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Registros recuperados: 16
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ATTRITION IN LONGITUDINAL HOUSEHOLD SURVEY DATA: SOME TESTS FOR THREE DEVELOPING-COUNTRY SAMPLES AgEcon
Alderman, Harold; Behrman, Jere R.; Kohler, Hans-Peter; Maluccio, John A.; Watkins, Susan Cotts.
Longitudinal household data can have considerable advantages over much more widely used cross-sectional data. The collection of longitudinal data, however, may be difficult and expensive. One problem that has concerned many analysts is that sample attrition may make the interpretation of estimates problematic. Such attrition may be particularly severe in areas where there is considerable mobility because of migration between rural and urban areas. Many analysts share the intuition that attrition is likely to be selective on characteristics such as schooling and that high attrition is likely to bias estimates made from longitudinal data. This paper considers the extent of and implications of attrition for three longitudinal household surveys from Bolivia,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16423
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ATTRITION IN THE KWAZULU NATAL INCOME DYNAMICS STUDY, 1993-1998 AgEcon
Maluccio, John A..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15969
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ATTRITION IN THE KWAZULU NATAL INCOME DYNAMICS STUDY, 1993-1998 AgEcon
Maluccio, John A..
Panel (or longitudinal) data often provide an understanding of the dynamic behavior of individual households not possible with cross-sectional or time-series information alone. However, a disturbing feature of this type of survey in both developed and developing countries is that there is often substantial, nonrandom attrition. Therefore, an important concern is the extent to which attrition inhibits inferences made using the data. This note examines attrition in the KwaZulu-Natal Income Dynamics Study (1993– 1998) and assesses the extent of attrition bias for a specific empirical example. The analysis shows that 1993 first round nonresponse is largely unrelated to observable characteristics of the communities other than indicators of migration activity....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16389
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Coping with the “Coffee Crisis” in Central America: The Role of the Nicaraguan Red de Protección Social AgEcon
Maluccio, John A..
The international and local Nicaraguan media have widely reported on the “coffee crisis” in Latin America and there is substantial evidence that there has been a downturn and that this has been more severe in the coffee-growing regions. Using household panel data from a randomized community-based intervention carried out in both coffee- and noncoffee-growing areas, I examine the role of a conditional cash transfer program, the Red de Protección Social (RPS), during this downturn. While not designed as a traditional safety net program in the sense of reacting or adjusting to crises or shocks, RPS has performed like one, with larger estimated program effects for those who were more severely affected by the downturn. For example, it protected households...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Conditional cash transfer program; Coffee crisis; Social safety net; Nicaragua; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59589
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ENDOGENEITY OF SCHOOLING IN THE WAGE FUNCTION: EVIDENCE FROM THE RURAL PHILIPPINES AgEcon
Maluccio, John A..
This paper evaluates the effect (in terms of private returns) of investment in education on wages in the rural Philippines. Statistical endogeneity of education in the wage function may result from (1) unobserved determinants of education that also influence wages and/or (2) measurement error. Panel data are used that provide relevant instruments, particularly distance to schools and measures of household resources, at the time of schooling, to endogenize investments in education while estimating wage functions. The estimated return to education increases more than 60 percent when education is endogenized. This increase is robust to the inclusion of a measure of health, models of selection into the sample, and measurement error. The paper suggests how...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94857
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Impact Evaluation of a Conditional Cash Transfer Program: The Nicaraguan Red de Proteccion Social AgEcon
Maluccio, John A.; Flores, Rafael.
In the 1990s Mexico launched a new social program—PROGRESA (now known as Oportunidades). As a conditional cash transfer program, PROGRESA integrated investment in human capital with access to a social safety net. From 1998 to 2000, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) assisted in evaluating the program. Much of the ensuing research is summarized in IFPRI Research Report 139 by Emmanuel Skoufias. Since the inception of PROGRESA, several countries, particularly in Latin America, have implemented similar programs. One reason for the growing popularity of these programs is that, by encompassing various dimensions of human capital, including nutritional status, health, and education, they are able to influence many of the key indicators...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Red de Protección Social (Nicaragua); Evaluation; Economic assistance; Domestic; Nicaragua; Public welfare; Child welfare; Poverty; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37889
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INTRAHOUSEHOLD ALLOCATION AND GENDER RELATIONS: NEW EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM FOUR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AgEcon
Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Maluccio, John A..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15932
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INTRAHOUSEHOLD ALLOCATION AND GENDER RELATIONS: NEW EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM FOUR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AgEcon
Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Maluccio, John A..
The paper reviews recent theory and empirical evidence testing unitary versus collective models of the household. In contrast to the unitary model, the collective model posits that individuals within households have different preferences and do not pool their income. Moreover, the collective model predicts that intrahousehold allocations reflect differences in preferences and "bargaining power" of individuals within the household. Using new household data sets from Bangladesh, Indonesia, Ethiopia, and South Africa, we present measures of individual characteristics that are highly correlated with bargaining power, namely human capital and individually-controlled assets, evaluated at the time of marriage. In all country case studies we reject the unitary...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16460
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SOCIAL CAPITAL AND COPING WITH ECONOMIC SHOCKS: AN ANALYSIS OF STUNTING OF SOUTH AFRICAN CHILDREN AgEcon
Carter, Michael R.; Maluccio, John A..
South African households live in an environment characterized by risks, and many face a significant probability of experiencing economic losses that threaten their daily subsistence. Using household panel data that include directly solicited information on economic shocks and employing household fixed-effects estimation, we explore how well households cope with shocks by examining the effects of shocks on child nutritional status. Unlike in the idealized village community, some households appear unable to insure against risk, particularly when others in their communities simultaneously suffer large losses. Households in communities with more social capital, however, seem better able to weather shocks.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16401
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SOCIAL CAPITAL AND COPING WITH ECONOMIC SHOCKS: AN ANALYSIS OF STUNTING OF SOUTH AFRICAN CHILDREN AgEcon
Carter, Michael R.; Maluccio, John A..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15982
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SOCIAL CAPITAL AND INCOME GENERATION IN SOUTH AFRICA, 1993-98 AgEcon
Maluccio, John A.; Haddad, Lawrence James; May, Julian.
The goal of this paper is to determine the nature of the causal relationship between "social capital," as measured by household membership in formal and informal groups and household welfare in South Africa. Using a recently collected panel data set in South Africa's largest province, we estimate per capita expenditure functions and find a positive and significant impact of household-level social capital. For example, after controlling for fixed effects, social capital has no impact on per capita expenditure in 1993 but positive and significant effects in 1998. We interpret this as reflecting structural changes in the South African economy as it removes the many restrictions that underlay apartheid.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94849
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THE COST OF POVERTY ALLEVIATION TRANSFER PROGRAMS: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THREE PROGRAMS IN LATIN AMERICA AgEcon
Caldes, Natalia; Coady, David P.; Maluccio, John A..
A common criticism of antipoverty programs is that the high share of administrative (nontransfer) costs substantially reduces their effectiveness in alleviating poverty. Yet there is surprisingly little hard empirical evidence on such programs' costs. A recent international review of targeted poverty alleviation programs in less developed countries found cost information--which was rarely comparable between studies--for fewer than one-third of the programs examined. Improved information and a better understanding of the costs of such programs are crucial for effective policymaking. This study proposes and implements a methodology for a comparative analysis of the level and structure of costs of three similar poverty alleviation programs in Latin America,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16419
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THE COST OF POVERTY ALLEVIATION TRANSFER PROGRAMS: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THREE PROGRAMS IN LATIN AMERICA AgEcon
Caldes, Natalia; Coady, David P.; Maluccio, John A..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16007
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The Impact of an Experimental Nutritional Intervention in Childhood on Education among Guatemalan Adults AgEcon
Maluccio, John A.; Hoddinott, John; Behrman, Jere R.; Martorell, Reynaldo; Quisumbing, Agnes R.; Stein, Aryeh D..
Early childhood nutrition is thought to have important effects on education, broadly defined to include various forms of learning. We advance beyond previous literature on early childhood nutrition on education in developing countries by (1) using unique longitudinal data from a nutritional experiment with lifetime educational measures; (2) avoiding confounding the estimates by excluding potentially endogenous right-side variables; and (3) using estimators that allow for nonnormal distributions. Our results indicate significantly positive, and fairly substantial, effects of the randomized intervention a quarter century after it ended: increased grade attainment by women, via increased likelihood of entering and completing primary school and some secondary...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Early childhood nutrition; Education; Nutritional intervention; Guatemala; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55896
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TRUST, MEMBERSHIP IN GROUPS AND HOUSEHOLD WELFARE: EVIDENCE FROM KWAZULU-NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA AgEcon
Haddad, Lawrence James; Maluccio, John A..
This paper explores the relationship between group membership and trust. Specifically, we examine (1) the importance of trust in the decision to join groups, (2) the subsequent ability of groups to generate trust, and (3) the influence of group membership and trust on a measure of well-being, per capita household income. We use longitudinal data from KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa, allowing us to control for potential simultaneity and measurement-error problems in the estimation. We disaggregate groups into financial and nonfinancial and “trust in people” by type of agent or actor. We can thus examine whether different types of trust are important for participating in different types of groups and whether different types of group participation are...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16426
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TRUST, MEMBERSHIP IN GROUPS AND HOUSEHOLD WELFARE: EVIDENCE FROM KWAZULU-NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA AgEcon
Haddad, Lawrence James; Maluccio, John A..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15951
Registros recuperados: 16
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