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Registros recuperados: 23
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ASSIGNING VALUES TO LIFE: COMPARING METHODS FOR VALUING HEALTH RISKS AgEcon
Kuchler, Fred; Golan, Elise H..
We examine five approaches economists and health policy analysts have developed for evaluating policy affecting health a safety: cost-of-illness, willingness-to-pay, cost-effectiveness analysis, risk-risk analysis, and health-health analysis. We examine the theoretical basis and empirical application of each approach and investigate the influences that assumptions embedded in each approach have on policy guidance. We reach four principal conclusions. First, the approaches are not interchangeable: they measure different things. Even estimates using the same approach are often not comparable because, in practice, there is little consistency in the application of any of the approaches. Second, the usefulness of each approach depends on the unit of...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34037
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Can Low-Income Americans Afford a Healthy Diet? AgEcon
Golan, Elise H.; Stewart, Hayden; Kuchler, Fred; Dong, Diansheng.
Low-income households that receive maximum food assistance benefits usually can afford a healthy diet; others may have more difficulty.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122581
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Consumers Cut Back on Convenience But Not Necessarily Quantity When Incomes Fall AgEcon
Kuchler, Fred.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121017
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Consumers’ Response to the 2006 Foodborne Illness Outbreak Linked to Spinach AgEcon
Arnade, Carlos Anthony; Calvin, Linda; Kuchler, Fred.
Consumers responded to the Food and Drug Administration’s September 2006 warnings to avoid eating spinach because of possible contamination with E. coli O157:H7. While spinach expenditures fell, consumers turned to other leafy greens as substitutes. The longer term drop in retail expenditures on fresh spinach products was almost matched by gains in expenditures on other leafy greens.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122144
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DID BSE ANNOUNCEMENTS REDUCE BEEF PURCHASES? AgEcon
Kuchler, Fred; Tegene, Abebayehu.
This study examines consumers’ retail purchases of beef and beef products for evidence of a response to the 2003 U.S. government announcements of finding cows infected with Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). We constructed weekly estimates of quantities of beef products consumers purchased from 1998 through 2004 using ACNielsen Homescan data. While the variance in purchases was large, most could be explained by trend and seasonality. Deviations from established purchase patterns following the BSE announcements varied across beef products, but were limited to no more than 2 weeks in all cases.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food safety; Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy; BSE; Retail beef purchases; Government announcements; Retrospective analysis; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7251
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ECONOMICS OF FOOD LABELING AgEcon
Golan, Elise H.; Kuchler, Fred; Mitchell, Lorraine.
Federal intervention in food labeling is often proposed with the aim of achieving a social goal such as improving human health and safety, mitigating environmental hazards, averting international trade disputes, or supporting domestic agricultural and food manufacturing industries. Economic theory suggests, however, that mandatory food-labeling requirements are best suited to alleviating problems of asymmetric information and are rarely effective in redressing environmental or other spillovers associated with food production and consumption. Theory also suggests that the appropriate role for government in labeling depends on the type of information involved and the level and distribution of the costs and benefits of providing that information. This report...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Labeling; Information policy; Nutrition Labeling and Education Act; Dolphin-safe tuna; National organic standards; Country-of-origin labels; Biotech food labeling; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34069
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Estimating the Impact of Medication on Diabetics’' Diet and Lifestyle Choices AgEcon
Mancino, Lisa; Kuchler, Fred.
The objective of this study is to estimate how differences in diet quality, physical activity, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption and bodyweight correlate with whether or not an individual has been diagnosed with diabetes, and whether or not an individual uses medication to manage his or her health condition. Knowing if and how individuals choose to substitute medication for adopting a better diet or a healthier lifestyle provides insight into the welfare effects of changing access to prescribed medication and other proposed interventions to improve diet and health. Knowing how behaviors correlate with socio-economic characteristics also sheds light on ways to improve the efficacy of public health education.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21459
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Food Safety and Spinach Demand: A Generalized Error Correction Model AgEcon
Arnade, Carlos Anthony; Kuchler, Fred; Calvin, Linda.
We estimate an error correction model representing demand for leafy green vegetables but generalize the structure to allow for adjustment to one conspicuous shock. We investigate whether the adjustment rate to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) 2006 warning that fresh spinach was contaminated with deadly bacteria was distinct from the overall adjustment rate. Our model allows consumers to correct both for past errors and for any errors in their reaction to the shock. This method yields an estimate of the adjustment rate to the policy shock and points to an improved estimate of the duration of policy impacts.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Error correction model; Adjustment rates; AIDS demand model; Retail food demand; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117775
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Food Safety and Spinach Demand: A Shock Correction Model AgEcon
Arnade, Carlos Anthony; Calvin, Linda; Kuchler, Fred.
This paper generalizes the standard error correction model and applies this more general modeling procedure to an analysis of the spinach e-coli outbreak on consumer demand.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: E-Coli; Error Correction Model; Spinach; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49208
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IDENTIFYING PRIORITIES FOR PESTICIDE RESIDUE REDUCTION AgEcon
Kuchler, Fred; Ralston, Katherine L.; Unnevehr, Laurian J..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Pesticide residues; Dietary intakes; Dietary risks; Fruits and vegetables; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25963
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Is There a Role for Government in Reducing the Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity? AgEcon
Kuchler, Fred; Golan, Elise H..
Obesity is a sizable problem. Gaps in consumer information and the contribution of obesity to societal costs raise the possibility for government policy actions. However, any such action must be justified by benefits in excess of policy-induced costs.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94022
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Market Failures: When the Invisible Hand Gets Shaky AgEcon
Ribaudo, Marc; Kuchler, Fred; Mancino, Lisa.
Government intervention in agricultural markets may be warranted under circumstances where markets fail to allocate resources efficiently.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122582
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Market Response to a Food Safety Shock: The 2006 Foodborne Illness Outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 Linked to Spinach AgEcon
Arnade, Carlos Anthony; Calvin, Linda; Kuchler, Fred.
In 2006 FDA announced that consumers should not eat fresh spinach in the wake of a large foodborne illness outbreak of E. coli O157:H7. This paper investigates response of consumers to the announcement. We use an AIDS demand model with 5 food safety shock variables and retail scanner data to analyze market response. Even fifteen months after the outbreak, predicted sales of spinach in bags were still down 10 percent from what they would have been in the absense of the food safety shock. After the outbreak, consumers shifted to other leafy greens such as bulk iceberg lettuce, other bulk lettuce, and bagged salads without spinach.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6448
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Price Trends Are Similar for Fruits, Vegetables, and Snack Foods AgEcon
Kuchler, Fred; Stewart, Hayden.
An increase in the price of fruits and vegetables relative to less healthy foods could reduce consumers’ incentives to purchase fruits and vegetables and result in less healthy diets. Whether such a change in relative prices and incentives has occurred in the United States is difficult to prove because of substantial quality improvements in many fresh fruits and vegetables. For commonly consumed fresh fruits and vegetables for which quality has remained fairly constant, analysis of price trends reveals a price decline similar to that of dessert and snack foods. This price trend evidence suggests that the price of a healthy diet has not changed relative to an unhealthy one, although a healthy diet might not include every fresh fruit or vegetable currently...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Fresh fruit and vegetable prices; Price trends; Quality change; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Financial Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56447
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Taxing Snack Foods: What to Expect for Diet and Tax Revenues AgEcon
Kuchler, Fred; Tegene, Abebayehu; Harris, James Michael.
Health researchers and health policy advocates have proposed levying excise taxes on snack foods as a possible way to address the growing prevalence of obesity and overweight in the United States. Some proposals suggest higher prices alone will change consumers' diets. Others claim that change will be possible if earmarked taxes are used to fund an information program. This research examines the potential impact of excise taxes on snack foods, using baseline data from a household survey of food purchases. To illustrate likely impacts, we examine how much salty snack purchases might be reduced under varying excise tax rates and possible consumer price responses. We find that relatively low tax rates of 1 cent per pound and 1 percent of value would not...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Public Economics.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33607
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The Effects of Avian Influenza News on Consumer Purchasing Behavior: A Case Study of Italian Consumers' Retail Purchases AgEcon
Beach, Robert H.; Kuchler, Fred; Leibtag, Ephraim S.; Zhen, Chen.
To better understand how information about potential health hazards influences food demand, this case study examines consumers’ responses to newspaper articles on avian influenza, informally referred to as bird flu. The focus here is on the response to bird flu information in Italy as news about highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza (HPAI H5N1) unfolded in the period October 2004 through October 2006, beginning after reports of the first outbreaks in Southeast Asia and extending beyond the point at which outbreaks were reported in Western Europe. Estimated poultry demand, as influenced by the volume of newspaper reports on bird flu, reveals the magnitude and duration of newspaper articles’ impacts on consumers’ food choices. Larger numbers of bird flu...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Avian influenza; Bird flu; Consumer behavior; Food safety; Poultry sales and consumption; Risk perception and response; Agricultural and Food Policy; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56477
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The Impacts of Food Safety Information on Meat Demand: A Cross-Commodity Approach Using U.S. Household Data AgEcon
Piggott, Nicholas E.; Taylor, Mykel R.; Kuchler, Fred.
The potential impacts of a food safety event on consumer demand for meat is of significant concern to producers, packers, processors, retail businesses, and the USDA. This study investigates whether publicized food safety information from the printed media on beef, pork, and poultry, impacts the demand for these commodities. A four commodity complete demand system is employed using monthly household level data on meat purchases collected by the Nielsen Company, with separate food safety indices incorporated for beef, pork, and poultry. Results from the analysis indicate that consumers purchase relatively high levels of pre-committed quantities of pork, chicken, and turkey, while beef consumption appears to be primarily from supernumerary expenditures....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9752
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Traceability for Food Safety and Quality Assurance: Mandatory Systems Miss the Mark AgEcon
Golan, Elise H.; Krissoff, Barry; Kuchler, Fred; Nelson, Kenneth E.; Price, Gregory K.; Calvin, Linda.
Traceability systems are record-keeping systems that are primarily used to help keep foods with different attributes separate from one another. When information about a particular attribute of a food product is systematically recorded from creation through marketing, traceability for that attribute is established. Recently, policy makers in many countries have begun weighing the usefulness of mandatory traceability for managing such diverse problems as the threat of bio-terrorism, country-of-origin labelling, mad cow disease, and identification of genetically engineered foods. The question before policymakers is, When is mandatory traceability a useful and appropriate policy choice?
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45724
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Traceability in the US Food Supply: Dead End or Superhighway? AgEcon
Golan, Elise H.; Crissoff, Barry; Kuchler, Fred; Nelson, Kenneth B.; Price, Gregory K.; Calvin, Linda.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93723
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TRACEABILITY IN THE U.S. FOOD SUPPLY: ECONOMIC THEORY AND INDUSTRY STUDIES AgEcon
Golan, Elise H.; Krissoff, Barry; Kuchler, Fred; Calvin, Linda; Nelson, Kenneth E.; Price, Gregory K..
This investigation into the traceability baseline in the United States finds that private sector food firms have developed a substantial capacity to trace. Traceability systems are a tool to help firms manage the flow of inputs and products to improve efficiency, product differentiation, food safety, and product quality. Firms balance the private costs and benefits of traceability to determine the efficient level of traceability. In cases of market failure, where the private sector supply of traceability is not socially optimal, the private sector has developed a number of mechanisms to correct the problem, including contracting, third-party safety/quality audits, and industry-maintained standards. The best-targeted government policies for strengthening...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Traceability; Tracking; Traceback; Tracing; Recall; Supply-side management; Food safety; Product differentiation; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33939
Registros recuperados: 23
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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