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Registros recuperados: 38
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ADULT HEALTH IN THE TIME OF DROUGHT AgEcon
Hoddinott, John; Kinsey, Bill.
This paper examines the impact of rainfall shocks on a measure of adult health, body mass, drawing on a unique panel data set of households residing in rural Zimbabwe. Controlling for individual, household, and community factors, and individual fixed, unobservable effects, we find women, but not men, are adversely affected by drought. However, these effects are not borne equally by all women. Women residing in poor households and daughters more generally appear to bear the brunt of this shock. Our results suggest that an ex ante private coping strategy, the accumulation of livestock, protects women against the adverse consequences of this shock. By contrast, we find that ex post public responses are not effective, though for several reasons we treat this...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16431
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AJAE Appendix: Is There Persistence in the Impact of Emergency Food Aid? Evidence on Consumption, Food Security and Assets in Rural Ethiopia AgEcon
Gilligan, Daniel O.; Hoddinott, John.
The material contained herein is supplementary to the article named in the title and published in the American Journal of Agricultural Economics, May 2007, Volume 89, Issue 2.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7414
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AN EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF PROGRESA ON PRE-SCHOOL CHILD HEIGHT AgEcon
Behrman, Jere R.; Hoddinott, John.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15917
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AN EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF PROGRESA ON PRE-SCHOOL CHILD HEIGHT AgEcon
Behrman, Jere R.; Hoddinott, John.
The nutrition of preschool children is of considerable interest not only because of concern over their immediate welfare, but also because their nutrition in this formative stage of life is widely perceived to have substantial persistent impact on their physical and mental development and on their health status as adults. Children’s physical and mental development shapes their later lives by affecting their schooling success and post-schooling productivity. Improving the nutritional status of currently malnourished preschoolers may, therefore, have important payoffs over the long term. Within rural Mexico, stunting, or short height relative to standards established for healthy populations, is the major form of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM). Low weight...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16387
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ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF HGH-YIELDING VARIETIES OF MAIZE IN RESETTLEMENT AREAS OF ZIMBABWE AgEcon
Bourdillon, Michael; Hebinck, Paul; Hoddinott, John; Kinsey, Bill; Marondo, John; Mudege, Netsayi; Owens, Trudy.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15930
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ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF HIGH-YIELDING VARIETIES OF MAIZE IN RESETTLEMENT AREAS OF ZIMBABWE AgEcon
Bourdillon, Michael; Hebinck, Paul; Hoddinott, John; Kinsey, Bill; Marondo, John; Mudege, Netsayi; Owens, Trudy.
This study is part of a larger effort to explore the impact of agricultural research on poverty reduction. It examines the diffusion and impact of hybrid maize in selected resettlement areas of rural Zimbabwe, paying particular attention to varieties made widely available from the mid-1990s onwards. While “Zimbabwe’s Green Revolution” of the early 1980s was characterized by the widespread adoption of hybrid maize varieties and significant increases in yields, the subsequent diffusion of newer varieties occurred more slowly and had a more modest impact. Several factors account for this. Government now plays a much-reduced role and one that increasingly focuses on “better farmers.” Private-sector institutions that have entered the maize sector operate mainly...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Poverty; Agricultural research; Sustainable livelihoods; Vulnerability; Agricultural extension; Social capital; Hybrid maize; Zimbabwe; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16407
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Collective Action and Vulnerability: Burial Societies in Rural Ethiopia AgEcon
Dercon, Stefan; Hoddinott, John; Krishnan, Pramila; Woldehanna, Tassew.
Collective action can help individuals, groups, and communities achieve common goals, thus contributing to poverty reduction. Drawing on longitudinal household and qualitative community data, the authors examine the impact of shocks on household living standards, study the correlates of participation in groups and formal and informal networks, and discuss the relationship of networks with access to other forms of capital. In this context, they assess how one form of collective action, iddir, or burial societies, help households attenuate the impact of illness. They find that iddir effectively deal with problems of asymmetric information by restricting membership geographically, imposing a membership fee, and conducting checks on how the funds were spent....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Collective action; Burial societies; Shocks; Vulnerability; Poverty; Networks; Ethiopia; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44356
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Comparing Food and Cash Transfers to the Ultra Poor in Bangladesh AgEcon
Ahmed, Akhter U.; Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Nasreen, Mahbuba; Hoddinott, John; Bryan, Elizabeth.
Bangladesh has some social safety net programs that transfer food to the poor, some that transfer cash, and some that provide a combination of both. This study evaluates the relative impacts of food and cash transfers on food security and livelihood outcomes among the ultra poor in Bangladesh. The programs impacts are evaluated according to various measures, including how well transfers are delivered; which transfers beneficiaries prefer; how accurately the programs target the extremely poor; effects on food security, livelihoods, and women’s empowerment; and cost effectiveness. The report identifies what has and has not worked in food and cash transfers and recommends ways of improving these programs. This study will be valuable to policymakers and others...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Safety net programs; Food security; Women empowerment; Poverty reduction; Cash transfers; Cost effectiveness; Poverty; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92803
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COMPARING VILLAGE CHARACTERISTICS DERIVED FROM RAPID APPRAISALS AND HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS: A TALE FROM NORTHERN MALI AgEcon
Christiaensen, Luc J.M.; Hoddinott, John; Bergeron, Gilles.
This paper investigates whether inferences drawn about a population are sensitive to the manner by which those data are obtained. It compares information obtained using participatory appraisal techniques with a survey of households randomly drawn from a locally administered census that had been carefully revised. The community map tends to include household members who do not, in fact, reside in the enumerated locality. By contrast, the revised official census is slightly more likely to exclude household members who actually lived in the surveyed area. Controlling for the survey technique, we find that the revised official census produces higher estimates of average household size and wealth but lower estimates of total village size or wealth, than the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16453
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COMPARING VILLAGE CHARACTERISTICS DERIVED FROM RAPID APPRAISALS AND HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS: A TALE FROM NORTHERN MALI AgEcon
Christiaensen, Luc J.M.; Hoddinott, John; Bergeron, Gilles.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15944
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CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING AND VULNERABILITY IN THE ZONE LACUSTRE, MALI AgEcon
Harrower, Sarah; Hoddinott, John.
This paper explores risk sharing in the Zone Lacustre, Mali, as viewed through the lens of consumption smoothing. We find that idiosyncratic shocks appear to have little impact on consumption, and that households respond to these shocks in a variety of ways. In general, nonpoor households are more likely to enter into new income-generating activities while poor households are more likely to engage in credit or gift exchange or to ration consumption. When we construct a stronger test for consumption smoothing, we find that changes in household income lead to modest changes in consumption. Covariant shocks, as measured by village/round dummies, always lead to changes in consumption. These results are robust to concerns regarding bias resulting from...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16396
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CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING AND VULNERABILITY IN THE ZONE LACUSTRE, MALI AgEcon
Harrower, Sarah; Hoddinott, John.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15962
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DIETARY DIVERSITY AS A FOOD SECURITY INDICATOR AgEcon
Hoddinott, John; Yohannes, Yisehac.
Household food security is an important measure of well-being. Although it may not encapsulate all dimensions of poverty, the inability of households to obtain access to enough food for an active, healthy life is surely an important component of their poverty. Accordingly, devising an appropriate measure of food security outcomes is useful in order to identify the food insecure, assess the severity of their food shortfall, characterize the nature of their insecurity (for example, seasonal versus chronic), predict who is most at risk of future hunger, monitor changes in circumstances, and assess the impact of interventions. However, obtaining detailed data on food security status—such as 24-hour recall data on caloric intakes—can be time consuming and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16474
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DIETARY DIVERSITY AS A FOOD SECURITY INDICATOR AgEcon
Hoddinott, John; Yohannes, Yisehac.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15972
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Dynamic intrahousehold bargaining, matrimonial property law and suicide in Canada AgEcon
Adam, Christopher; Hoddinott, John; Ligon, Ethan.
This paper develops a dynamic model of household bargaining and uses it to motivate an empirical analysis of the impact changes in Canadian laws regarding the allocation of family assets upon divorce on female suicide. Using time series data, we show that in Ontario, the passage of Canadian legislation that improved women's rights to assets upon divorce was associated with reductions in the rate of female suicide amongst older (married) women while not affecting younger (unmarried) women. As suggested by our model, its impact was asymmetric in that male suicide rates were unaffected by this change. We also exploited a quasi-natural experiment in these data, namely that no comparable legislative change occurred in Quebec. Here, we do not observe a...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Intrahousehold; Bargaining; Divorce; Suicide; Canada; Community/Rural/Urban Development; D10; J12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120422
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Gender Differentials in Farm Productivity: Implications For Household Efficiency and Agricultural Policy AgEcon
Alderman, Harold; Hoddinott, John; Haddad, Lawrence James; Udry, Christopher R..
Within many African households, agricultural production is simultaneously carried out on many plots controlled by different members of the household. Detailed plot-level agronomic data from Burkina Faso provides striking evidence of inefficiencies in the allocation of factors of production across the plots controlled by different members of the household. Production function estimates imply that the value of household output could be increased by 10 to 20 percent by reallocating currently-used factors of production across plots. This finding contradicts standard models of agricultural households. A richer model of behavior, which recognizes that the individuals who comprise a household compete as well as cooperate, has important implications for the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42677
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High food prices: The what, who, and how of proposed policy actions AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Ahmed, Akhter U.; Asenso-Okyere, Kwadwo; Fan, Shenggen; Gulati, Ashok; Hoddinott, John; Pandya-Lorch, Rajul; Rosegrant, Mark W.; Ruel, Marie T.; Torero, Maximo; van Rheenen, Teunis; von Grebmer, Klaus.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48293
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Improving Child Nutrition for Sustainable Poverty Reduction in Africa AgEcon
Alderman, Harold; Behrman, Jere R.; Hoddinott, John.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45776
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Investing in early childhood nutrition AgEcon
Ruel, Marie T.; Hoddinott, John.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48929
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Is There Persistence in the Impact of Emergency Food Aid? Evidence on Consumption, Food Security, and Assets in Rural Ethiopia AgEcon
Gilligan, Daniel O.; Hoddinott, John.
The primary goal of emergency food aid after an economic shock is often to bolster short-term food and nutrition security. However, these transfers also act as insurance against other shock effects, such as destruction of assets and changes in economic activity, which can have lasting deleterious consequences. Although existing research provides some evidence of small positive impacts of timely food aid disbursements after a shock on current food consumption and aggregate consumption, little is known about whether these transfers play a safety net role by reducing vulnerability and protecting assets into the future. We investigate this issue by exploring the presence of persistent impacts of two major food aid programs following the 2002 drought in...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food aid; Treatment effects; Propensity score matching; Ethiopia; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55895
Registros recuperados: 38
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