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DEVELOPMENT PATHWAYS AND LAND MANAGEMENT IN UGANDA: CAUSES AND IMPLICATIONS AgEcon
Pender, John L.; Jagger, Pamela; Nkonya, Ephraim M.; Sserunkuuma, Dick.
This paper investigates the patterns and determinants of change in livelihood strategies ("development pathways”"), land management practices, resource and human welfare conditions in Uganda since 1990, based upon a community-level survey conducted in 107 villages. The pattern of agricultural development since 1990 involved increasing specialization and commercialization of economic activities, consistent with local comparative advantages and market liberalization. Six dominant development pathways emerged, all but one of which involved increasing specialization in already dominant activities: expansion of cereal production, expansion of banana and coffee production, non-farm development, expansion of horticultural production, expansion of cotton, and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Development; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19814
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DEVELOPMENT PATHWAYS AND LAND MANAGEMENT IN UGANDA: CAUSES AND IMPLICATIONS AgEcon
Pender, John L.; Jagger, Pamela; Nkonya, Ephraim M.; Sserunkuuma, Dick.
This paper investigates the patterns and determinants of change in livelihood strategies (“development pathways”), land management practices, agricultural productivity, resource and human welfare conditions in Uganda since 1990, based upon a community-level survey conducted in 107 villages. The pattern of agricultural development since 1990 involved increasing specialization and commercialization of economic activities, consistent with local comparative advantages and market liberalization. This pattern was associated with changes in land use and agricultural practices, including expansion of cultivated area, grazing lands and woodlots at the expense of forest and wetlands; increased ownership of cattle but declining ownership of other livestock; and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Sustainable development; Land management; Development pathways; Uganda; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16124
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El Nino, Ice Storms, and the Market for Residential Fuelwood in Eastern Canada and the Northeastern U.S. AgEcon
Jagger, Pamela; White, William; Sedjo, Roger A..
Extreme weather events such as the ice storm that affected eastern Canada and the Northeastern US in January of 1998 have significant impacts on both human populations and forests. One of the questions currently facing climate scientists is whether or not better forecasting of such events would lessen the economic impacts borne by households, industry, agricultural producers and the public sector when such weather events occur. This case study examines the economic impacts of the ice storm on the residential market for fuelwood. It is hypothesized that demand for fuelwood will increase due to the failure of non-wood heating sources during the ice storm. In addition, damage to trees in the region should increase the supply of fuelwood; the net effect of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Fuelwood; El Nino; Ice storm; Forest management; Extreme weather event; Climate forecasting; Forest policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; D1; D13; Q2; Q21; Q23; Q42.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10535
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FOREST INCOMES AFTER UGANDA'S FOREST SECTOR REFORM: Are the Rural Poor Gaining? AgEcon
Jagger, Pamela.
Forest sector governance reform is frequently promoted as a policy tool for achieving favorable livelihood outcomes in the low income tropics. However, there is a dearth of empirical evidence to support this claim, particularly at the household level. Drawing on the case of a major forest sector governance reform implemented in Uganda in 2003, this study seeks to fill that gap. The research employs a quasi-experimental research design utilizing pre and post reform income portfolio data for a large sample of households surrounding three major forests in western Uganda; a control group is included in the design. On private forest land overseen by the decentralized District Forestry Service there has been no significant change in average annual household...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Uganda; Forest sector reform; Decentralization; Livelihoods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50891
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IMPACTS OF PROGRAMS AND ORGANIZATION ON THE ADOPTION OF SUSTAINABLE LAND MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGIES IN UGANDA AgEcon
Jagger, Pamela; Pender, John L..
The government of Uganda is currently decentralizing many of its services including those directly related to agriculture and the environment. Non-government organizations (NGOs) and community-based organizations (CBOs) are being asked to take the lead in the provision of government services such as agricultural extension during the transition to demand driven fee-for-service. This paper explores the role of government programs, NGOs and CBOs in the adoption of land management technologies. We find that government programs were better distributed throughout Uganda and were more likely to operate in poorer areas than NGOs and CBOs. This raises the question of whether or not incentives should be provided for NGOs and CBOs to locate or evolve in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community-Based Organization; Decentralization; Land Management; Non-Government Organization; Sustainable Development; Uganda; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16062
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Strategies for Sustainable Land Management and Poverty Reduction in Uganda AgEcon
Nkonya, Ephraim M.; Pender, John L.; Jagger, Pamela; Sserunkuuma, Dick; Kaizzi, Crammer; Ssali, Henry.
Poverty reduction is one of the overarching objectives of most of Sub-Saharan Africa and other low-income countries. Accordingly, one of IFPRI’s major research themes focuses on policies and strategies for poverty reduction. This research report contributes knowledge to that theme. It also contributes to IFPRI’s ongoing investigation of policies and strategies that foster broad-based and environmentally sustainable agricultural and rural development. In Uganda, where soil erosion and depletion of soil nutrients are widespread, land degradation is a major cause of declining productivity and increasing poverty. In this study, Ephraim Nkonya and his colleagues measure the relative merits of various household income strategies and land management practices in...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Land use; Government policy; Uganda; Food supply; Poor; Nutrition; Agriculture and state; Land capability for agriculture; Data processing; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37897
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STRATEGIES TO INCREASE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AND REDUCE LAND DEGRADATION: EVIDENCE FROM UGANDA AgEcon
Pender, John L.; Nkonya, Ephraim M.; Jagger, Pamela; Sserunkuuma, Dick; Ssali, Henry.
This paper estimates a structural econometric model of household decisions regarding income strategies, participation in programs and organizations, crop choices, land management, and labor use, and their implications for agricultural production and land degradation; based upon a survey of over 450 households and their farm plots in Uganda. The results generally support the Boserupian model of population-induced agricultural intensification, but do not support the "more people-less erosion" hypothesis, with population pressure found to contribute to erosion in the densely populated highlands. Agricultural technical assistance programs have location-specific impacts on agricultural production and land degradation, contributing to higher value of crop...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural productivity; Land degradation; Agricultural development strategies; Uganda; Farm size-productivity; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25816
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THE ROLE OF TREES FOR SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF LESS-FAVORED LANDS: THE CASE OF EUCALYPTUS IN ETHIOPIA AgEcon
Jagger, Pamela; Pender, John L..
In recent years, the planting of eucalyptus trees in Ethiopia has expanded from State owned plantations to community woodlots and household compounds. In an environment suffering from severe woody biomass shortages water scarcity, erosion and land degradation, fast growing and resilient eucalyptus species perform better than most indigenous woodland and forest tree species (as well as most crops). In addition to increasing biomass and providing ground cover, the sale of eucalyptus poles and products has substantial potential to raise farm incomes, reduce poverty, increase food security and diversify smallholder-farming systems in less-favored areas of northern Ethiopia. Despite the potential for eucalyptus to improve rural livelihoods in northern...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16122
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WOODLOT DEVOLUTION IN NORTHERN ETHIOPIA: OPPORTUNITIES FOR EMPOWERMENT, SMALLHOLDER INCOME DIVERSIFICATION, AND SUSTAINABLE LAND MANAGEMENT AgEcon
Jagger, Pamela; Pender, John L.; Gebremedhin, Berhanu.
This paper explores the patterns and determinants of empowerment, income generation, and environmental sustainability under varying degrees of woodlot management in Tigray, Ethiopia. Our analysis is based upon a survey of 120 collectively managed woodlots, devolved to varying degrees, and 66 households that have recently received small plots of community land for tree planting. We find that more devolved woodlot management empowers resource users by providing greater autonomy regarding the management of woodlots, and in particular the ability to make decisions about the harvest of woodlot products. Our economic analysis indicates that grass is by far the most important product being harvested from woodlots. There has been very limited harvesting of higher...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16108
Registros recuperados: 9
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