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Registros recuperados: 10
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Commercialisation of Agriculture in Kenya: Case Study of Policy Bias and Food Purchases by Farm Households AgEcon
Kiriti, Tabitha; Tisdell, Clement A..
This study considers the effect of cash cropping on food availability and investigates the determinants of household food expenditure as a proportion of gross income relying on a sample of rural households in the Nyeri district of Kenya. Results from an application of a Tobit model suggest that household food purchases and food availability may suffer as a consequence of increasing cash cropping in Kenya. Husbands favour commercial crops and, it seems, favour non-food purchases. Married women living with their husbands use proportionately less of their gross income to purchase food compared to unmarried women and to those women not living with their husbands. Male bias in food purchased is present, and is exacerbated when payment for cash crops is lumpy....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Commercialisation; Non-food cash crops; Food cash crops; Food availability; And non-cash food crops.; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/105584
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Commercialisation of Agriculture in Kenya: Case Study of Urban Bias on Food Availability in Farm Households AgEcon
Kiriti, Tabitha; Tisdell, Clement A..
This study investigates the effect of cash cropping on food availability and examines the determinants of the proportion of income allocated for food expenditures in the Nyeri district in Kenya. Using a Tobit model, the results suggest that in general food expenditure allocations suffer due to cash cropping in Kenya as the lump-sum income flows from this may be used for purchases other than food. Food expenditure also suffers when remittances are irregular. On the other hand, earnings from outside employment for married women living with husbands are positively associated with food expenditure allocations. Amounts of non-cash food output as well as ownership of livestock are negatively associated with food expenditure allocations. These findings indicate...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Commercialisation; Non-food cash crops; Food cash crops; Food availability; And non-cash food crops.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102262
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Family Size, Economics and Child Gender Preference: A Case Study in the Nyeri District of Kenya AgEcon
Kiriti, Tabitha; Tisdell, Clement A..
Kenyan women have more children, especially in rural areas, than in most developing nations. This is widely believed to be an impediment to Kenya’s economic development. Thus, factors influencing family size in the Kenyan context are important for its future. A brief review of economic theories of fertility leads to the conclusion that both economics and social/cultural factors must be considered simultaneously when examining factors that determine the number of children in a family. The need to do this is borne out in Kenya’s situation by utilising responses from a random sample of rural households in the Nyeri district of Kenya. Economic and social/cultural factors intertwine to influence family sizes in this district. After providing a summary of the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Family size; Fertility; Child gender preference; Human capital formation; Costs; Benefits; Free child labour; Marital status; And age.; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/105583
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Female Participation in Decision-Making in Agricultural Households in Kenya: Empirical Findings AgEcon
Kiriti, Tabitha; Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C..
Survey data on which this paper is based were collected in a rural district in Kenya between December 2000 and January 2001. The main objective was to identify the factors that determine female participation in household decision-making. Our results suggest that bargaining models and resource theory cannot be applied in a society where customarily determined sex and social stratification systems place males higher than females and determines that only men make major decisions. Our results support the hypothesis that cultural theory is more significant than bargaining models or resource theories in determining women's participation in decision-making in Kenya.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Resource theory; Bargaining theory; Cultural theory; Unified household model; Decision-making; Empowerment and entitlement.; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100210
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Gender Inequality, Poverty and Human Development in Kenya: Main Indicators, Trends and Limitations AgEcon
Kiriti, Tabitha; Tisdell, Clement A..
Indicators of gender inequality, poverty and human development in Kenya are examined. Significant and rising incidence of absolute poverty occurs in Kenya and women are more likely to be in poverty than men. Female/male ratios in Kenyan decision-making institutions are highly skewed against women and they experience unfavourable enrolment ratios in primary, secondary and tertiary institutions. The share of income earned by women is much lower than men's share. General Kenyan indicators highlight declining GDP per capita, increased poverty rates especially for women, reduced life expectancy, a narrowing of the difference in female/male life expectancy rates, increased child mortality rates and an increase in the female child mortality rates. This...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: AIDS; Africa; Kenya; Gender; Inequality; Human development; Poverty; Consumer/Household Economics; International Development; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/105587
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Gender, Marital Status, Farm Size and other Factors Influencing the Extent of Cash Cropping in Kenya: A Case Study AgEcon
Kiriti, Tabitha; Tisdell, Clement A..
This article examines the effects of commercialisation of agriculture on land use and work patterns by means of a case study in the Nyeri district in Kenya. The study uses cross sectional data collected from small-scale farmers in this district. We find that good quality land is allocated to non-food cash crops, which may lead to a reduction in non-cash food crops and expose some households to greater risks of possible famine. Also the proportion of land allocated to food crops declines as the farm size increases while the proportion of land allocated to non-food cash crops rises as the size of farm increases. Cash crops are also not bringing in as much revenue commensurate with the amount of land allocated to them. With growing commercialisation, women...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural commercialisation; Gender inequality; Non-food cash crops; Food cash crops; Non-cash food crops; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102261
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Globalisation, Institutions and Empowerment of Women in Africa: Kenya's Experience AgEcon
Kiriti, Tabitha; Tisdell, Clement A.; Roy, Kartik C..
In male dominated societies like Kenya, men's superior status leading to power over women and control of valued resources, is supported by laws and policies that spell out and legitimise men's privileged and dominant status and is justified by religious, traditional, moral, and/or pseudo-scientific ideologies and beliefs. Such mechanisms and beliefs help to perpetuate gender inequality even in the face of structural changes that ought to diminish, if not completely undermine the strength of its operation. Institutionalised gender inequality limits women's participation in institutions and this reinforces their lack of empowerment. Women are unable to take advantage of the opening up of new markets and competition because they lack property rights;...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gender inequality; Kenya; Empowerment of women; Globalisation; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100209
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Marital Status, Farm Size and other Influences On the Extent of Cash Cropping in Kenya: A Household Case Study AgEcon
Kiriti, Tabitha; Tisdell, Clement A..
This article examines the effects of marital status, farm size and other factors on the extent of cash cropping (and allocation of land use) by means of a case study in the Nyeri district in Kenya. It was found that married women are involved in the production of a relatively greater amount of output of cash crops than unmarried women since husbands prefer to have more land under cash crops than food crops. Farmers with better quality land allocate a high proportion of it to non-food cash crops, which may expose some households to greater risks of possible famine. The proportion of land allocated to food crops declines as the farm size increases while the proportion of land allocated to non-food cash crops rises as the size of farm increases. Age is also...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural commercialisation; Marital status; Non-food cash crops; Food cash crops; Non-cash food crops.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/105586
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Migration of Husbands, Remittances and Agricultural Production: Impacts when Wives Head Households in Rural Kenya AgEcon
Kiriti, Tabitha; Tisdell, Clement A..
This paper uses data collected from migrant's wives in the Nyeri district of Kenya. The main objective is to determine whether migration and remittances contribute to the development of agriculture. Our results suggest that most migrants are pushed out of rural areas, belong to the group of low-paid workers in urban areas, send little and irregular remittances to their wives back in rural areas and that these remittances are mainly used for consumption purposes and do not contribute to any significant development in agriculture. Our results also indicate that altruism or social obligation might be the main reason for migrants sending remittances to their rural wives.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Migration; Remittances; Female-headed households; Rural investment; Agricultural development; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100211
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The Relationship between Commercial Agriculture and Food Availability to Kenyan Farm Families: A Case Study AgEcon
Kiriti, Tabitha; Tisdell, Clement A..
This article examines the effects of agricultural commercialization and other factors on per capita food availability by means of a case study in the Nyeri district in Kenya. It was found that cash cropping has a negative influence on per capita food availability in the male-headed households. This negative influence is not apparent in the female-headed households and in fact, per capita food availability rises with increased agricultural commercialization. Households of married women seem to suffer more in terms of reduced food availability than households headed by females. Husbands have control over cash income and therefore influence food purchases. They are less likely than females to use the cash for food purchases and tend to spend the cash on...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Cash cropping; Family size; Female-headed households; Male-headed households; And per capita food availability; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/105585
Registros recuperados: 10
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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