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Biodiversity and human-pathogenicity of Phialophora verrucosa and relatives in Chaetothyriales Naturalis
Li, Y.; Xiao, J.; Hoog, , G.S. de; Wang, X.; Wan, Z.; Yu, J.; Liu, W.; Li, R..
Phialophora as defined by its type species P. verrucosa is a genus of Chaetothyriales, and a member of the group known as ‘black yeasts and relatives’. Phialophora verrucosa has been reported from mutilating human infections such as chromoblastomycosis, disseminated phaeohyphomycosis and mycetoma, while morphologically similar fungi are rather commonly isolated from the environment. Phenotypes are insufficient for correct species identification, and molecular data have revealed significant genetic variation within the complex of species currently identified as P. verrucosa or P. americana. Multilocus analysis of 118 strains revealed the existence of five reproductively isolated species apparently having different infectious potentials. Strains of the...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Chaetothyriales; Chromoblastomycosis; Phaeohyphomycosis; Phialophora; Phylogeny; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/614056
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Phylogeography and evolutionary patterns in Sporothrix spanning more than 14 000 human and animal case reports Naturalis
Zhang, Y.; Hagen, F.; Stielow, B.; Rodrigues, A.M.; Samerpitak, K.; Zhou, X.; Feng, P.; Yang, L.; Chen, M.; Deng, S.; Li, S.; Liao, W.; Li, R.; Li, F.; Meis, J.F.; Guarro, J.; Teixeira, M.; Al-Zahrani, H.S.; Pires de Camargo, Z.; Zhang, L.; Hoog, G.S. de.
Pathology to vertebrate hosts has emerged repeatedly in the order Ophiostomatales. Occasional infections have been observed in Sporothrix mexicana at a low level of virulence, while the main pathogenic species cluster in a derived clade around S. schenckii s.str. In this paper, phylogeny and epidemiology of the members of this clade were investigated for 99 clinical and 36 environmental strains using four genetic loci, viz. rDNA ITS and partial CAL, TEF1, and TEF3; data are compared with amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) genotyping. The four main species of the pathogenic clade were recognised. The species proved to show high degrees of endemicity, which enabled interpretation of literature data where live material or genetic information is...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Epidemiology; Historical biogeography; Phylogeny; Sapronosis; Sporothrix; Sporotrichosis; Transmission routes; Yeast conversion; Zoonosis.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/588679
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