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Levels and trends of brominated flame retardants in the European environment 5
Law, Robin J.; Allchin, Colin R; De Boer, Jacob; Covaci, Adrian; Herzke, Dorte; Lepom, Peter; Morris, Steven; Tronczynski, Jacek; De Wit, Cynthia A.
In this paper, we review those data which have recently become available for brominated flame retardants (particularly the brominated diphenyl ethers (BDEs) and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD)) in samples from the European environment. Environmental compartments studied comprise the atmosphere, sediments and soils. sewage sludges. and a variety of biological samples and food chains. This is currently a very active research area, and we cite over 70 studies reported in the literature during 2003-04. Findings include that the input of BDEs (especially BDE209) to the Baltic Sea by atmospheric deposition now exceeds that of PCBs by a factor of almost 40 times. Sewage sludge samples from both industrial and background locations show concentrations of BDEs. HBCD...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biota; Sewage sludge; Soil; Sediment; Atmosphere; Europe; Tetrabromobisphenol A; Hexabromocyclododecane; Polybrominated diphenyl ethers; Brominated flame retardants.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1685.pdf
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Marine Strategy Framework Directive. task group 8 : report contaminants and pollution effects 5
Law, R.; Hanke, Georg; Angelidis, Michael; Batty, J.; Bignert, A.; Dachs, J.; Davies, I.; Denga, Y.; Duffek, A.; Herut, B.; Hylland, K.; Lepom, Peter; Leonards, P.; Mehtonen, J.; Piha, Henna; Roose, J.; Tronczynski, Jacek; Velikova, V.; Vethaak, D..
The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (2008/56/EC) (MSFD) requires that the European Commission (by 15 July 2010) should lay down criteria and methodological standards to allow consistency in approach in evaluating the extent to which Good Environmental Status (GES) is being achieved. ICES and JRC were contracted to provide scientific support for the Commission in meeting this obligation. A total of 10 reports have been prepared relating to the descriptors of GES listed in Annex I of the Directive. Eight reports have been prepared by groups of independent experts coordinated by JRC and ICES in response to this contract. In addition, reports for two descriptors (Contaminants in fish and other seafood and Marine Litter) were written by expert groups...
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Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00077/18847/16420.pdf
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Passive Sampling in Regulatory Chemical Monitoring of Nonpolar Organic Compounds in the Aquatic Environment 5
Booij, Kees; Robinson, Craig D.; Burgess, Robert M.; Mayer, Philipp; Roberts, Cindy A.; Ahrens, Lutz; Allan, Ian J.; Brant, Jan; Jones, Lisa; Kraus, Uta R.; Larsen, Martin M.; Lepom, Peter; Petersen, Joerdis; Proefrock, Daniel; Roose, Patrick; Schaefer, Sabine; Smedes, Foppe; Tixier, Celine; Vorkamp, Katrin; Whitehouse, Paul.
We reviewed compliance monitoring requirements in the European Union, the United States, and the Oslo-Paris Convention for the protection of the marine environment of the North-East Atlantic, and evaluated if these are met by passive sampling methods for nonpolar compounds. The strengths and shortcomings of passive sampling are assessed for water, sediments, and biota. Passive water sampling is a suitable technique for measuring concentrations of freely dissolved compounds. This method yields results that are incompatible with the EU's quality standard definition in terms of total concentrations in water, but this definition has little scientific basis. Insufficient quality control is a present weakness of passive sampling in water. Laboratory performance...
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Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00311/42255/41592.pdf
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