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Registros recuperados: 13
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Does food trade save water?: the potential role of food trade in water scarcity mitigation AgEcon
International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
This Water Policy Briefing is based on the CA Research Report 4: Does International Cereal Trade Save Water? The Impact of Virtual Water Trade on Global Water Use (CA Research Report 4) by Charlotte de Fraiture, Ximing Cai, Upali Amarasinghe, Mark Rosegrant and David Molden; and on Investing in Water for Food, Ecosystems and Livelihoods (BLUE PAPER, Stockholm 2004, Discussion Draft) by David Molden and Charlotte de Fraiture; and on Is Virtual Water Trade a Solution for Water Scarce Countries? by Charlotte de Fraiture and David Molden, Bridges 2004. By the year 2050 there will be an additional 3 billion people to feed. Food production may need to increase by 70-90 percent from levels in 2000 to meet this global food demand. Without improvements in the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food production; Trade; Water conservation; Crop Production/Industries; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113014
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Improving performance and financial viability of irrigation systems in India and China AgEcon
International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
China and India face similar challenges in managing their irrigation economies. Both are developing nations with large agricultural populations, high population densities and a high proportion of agriculture under irrigation. Both are facing challenges in financing existing irrigation systems in the face of broader economic reforms. And in both countries, groundwater provides a particular challenge since it is a major source of irrigation, but with accelerating declines in both quantity and quality. Problems in financing surface irrigation systems, worries about continued groundwater table declines along with cost implications for both farmers and the energy industry, and a range of other issues have raised serious concerns over the future sustainability...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation systems; Groundwater irrigation; Energy; Cost recovery; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113015
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Improving water productivity: how do we get more crop from every drop? AgEcon
International Water Management Institute (IWMI); Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture.
Based on research presented in the book “Water Productivity in Agriculture : Limits and Opportunities for Improvement” by J.W. Kijne, R. Barker and D. Molden. If current trends continue, the water crisis—which is already beginning to rear its head in many countries through depleted groundwater aquifers, dried-up rivers and wetlands, and frequent water shortages—will indeed become a global problem. A recent study by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) projects that if present trends continue, by 2025 competition from growing cities and industry worldwide will limit the amount of water available for irrigation, causing annual global losses of 350 million metric tons of food...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water management; Productivity; Irrigation management; Supplemental irrigation; Crop production; Crop Production/Industries; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113016
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Irrigation management transfer: how to make it work for Africa’s smallholders? AgEcon
International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Based on research presented in “Institutional Alternatives in African Smallholder Irrigation: :Lessons from International Experience with Irrigation Management Transfer (IWMI Research Report 60)” by Tushaar Shah, Barbara van Koppen, Marna de Lange, Madar Samad, and Douglas Merrey. An international review of IMT experiences shows that for transfer to work, the irrigation system must be central to a wealth-creating agriculture within which IMT makes good economic sense to farmers. This is not the case in a majority of Africa’s smallholder schemes. Making IMT work in this context means addressing a number of challenges: smallholder dependency resulting from years of state intervention in farm operations and management, farmers’ inability to depend on...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water management; Privatization; Small scale systems; Small holders; Farm Management.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113017
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IWRM challenges in developing countries: lessons from India and elsewhere AgEcon
International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Developing countries like India are actively being encouraged to move from the traditional supply-side orientation towards proactive demand management under the broad framework of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) is a sound philosophy which is hard to disagree with. However, in developing countries, what usually gets passed-off in the name of IWRM at the operational level takes a rather narrow view of the philosophy and has largely tended to include a blue-print package including: [1] A national water policy; [2] A water law and regulatory framework; [3] Recognition of River Basin as the appropriate unit of water and land resources...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water resource management; Institutional development; Tube wells; Economic aspects; Policy; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113018
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Planning groundwater use for sustainable rural development AgEcon
International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Groundwater use is rapidly increasing in Sri Lanka, bringing several benefits to small farmers—by allowing them to grow more crops, minimize the impact of droughts, and profit from selling high-value produce. But how can this be sustained? Lessons learned from other countries with longer histories of groundwater use can help policymakers, planners, and development organizations avoid the pitfalls and dangers of indiscriminate use, and capture the benefits that groundwater can bring.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Groundwater management; Rural development; Wells; Aquifers; Surface water; Conjunctive use; Irrigation water; Water pollution; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113019
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Promoting micro-irrigation technologies that reduce poverty AgEcon
International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
According to research done by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI), one-third of the world’s population will face absolute water scarcity by the year 2025. Among the worst hit will be regions in Asia, the Middle-East and Sub-Saharan Africa, home to some of the largest concentrations of rural poverty in the world. Policymakers, researchers, NGOs, and farmers are pursuing various technical, institutional and policy interventions to meet this challenge. Micro-irrigation technologies, commonly in use in water scarce areas of developed countries, constitute one such intervention with the ability to use water more efficiently in irrigated agriculture. These technologies can improve productivity; raise incomes through crop yields and outputs; and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigated farming; Technology; Drip irrigation; Rural women; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113058
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Pro-poor intervention strategies in irrigated agriculture: lessons from the Asian experience AgEcon
International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Irrigated agriculture has contributed greatly to food security in Asia - and irrigation projects present new opportunities for reducing poverty. This requires that projects deliberately tilt towards the poor. Moreover, policymakers, implementers and managers need to adopt an integrated approach when using irrigation as a pro-poor intervention strategy. With the right institutional and technical conditions, an effective incentives structure and proper implementation and management practices, pro-poor irrigation projects can make a significant difference to poverty in the region.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Poverty; Women; Water rights; Water allocation; User charges; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113057
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Reducing poverty through integrated management of groundwater and surface water AgEcon
International Water Management Institute (IWMI); Global Water Partnership (GWP Advisory Center).
The full poverty-fighting potential of existing irrigation schemes is not being realized—largely because of inequitable water distribution and unsustainable land and water management practices. An integrated water resources management (IWRM) approach reveals opportunities to reduce poverty and improve overall agricultural productivity and sustainability in these systems. Research in India and Pakistan has highlighted one such opportunity—integrated management of surface water and groundwater—that has great potential for water-short systems with variable groundwater resources. By considering groundwater availability and quality when allocating surface water, water managers could improve the situation of millions of poor farmers with inadequate access to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Groundwater management; Irrigation management; Domestic water; Poverty; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113059
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Strategic Analyses of the National River Linking Project (NRLP) of India Series 5; Proceedings of the Second National Workshop on Strategies Issues in Indian Irrigation AgEcon
International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Institutional reform; Surface irrigation; River basin management; Water transfer; Investment; Irrigation programs; Policy; Water users associations; Groundwater management; Groundwater recharge; Water supply; Drinking water; Watershed management; Crops; Crop Production/Industries; Financial Economics; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118413
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Imprime registro no formato completo
Taking a multiple-use approach to meeting the water needs of poor communities brings multiple benefits AgEcon
International Water Management Institute (IWMI); International Water and Sanitation Centre; Global Water Partnership (GWP).
This briefing was produced by International Water Management Institute (IWMI), the IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, the Technical Committee of the Global Water Partnership (GWP) and the GWP Advisory Center at IWMI. It draws primarily on research from the Multiple Use Systems (MUS) project and the Productive Uses of Water Thematic Group (Prodwat) (see references for further reading). The brief complements Catalyzing Change, the GWP handbook for developing IWRM and water efficiency strategies and plans, and the associated policy and technical briefs. Single-use approaches to water development and management do not reflect the realities of poor people’s water use. People use domestic water supplies for activities such as irrigating backyard...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water use; Domestic water; Irrigation water; Poverty; Water supply; Drinking water; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113060
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WASPA Asia: wastewater agriculture and sanitation for poverty alleviation in Asia AgEcon
International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Wastewater irrigation; Health hazards; Poverty; Sanitation; Development projects; Asia; Kolkata; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91467
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Water governance in the Mekong region: the need for more informed policy-making AgEcon
International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Recurring water crises, global water initiatives, and demands for water reforms by development banks, have all pushed water up the agenda of most Mekong-region countries. Many changes have already been made. Now decision makers need to know what has worked, what hasn’t, and why. To find out, IWMI has reviewed new water policies, plans and laws, and assessed participation, the new water ‘apex bodies’, and integrated water resources management (IWRM). The findings show that top-down state policies based on ‘blueprints’ are widely applied in a one-size-fits-all approach, without taking local realities into account. Water planning is still largely expert-driven, and focused on procedures and targets. There is little room for decision-making that is based on...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water management; River basins; Governance; Policy making; Planning; Water law; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113061
Registros recuperados: 13
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