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Occurrence and effects of plastic additives on marine environments and organisms: A review ArchiMer
Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Dehaut, Alexandre; Paul-pont, Ika; Lacroix, Camille; Jezequel, Ronan; Soudant, Philippe; Duflos, Guillaume.
Plastics debris, especially microplastics, have been found worldwide in all marine compartments. Much research has been carried out on adsorbed pollutants on plastic pieces and hydrophobic organic compounds (HOC) associated with microplastics. However, only a few studies have focused on plastic additives. These chemicals are incorporated into plastics from which they can leach out as most of them are not chemically bound. As a consequence of plastic accumulation and fragmentation in oceans, plastic additives could represent an increasing ecotoxicological risk for marine organisms. The present work reviewed the main class of plastic additives identified in the literature, their occurrence in the marine environment, as well as their effects on and transfers...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastics; Plastic additives; Bisphenol A; Phthalates; Brominated flame retardant.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00391/50227/51394.pdf
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Toxic effects of leachates from plastic pearl-farming gear on embryo-larval development in the pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera ArchiMer
Gardon, Tony; Huvet, Arnaud; Paul-pont, Ika; Cassone, Anne-laure; Koua, Manaarii Sham; Soyez, Claude; Jezequel, Ronan; Receveur, Justine; Le Moullac, Gilles.
Pearl-farming leads to significant plastic pollution in French Polynesia (FP) as the end of life of most farming gear is currently poorly managed. Plastic debris released into the aquatic environment accumulates, with potentially detrimental effects on the lagoon ecosystem and pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera, a species of ecological, commercial and social value. Here, we tested the effects of leachates from new (N) and aged (A) plastic pearl-farming gear (spat collector and synthetic rope) obtained after 24 h and 120 h incubation, on the embryo-larval development of the pearl oyster using an in-vitro assay. Embryos were exposed for 24 h and 48 h to a negative control (0) and the leachate from 0.1, 1, 10 and 100 g of plastic. L−1. After 24 h exposure to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Synthetic materials; Hazardous chemicals; Toxicity; Marine bivalve; Early development.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00627/73917/73257.pdf
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