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Registros recuperados: 8
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Alanyl-glutamine protects the intestinal barrier function in trained rats against the impact of acute exhaustive exercise BJMBR
Freitas,A.K.L.; Silva,M.T.B.; Silva,C.M.S.; Prata,M.M.G.; Rodrigues,F.A.P.; Siqueira,R.J.B.; Lima,A.A.M.; Santos,A.A.; Havt,A..
Strenuous exercise triggers deleterious effects on the intestinal epithelium, but their mechanisms are still uncertain. Here, we investigated whether a prolonged training and an additional exhaustive training protocol alter intestinal permeability and the putative effect of alanyl-glutamine (AG) pretreatment in this condition. Rats were allocated into 5 different groups: 1) sedentary; 2 and 3) trained (50 min per day, 5 days per week for 12 weeks) with or without 6 weeks oral (1.5 g/kg) AG supplementation; 4 and 5) trained and subjected to an additional exhaustive test protocol with or without oral AG supplementation. Venous blood samples were collected to determine gasometrical indices at the end of the 12-week protocol or after exhaustive test. Lactate...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Claudin-2; Intestinal permeability; Lactulose-mannitol test; Physical exercise; Tight junctions.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2020000500602
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Anti-ophidian activity of Bredemeyera floribunda Willd. (Polygalaceae) root extract on the local effects induced by Bothrops jararacussu venom BJMBR
Alves,N.T.Q.; Ximenes,R.M.; Jorge,R.J.B.; Silveira,J.A.M.; Santos,J.V.A.; Rodrigues,F.A.P.; Costa,P.H.S.; Xavier Jr.,F.A.F.; Evangelista,J.S.A.M.; Havt,A.; Soares,V.C.G.; Toyama,M.H.; Oliveira,A.N.A.; Araújo,R.M.; Alves,R.S.; Monteiro,H.S.A..
Bredemeyera floribunda roots are popularly used to treat snakebites in the semiarid region of Northeast Brazil, and previous studies indicate the anti-ophidian actions of triterpenoid saponins found in its roots. To assess B. floribunda root extract (BFRE) activity against the effects of Bothrops jararacussu venom (BjuV), antiphospholipasic, antiproteolytic, antihemorrhagic, antinecrotic, and anti-edematogenic activities were investigated in mice. Phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of saponins, flavonoids, and sugars, with rutin and saccharose being the major constituents of BFRE. Acute toxicity was determined and BFRE was nontoxic to mice. Phospholipase A2 and proteolytic activities induced by BjuV were inhibited in vitro by BFRE at all...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bredemeyera floribunda; Snakeroot; Snake venom; Rutin; Antihemorrhagic; Anti-edematogenic.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2019000100608
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Bactérias zoonóticas isoladas de Passeriformes silvestres recuperados do tráfico de animais no estado do Ceará/Brasil Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Gaio,F.C.; Lopes,E.S.; Lima,B.P.; Carmo,C.C.; Marques,A.R.; Oliveira,F.R.; Amaral,M.S.M.G.; Pascoal Filho,N.M.; Carreira,A.S.; Beleza,A.J.F.; Teixeira,R.S.C.; Havt,A.; Maciel,W.C..
RESUMO A ordem dos Passeriformes é uma das mais pressionadas pelas ações antrópicas, especialmente as relativas ao tráfico de animais, que, devido às más condições de manejo e higiênico-sanitárias, favorecem a infecção dos espécimes por patógenos virulentos e zoonóticos, como cepas de Escherichia coli e Salmonella spp., cujo isolamento em suabes cloacais, bem como a análise dos genes de virulência das cepas de E. coli foram objetivos do estudo. Para isso, 120 Passeriformes silvestres nativos, recebidos pelo Cetas/CE, foram avaliados individualmente. As cepas isoladas foram submetidas a teste de disco difusão para determinação da sensibilidade aos antimicrobianos. Em etapa posterior, foi realizada PCR para a detecção de oito genes de virulência dos...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Passeriformes silvestres; Tráfico de animais; Zoonoses; Escherichia coli; Saúde pública.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352019000501488
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Escherichia coli and Salmonella ser. Saintpaul natural co-infection in a free-living ruddy ground dove (Columbina talpacoti): a case report Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Bezerra,W.G.A.; Horn,R.V.; Silva,I.N.G.; Siqueira,R.A.S.; Lucena,R.B.; Havt,A.; Medeiros,P.H.Q.S.; Maciel,W.C..
ABSTRACT This study reports a co-infection of Escherichia coli and Salmonella in a free-living ruddy ground dove (Columbina talpacoti) received at the Laboratory of Ornithological Studies of the State University of Ceará, Brazil. The bird presented diarrhea, leg paralysis and anorexia, and died shortly after. Necropsy was then performed and samples from lung, kidney, liver and intestine were collected for microbiological and histopathological analyses. Escherichia coli was isolated from cloacal swab, lung and kidney samples. Salmonella ser. Saintpaul was identified in liver and spleen samples. Escherichia coli isolates were tested for the presence of eight diagnostic genes for diarrheagenic pathotypes (STEC, ETEC, EPEC, EIEC, EAEC) with conventional...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Colibacillosis; Salmonellosis; Antimicrobial Resistance.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352017000501236
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Expression of myo-inositol cotransporters in the sciatic nerve and dorsal root ganglia in experimental diabetes BJMBR
Farias,V.X.; Uchoa,P.N.; Aquino,C.P.; Britto,L.R.G.; Fonteles,M.C.; Leal-Cardoso,J.H.; Silva-Alves,K.S.; Havt,A.; Prata,M.M.G.; Heimark,D.B.; Nascimento,N.R.F.; Santos,C.F..
The transport of myo-inositol is the main mechanism for the maintenance of its high intracellular levels. We aimed to measure the mRNA and protein levels of myo-inositol cotransporters in the sciatic nerve (SN) and dorsal root ganglia (DRG) during experimental diabetes. Streptozotocin-induced (STZ; 4, 8, and 12 weeks; 65 mg/kg; ip) diabetic rats (DB) and age-matched euglycemic (E) rats were used for the analysis of mRNA and protein levels of sodium myo-inositol cotransporters 1, 2 (SMIT1, SMIT2) or H+/myo-inositol cotransporter (HMIT). There was a significant reduction in the mRNA levels for SMIT1 in the SN and DRG (by 36.9 and 31.0%) in the 4-week DB (DB4) group compared to the E group. SMIT2 was not expressed in SN. The mRNA level for SMIT2 was...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Diabetic neuropathy; Inositol metabolism; Peripheral nervous tissues.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2019000600609
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Impact of acute undernutrition on growth, ileal morphology and nutrient transport in a murine model BJMBR
Sampaio,I.C.; Medeiros,P.H.Q.S.; Rodrigues,F.A.P.; Cavalcante,P.A.; Ribeiro,S.A.; Oliveira,J.S.; Prata,M.M.G.; Costa,D.V.S.; Fonseca,S.G.C.; Guedes,M.M.; Soares,A.M.; Brito,G.A.C.; Havt,A.; Moore,S.R.; Lima,A.A.M..
Undernutrition represents a major public health challenge for middle- and low-income countries. This study aimed to evaluate whether a multideficient Northeast Brazil regional basic diet (RBD) induces acute morphological and functional changes in the ileum of mice. Swiss mice (∼25 g) were allocated into two groups: i) control mice were fed a standard diet and II) undernourished mice were fed the RBD. After 7 days, mice were killed and the ileum collected for evaluation of electrophysiological parameters (Ussing chambers), transcription (RT-qPCR) and protein expression (western blotting) of intestinal transporters and tight junctions. Body weight gain was significantly decreased in the undernourished group, which also showed decreased crypt depth but no...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Undernutrition; Ion transport; Intestinal absorption.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2016001000607
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Intestinal cell migration damage induced by enteropathogenic Escherichia coli strains BJMBR
Cavalcante,P.A.; Prata,M.M.G.; Medeiros,P.H.Q.S.; Alves da Silva,A.V.; Quetz,J.S.; Reyes,M.A.V.; Rodrigues,T.S.; Santos,A.K.S.; Ribeiro,S.A.; Veras,H.N.; Bona,M.D.; Amaral,M.S.M.G.; Rodrigues,F.A.P.; Lima,I.F.N.; Havt,A.; Lima,A.A.M..
Epithelial cell migration is an essential response to enteric pathogens such as enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC). This study aimed to investigate the effects of EPEC infection on intestinal epithelial cell migration in vitro, as well as the involvement of type III secretion system (T3SS) and Rho GTPases. Crypt intestinal epithelial cells (IEC-6) were infected with EPEC strains (E2348/69, ΔescF, and the LDI001 strain isolated from a malnourished Brazilian child) and commensal E. coli HS. Wound migration and cell death assays were performed at different time-points. Transcription and expression of Rho GTPases were evaluated using real-time PCR and western blotting. Overall, EPEC E2348/69 reduced migration and increased apoptosis and necrosis levels...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli; Intestinal cell migration; Type III secretion system.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2018001000602
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Sildenafil decreases rat tracheal hyperresponsiveness to carbachol and changes canonical transient receptor potential gene expression after antigen challenge BJMBR
Sousa,C.T.; Brito,T.S.; Lima,F.J.B.; Siqueira,R.J.B.; Magalhães,P.J.C.; Lima,A.A.M.; Santos,A.A.; Havt,A..
Inhibition of type-5 phosphodiesterase by sildenafil decreases capacitative Ca2+ entry mediated by transient receptor potential proteins (TRPs) in the pulmonary artery. These families of channels, especially the canonical TRP (TRPC) subfamily, may be involved in the development of bronchial hyperresponsiveness, a hallmark of asthma. In the present study, we evaluated i) the effects of sildenafil on tracheal rings of rats subjected to antigen challenge, ii) whether the extent of TRPC gene expression may be modified by antigen challenge, and iii) whether inhibition of type-5 phosphodiesterase (PDE5) may alter TRPC gene expression after antigen challenge. Sildenafil (0.1 µM to 0.6 mM) fully relaxed carbachol-induced contractions in isolated tracheal rings...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Asthma; Ovalbumin; Capacitative Ca2+ entry; Transient receptor potential proteins.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2011000600010
Registros recuperados: 8
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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