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A herbal feed additive shows potential to improve metabolic situation in early lactating dairy cows Organic Eprints
Walkenhorst, M.; Ivemeyer, S.; Schaette, R.; Mayer, P.; Arndt, G..
The gap between performance and feed intake in early lactating dairy cows often leads to metabolic imbalance which is connected to udder inflammation (UI). A study with 72 dairy cows calving from November 2010 to March 2011 on 10 Swiss and German farms was conducted to test the effect of a herbal feed additive (HFA) containing mainly Urtica dioica L. (herba), Silybum marianum (L.) Gaert. (fructus), Artemisia absinthium L. (herba) and Achillea millefolium L. (herba). Cows were stratified (farm and milk yield) randomised divided into three groups. From 14 days prior predicted calving to the end of the following lactation cows received daily 100 g pellets containing A: 100% HFA, B: 50% HFA and 50% alfalfa and C: 100% alfalfa (placebo). Two or three cows per...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25311/1/walkenhorst-etal-2013-PlantaMedical-79-PL25.pdf
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A randomized controlled trial to compare the use of homeopathy and internal Teat Sealers for the prevention of mastitis in organically farmed dairy cows during the dry period and 100 days post-calving. Organic Eprints
Klocke, P.; Ivemeyer, S.; Butler, G.; Maeschli, A.; Heil, F..
Introduction: Routine use of antibiotics to prevent mastitis in dairy cows is prohibited by organic farming regulations. Internal Teat Sealers have been proposed as an alternative. We compared two drying-off (DO) supporting measures (Internal Teat Sealer and Homeopathy) to an untreated control group to assess their protective effects against clinical mastitis and intra-mammary infections during dry period of dairy cows. Methods: A field trial with 102 dairy cows from 13 Swiss organic dairy farms was conducted. Cows were randomly assigned to one of three groups within a herd. In the Internal Teat Sealer group (ITS; 36 cows) cows were treated with the commercial ORBESEAL (Pfizer) in all four quarters immediately after the last milking. In the Homeopathy...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems; Dairy cattle; Animal husbandry; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/17117/1/
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Auswirkungen einer zweijährigen Bestandesbetreuung von Milchviehbeständen hinsichtlich Eutergesundheit, Antibiotikaeinsatz und Nutzungsdauer Organic Eprints
Ivemeyer, S.; Maeschli, A.; Walkenhorst, M.; Klocke, P.; Heil, F.; Oser, S.; Notz, C..
Am Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau (FiBL) wird im pro-Q-Projekt seit 2003 Bestandesbetreuung mit Schwerpunkt Eutergesundheit auf Schweizer Betrieben durchgeführt. Zentrales Projektziel ist dabei die Reduktion des Antibiotikaeinsatzes zur Behandlung von Mastitiden und zum Trockenstellen bei verbesserter oder gleichbleibender Eutergesundheit. Des Weiteren soll langfristig die Nutzungsdauer verlängert werden. Die Betriebsentwicklung der 65 untersuchten Betriebe zeigt, dass sich der Antibiotikaeinsatz in 2 Jahren im Schnitt aller Betriebe von 38 auf 26 Behandlungen/100 Kühe und Jahr um 32% senken liess, während die Eutergesundheit gemessen an der theoretischen Tankmilchzellzahl im Mittel bei rund 180'000/ml gleich blieb. Signifikanten Einfluss auf...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/14747/1/Ivemeyer_et_al_2008_%2D_SAT1008.pdf
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Characteristics of organic dairy farm types in seven European countries Organic Eprints
Wallenbeck, A.; Bieber, A.; Spengler Neff, A.; Fuerst-Walt, B; Winckler, C.; Ivemeyer, S.; Simantke, C.; March, S.; Brinkmann, J.; Rousing, T.; Sorensen, J.T.; Walczak, J.; Wojcik, P.; Ribikauskas, V..
Characteristics of organic dairy farm types in seven European countries, in English
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Breeding and genetics; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30622/1/Wallenbeck-etal-2016-EAAP-2016.pdf
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Characteristics of organic dairy major farm types in seven European countries Organic Eprints
Wallenbeck, A.; Rousing, T.; Sørensen, J. T.; Bieber, A.; Spengler Neff, A.; Fuerst-Waltl, B.; Winckler, C.; Pfeiffer, C.; Steininger, F.; Simantke, C.; March, S.; Brinkmann, J.; Walczak, J.; Wójcik, P.; Ribikauskas, V.; Wilhelmsson, S.; Skjerve, T.; Ivemeyer, S..
This study aimed to identify organic dairy major farm types (MFTs) in seven European countries, describe these MFTs in an open research database and assess central characteristics of the MFTs. This was conducted in a three-step procedure including (1) Identification of organic MFTs in seven European countries: Austria, Switzerland, Germany, Denmark, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden, based on existing data from dairy databases and consultations with experts within the respective fields of knowledge; (2) Collection of data on farm characteristics, management procedures, production level and herd health from at least 10 farms per MFT and country and (3) Creating an open research database on MFT characteristics, description of essential characteristics of MFTs and...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/35103/1/Wallenbeck-etal-2018_OrganicAgriculture-online-p1-17.pdf
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Comparison of a classical with a highly formularized body condition scoring system for dairy cattle Organic Eprints
Isense, A.; Leiber, F.; Bieber, A.; Spengler, A.; Ivemeyer, S.; Maurer, V.; Klocke, Peter.
Body condition scoring is a common tool to assess the subcutaneous fat reserves of dairy cows. Because of its subjectivity, which causes limits in repeatability, it is often discussed controversially. Aim of the current study was to evaluate the impact of considering the cows overall appearance on the scoring process and on the validity of the results. Therefore, two different methods to reveal body condition scores (BCS), ‘independent BCS’ (iBCS) and ‘dependent BCS’ (dBCS), were used to assess 1111 Swiss Brown Cattle. The iBCS and the dBCS systems were both working with the same flowchart with a decision tree structure for visual and palpatory assessment using a scale from 2 to 5 with increment units of 0.25. The iBCS was created strictly complying with...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/26745/1/Isensee-etal-2014-animal-8-12-p1971-1977.pdf
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Comparison of native and commercial dairy breeds on organic farms in five European countries Organic Eprints
Bieber, A.; Spengler Neff, A.; Fuerst-Waltl, B.; Ivemeyer, S.; Simantke, C.; Stricker, C.; Walczak, J.; Wallenbeck, A.; Winckler, C.; Wojcik, P..
Local and commercial dairy breeds form organic farms were compared regarding production traits, direct health traits and health associated functional or conformation traits. Preliminary results revealded lower milk yield for local breeds, but in many cases better fertility. Analysis of useful lifetime indicates a superiority of locals breeds for this traits, whereas commercial breeds showed a higher lifetime production.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Farming Systems; Breeding and genetics.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30648/1/Bieber%20et%20al.%202016_EAAP.pdf
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Comparison of performance and fitness traits in German Angler, Swedish Red and Swedish Polled with Holstein dairy cattle breeds under organic production Organic Eprints
Bieber, A.; Wallenbeck, A.; Spengler Neff, A.; Leiber, F.; Simantke, C.; Knierim, U.; Ivemeyer, S..
Although the use of local breeds is recommended by organic regulations, breed comparisons performed under organic production conditions with similar production intensities are scarce. Therefore, we compared data of local and widely used Holstein dairy cattle breeds from 2011 to 2015 regarding production, fertility and health from German and Swedish organic farms with similar management intensities within country. In Germany, the energy-corrected total milk yield tended to be lower in the local breed Original Angler Cattle (AAZ, 5193 kg) compared to the modern German Holstein Friesian breed (HO, 5620 kg), but AAZ showed higher milk fat and protein contents (AAZ v. HO: 5.09% v. 4.18% and 3.61% v. 3.31%, respectively). In Sweden, the widely used modern...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Breeding and genetics.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/36422/1/bieber-etal-2019-animal-online-p1-8.pdf
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Datenbanksystem zur Bestandesbetreuung von Milchviehherden mit Schwerpunkt auf der Eutergesundheit Organic Eprints
Ivemeyer, S.; Raillard, D.; Heil, F.; Klocke, P..
In der Michviehhaltung ist die integrierte tierärztliche Bestandsbetreuung (ITB) eine wirksame Methode, um Gesundheitsprobleme wie Mastitis und Fruchtbarkeitssörungen langfristig zu bekämpfen. Um den Zeitaufwand und die Kosten für die ITB zu optimieren, müssen entsprechende technische Hilfmittel vorhanden sein, die eine schnelle und komfortable Datenverarbeitung gewährleisten und praxistaugliche Beratungstools zu Verfügung stellen. Das Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau (FiBL) hat ein solches Datenbanksystem für das Bestandsbetreuungsprojekt "Pro-Q" entwickelt. Ziel der Datenbank ist, extern zur Verfügung stehende und selbst erhobene Daten zu gebündelten Informationen auf Herden- und Einzeltierebene (inkl. Euterviertelebene) zusammenzubringen und...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/13302/1/Ivemeyer%2Detal_2007%2DSchw.Archiv.Tierhkd.pdf
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DETERMINATION OF FAECES PARTICLE PROPORTIONS AS A TOOL FOR THE EVALUATION OF THE INFLUENCE OF FEEDING STRATEGIES ON FIBRE DIGESTION IN DAIRY COWS Organic Eprints
Leiber, F.; Ivemeyer, S.; Perler, E.; Krenmayr, I.; Mayer, P.; Walkenhorst, M..
Aim of this study was to test the influence of feeding strategy on faecal particle size distribution as indicator of fibre digestion under on-farm conditions. Seventy-six cows from 11 farms, located in Switzerland and southern Germany were included. Cows were monitored up to eight times during one full lactation. All valid individual test days resulted in a total of 347 datasets. Milk yield and composition were recorded. Diet composition was described in a binary yes/noindication for the presence or non-presence of different roughage components (fresh grass, grass silage, hay, maize silage and straw) and the exact amount of concentrates. Faecal samples were taken at each test day and sieved with a set of four wire‐mesh screens with pore sizes of 4mm, 2mm,...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/28217/1/Leiber-etal-2015-JAPS-Vol25-1-p153-159.pdf
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Effects of health and welfare planning on the use of antibiotics and udder health in European dairy farms Organic Eprints
Ivemeyer, S.; Smolders, G.; Brinkmann, J.; Gratzer, E.; Hansen, B.; Henriksen, B.I.F.; Huber, J.; Leeb, C.; March, S.; Mejdell, C.M.; Roderick, S.; Stöger, E.; Vaarst, M.; Whitstance, L.K.; Winckler, C.; Walkenhorst, M..
To improve the sustainability of dairy production it is essential to establish practices that reduce medicine use whilst safeguarding or improving herd health and productivity. Aiming at minimising medicine use through animal health and welfare planning (AHWP), 111farms in 6 countries were monitored as part of the wide CORE Organic lic ANIPLAN project. For this purpose, the number of udder treatments with antibiotics was recorded. Somatic cell score (SCS) served as an indicator of udder health, and milk yield and average Iactation number were calculated at the farm Ievel from milk recording data. Treatment and milk recording data were collected for a one year period before and after a first farm visit. AHWP was carried out either in stable schools or...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/19962/1/Ivemeyer2011_ANIPLAN%2Dudderhealth_%23imc11.pdf
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Minimising medicine use in organic dairy herds through animal health and welfare planning Organic Eprints
Vaarst, M.; Brinkmann, J.; Gratzer, E.; Jansen, B.; Henriksen, B.I.F.; Huber, J.; Ivemeyer, S.; Leeb, C.; March, S.; Mejdell, C.; Neale, M.; Nicholas, P.; Roderik, S.; Rogerson, I.; Smolders, G.; Stöger, E.; Walkenhorst, M.; Whistance, L.K.; Winckler, C..
Livestock is important in many organic farming systems, and it is an explicit goal to ensure high levels of animal health and welfare (AHW) through good management. This will lead to reduced medicine use and better quality of animal products. In two EU network projects NAHWOA & SAFO it was concluded that this is not guaranteed merely by following organic standards. Both networks recommended implementation of individual animal health plans to stimulate organic farmers to improve AHW. These plans should include a systematic evaluation of AHW and be implemented through dialogue with each farmer in order to identify goals and plan improvements. 15 research institutions in 8 European countries are involved in the proposed project with the main objective to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/18772/1/18772%2D07OE003%2Duni_goettingen%2Dwinckler%2D2010%2Dminimising_medicine_use.pdf
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Pflanzliche Hausmittel der Nordschweiz zur Behandlung von Haut und Wunden beim Nutztier Organic Eprints
Disler, M.; Schmid, K.; Ivemeyer, S.; Hamburger, M.; Walkenhorst, M..
This study describes the composition of 34 traditional homemade herbal remedies used by farmers of 7 northern Swiss cantons in 49 different applications regarding wounds and other skin alterations in livestock. Twelve plant species from 8 families were identified. Matricaria recutita L. and Calendula officinalis L. were the most often administered plants both from the most frequently used plant family of Asteraceae. The processing of the formulations was mainly based on oil/fat and water extractions. Farmers used bathes, wash and compresses or simply the direct administration of ointments to the lesions. Regarding recent pharmaceutical and human clinical research results the use of the most often named plant species seems to be eligible.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Health and welfare.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/21402/1/21402_Walkenhorst.pdf
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Swiss ethnoveterinary knowledge on medicinal plants - a within-country comparison of Italian speaking regions with north-western German speaking regions Organic Eprints
Mayer, M.; Zbinden, M.; Vogl, C. R.; Ivemeyer, S.; Meier, B.; Amorena, M.; Maeschli, A.; Hamburger, M.; Walkenhorst, M..
BACKGROUND: Ethnoveterinary knowledge in Europe may play an important role as a basis for sustainable treatment options for livestock. Aims of our study were (a) to compare the ethnoveterinary practices of two culturally and sociodemographically different regions of Switzerland, (b) to compare results with earlier ethnoveterinary studies conducted in Switzerland and in adjacent Italian regions and, (c) to evaluate possible reasons for regional differences in European ethnoveterinary medicine. METHODS: 25 interviews were conducted in 2014 in all Italian speaking regions (ItR) of Switzerland, and 31 interviews were held in five north-western German speaking Cantons (GeC). Semi-structured questionnaires were used to collect detailed information regarding...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry; Health and welfare; Switzerland; Germany.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/34516/1/mayer-etal-2017_J%20EthnobiolEthnomed-Vol13-Issue1-p1-23.pdf
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Traditional homemade herbal remedies used by farmers of northern Switzerland to treat skin alterations and wounds in livestock Organic Eprints
Disler, M.; Schmid, K.; Ivemeyer, S.; Hamburger, M.; Walkenhorst, M..
Ethnoveterinary surveys are missing for wide areas of Europe. During the years 2011 and 2012 80 farmers on 64 farms in seven cantons of Northern Switzerland (Aargau, Zürich, Schaffhausen, St. Gallen, Thurgau, Appenzell Innerhoden and Appenzell Ausserrhoden) were interviewed. More than 500 homemade herbal remedies (HMHR) were documented regarding the used plant species, modes of preparation, dosage, routes of administration, category of use and origin of knowledge. A selection was made by choosing all HMHR which (a) contain only one herbal drug, (b) are used to treat skin alterations and wounds, (c) were administered to the skin, (d) were obtained from forefathers and relatives and (e) have been used by the interview partners themselves at least 5 times...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25312/1/disler-etal-2013-PlantaMedical-79-PL24.pdf
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Traditional use of herbs for treatment of farm animals by organic farmers in three Swiss cantons Organic Eprints
Walkenhorst, M.; Hamburger, M.; Ivemeyer, S.; Schmid, K..
Little is known about the usage of traditional herbs in the treatment of farm animals in central Europe, with exception of Austria.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Health and welfare.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/20178/1/SKMBT_C28011122015160.pdf
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Zwei Jahre pro-Q – Bilanz eines biokonformen Eutergesundheitsprogrammes Organic Eprints
Walkenhorst, M.; Heil, F.; Ivemeyer, S.; Notz, Ch.; Mäschli, A.; Klocke, P..
The pro-q-project is an udder health programme especially for organic farmers under Swiss conditions. The aim is to minimize the use of s antibiotics and to assure a good udder health state on the farms. At the end of the third project year of 100 project farms 16 participate for more than two years. The udder health situation of these 16 farms improved moderately in the second project year (37% of the cows with a so-matic cell count > 100’000/ml) compared to the year before project start (40% of the cows with a somatic cell count > 100’000/ml). Furthermore, a nearly linear increase of the arithmetic mean of herd lactation number (3.27 year before project start, 3.33 first project year, 3.44 second project year, resp.) could be found. The number of...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Health and welfare.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/9475/1/9475_Walkenhorst_Poster.pdf
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