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A Global Vision and Strategy for Organic Farming Research. First Draft. Organic Eprints
Niggli, Urs; Baker, Brian; Rahmann, Gerold; Cuoco, Eduardo; Möller, Carolin; Ssebunya, Brian; Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer; Wivstad, Maria; Chang, Jennifer; Soto, Gabriela; Gould, David; Lampkin, Nic; Chander, Mahesh; Mapusua, Karen; Wynen, Els; Qiao, Yuhui; Ardakani, M. Reza; Hartmann, Marco; Oyama, Toshio; Schmid, Otto; Willer, Helga.
Organic agriculture world-wide offers the promise of a future to produce and distribute food and other farm products in a healthy, ecologically sound, truly sustainable and fair way. The full benefits of organic agriculture are just now being realized—from ecosystem services to the provision of healthier food - yet, to reach its full potential organic farming needs to address many challenges. While organic agriculture has grown in strength and is in the most favorable position it has ever been in with respect to market conditions, government policies and international institutional support, it still does not have adequate resources to continue its expansion. The Technology Innovation Platform of IFOAM (TIPI) has developed a vision and an agenda to advance...
Tipo: Working paper Palavras-chave: Systems research and participatory research.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/27636/1/TIPI_Vision_First%20Draft%20October%202014.pdf
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ADOPTION OF ORGANIC RICE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN BANGLADESH Organic Eprints
Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer; Sugimoto, Hideki; Ueno, Hideto; Huque, Sheikh Muhammad Rafiul.
Bangladesh now needs to thank its soil health, environment and human health for the country being almost self-sufficient in rice production. The present study has been undertaken to gain knowledge of the level of awareness by farmers and consumers regarding the status of organic rice, and knowledge of demand and marketing opportunities and limitations for organic rice in the country. The present study has highlighted the overall organic rice situation in Bangladesh, which is not yet well documented. The results also demonstrate that farmers and consumers are aware of the hazards of chemical compounds but have little knowledge about organic rice. The present study may open a new window for organic rice research and marketing (both local and export) for all...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/29177/7/29177.pdf
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Advisory services on organic farming using ICT’s in Bangladesh Organic Eprints
Uddin, Md. J.; Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer.
Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world with more than 160 million people with a very small territory of 147,570 square kilometers (BBS, 2011). To ensure food production for the huge population, the term ‘green revolution’ was appeared in 1960s with the concept of ‘grow more food’. For this, introduction of High Yielding Varieties (HYV), as well as chemical fertilizers, pesticides and ground water extraction were undertaken. As a result, food self sufficiency have achieved within a very short time. At the same time, soil fertility as well as soil health maintenance totally been ignored. The use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides is increasing over the years in Bangladesh (Table 1). BARC (2001) showed that soil organic...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Knowledge management.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/29205/3/29205.pdf
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Agrochemical-free, direct-sowing culture of a paddy with non-woven fabric mulch - Timing of puddling and leveling and basal fertilizer application Organic Eprints
Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer; Sugimoto, Hideki; Yamashita, Jun; Alcaraz, Joel M..
In direct-sowing rice culture using cloth mulch, puddling and leveling (P & L) is usually done 2 days before the mulching (sowing). However, the mulching is very difficult, due to the muddy condition of the soil. Comparative studies were made to observe the effects of the timing of P & L, that is, P & L 10 days before mulching (P10) vs. P & L 2 days before the mulching (P2), on the operator's physical stress, the rice growth, and grain yield. Basal fertilizer was applied 2 days before the mulching in the P2 treatment (P2-B2), and topdressing was applied at 29 days before heading in all treatments. For the P10 treatment, timing of the basal fertilization was set at 14 (P10-B14) or 3 (P10-B3) days before the mulching. Results revealed that...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems; Farming Systems; Soil.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/29181/7/29181.pdf
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Combined Application of Oil Cake and Rice Bran Reduced the Number of Weeds and Increased the Yield of Paddy Rice in a Pad Field Incorporated with White Clover Organic Eprints
Sugimoto, Hideki; Takuya, Araki; Masahiro, Morokuma; Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer.
The combined application of oil cake and rice bran into the soil surface was found useful for weed control in our previous pot study. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the performance of white clover (Trifolium repens L.) while incorporated in the paddy field and effects of combined fertilizer on weed control and rice yield. A plot was divided into two parts i.e. white clover incorporated and not incorporated. The nitrogen content of the incorporated white clover was 12.5 gm-2. Chemical fertilizer and combined fertilizer plots were compared with non-fertilizer conditions. The mixed ratio of combined fertilizer was oil cake 1.35 and rice bran 1.0. Combined fertilizer was applied to the soil surface, and chemical fertilizer was mixed in the soil....
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Nutrient turnover; Weed management; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32102/1/9th%20ACSA%202017%20Abstract%202.pdf
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Effect of Integrated Rice-Duck Farming on Rice Yield, Farm Productivity, and Rice-Provisioning Ability of Farmers Organic Eprints
Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer; Sugimoto, Hideki; Ahmed, Gazi Jashim Uddin; Islam, Md. Rafiqul.
The feasibility of the rice-duck system of rice production, practiced in some East Asian countries, is studied in Bangladesh as a sub-project of the Poverty Elimination Through Rice Research Assistance (PETRRA). The Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI) implements the sub-project in collaboration with two NGOs, FIVDB and BDS, in the northeastern (greater Sylhet) and southern (Barisal) regions of the country. Each demonstration trial, conducted in the field of the farmers, is treated as a replication. In these trials, the rice-duck system is compared with the methods of growing rice solely, as traditionally practiced by the farmers in Bangladesh. Evaluation of the activities carried out under the PETRRA sub-project shows that the rice-duck system is not...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farming Systems.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/29178/7/29178.pdf
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Effect of topdressing on individual leaf photosynthesis at different position in direct-sown rice with non-woven fabric mulch system Organic Eprints
Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer; Sugimoto, Hideki; Yamashita, Jun.
Direct sowing with non-woven fabric mulch is the new organic rice cultivation system. We studied the effect of topdressing on individual leaf photosynthesis at different position and grain yield in rice plants cultivated by this system. Leaf photosynthetic rate at the different leaf position per plant (P N-LP) of the third and fourth to lower leaves was higher when the topdressing amount was increased. Without topdressing or in no-fertilizers plots, the P N-LP values of lower leaves were very low. The leaf photosynthetic rate per unit leaf area (P N-LA) decreased gradually as the leaf position became lower. Again, the P N-LA values of the top-dressed plots at the lower leaves were higher than that of plots without topdressing or without fertilizers. The...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems; Farming Systems; Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/29179/7/29179.pdf
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Organic farming in populated area: Bangladesh – an example of case study Organic Eprints
Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer.
Agriculture plays a very important role in populated countries like Bangladesh. Bangladesh ranks eighth in World population rank and fifth in Asia. The conventional agriculture of Bangladesh after green revolution heavily depended on chemical fertilizers and pesticides causing several problems to human health and the environment. As a result, food safety has now become a big issue. Moreover, the cost of agriculture has increased manifold with declining yield levels and growing dependence on market for purchase of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Hence the most urgent step is application of bio-products in order to ensure better and safe environment without any reduction in yield of crops. Food security is also challenging considering the climate...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Farming Systems Food security; Food quality and human health Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/29203/2/29203.pdf
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Organic rice of Bangladesh: focus on disease control Organic Eprints
Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer.
Diseases play an important role in rice production. In modern agriculture, application of hazardous chemicals is a common practice allover the world. But organic rice production system does not allow synthetic agro-chemicals due to its adverse effect on environment as well as human health. Thirty six fungal, twenty one viral, six bacterial and six nematode diseases have been recorded in rice. In Bangladesh, 31 rice diseases have been so far identified of which ten are considered as major. Sheath blight, blast, bakanae etc. are the major rice diseases in Bangladesh. Organic amendment works effectively under organic field production. Many researchers have already reported that application of silicon (Si) and potassium (K) reduce sheath blight and blast...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Environmental aspects; Knowledge management.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/29204/2/29204.pdf
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Organic sack garden ensuring nutrition and improve the food security on small scale households Organic Eprints
Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer; Akter, Salma.
An experiment was conducted in Gazipur district of Bangladesh in 2009 to study the effect of sack/bag gardening method for the first time in Bangladesh and to observe the suitability and opportunities of the method in context of Bangladesh that one of the most vulnarable country in the world with recent climate change. The peoples who are disadvangatage and living in unfavaourable ecosystems can able to grow and cook their own vegetables and have more diversiy in their diet by growing high nutritional products. The overall objective is to improve peoples ability to be food secure and more specifically are to increase the household food consumption and production also to increase their income through these activities. From the study it was observed that the...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Farming Systems; Knowledge management.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/29180/7/29180.pdf
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Recycling and reuse of kitchen waste for sustainable agriculture and as renewable energy in north-eastern Bangladesh Organic Eprints
Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer; Uddin, Md Jashim; Sugimoto, Hideki.
Unbalanced use of inorganic nutrients is the main cause for stagnation or declining crop productivity; this also causes health hazards in different forms. Usually huge quantities of vegetables, fishes, meats, and bones remain unutilized or thrown away as wastes in daily household affairs. However, kitchen wastes can also be used in productive manners. The ways and means of this endeavor has been addressed in this communication. The kitchen-waste based organic fertilizer has been developed by digging pits and placing the wastes on a layer of soil, topped by a layer of plant growth-promoting microbes. Almost 25% of compost was harvested by this manner in small scale in Sylhet division (North-Eastern Bangladesh) under the auspicious of livelihood enhancement...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/29184/7/29184.pdf
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Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security of Bangladesh – Issues and Recommendations Organic Eprints
Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer.
Bangladesh agriculture heavily depends on chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Application of these compounds over a long period resulted into poor soil fertility, human and animal health hazards, disturbed eco-balance, all leading to low productivity, soil, water and air pollution. Moreover, the cost of agriculture has increased manifold with declining yield levels and growing dependence on market for purchase of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Hence the most urgent concern is to make judicious use of chemical inputs and application of bio-products so as to ensure minimal damage to the environment without any reduction in yield of crops. Food security is also challenging considering the climate change, land degradation and natural disasters. Until...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Farming Systems Food security; Food quality and human health Animal husbandry Crop husbandry Food systems.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/29182/2/29182.pdf
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The role of organic entrepreneurship and innovation for poverty alleviation and development Organic Eprints
Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer.
Agricultural production from small farms is currently meeting the food needs of one-third of the world population. Agriculture in Asia is characterized by small holders of farmland with an average size of less than 2 hectares (80% of total farms). These small-scale farmers are challenged by increasing cost of production and decreasing profitability. They cannot afford high input agriculture, such as available chemical solutions for their crops and therefore, by default, most of them are operating as organic farmers but yet they are not fully organic. There is ample opportunity to help these marginal farms become fully organic and in turn profitable enterprises by introducing organic farming practices. To do this there is a need for policies and...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/29206/2/29206.pdf
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The use of desalinated-dried jellyfish and rice bran for controlling weeds and rice yield Organic Eprints
Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer; Sugimoto, Hideki; Asagi, N.; Araki, T.; Ueno, H.; Morokuma, M.; Kato, H..
To achieve higher rice production, rice-growing countries have used great amounts of synthetic chemical compounds (chemical fertilizers and pesticides) that can have adverse effects on the environment and humans. Organic products and organic farming technologies are friendlier to the environment and more conducive to sustainable agriculture but require different inputs, knowledge and skills. Weed control is one of the major challenges in organic rice cultivation. The present study proposes and tests the use of desalinated-dried jellyfish chips in the development of sustainable rice production. Vast amounts of jellyfishes have been found in the Sea of Japan (Nomura's jellyfish, Nemopilema nomurai Kishinouye) and Japan inland sea areas (Water jelly, Aurelia...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/29183/7/29183.pdf
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Trustworthiness of Organic Produces in Urban Market: Innovation through Quick Response(QR)Code Organic Eprints
Huque, Sheikh Mohammad Rafiul; Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer; Rana, Mohammad Baktiar.
Considering the risks associated with food consumption, several risk reduction strategies are used by consumers, all linked to brand loyalty, store image or label references that build trust in the product. A food product can be labeled organic if it complies with the principles for organic production, processing, labeling and control. Previous researchers have identified that organic certification logo have significant impact on consumption of organic products in urban markets. Organic logo increases trustworthiness of urban consumers about organic produces. Previous studies further observed that high price has deep connotation with trustworthiness about organic produces and urban buyers have ability to pay high price. The urban buyers though they have...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification Knowledge management.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/29376/7/29376.pdf
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Vegetable Production in sack: an alternative approach to building urban agriculture Organic Eprints
Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer.
Bangladesh is one of the countries vulnerable because of recent climate change. A country needs around 25% of its land to be covered by forest to maintain its ecological balance, but here the percentage is much less. Urban dwellers have hardly seen any greenery around them and every inch of land is occupied by various types of infrastructure. The solution lies in planting as many trees as possible, and the only place to do that seems to be on the rooftop or balcony and in slum areas. Vegetable production by the sack gardening method is an effective and innovative technology in Bangladesh. It has received positive attention from urban household communities. It is an alternative vegetable garden for utilizing small land areas or space. Individual families...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Crop husbandry; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/29185/2/29185.pdf
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Vermi-compost production to enterprise: case studies from Bangladesh Organic Eprints
Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer.
In recent years organic agriculture practices have been gaining support from both consumers and producers in Bangladesh. Considering the economic benefits and environmental advantages, one such practice vermi-compost, or worm based composting, is growing in popularity with small-scale households. In the program study area it is fostering entrepreneurship, and with proper guidance and monitoring, is demonstrating that it can be a profitable enterprise.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Farm economics; Composting and manuring; Markets and trade; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/29176/13/29176.pdf
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Vermi-compost production to enterprise: case studies from Bangladesh Organic Eprints
Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer.
In recent years organic agriculture practices have been gaining support from both consumers and producers in Bangladesh. Considering the economic benefits and environmental advantages, one such practice vermi-compost, or worm based composting, is growing in popularity with small-scale households. In the program study area it is fostering entrepreneurship, and with proper guidance and monitoring, is demonstrating that it can be a profitable enterprise.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Farm economics; Composting and manuring; Markets and trade.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/23675/7/23675.pdf
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Vermi-compost to improve tomato production in Bangladesh Organic Eprints
Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer; Uddin, M. Jashim; Sugimoto, Hideki.
Our objective was to test the effectiveness of vermin compost as a substitute for inorganic fertilisers for sustainable, large-scale tomato production. The Green Revolution in Bangladesh promoted the indiscriminate use of factory fertilisers and pesticides to obtain better crop yields. Owing to poor soil management, the organic matter (OM) content is decreasing in some situations. The use of organic fertilisers along with effective soil management can restore soil OM and sustain soil health.Vermi-compost (VC) - mainly the excreta of earthworms - is rich in humus and nutrients. It also contains a lot of microorganisms beneficial to plant growth. As a soil amendment, VC may provide a tool for soil OM management.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry; Soil; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/29186/7/29186.pdf
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