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Registros recuperados: 23
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Agriculture in the Uruguay Round: A Perspective from the Political Economy of Protectionism AgEcon
MacLaren, Donald.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12457
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AJAE Appendix: De-regulation as (Welfare Reducing) Trade Reform: The Case of the Australian Wheat Board AgEcon
McCorriston, Steve; MacLaren, Donald.
The material contained herein is supplementary to the article named in the title and published in the American Journal of Agricultural Economics,Volume 89, Number 3, August 2007.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7407
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ALTERNATIVE OLIGOPOLISTIC STRUCTURES IN INTERNATIONAL COMMODITY MARKETS: PRICE OR QUANTITY COMPETITION? AgEcon
Carter, Colin A.; MacLaren, Donald.
It has been shown in new trade theory that trade taxes/subsidies may be optimal in the case of oligopolistic markets. This result has relevance for international commodity markets because there is growing evidence of imperfect competition in commodity trade. However, it has also been demonstrated that the optimal strategic trade policy depends on whether the market is distinguished by Bertrand (price) or Cournot (quantity) competition. We argue that commodity markets may be characterised by either form of imperfect competition and also by product differentiation. As an illustration, we present a set of models of the Japanese market for beef imports in which account is taken of various forms of strategic interaction between Australian and United States...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Strategic trade theory; Imperfect competition; Oligopolistic international commodity markets; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51223
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An Assessment of the Economic Effects of COFCO AgEcon
MacLaren, Donald; McCorriston, Steve.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55026
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Book reviews AgEcon
MacLaren, Donald; Marsh, Sally P..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117999
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COMPETITION POLICY AND INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL TRADE AgEcon
MacLaren, Donald; Josling, Timothy E..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14585
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CONSUMERS’ PREFERENCES, CREDENCE GOODS AND THE WTO SPS AGREEMENT AgEcon
MacLaren, Donald.
The SPS Agreement in the WTO exists to regulate the use of import barriers to protect, inter alia, human health. Yet consumers’ preferences for food safety or for other information about food, play no part in the Agreement. The purpose in this paper is to argue that consumers’ preferences should be taken into account for food products which possess the credence characteristic, quality.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57915
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Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Australia and New Zealand AgEcon
Anderson, Kym; Lattimore, Ralph G.; Lloyd, Peter J.; MacLaren, Donald.
In 1990, Australia and New Zealand were ranked around 25th and 35th in terms of GNP per capita, having been the highest-income countries in the world one hundred years earlier. The poor performance over that long period contrasts markedly with that of the past 15 years, when these two economies out-performed most other high-income countries. This difference in growth performance is due to major economic policy reforms during the past two to three decades. We provide new evidence on the extent of governmental distortions to agricultural incentives in particular in the two economies since the late 1940s, both directly and indirectly (and negatively) via manufacturing protection.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Distorted incentives; Agricultural and trade policy reform; Agricultural and Food Policy; F13; F14; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10407
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Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Australia and New Zealand AgEcon
Anderson, Kym; Lattimore, Ralph G.; Lloyd, Peter J.; MacLaren, Donald.
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Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Distorted incentives; Agricultural and trade policy reforms; National agricultural development; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; F13; F14; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48387
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DOMESTIC SUPPORT: ISSUES AND OPTIONS IN THE AGRICULTURAL NEGOTIATIONS AgEcon
Kennedy, P. Lynn; Brink, Lars; Dyck, John H.; MacLaren, Donald.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14622
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HOW COMPETITIVE IS THE WORLD WHEAT MARKET? AgEcon
Carter, Colin A.; MacLaren, Donald; Yilmaz, Alper.
Japan is one of the largest importers of wheat in the world, with imports originating from three countries, Australia, Canada, and the United States. Australia, Canada, and Japan all use a government single-desk agency to control wheat trade. Many previous studies on competition in the world grain trade have argued the market is imperfectly competitive, and they often point to the Japanese market. We study the Japanese wheat import market for this reason, but find no compelling evidence of imperfect competition.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Wheat trade; Competition; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; F14; L10; Q17.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11973
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IMPLEMENTATION OF THE URUGUAY ROUND AGREEMENT ON AGRICULTURE AND ISSUES FOR THE NEXT ROUND OF AGRICULTURAL NEGOTIATIONS AgEcon
Tangermann, Stefan; Honma, Masayoshi; Josling, Timothy E.; Lee, Jaeok; MacLaren, Donald; McClatchy, Don; Miner, William M.; Pursell, Garry; Sumner, Daniel A.; Valdes, Alberto.
Contact for this paper: Stefan Tangermann, Institute of Agricultural Economics, University of Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany. Among the many new achievements made in the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations, the ambitious and wide-ranging Agreement on Agriculture (The Agreement) was a significant departure from the way agriculture had traditionally been treated in the international trading order. Completely new rules and commitments were established in the areas of market access, export competition and domestic support. While it was generally agreed that the nature of these new WTO provisions for agriculture pointed in an appropriate direction and held promise for the longer run process of reforming the multilateral trading regime for agriculture, it was...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14618
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International Trade In Dairy Products: Processors Market Power AgEcon
Seyoum, Emayenesh; Goddard, Ellen W.; MacLaren, Donald; Griffith, Garry R..
In the past two decades there has been a considerable amount of research conducted into the international price and trade effects of government intervention in the dairy industries of several countries. Recently, the conclusions of those studies have been questioned owing to the rising concentration in the processor sector. Since processors are increasingly multinational in nature and a few of them are operating around the globe, there is a possibility that the processors will influence both the farm and retail prices through their having market power.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Multinational; Processor market power; Dairy products; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58256
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ISSUES IN REFORMING TARIFF-RATE IMPORT QUOTAS IN THE AGREEMENT ON AGRICULTURE IN THE WTO AgEcon
de Gorter, Harry; Abbott, Philip C.; Barichello, Richard R.; Boughner, Devry S.; Bureau, Jean-Christophe; Choi, Jung-Sup; Coleman, Jonathan R.; Herrmann, Roland; Kramb, Marc Christopher; Sheldon, Ian M.; Liapis, Peter S.; MacLaren, Donald; Moennich, Christina; Morse, B. Adair; Skully, David W.; Sumner, Daniel A.; Tangermann, Stefan.
Contents: The Economics of Tariff Rate Quotas and the Effects of Trade Liberalization; TRQs and GATT Rules; An Overview of Tariffs, Quotas and Imports Worldwide; TRQs in the European Union; U.S. TRQs for Sugar, Tobacco and Peanuts; Dairy TRQs in the United States; Tariff Rate Quota Implementation and Administration by Developing Countries; Management of Tariff Rate Quotas in Korea and Japan; Tariff Rate Quota Administration in Canadian Agriculture; The Case of Australia and New Zealand Facing TRQs; The 1999 WTO Panel Report on the EU's Common Market Organization for Bananas; Assessment
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14617
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Measuring assistance to the agricultural industry in Australia using a Production Assistance Index AgEcon
MacLaren, Donald; Lloyd, Peter J..
The history of the reforms of the assistance given to Australian agriculture over the past fifty years is a remarkable story, especially when contrasted with the experiences of most other OECD countries. The effects of these reforms have been captured by the Productivity Commission (and its predecessors) and by Lloyd through time series of the nominal rates of assistance to individual agricultural commodities and to the industry as a whole. In this paper the concept of a partial equilibrium production assistance index is developed to obtain a more accurate picture of the implicit welfare consequences of this assistance for the period 1955-59 to 2000-04. This index is a mean of order 2. It is shown that the conventional average, the mean of order 1,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Production Assistance Index; Industry assistance; Trade Restrictiveness Index; Australian agricultural policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6033
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Risk assessment and management of genetically modified organisms under Australia's Gene Technology Act AgEcon
Linacre, Nicholas A.; Falck-Zepeda, Jose Benjamin; Komen, John; MacLaren, Donald.
Compared to both Canada and the United States, Australia has been slow to approve commercial planting of transgenic crops. Two probable reasons exist for the slow approval rate of transgenic crops in Australia. The first reason is community perceptions about the risks associated with transgenic technologies. The second is the regulatory framework currently employed to approve commercial releases. This paper examines some of the potential regulatory issues that may be affecting the review process and approval of transgenic technologies. First we provide a brief introduction to the regulatory structure in Australia, second we consider the impact of regional, national and state jurisdictions, third we argue that the regulator needs to consider the use of...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Risk assessment; Biotechnology; Environmental risk; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55414
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The Economic Effects of State Trading Enterprises: Market Access and Market Failure AgEcon
McCorriston, Steve; MacLaren, Donald.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25326
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The Trade and Welfare Effects of State Trading in China AgEcon
McCorriston, Steve; MacLaren, Donald.
State trading is a common feature in the management of imports and exports of agricultural products and it has been a long-standing feature of China’s agricultural trade regime. While the use of state trading was modified by China’s accession to the WTO, it remains a dominant feature for some commodities, even although there have been recent attempts to diminish its importance. In this paper, we review the role that the state trading enterprise (STE), COFCO, continues to play in the importing and exporting of some agricultural commodities. We then review the economic theory that has been developed to measure the tariff equivalent of importing state trading enterprises. Finally, we apply that theory through a calibration exercise to measure the tariff...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade Policy; State Trading Enterprises; China; Industrial Organization; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51203
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The Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture: A New World Order for Agricultural Trade? AgEcon
MacLaren, Donald.
Agriculture has been successfully brought back into the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. In this review, which is intended to draw heavily on a set of unpublished conference papers, a brief history of the issues, the proposals and the outcomes for agriculture are presented. The possible implications for the agricultural sectors of the Australian and New Zealand economies are discussed. The formation of regional trading arrangements and their place in a multilateral trading environment is analysed. Agricultural trade and environmental issues are discussed within the context of the Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement. Finally, some items for the future agenda are presented.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12468
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THE URUGUAY ROUND AGREEMENT ON AGRICULTURE: AN EVALUATION AgEcon
Josling, Timothy E.; Honma, Masayoshi; Lee, Jaeok; MacLaren, Donald; Miner, William M.; Sumner, Daniel A.; Tangermann, Stefan; Valdes, Alberto.
Contact for this paper: Laura Bipes/University of Minnesota/Department of Applied Economics/ 1994 Buford Avenue./ St. Paul, MN 55108 USA. From the start, agriculture played a central role in the Uruguay Round of GATT trade negotiations. The Punta del Este Declaration called for a solution to the problems facing agricultural trade through modified trade rules and an agreement to lower protection levels. It was recognized that such an improvement implied negotiations on the national farm policies as well as just trade policies. The time that it took to reach agreement reflected the political sensitivity and technical complexity of this task. The Agreement embodied in the Final Act of the Uruguay Round breaks new ground for agriculture, and takes a big...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14621
Registros recuperados: 23
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