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Registros recuperados: 14
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An Emergent Economics of Ecosystem Management 31
Hearnshaw, Edward J.S.; Cullen, Ross; Hughey, Kenneth F.D..
Economics is an evolving and emerging field of study, so is the management of ecosystems. As such, this paper delineates the co-evolution of economic evaluation that reflects the various recognized ecosystem management approaches of anticipative, adaptive and capacitive ecosystem management. Each management approach is critiqued and from this theoretical analysis an emergent approach for the management of ecosystem is put forward, which accordingly suggests an alternative methodological approach for economic evaluations.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Complexity; Creativity; Economic evaluation; Ecosystem management; Evolution; Open systems; Rationality; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31957
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Ecosystem services review of water projects 31
Hearnshaw, Edward J.S.; Cullen, Ross; Hughey, Kenneth F.D..
Water projects are typically evaluated using benefit cost analysis. Ecosystem services are the direct and indirect benefits that people obtain from ecosystems. Many of these benefits are ignored in benefit cost analysis, because of the absence of markets and the limited information or understanding of how the benefits from ecosystem services are produced. Regional or local government may be interested in learning how the value of ecosystem services associated with projects may change if a project occurs. Ecosystem Service Reviews aim to make ecosystem services explicit and quantifiable so that they can be accounted for in the evaluation of water use projects. Water storage projects can enable land use intensification to occur, and confer environmental...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services review;  water projects ; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58895
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Financing threatened species management: the costs of single species programmes and the budget constraint 31
Moran, Emma; Cullen, Ross; Hughey, Kenneth F.D..
In New Zealand total annual funding allows 15 percent of the 2,400 threatened species to be targeted for management. Although management costs are crucial to a conservation organisation's ability to achieve its goals, estimates of costs are not usually included in applications for funding or the preparation of recovery plans. Cost is also not generally a factor in priority ranking systems and cost-effectiveness analysis is rarely conducted. Using the results of analysis of 11 single species programmes for 2003-2012, this paper investigates the costs of management. It also considers the impact of the budget constraint on outcomes, cost-effectiveness, and investment.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Threatened species; Management; Cost; Budget constraint; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98498
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Investments in Environmental Research, Science and Technology: Their Impacts on Irrigation and Mussel Farming 31
Cullen, Ross; Hughey, Kenneth F.D.; Meyer-Hubbert, Gerit; Bicknell, Kathryn; Meister, Anton D.; Smallman, Clive; Su-Wuen, Ong.
MoRST is evaluating the Environmental Research output class of the Public Good Science Fund to identify inter alia the impacts of Environmental RS&T spending. Three specific questions are: How effective has the funding on Environmental RS&T been? Is Environmental RS&T having a positive effect by delivering real benefits to New Zealand, particularly to the environment? What influences the link between research and tangible positive benefits? This paper reports how case studies applied to irrigated agriculture and mussel farming were used to provide partial answers to these three questions. The case studies proceed by noting the possible benefits that Environmental RS&T may have created, and then tracing the link back to specific research...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental RS&T; Benefits; Irrigation; Agriculture; Mussel farming; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97783
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New Zealand freshwater management and agricultural impacts 31
Cullen, Ross; Hughey, Kenneth F.D.; Kerr, Geoffrey N..
In New Zealand, it is increasingly recognised, including by government, that water resource allocation and water quality are issues of national importance. Agriculture is frequently portrayed by public media as a major user of water and a major contributor to worsening water quality. We outline the water management systems in New Zealand, and the use of water by agriculture. Official reports on agriculture’s impact on New Zealand water availability and quality are summarised. We report how the New Zealand public perceive water, its management, and the roles of agriculture in water issues. Data from a nationwide mail survey were analysed to determine how New Zealanders assess the state of New Zealand lakes, rivers and streams, and aquifers, the performance...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Environmental economics; Perceptions survey; Water allocation; Water quality; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116965
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Preliminary Investigation Into The Benefits From Investments In Environmental Research: Case Studies on Water Clarity/Quality and The Biological Management of Possums 31
Cullen, Ross; Hughey, Kenneth F.D.; Meyer-Hubbert, Gerit; Bicknell, Kathryn; Meister, Anton D.; Smallman, Clive; Su-Wuen, Ong.
MoRST is performing an evaluation of the funds invested in environmental research. The two case studies discussed in this paper contribute to the ongoing decision-making about this investment. Substantial funds have been invested in both research programmes identified. Because the main benefits associated with research output are environmental, they are difficult to value monetarily. Preliminary analysis suggests that at a discount rate of 6%, annual future benefit flows of $7 - $10 million will justify the water quality/clarity research. The expenditure on possum biocontrol will be justified if the research generates an annual future benefit flow of $20 million.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cost benefit analysis; Returns to research; Environmental research; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97788
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Priorities for, and preferred approaches to, management of New Zealand fresh waters 31
Hughey, Kenneth F.D.; Kerr, Geoffrey N.; Cullen, Ross; Shen, Fujun.
Since 2000 six standardised biennial public surveys of the state of the New Zealand environment have been undertaken. A fresh water case study was included in the 2010 postal survey and in an electronic survey. Desirable futures for New Zealand's fresh water resources, sources of damage to freshwater, preferred management approaches, and views about charges for commercial uses of water are reported. Respondents desire high quality water, are not prepared to trade that off for damaging economic gains, and support charges for commercial uses of water. We report public preferences for tools to manage water use.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Public perceptions; Fresh water; New Zealand; Economic instruments; Management; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Health Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96943
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Public perceptions – issues in where we want rural New Zealand to head in the 21st Century 31
Hughey, Kenneth F.D.; Cullen, Ross; Kerr, Geoffrey N..
The ongoing biennial environmental perceptions survey has been used to consider issues when setting future directions for rural New Zealand in the 21st Century. The overall state of the environment is very good, although freshwater rates the lowest of all resources considered. At a more local level there is considerable concern about lowland streams, rivers and lakes. Farming is increasingly blamed for damaging freshwater and a range of other resources. There are important demographic differences. Those employed in resource based industries are much more positive about specific water resources than are others – anglers are more pessimistic. New Zealanders want an improved future for the rural environment and are willing to contribute. Achieving...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Perception surveys; Rural futures; Issues; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96447
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Public Perceptions of New Zealand's Environment 31
Cullen, Ross; Hughey, Kenneth F.D.; Kerr, Geoffrey N..
Beginning in 2000 Lincoln University has completed biennial surveys of people's perceptions of the state of the New Zealand environment. The surveys use the Pressure-State-Response framework for state of the environment reporting to assess resources such as air quality, native plants and animals, native forest and bush, soils, beaches and coastal waters, marine fisheries, marine reserves, freshwaters, national parks, wetlands, urban environments, and the natural environment compared to other developed nations. They also examine participation in environmentally friendly activities, the most important environmental issues facing New Zealanders and a range of other issues. Individual case studies are also undertaken: in 2000 natural hazards; in 2002 the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Public perceptions; Environment; Survey; New Zealand; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31958
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Ranking New Zealand river values – a novel approach to managing the ‘chalk and cheese’ problem 31
Hughey, Kenneth F.D..
In New Zealand, regional councils have the task of sustainably managing rivers and their flows. In trying to achieve this task they face enormous challenges including the need to allocate flows amongst often highly disparate in- (e.g., angling, kayaking, native fish and birds) and out-of-river (e.g., irrigation and hydro energy) values/needs. To aid in this task these councils need to know which rivers or parts of rivers are relatively more or less important on national, regional and local bases, for particular values. This task becomes even more challenging given limited information availability for many values, and no overarching policy or decision framework. In this paper I report on a FRST-funded (and less than 1-year long) project which has addressed...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: River values; Prioritization system; Irrigation and birdlife; New Zealand; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97129
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RiVAS and RiVAS+: Opportunities for Application of a Multi-Criteria River Value Assessment System Approach which Considers Existing and Potential States 31
Hughey, Kenneth F.D.; Sinner, Jim; Booth, Kay.
The River Values Assessment System (RiVAS) uses a combination of expert panels and multi criteria analysis to identify primary attributes (or main features) of river values (e.g., whitewater kayaking, native birds) and their key indicators. The resulting data set is used to rank rivers for their existing (instream) and potential (out-of-stream) significance. The RiVAS method has been applied to seven values and tested across a range of councils with most focus in Tasman District. The tool has demonstrated utility and is very cost effective to implement. Further development has now led to RiVAS+ to consider potential significance for instream values, using the same attributes and indicators, and also identifying the interventions needed to achieve these...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: River values; Prioritisation system; Existing and potential; Interventions; New Zealand; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115406
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State and Not-For-Profit delivery of species conservation. Cost utility analysis of multiple-species projects. 31
Vesey, S.E.; Cullen, Ross; Hughey, Kenneth F.D..
Conservation of species is challenging, and there is continuing interest in finding more effective means to achieve conservation goals. State provision of conservation occurs in many countries, alongside a growing range of alternative providers including Not For Profit organisations and the private sector. Few studies have compared the effectiveness and efficiency of State provision against Not For Profit or private sector provision. This research assesses the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of multiple-species projects in regard to the conservation of threatened and endangered species using a cost-utility analysis. Three State managed projects, three Not For Profit managed projects and one project managed by the State yet funded privately, were...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: State provision; Not For Profit; Multiple-species; Cost-utility analysis; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97987
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Stated Preference Evaluation of Government Budgets 31
Kerr, Geoffrey N.; Cullen, Ross; Hughey, Kenneth F.D..
Stated preference approaches are widely used in non-market valuation. However, their potential uses extend far beyond valuation. In particular they can be used to assess efficiency of resource allocations and to design optimal resource allocations. Changes to the government budget were evaluated using a choice experiment. Results indicate potential efficiency gains from reallocation of the budget to items with higher marginal utility. In particular, New Zealand residents want more spending on health, education and the environment, with health spending consistently having the highest marginal benefits. People want less government money spent on income support. The choice experiment was able to identify the impacts of demographic factors. Young people rated...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Choice experiment; Public preferences; Government budget; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; Political Economy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98520
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To Keep it 'Zip'ped or Not? Challenges for a Scientist Working as a Member of a Canterbury Water Zone Committee (Power Point) 31
Hughey, Kenneth F.D..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115505
Registros recuperados: 14
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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