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Registros recuperados: 13
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Building public-private partnerships for agricultural innovation AgEcon
Hartwich, Frank; Tola, Jaime; Engler, Alejandra; Gonzalez, Carolina; Ghezan, Graciela; Vazquez-Alvarado, Jorge M.P.; Silva, Jose Antonio; Espinoza Arellano, Jose de Jesus; Gottret, Maria Veronica.
Public-private partnerships are a new way of carrying out research and development (R&D) in Latin America's agricultural sector. These partnerships spur innovation for agricultural development and have various advantages over other institutional arrangements fostering R&D. This report summarizes the experiences of a research project that analyzed 125 public-private research partnerships (PPPs) in 12 Latin American countries. The analysis indicates that several types of partnerships have emerged in response to the various needs of the different partners. Nevertheless, public-private partnerships are not always the most appropriate mechanism by which to carry out R&D and foster innovation in agriculture. Sometimes, it is more efficient to...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agricultural Innovations; Latin American; Public-private sector cooperation; Agricultural Research; Intellectual property; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46707
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Building Public–Private Partnerships for Agricultural Innovation in Latin America: Lessons From Capacity Strengthening AgEcon
Hartwich, Frank; Gottret, Maria Veronica; Babu, Suresh Chandra; Tola, Jaime.
Public–private partnerships constitute a new mode of operation in many fields of development, including the development of innovation in developing-country agriculture. Capacities to identify opportunities, develop common interests, and negotiate commitments are prerequisites for successful public–private partnerships. Yet, many public–private partnerships fail due to lack of both skills among the partnering agents and efforts to strengthen these skills. The International Service for National Agricultural Research--on its own from 2002 until 2003, and as a division of the International Food Policy Research Institute thereafter--has studied 124 public–private partnerships in agriculture in nine Latin American countries through its initiative on...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Capacity strengthening; Public–private partnerships; Agricultural innovation; Latin America.; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42415
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Estado de la Innovación en el Sector Agroalimentario de Nicaragua: Oportunidades para el desarrollo sub-sectorial AgEcon
Hartwich, Frank; Solorzano, Eduardo; Gutierrez, Carlos; Monge, Mario.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56120
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Gobernabilidad de los Sistemas de Innovación en Bolivia: Lecciones para las Políticas de Innovación Agrícola AgEcon
Hartwich, Frank; Alexaki, Anastasia; Baptista, René.
Los enfoques tradicionales sobre diseño de políticas de innovación y su gobernabilidad se enfocan a menudo de manera exclusiva en la provisión central de servicios, regulaciones, medidas fiscales y subsidios. Este informe, sin embargo, considera que la gobernabilidad y el diseño de políticas sobre sistemas de innovación también guardan relación con las estructuras y procedimientos que los tomadores de decisiones establecen para brindar incentivos a los agentes innovadores y para mejorar la interacción y colaboración entre ellos, permitiendo de esta forma la innovación. Se entiende por innovación cualquier cosa nueva que los productores aplican en los procesos productivos y sociales en que participan. Con base en los conceptos de “institucionalismo centrado...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Sistema de innovación agrícola; Redes de innovación; Gobernabilidad; Política de innovación; Bolivia; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42364
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How Change Agents and Social Capital Influence the Adoption of Innovations among Small Farmers: Evidence from Social Networks in Rural Bolivia AgEcon
Monge, Mario; Hartwich, Frank; Halgin, Daniel.
This paper presents results from a study that identified patterns of social interaction among small farmers in three agricultural subsectors in Bolivia—fish culture, peanut production, and quinoa production—and analyzed how social interaction influences farmers’ behavior toward the adoption of pro-poor innovations. Twelve microregions were identified, four in each subsector, setting the terrain for an analysis of parts of social networks that deal with the diffusion of specific sets of innovations. Three hundred sixty farmers involved in theses networks as well as 60 change agents and other actors promoting directly or indirectly the diffusion of innovations were interviewed about the interactions they maintain with other agents in the network and the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Social networks; Agricultural innovation; Change agent; Social capital; Bolivia; Farm Management; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42330
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Innovación en el cultivo de quinua en Bolivia: efectos de la interacción social y de las capacidades de absorción de los pequeños productores AgEcon
Soto, Jose Luis; Hartwich, Frank; Monge, Mario; Ampuero, Luis.
This report analyzes the relationship between the adoption of innovation packages in quinoa cultivation and absorptive capabilities in resource poor farming communities in four micro-regions of the Bolivian Altiplano. The innovation packages studied consist of: the use of special seeders (SATIRI), seeding of improved varieties, application of special pest and disease control measures, application of animal manure, introducing “singing” tapes against birds, use of special baskets for seeding, special harvesting techniques (sickle cut), an application new threshing technology. These components of innovation packages have been used to varying degrees with different channels of information exchange and training methods, resulting in various levels of benefit...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56121
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Innovación en el Cultivo del Maní en Bolivia: Efectos de la Interacción Social y de las Capacidades de Absorción de los Pequeños Productores AgEcon
Hartwich, Frank; Arispe, Tito; Monge, Mario.
En Bolivia, la innovación en la agricultura es de suma importancia para el desarrollo. El sector agrícola de Bolivia se caracteriza por tener bajos índices de adopción de conocimiento avanzado en sus procesos productivos, a pesar de los esfuerzos continuos por parte de distintas instituciones y agencias de cooperación por desarrollar innovaciones entre los pequeños productores de escasos recursos. Una hipótesis para explicar este dilema es que el conocimiento y la tecnología proporcionados a través de las distintas iniciativas de desarrollo no han sido congruentes con las capacidades de absorción locales. Este informe presenta los resultados de un estudio de innovación local en cuatro regiones de Bolivia, en donde se cultiva maní. El estudio busca...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Innovación; Redes de innovación; Transferencia de tecnología; Análisis de redes sociales; Maní; Bolivia.; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42422
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Innovation Systems Governance in Bolivia: Lessons for Agricultural Innovation Policies AgEcon
Hartwich, Frank; Alexaki, Anastasia; Baptista, René.
Traditional approaches to innovation systems policymaking and governance often focus exclusively on the central provision of services, regulations, fiscal measures, and subsidies. This study, however, considers that innovation systems policymaking and governance also has to do with the structures and procedures decision makers set up to provide incentives for innovating agents and the interaction and collaboration among them, thus enabling innovation. Based on the concepts of agent-centered institutionalism and innovation systems, governance can be understood to refer to integrating multiple government and non-government actors in different actor constellations depending on roles, mandates, and strategic visions. Any effort to govern the system composed of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural Innovation System; Governance; Innovation Policy; Bolivia; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42367
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Innovation Trajectories in Honduras’ Coffee Value Chain. Public and Private Influence on the Use of New Knowledge and Technology among Coffee Growers AgEcon
Hartwich, Frank; Fromm, Ingrid; Romero, Gustavo.
In this paper, results from a study on the use of improved coffee production technology schemes among smallholder coffee producers in three prominent coffee producing regions in Honduras are presented. The impact of various schemes (trajectories) in which different agents influence the producers’ decision to use new technologies was analyzed. In particular, there are differences in the influence of a) private coffee buying organizations and b) government and public development agencies on the innovation behavior of coffee growers. Drawing from network data that depict the internal and outbound connectedness of producers in three village communities in main coffee producing zones in Honduras, tools of social network analysis were applied to find out how...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Coffee production; Innovation; Upgrading; Social networks; Honduras; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Production Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97027
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Innovation Trajectories in Honduras’ Coffee Value Chain? ‐ Public and the Private Influence on the Use of new Knowledge and Technology among Coffee Growers ‐ AgEcon
Fromm, Ingrid; Hartwich, Frank; Romero, Gustavo.
In this paper we present results from a study on the use of improved coffee production technology schemes among smallholder coffee producers in three prominent coffee producing regions in Honduras. We analyze the impact of various schemes (trajectories) in which different agents influence the producers’ decision to use new technologies. In particular, we distinguish the influence of a) private coffee buying organizations and b) government and public development agencies on the innovation behavior of coffee growers. Drawing from network data that depict the internal and outbound connectedness of producers in three village communities in main coffee producing zones in Honduras, we applied tools of social network analysis to find out how interactions with...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Coffee production; Innovation; Upgrading; Social networks; Honduras; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Production Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100475
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Public-private partnerships for innovation-led growth in agrichains: A useful tool for development in Latin America? AgEcon
Hartwich, Frank; Gonzalez, Carolina; Vieira, Luis-Fernando.
Public-private partnerships have become increasingly important as an arrangement that serves to encourage innovation in agricultural production chains in Latin America. However, some observers have expressed concern that this institutional arrangement may mostly favor the interests of the private sector without producing sufficient social benefits for the public. This paper presents the results of a study of 124 cases of public-private partnerships in agricultural innovation in nine countries in Latin America. The data from the study suggest that the partnership concept is used to generate agricultural innovations in many different ways, involving public research and private entities to varying degrees and focusing on different types of agricultural...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Public-private partnerships; Agricultural research; Innovation; Agrichains; Latin America; Agricultural production; Case studies; Agribusiness; International Development.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59693
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Sharing Science, Building Bridges, and Enhancing Impact: Public–Private Partnerships in the CGIAR AgEcon
Spielman, David J.; Hartwich, Frank; von Grebmer, Klaus.
This study, which examines the role of public–private partnerships in international agricultural research, is intended to provide policymakers, research managers, and business decision-makers with an understanding of how such partnerships operate and how they potentially contribute to food security and poverty reduction in developing countries. The study examines public–private partnerships in light of persistent market failure, institutional constraints, and systemic weaknesses, which impede the exchange of potentially pro-poor knowledge and technology. The study focuses on three key issues: whether public–private partnerships contribute to reducing the cost of research, whether they add value to research by facilitating innovation, and whether they...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural R&D; CGIAR; Innovation; Public–private partnerships; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42405
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Sistemas de Innovación Piscícola en la Amazonia Boliviana: Efectos de la Interacción Social y de las Capacidades de Absorción de los Pequeños Agricultores AgEcon
Hartwich, Frank; Camacho, Vicente Eguez; Monge, Mario; Ramos, Luis Ampuero.
La innovación es de suma importancia para el desarrollo productivo en la agricultura Boliviana, por tratarse de un sector caracterizado por bajos niveles de innovación en cuanto a la incorporación de nueva tecnología y conocimiento en los procesos de producción, transformación y comercialización. Esta situación se presenta a pesar de la realización de esfuerzos continuos de investigación y transferencia de tecnología para los productores de escasos recursos por parte de entidades de gobierno y centros de investigación, impulsados por programas de apoyo de la cooperación internacional. Una hipótesis para explicar por qué no hay mayores niveles de innovación en la agricultura boliviana es que el conocimiento y la tecnología, proporcionados a través de las...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Innovación; Redes de innovación; Analisys de redes sociales; Adopción; Capacidad de absorción; Piscicultura; Transferencia de tecnología; Amazonía; Bolivia; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42407
Registros recuperados: 13
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