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Could Payments for Ecosystem Services Create an "Ecosystem Service Curse"? Ecology and Society
Kronenberg, Jakub; Department of International Economics, Faculty of Economics and Sociology, University of Lodz; kronenbe@uni.lodz.pl; Hubacek, Klaus; Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park; Hubacek@umd.edu.
Payments for ecosystem services (PES) have received much praise and are increasingly perceived as a promising tool to ensure the protection of global ecosystems as well as being able to help alleviate poverty in areas rich in ecosystem services. Given current trends, the scale of payments is likely to grow, creating new circumstances within which ecosystem services will be managed. In this dynamic context, following a precautionary approach, one should focus on establishing systems to handle the risks involved. Based on an analogy to resources that have long been included in the system of market transactions, we suggest that the rapid development of PES can negatively influence regional and potentially national economies. Resource revenues are highly...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Aid curse; Ecosystem services; Global PES; Payments for ecosystem services; PES; Resource curse.
Ano: 2013
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From Polluter Pays to Provider Gets: Distribution of Rights and Costs under Payments for Ecosystem Services Ecology and Society
Mauerhofer, Volker; United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies (UNU-IAS); volker.mauerhofer@gmx.at; Hubacek, Klaus; Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park; Hubacek@umd.edu; Coleby, Alastor; Sustainability Research Institute, School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds; a.m.coleby@gmail.com.
Should society have the right to freely available clean air and water, or should people be required to pay for these as commodities just as they do for many other goods or services that they consume? With this question and further questions on environmental governance in mind, we reviewed the paradigm shift in natural resource management from the polluter pays principle (PPP), which focuses on polluters and enforcement of thresholds, to the principle of payments for ecosystem services (PES), which emphasizes provider-based economic approaches. Given that there are conflicts of interest over natural resources and ecosystem services (ESs), these conflicts could be resolved through rights and/or cost assignments via third-party intervention, i.e., by the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services; Efficient allocation; Environmental principle; Fair distribution; Human right; Property rights; Sustainable scale.
Ano: 2013
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