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Environmental risk assessment of genetically modified plants - concepts and controversies Organic Eprints
Hilbeck, Angelika; Meier, Matthias; Römbke, Jörg; Jänsch, Stephan; Teichmann, Hanka; Tappeser, Beatrix.
Background and purpose: In Europe, the EU Directive 2001/18/EC lays out the main provisions of environmental risk assessment (ERA) of genetically modified (GM) organisms that are interpreted very differently by different stakeholders. The purpose of this paper is to: (a) describe the current implementation of ERA of GM plants in the EU and its scientific shortcomings, (b) present an improved ERA concept through the integration of a previously developed selection procedure for identification of non-target testing organisms into the ERA framework as laid out in the EU Directive 2001/18/EC and its supplement material (Commission Decision 2002/623/EC), (c) describe the activities to be carried out in each component of the ERA and (d) propose a hierarchical...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry; Environmental aspects; Regulation.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/24705/1/Hilbeck-etal-2011-EnvironSciEu-23-13-p1-12.pdf
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Ranking matrices as operational tools for the environmental risk assessment of genetically modified crops on non-target organisms Organic Eprints
Hilbeck, Angelika; Weiss, Gabriele; Oehen, Bernadette; Römbke, Jörg; Jänsch, Stephan; Teichmann, Hanka; Lang, Andreas; Otto, Mathias; Tappeser, Beatrix.
For the operationalization of the structured, stepwise selection procedure for non-target testing organisms integrated into the new EFSA guidelines for environmental risk assessment of GM plants practicaltools – i.e. ranking matrices – were developed. These tools – some of them are new and some are refinedfrom older ones – were tested using the GM case crop of TC 1507 maize. The selection procedure consists of six steps. The strategy builds on identifying the important ecological functions for the particularcropping system and compiling a species lists according to their ecological functions and presence inthe specific receiving environments. Subsequently, the species numbers are reduced in a systematic,stepwise fashion to a relevant and practical number...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Breeding; Genetics and propagation Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/25738/6/Hilbeck%20et%20al2013.pdf
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