risk factors, using a multivariate dynamic regression model. A multivariate framework is necessary to characterize yield risk in terms of four yield factors (dry matter feed conversion, averaged daily gain, mortality, and veterinary costs), which are highly correlated. Additionally, a conditional Tobit model is used to handle censored yield variables (e.g., mortality). The proposed econometric model estimates...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9382
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A Nonparametric Analysis of Cost Minimization and Profit Maximization Behavior for a Sample of Kansas Farms AgEcon
Moghnieh, Ghassan A.; Featherstone, Allen M.; Goodwin, Barry K..
This study investigates nonparametrically the optimizing behavior of a sample of 289 Kansas farms under profit-maximizing and cost-minimizing hypotheses. The results do not support strict adherence to either optimization hypothesis. However, evidence against cost-minimizing behavior seems to be far less substantial than that against profit-maximizing behavior.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance; Farm Management.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118197
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A State Dependent Regime Switching Model of Dynamic Correlations AgEcon
Tejeda, Hernan A.; Goodwin, Barry K.; Pelletier, Denis.
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/29/09.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Dynamic correlations; Regime switching; State dependent probabilities; Thresholds; Spillovers; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49370
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ACREAGE EFFECTS OF DECOUPLED PROGRAMS AT THE EXTENSIVE MARGIN AgEcon
Goodwin, Barry K.; Mishra, Ashok K..
This analysis utilizes farm-level data to evaluate the extent to which U.S. farm program benefits, particularly the Agricultural Market Transition Act (AMTA) and market loss assistance payments, bring about distortions in production for wheat and barley production in the Northern Great Plains. The issue is important in light of the upcoming WTO negotiations and debate over the distortionary effects of such decoupled ("green-box") payments. Our results suggest that a modest, though statistically significant effect on acreage may have been evoked by AMTA payments. In particular,if the over $45 billion allocated to AMTA payments and market loss assistance had been doubled, wheat acreage may have been 7% greater and barley acreage may have been 12.8% higher....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22254
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AN ANALYSIS OF CONSUMER CHARACTERISTICS ASSOCIATED WITH THE PURCHASE OF BEEF AND PORK VARIETY MEATS AgEcon
Goodwin, Barry K.; Koudele, Joe W..
This analysis uses a dichotomous qualitative response model to assess the influences of several economic and demographic characteristics of consumers on the purchase decision for variety (edible organ and offal) meats. Specific factors considered include education, age, income, household size, and ethnic heritage. Data collected from a survey of 3,340 consumers are utilized. Results confirm strong income, age, household size, and ethic effects on the purchase of variety meats.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29921
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AN ANALYSIS OF FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH CONSUMERS' USE OF GROCERY COUPONS AgEcon
Goodwin, Barry K..
A conceptual model of grocery coupon usage is developed and maximum likelihood estimates of a Tobit model are used to assess the influence of several economic and demographic variables on consumers'’ use of grocery coupons. Specific factors considered include income, age, household size, race, education, shopping practices, and size and composition of grocery transactions. The analysis includes a combination of scanner and survey data collected from 1,047 consumers. Results confirm strong effects for household size, race, shopping practices, and size and composition of grocery transactions.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Marketing.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30728
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AN ANALYSIS OF FARMERS' POLICY ATTITUDES AND PREFERENCES FOR FREE TRADE AgEcon
Kastens, Terry L.; Goodwin, Barry K..
This study evaluates the attitudes of U.S. (Kansas) farmers regarding "free-trade" and "free-market" policy environments. In contrast to earlier studies, non-specific policy attitudes are evaluated. A direct measure of farm program benefits is also included. Attitudes vary significantly with farm and operator characteristics. Support for free trade was shown to decrease with education and experience, to increase for farms with relatively more rented land, and to increase as total farm wealth increased. Support for free-trade was also higher for crop farms. Farms receiving more government payments are less likely to favor a free-trade policy environment.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Producer attitudes; International trade; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15186
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AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF FARM STRUCTURE AND OFF-FARM WORK DECISIONS AgEcon
Goodwin, Barry K.; Bruer, Shanna.
This study considers the extent to which farm structure may be endogenous to off-farm labor supply decisions. The empirical analysis utilizes structural models consisting of three equation systems describing labor supply, scale and scope in an effort to evaluate the extent to which farm and off-farm labor decisions are jointly made.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22164
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AN EMPIRICAL EVALUATION OF YIELD PERFORMANCE AND CROSS-CROP YIELD CORRELATION AgEcon
Goodwin, Barry K.; Mishra, Ashok K..
This analysis considers two aspects of yield performance using a large sample of data collected from individual U.S. farms. In the first, observable farm and operator characteristics are related to relative yield perofmance. In general, larger, more diversified farms have higher relative yields. In addition, more intensive use of productive inputs tends to be associated with higher yields. In a second segment of the analysis, we focus on the extent to which yield performance for different crops on a single farm tend to be correlated. Our results suggest that farms in major growing regions tend to have greater correlation of crop yields. In addition, larger, more specialized farms tended to have more consistent yield performance across crops. Implications...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36550
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An Empirical Investigation of the Impacts of Government Program Payments on Farmland Rental Rates AgEcon
Qiu, Feng; Gervais, Jean-Philippe; Goodwin, Barry K..
The paper investigates the capitalizations of aggregate and disaggregate government subsidies into farmland rental rates using selection bias correction models. It investigates cash as well as share rental rates, which are largely used in US agriculture. The empirical results suggest that government subsidies have large significant effects on rental rates. More specifically, we find that landlords capture 37%-38% of the aggregate subsidies under cash leases, and 86%-88% under share contracts. Disaggregate farm programs are also found to have different impacts on rental rates according to the types of programs and leasing arrangements.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61340
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An Empirical Investigation of the Linkages between Government Payments and Farmland Leasing Arrangements AgEcon
Qiu, Feng; Goodwin, Barry K.; Gervais, Jean-Philippe.
This article investigates the impacts of decoupled and coupled program payments on farmland rental contract choices for a subset of U.S. crop farms using a principal-agent model.We consider cash and share contracts as well as hybrid contracts, which represent an increasingly prominent feature of U.S. agriculture. The conceptual framework suggests that restrictions on payments between contracting parties are ineffective and induce an offsetting contractual rearrangement. Empirical results from a multinomial logit model confirm that government support programs have large, significant effects on contract choices and that these effects vary by types of programs.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Benefit distribution; Contractual rearrangement; Hybrid contract; Leasing arrangements; Program payments; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119179
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An Empirical Investigation of the Linkages between Government Payments and Farmland Leasing Arrangements AgEcon
Qiu, Feng; Goodwin, Barry K.; Gervais, Jean-Philippe.
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/29/10.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Contract choice; Hybrid contract; Farm bill; Program payments; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Risk and Uncertainty; Q12; Q15; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49242
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An Empirical Investigation of the Linkages Between Government Payments and Leasing Arrangements AgEcon
Qiu, Feng; Goodwin, Barry K.; Gervais, Jean-Philippe.
Replaced with revised version of poster 07/22/10.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Industrial Organization; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61325
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An Ex Post Evaluation of the Conservation Reserve, Federal Crop Insurance, and Other Government Programs: Program Participation and Soil Erosion AgEcon
Smith, Vincent H.; Goodwin, Barry K..
Recent research has questioned the extent to which government policies, including conservation and risk management programs, have influenced environmental indicators. The impacts of income-supporting and risk management programs on soil erosion are considered. An econometric model of the determinants of soil erosion, program participation, conservation effort, and input usage is estimated. While the Conservation Reserve Program has reduced erosion an average of 1.02 tons per acre from 1982 to 1992, approximately half of this reduction has been offset by increased erosion resulting from government programs other than federally subsidized crop insurance.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Conservation Reserve Program; Farm policy; Soil erosion; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31090
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Analyzing the Effects of Weather and Biotechnology Adoption on Corn Yields and Crop Insurance Performance in the U.S. Corn Belt AgEcon
Vado, Ligia; Goodwin, Barry K..
Favorable weather and the adoption of Genetically Modified (GM) corn hybrids are often argued to be factors that explain recent corn yield increases and risk reduction in the U.S. Corn Belt. The focus of this analysis is to determine whether favorable weather is the main factor explaining increased and more stable yields or if biotechnology adoption is the more relevant driving force. The hypothesis that recent biotechnology advances have increased yields and reduced risks by making corn more resistant to pests, pesticides, and/or drought is tested. Fixed effects models of yields and crop insurance losses as functions of weather variables and genetically modified corn adoption rates are estimated taking into account the non-linear agronomic response of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61594
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CHILE'S WHEAT TRADE ENVIRONMENT: THE ECONOMICS OF PRICE BANDS, IMPORT TARIFFS AND POLICY TRANSPARENCY AgEcon
Smith, Vincent H.; Goodwin, Barry K..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Wheat trade; Chile; Price bands; GATT; WTO; International Relations/Trade; F1; Q1.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29251
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Copula-Based Nonlinear Models of Spatial Market Linkages AgEcon
Goodwin, Barry K.; Holt, Matthew T.; Onel, Gulcan; Prestemon, Jeffrey P..
Replaced with revised version of paper 06/28/11.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Spatial Market Linkages; Copula Models; State-dependence; Forest Products; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103715
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Decoupling farm policies: how does this affect production? AgEcon
Serra, Teresa; Zilberman, David; Goodwin, Barry K.; Featherstone, Allen M..
This paper studies the extent to which decoupled income support measures in agriculture can have production implications both at the extensive and intensive margins. We develop a theoretical framework that analyzes production responses of agricultural producers to apparently decoupled payments, by explicitly considering risk attitudes and uncertainty. We use farm-level data collected in Kansas to estimate the model. Technology and risk preference parameters are jointly estimated. Results show that though lump sum payments are not fully decoupled in the presence of risk and uncertainty, their effects on agricultural production are likely to be of a very small magnitude.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19194
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DETERMINANTS OF INVESTMENTS IN NON-FARM ASSETS BY FARM HOUSEHOLDS AgEcon
Serra, Teresa; Goodwin, Barry K.; Featherstone, Allen M..
Off-farm investment decisions of farm households are analyzed. Farm-level data for a sample of Kansas farms observed from 1994 through 2000 are utilized. A system of censored dependent variables is estimated to investigate the factors that influence the composition of farm households’' portfolios. The central question underlying the analysis is whether farm income variability influences off-farm investment decisions. Previous analyses on the determinants of non-farm investments have failed to consider the role of income variability. Our results indicate that higher farm income fluctuations increase the relevance of non-farm assets in the farm household portfolio, thus suggesting that these assets are used as farm risk management tools.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20329
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DETERMINANTS OF KANSAS FARMERS' PARTICIPATION IN ON-FARM RESEARCH AgEcon
Goodwin, Barry K.; Schurle, Bryan W.; Norman, David W.; Freyenberger, S.G.; Bloomquist, L.E.; Regehr, D.L..
On-farm research (OFR) has increased in popularity in the U.S. in recent years due to heightened interest in sustainability issues, the likely decline in resources available for agricultural research, and increasing pressures for accountability and responsiveness to state and local needs. Information relating to OFR was obtained from 431 commercial Kansas farmers. Data were analyzed to determine the degree of OFR being implemented, and three models were estimated to identify which farmer/farm characteristics influenced its implementation. The results indicate that OFR is commonly implemented, and that several farm/farmer characteristics are related to the degree of OFR initiated. It is proposed that to maximize the return from externally initiated OFR,...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Farmer attitudes; Farmer participation; Farming systems research; On-farm research; Sustainable agriculture; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15062
Registros recuperados: 81
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