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BARLEY PRODUCTION COSTS: A CROSS-BORDER COMPARISON 31
Johnson, D. Demcey; Janzen, Edward L..
Barley production costs are compared for five states and three Canadian provinces. A stochastic simulation, incorporating yield and exchange-rate risk, is used to characterize regional cost advantages in terms of probabilities.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Barley; Production costs; Yield risk; Simulation analysis; Agricultural Finance; Production Economics.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23279
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CANADIAN TRANSPORTATION AND GRAIN HANDLING: ISSUES AFFECTING THE NORTH AMERICAN BARLEY SECTOR 31
Park, Joon J.; Wilson, William W.; Johnson, D. Demcey.
The Canadian grain handling and transportation system has undergone substantial change in recent years, particularly since the elimination of rail subsidies in 1995. Competitive pressures and branch line abandonment have forced many primary elevators to close, while scores of new high-throughput elevators have been constructed across the Prairies. Rationalization of the grain handling system and proposals for further deregulation of rail transportation are driven by the need to improve system efficiency. Policy recommendations of the Estey Report (notably, the elimination of rail rate caps, and 'port buying' by the Canadian Wheat Board) would have important consequences for the grain trade and are contentious issues within Canada. Changes in grain...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Grain handling; Transportation; Barley; Canadian Wheat Board; Regulatory reform; Rationalization; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23158
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COMPETITION AND POLICY CONFLICTS IN CANADA-U.S. BARLEY TRADE 31
Johnson, D. Demcey; Wilson, William W..
Changes in policy, institutional and competitive environments have led to increased trade and a rise in trade tensions in the Canada-U.S. barely market. These tensions stem from policies and marketing institutions that have evolved independently in these two countries. Results from a detailed spatial equilibrium model of the Canada- U.S. barley market are presented in this article. Simulations are used to quantify effects of U.S. import restrictions; removal of Canadian rail subsidies, different Export Enhancement Program (EEP) subsidy levels, restoration of Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) acres to U.S. production, and retention of Canadian Wheat Board control over Canadian barley sales—all of which affect trade flows in the barley sector.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30937
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Competitive Bidding, Information and Exporter Competition 31
Preszler, Todd; Wilson, William W.; Johnson, D. Demcey.
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121380
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CREDIT GUARANTEE PROGRAMS AND U.S. MARKET SHARE IN SELECTED WHEAT IMPORT MARKETS 31
Satyanarayana, Vidyashankara; Johnson, D. Demcey.
Export credit guarantee programs are under increasing scrutiny, as policymakers seek assurance that the budgetary costs and risks borne by taxpayers are justified by expanded agricultural exports. This study provides empirical estimates of the effects of credit guarantees on U.S. wheat exports to major recipient countries.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Credit Guarantee Programs; Wheat Exports; Armington Demand Models; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23284
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Credit Guarantee Programs in International Grain Markets: Background and Issues 31
Dahl, Bruce L.; Johnson, D. Demcey; Wilson, William W.; Gustafson, Cole R..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23331
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ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE PROPOSED NORTH DAKOTA WHEAT POOL 31
Koo, Won W.; Nganje, William E.; Johnson, D. Demcey; Park, Joon J.; Taylor, Richard D..
The ND Durum Wheat Pool may provide additional revenue to durum wheat producers by raising the domestic prices in the North American market with full cooperation from the Canadian Wheat Board. The pool also could provide additional revenue to its members by improving marketing efficiency. On the other hand, the ND Spring Wheat Pool is less likely to provide additional revenue to spring wheat producers by raising domestic prices, mainly because hard red spring and winter wheat are highly substitutable. Efficiency gains also could be smaller than for durum wheat.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Marketing pool; Market power; Efficiency gains; Durum wheat; Hard red spring wheat; Pool price; Organizational structure; Operating costs; Marketing.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23173
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ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE PROPOSED NORTH DAKOTA WHEAT POOL; SUMMARY 31
Koo, Won W.; Nganje, William E.; Johnson, D. Demcey; Park, Joon J.; Taylor, Richard D..
The ND Durum Wheat Pool may provide additional revenue to durum wheat producers by raising the domestic prices in the North American market with full cooperation from the Canadian Wheat Board. The pool also could provide additional revenue to its members by improving marketing efficiency. On the other hand, the ND Spring Wheat Pool is less likely to provide additional revenue to spring wheat producers by raising domestic prices, mainly because hard red spring and winter wheat are highly substitutable. Efficiency gains also could be smaller than for durum wheat.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Marketing pool; Market power; Efficiency gains; Durum wheat; Hard red spring wheat; Pool price; Organizational structure; Operating costs; Marketing.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23453
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Economic Impact of Fusarium Head Blight in Malting Barley: Blending Margins and Firm-Level Risk 31
Nganje, William E.; Johnson, D. Demcey.
FHB and DON present significant challenges to producers, grain elevators, and the brewing industry. Yield reductions and price discounts incurred by producers in North Dakota, Minnesota, and South Dakota averaged about $45.3 million annually during the years 1998 through 2000. Losses are more substantial when secondary economic impacts are considered. For every $1 of scab losses incurred by the producer, $2 in losses are incurred in other areas of rural and state economies. One way of mitigating these losses is to blend barley with DON and barley without DON. Results from the grain blending model show a sharp decline of DON discounts and losses after blending. The average discount fell from $0.57/bu to $0.17/bu in 1998, $0.48/bu to $0.14/bu in 1999, and...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45723
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ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF FUSARIUM HEAD BLIGHT IN WHEAT 31
Johnson, D. Demcey; Flaskerud, George K.; Taylor, Richard D.; Satyanarayana, Vidyashankara.
Fusarium Head Blight (FHB), commonly known as scab, has been a severe problem for wheat producers in recent years. This study estimates the economic value of crop losses suffered by wheat producers in the 1990s. Nine states and three wheat classes are included in the analysis, which considers the effects of scab on both production and average prices received. The cumulative value of losses (1991-97) in scab-affected regions is estimated at $1.3 billion. Two states, North Dakota and Minnesota, account for over two-thirds of these dollar losses.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Fusarium Head Blight; Scab; Crop losses; Wheat; Production Economics.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23437
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ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF FUSARIUM HEAD BLIGHT IN WHEAT AND BARLEY: 1998-2000 31
Nganje, William E.; Johnson, D. Demcey; Wilson, William W.; Leistritz, F. Larry; Bangsund, Dean A.; Tiapo, Napoleon M..
Fusarium Head Blight (FHB), commonly known as scab, has been a severe problem for wheat and barley producers since 1993. This study provides an update of economic losses suffered by wheat and barley producers in scab-affected regions in the United States. Emphasis is placed on estimating direct and secondary economic impacts of yield and price losses suffered by wheat and barley producers from 1998 to 2000. Nine states are included in the analysis for three wheat classes. Three of the nine states were also used for the analysis of malting and feed barley. The cumulative direct economic losses from FHB in hard red spring (HRS) wheat, soft red winter (SRW) wheat, durum wheat, and barley is estimated at $870 million from 1998 through 2000. The combined...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Fusarium Head Blight; Scab; Vomitoxin; Crop losses; Wheat; Barley; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23515
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Economics of Dockage Removal in Barley: Background, Cleaning Costs, Handling, and Merchandising Practices 31
Wilson, William W.; Scherping, Daniel J.; Cobia, David W.; Johnson, D. Demcey.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23213
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Eliminating Fruit and Vegetable Planting Restrictions: How Would Markets Be Affected? 31
Johnson, D. Demcey; Krissoff, Barry; Young, C. Edwin; Hoffman, Linwood A.; Lucier, Gary; Breneman, Vincent E..
Eighty-nine percent of American households were food secure throughout the entire year in 2005, meaning that they had access, at all times, to enough food for an active, healthy life for all household members. The remaining households were food insecure at least some time during that year. The prevalence of food insecurity declined from 11.9 percent of households in 2004 to 11.0 percent in 2005, while the prevalence of very low food security remained unchanged at 3.9 percent. This report, based on data from the December 2005 food security survey, provides the most recent statistics on the food security of U.S. households, as well as on how much they spent for food and the extent to which food-insecure households participated in Federal and community food...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food insecurity; Food spending; Food pantry; Hunger; Soup kitchen; Emergency kitchen; Material well-being; Food Stamp Program; National School; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7249
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Estimating Regional Demand for Feed Barley: A Linear-Programming Approach 31
Johnson, D. Demcey; Varghese, Beena.
The regional demand for feed grains is not directly observable. This study uses a programming model to derive a demand schedule for feed barley. The model is applied to a major barley producing region (North Dakota and Minnesota) and an important feed deficit region (California). Direct and cross-price elasticities are evaluated, and sensitivity analysis shows the potential impact of improved barley varieties on regional demand.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23127
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Farm Level Effects of Counter-Cyclical Payments 31
Makki, Shiva S.; Johnson, D. Demcey; Somwaru, Agapi.
The paper analyzes the role of counter-cyclical (CC) payments in stabilizing farm incomes and investigates whether the payments could affect farmers’ planting decisions. Our analysis, based on representative farmer approach, finds that CC payments provide a relatively modest enhancement to farm welfare. However, much depends on market price conditions, which change from year to year, and on base acreage (which is determined by planting history). The paper finds little evidence of interaction between revenue insurance and CC payments.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19508
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GRAIN QUALITY IN THE CANADIAN BARLEY SECTOR: A REVIEW OF REGULATIONS, INDUSTRY PRACTICES, AND POLICY ISSUES 31
Johnson, D. Demcey.
This paper provides an overview of regulations and industry practices relating to grain quality in Canada's barley sector. Special attention is devoted to malting barley. Topics include: supply and disposition of barley in Canada; role of institutions (Canadian Grain Commission and Canadian Wheat Board); grades and standards; variety registration; malting barley selection; and recent changes in handling, procurement, and marketing.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Barley; Grain quality; Marketing; Procurement; Canada; Marketing; Production Economics.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23408
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Impacts of Alternative Policies Regulating Dockage 31
Wilson, William W.; Scherping, Daniel J.; Johnson, D. Demcey; Cobia, David W..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23149
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IMPACTS OF DON IN THE MALTING BARLEY SUPPLY CHAIN: AGGREGATE COSTS AND FIRM-LEVEL RISKS 31
Johnson, D. Demcey; Nganje, William E..
DON is a toxic byproduct of fusarium head blight (FHB), a fungal disease of small grains. Beginning in 1993, a prolonged outbreak of FHB occurred in the Upper Midwest, the traditional source of most six-rowed malting barley produced in the United States. Price discounts associated with DON in barley have been significant. This paper has two objectives. The first is to estimate the impact of DON on the value of malting barley grown in the Upper Midwest. Using crop quality data, we use a linear programming model to derive optimal blends of barley supplies, given discount schedules and the distribution of quality factors. The premise is that blending activities, on a regional scale, allow a larger fraction of the crop to be sold as malting. The second...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Barley; Malt; DON; Fusarium head blight; Grain quality; Blending; Production Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23103
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Impacts of Trade and Agricultural Policies on the World Malt and Malting Barley Market 31
Satyanarayana, Vidyashankara; Wilson, William W.; Johnson, D. Demcey; Dooley, Frank J..
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; Marketing.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121042
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IMPORT DEMAND FOR MALT: A TIMES SERIES AND ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS 31
Satyanarayana, Vidyashankara; Wilson, William W.; Johnson, D. Demcey.
European Union (EU) dominance of the world malt trade is thought to be due to quality advantages and/or due to export restitutions. A Linear Approximate Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/AIDS) was estimated for four major malt importing countries: Japan, Brazil, Philippines, and Venezuela. Elasticities of substitution for malt among different sources were computed. Results show that malt imported from the EU is least substitutable with malt from other sources, and demand for EU malt is less responsive to changes in price. Expenditure elasticities indicate that the four importers spend proportionately more on malt imports from the EU compared to malt from other sources. For these reasons, the study concludes that price subsidy-based export expansion...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Malt Import Demand; LA/AIDS; Export Subsidy; Substitutability; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23343
Registros recuperados: 50
Primeira ... 123 ... Última
 

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