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Registros recuperados: 17
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A General Equilibrium Analysis of Foreign and Domestic Demand Shocks Arising from Mad Cow Disease in the United States AgEcon
Devadoss, Stephen; Holland, David W.; Stodick, Leroy; Ghosh, Joydeep.
The discovery of the first case of mad cow disease in the United States in 2003 reverberated across the beef and cattle industry. This study employs a general equilibrium model to analyze the potential economic effects of mad cow disease on the beef, cattle, and other meat industries under three scenarios, ranging form most favorable to most pessimistic. The scenario with 90% foreign demand decline and 10% domestic demand reduction generates results consistent with the actual outcomes after the mad cow disease outbreak. Only if domestic demand declines significantly will the economic hardship in the U.S. beef and cattle industry be very large.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Demand decline; Economic effects; Mad cow disease; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8607
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AN EXAMINATION OF CASH FLOW AND CONVENTIONAL NET INCOME MEASURES FOR EVALUATING THE ECONOMIC VIABILITY OF FARMS OF VARYING SIZE AgEcon
Holland, David W.; Young, Douglas L..
This study examines the question of income adequacy as it relates to the broader issue of an economically viable farm size in the Columbia Basin of Washington State. The issue is especially relevant because of possible limitations on farm size resulting from enforcement of the 1902 Reclamation Act. Income estimates derived under two alternative accounting frameworks - the standard economic accounting method and the after-tax cash flow accounting method - were examined. Findings were that the after tax cash flow accounting framework was more appropriate for examining the income adequacy aspect of the viability issue as it incorporated the effect of federal income taxes and farmer's equity, both of which are important determinates of income levels. Using the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 1980 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32524
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Changing Core-Periphery Economic Interdependence in the Late Twentieth Century: The Emergence of the Urban Core in Western Oregon AgEcon
Holland, David W.; Lewin, Paul; Sorte, Bruce; Weber, Bruce A..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49614
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Economic and Environmental Impacts of Washington State Biofuel Policy Alternatives AgEcon
McCullough, Michael; Holland, David W.; Painter, Kathleen M.; Stodick, Leroy; Yoder, Jonathan K..
A computable general equilibrium model is used to analyze the effectiveness of policy alternatives at achieving biofuel-related goals in Washington State. Policy regimes compared include blend mandates, generally funded volumetric and CO2e (CO2 equivalent) emissions-based tax/subsidy regimes, and revenue-neutral funded tax/subsidy regimes that use fossil fuel taxes to fund renewable fuel subsidies. Results suggest that a revenue-neutral CO2e emissions-based tax/subsidy is arguably the most effective single alternative for pursuing the full set of objectives emphasized in recent Washington State legislation.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Biodiesel; Biofuel policy; Computable general equilibrium; CO2 equivalent emissions; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119183
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ECONOMIC IMPACT OF ELECTRIC POWER INDUSTRY DEREGULATION ON THE STATE OF WASHINGTON: A GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS AgEcon
Coupal, Roger H.; Holland, David W..
Electric power markets are being deregulated nationwide with different impacts depending upon current policies and historical circumstances from region to region. The Pacific Northwest, with its historic abundance of low-cost hydropower and dependence on public power, with experience deregulation and conditioned by this legacy. This analysis focuses on the economic impacts of deregulation on the State of Washington. A 31-sector computable general equilibrium model is used to evaluate the impacts of Washington's economy. In a most likely scenario, electricity exports expand to high-priced regions. The impact on the state economy is a reduction in gross state product as a result of high electricity prices. Returns to capital increase, but returns to...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31085
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Economic Impact of Wildlife-Associated Recreation Expenditures in the Southeast United States: A General Equilibrium Analysis AgEcon
Hussain, Anwar; Munn, Ian A.; Holland, David W.; Armstrong, James; Spurlock, Stanley R..
The economic impact of wildlife-associated recreation in the Southeast United States was evaluated using a general equilibrium model. Exogenous demand shocks to the regional economy were based on estimates of expenditures by wildlife recreationists on hunting, fishing, and wildlife watching activities. Counterfactual simulations were carried out, making alternative assumptions about labor and capital mobility and their supply. Without wildlife-associated recreation expenditures, regional employment would have been smaller by up to 783 thousand jobs, and value added would have been $22 to $48 billion less. These findings underscore the significance of regional factor market conditions in economic impact and general equilibrium analysis.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: General equilibrium modeling; Input-output analysis; Regional economic impact; Wildlife-associated recreation activities; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; R13; R15; Q26.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120456
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EQUALIZATION ASPECTS OF FEDERAL AID TO EDUCATION: THE DISTRICT PERSPECTIVE AgEcon
Holland, David W..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Public Economics.
Ano: 1973 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30422
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INTERREGIONAL EFFECTS OF REDUCED TIMBER HARVESTS: THE IMPACT OF THE NORTHERN SPOTTED OWL LISTING IN RURAL AND URBAN OREGON AgEcon
Waters, Edward C.; Holland, David W.; Weber, Bruce A..
A core-periphery, multiregional, input-output model of western Oregon is used to estimate impacts of periphery timber harvest reductions resulting from listing of an endangered species. Under the most probable scenario, 31,620 total jobs would be lost in the two regions. Fourteen percent of this impact is absorbed in the core (Metro) region. Forty percent of periphery and 80% of Metro jobs lost are from service sectors, a result of important core-periphery trade in central place services. Explicit inclusion of unemployment benefits for displaced workers reduces employment loss estimates by 12% to 14%.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31233
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LABOR MARKET BEHAVIOR IN WASHINGTON: A COINTEGRATION APPROACH AgEcon
Yeo, JunHo; Ahn, Sung K.; Holland, David W..
In recent years, the research that investigates impact of employment on other labor related variables has a prominent place in regional science. Generally, it is well understood that new business investment brings changes in population, increased labor force participation rate and migration of new residents. There is mixed research results regarding the extent that new migrants tend to account for new employment. Bartik (1993) found that about one-quarter of the new jobs go to local workers because of the increase in the labor force participation rates of local residents in the long run. He considered the long run effects by estimating the effects of 1% job growth in a certain period on the labor force participation rate seventeen years after the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20614
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MEAN-VARIANCE ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVE HEDGING STRATEGIES AgEcon
Holland, David W.; Purcell, Wayne D.; Hague, Terry.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 1972 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30313
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NATURAL RESOURCE SUPPLY CONSTRAINTS AND REGIONAL ECONOMIC ANALYSIS: A COMPUTABLE GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM APPROACH AgEcon
Willis, David B.; Holland, David W..
A computable general equilibrium model is used to estimate the impact a resource supply constraint, that restricts federal timber harvest, has on a timber dependent region. Impacts are compared to impacts generated from an input-output mode and indicate an upward bias in estimated income and employment losses using IO methods.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35085
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Organic Apple Production in Washington State: An Input-Output Analysis AgEcon
Mon, Pon Nya; Holland, David W..
This paper provides an Input-Output (I/O) based economic impact analysis for organic apple production in Washington State. The intent is to compare the economic “ripple” effect of organic production with conventional production. The analysis is presented in two scenarios: first we compare the economic impact of organic versus conventional apple production for a l demand increase of one million US$ as measured in sales. The second analysis looks at the economic impact of organic and conventional apple production in terms of given unit of land (405 hectares of production). Both state-wide output (sales) and employment (jobs) impacts are estimated under each scenario. Results are presented in terms of direct, indirect, and induced economic impact. Organic...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Conventional and organic apple production; Multiplier effects; Output and employment effects; IMPLAN; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Industrial Organization; Production Economics; D58; Q01; R11.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12961
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OUTPUT CHANGE IN U.S. AGRICULTURE: AN INPUT-OUTPUT ANALYSIS AgEcon
Holland, David W.; Martin, R.P..
This paper analyzes output changes in the U.S. agricultural economy from 1972 to 1977 using a 477-sector input-output framework. The empirical model is based on benchmark input-output data from the U.S. Bureau of Economic analysis for 1972 and 1977. Output changes were decomposed into components attributable to technical change, domestic final demand change, export demand change and import substitution. A major advantage of the decomposition is its ability to identify the output change in a given sector due to general equilibrium effects in all sectors.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Import substitution; Input-output; Output change; Technical change; Production Economics.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15040
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SOME PROCEDURES FOR ESTIMATING GOODS AND SERVICE TRADE BETWEEN REGIONS USING THE TRADE REPORTS FROM IMPLAN AgEcon
Holland, David W.; Pirnique, Frank.
In empirical models like inter-regional input-output models and inter-regional computable general equilibrium models it is essential to know the economic linkage between regions in the form of inter-regional trade and factor flows. This report describes several approaches to estimating inter-regional trade using the information produced in the IMPLAN Commodity Trade Report and the Commodity Summary Report. In other words, it is assumed that the counties in both the core and periphery regions have been identified and regional input-output accounts for each region have been constructed using IMPLAN Pro 2.O. The calculation procedure for each approach is illustrated with an empirical example.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Inter-regional trade; IMPLAN; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12965
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THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE COSTS AND BENEFITS OF PUBLIC SCHOOLING AgEcon
Holland, David W..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Public Economics.
Ano: 1973 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30430
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The Economic Impact of a Possible Irrigation-Water Shortage in Odessa Sub-Basin: Potato Production and Processing AgEcon
Bhattacharjee, Sanjoy; Holland, David W..
The Columbia Basin Project (CBP) was one of the single largest projects undertaken by the Bureau of Reclamation. The venture, which started in the 1930s in Central Washington, did not entirely turn out as expected. In fact, almost half of the proposed irrigable area, located mainly in the northeastern portion of the original plan, doesn't have any water supply from the project for irrigation purposes. The Odessa Sub-area is one of those areas. The land in this area is fertile and produces very high quality potatoes. Over the last couple of decades, potato production in this Odessa sub-region has been possible primarily because of irrigation based on deep wells. However, the underground water is drawing down and potato production may shut down as a result....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Potato production; Potato processing; Regional economic impact; Input-output models; Production Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; R1.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12963
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THE ROLE OF AGRICULTURE IN OREGON'S ECONOMIC BASE: FINDINGS FROM A SOCIAL ACCOUNTING MATRIX AgEcon
Waters, Edward C.; Weber, Bruce A.; Holland, David W..
Most studies of a state’'s economic base count as “"basic”" only the “"traditional"” exports of goods, federal spending, and business investment. “"Nontraditional”" elements of the economic base (including exports of services, federal transfers to state/local governments and households, and extraregional property income) are typically ignored. We construct a social accounting matrix (SAM) for Oregon and estimate Oregon’'s economic base accounting for both traditional and nontraditional elements. Almost 20% of Oregon’'s jobs depend on extraregional income to households (including government transfers and outside property income), 11% depend on lumber and wood and paper products, and 8% depend on agriculture.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30881
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