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Registros recuperados: 8
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Additive effects of climate change on connectivity between marine protected areas and larval supply to fished areas 5
Andrello, Marco; Mouillot, David; Somot, Samuel; Thuiller, Wilfried; Manel, Stephanie.
AimTo study the combined effects of climate change on connectivity between marine protected areas (MPAs) and larval supply to the continental shelf. LocationThe Mediterranean Sea, where sea surface temperatures are expected to strongly increase by the end of the 21st century, represents an archetypal situation with a dense MPA network but resource overexploitation outside. MethodsUsing an individual-based mechanistic model of larval transport, forced with an emission-driven regional climate change scenario for the Mediterranean Sea, we explored the combined effects of changes in hydrodynamics, adult reproductive timing and larval dispersal on the connectivity among MPAs and their ability to seed fished areas with larvae. ResultsWe show that, over the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biophysical model; Conservation planning; Epinephelus marginatus; Larval dispersal; Larval growth rate; Reproductive timing.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00627/73867/73398.pdf
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Biologically representative and well-connected marine reserves enhance biodiversity persistence in conservation planning 5
Magris, Rafael A.; Andrello, Marco; Pressey, Robert L.; Mouillot, David; Dalongeville, Alicia; Jacobi, Martin N.; Manel, Stephanie.
Current methods in conservation planning for promoting the persistence of biodiversity typically focus on either representing species geographic distributions or maintaining connectivity between reserves, but rarely both, and take a focal species, rather than a multispecies, approach. Here, we link prioritization methods with population models to explore the impact of integrating both representation and connectivity into conservation planning for species persistence. Using data on 288 Mediterranean fish species with varying conservation requirements, we show that: (1) considering both representation and connectivity objectives provides the best strategy for enhanced biodiversity persistence and (2) connectivity objectives were fundamental to enhancing...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biodiversity conservation; Larval dispersal; Marine protected areas; Marine reserve design; Spatial planning; Spatial prioritization.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00454/56593/74958.pdf
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Combining six genome scan methods to detect candidate genes to salinity in the Mediterranean striped red mullet (Mullus surmuletus) 5
Dalongeville, Alicia; Benestan, Laura; Mouillot, David; Lobreaux, Stephane; Manel, Stephanie.
Background: Adaptive genomics may help predicting how a species will respond to future environmental changes. Genomic signatures of local adaptation in marine organisms are often driven by environmental selective agents impacting the physiology of organisms. With one of the highest salinity level, the Mediterranean Sea provides an excellent model to investigate adaptive genomic divergence underlying salinity adaptation. In the present study, we combined six genome scan methods to detect potential genomic signal of selection in the striped red mullet (Mullus surmuletus) populations distributed across a wide salinity gradient. We then blasted these outlier sequences on published fish genomic resources in order to identify relevant potential candidate genes...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Adaptive genomics; Genome scan; Candidate genes; Mediterranean Sea; Mullus surmuletus; Salinity.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00438/54992/75081.pdf
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Environmental DNA illuminates the dark diversity of sharks 5
Boussarie, Germain; Bakker, Judith; Wangensteen, Owen S.; Mariani, Stefano; Bonnin, Lucas; Juhel, Jean-baptiste; Kiszka, Jeremy J.; Kulbicki, Michel; Manel, Stephanie; Robbins, William D.; Vigliola, Laurent; Mouillot, David.
In the era of "Anthropocene defaunation," large species are often no longer detected in habitats where they formerly occurred. However, it is unclear whether this apparent missing, or "dark," diversity of megafauna results from local species extirpations or from failure to detect elusive remaining individuals. We find that despite two orders of magnitude less sampling effort, environmental DNA (eDNA) detects 44% more shark species than traditional underwater visual censuses and baited videos across the New Caledonian archipelago (south-western Pacific). Furthermore, eDNA analysis reveals the presence of previously unobserved shark species in human-impacted areas. Overall, our results highlight a greater prevalence of sharks than described by traditional...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00442/55321/56837.pdf
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Extending networks of protected areas to optimize connectivity and population growth rate 5
Andrello, Marco; Jacobi, Martin Nilsson; Manel, Stephanie; Thuiller, Wilfried; Mouillot, David.
Protected areas (PAs) are recognized as the flagship tool to offset biodiversity loss on Earth. Spatial conservation planning seeks optimal designs of PAs that meet multiple targets such as biodiversity representation and population persistence. Since connectivity between PAs is a fundamental requirement for population persistence, several methods have been developed to include connectivity into PA design algorithms. Among these, the eigenvalue decomposition of the connectivity matrix allows for identifying clusters of strongly connected sites and selecting the sites contributing the most to population persistence. So far, this method was only suited to optimize an entire network of PAs without considering existing PAs in the new design. However, a more...
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00626/73860/73396.pdf
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Geographic isolation and larval dispersal shape seascape genetic patterns differently according to spatial scale 5
Dalongeville, Alicia; Andrello, Marco; Mouillot, David; Lobreaux, Stephane; Fortin, Marie-josee; Lasram, Frida; Belmaker, Jonathan; Rocklin, Delphine; Manel, Stephanie.
Genetic variation, as a basis of evolutionary change, allows species to adapt and persist in different climates and environments. Yet, a comprehensive assessment of the drivers of genetic variation at different spatial scales is still missing in marine ecosystems. Here, we investigated the influence of environment, geographic isolation, and larval dispersal on the variation in allele frequencies, using an extensive spatial sampling (47 locations) of the striped red mullet (Mullus surmuletus) in the Mediterranean Sea. Univariate multiple regressions were used to test the influence of environment (salinity and temperature), geographic isolation, and larval dispersal on single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) allele frequencies. We used Moran's eigenvector maps...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Connectivity; Ecological genetics; Marine fish; Mediterranean Sea; Mullus surmuletus; Seascape genetics; Single nucleotide polymorphism.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00454/56556/75079.pdf
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Global mismatch between fishing dependency and larval supply from marine reserves 5
Andrello, Marco; Guilhaumon, Francois; Albouy, Camille; Parravicini, Valeriano; Scholtens, Joeri; Verley, Philippe; Barange, Manuel; Sumaila, U. Rashid; Manel, Stephanie; Mouillot, David.
Marine reserves are viewed as flagship tools to protect exploited species and to contribute to the effective management of coastal fisheries. Yet, the extent to which marine reserves are globally interconnected and able to effectively seed areas, where fisheries are most critical for food and livelihood security is largely unknown. Using a hydrodynamic model of larval dispersal, we predict that most marine reserves are not interconnected by currents and that their potential benefits to fishing areas are presently limited, since countries with high dependency on coastal fisheries receive very little larval supply from marine reserves. This global mismatch could be reversed, however, by placing new marine reserves in areas sufficiently remote to minimize...
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Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00392/50319/50997.pdf
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Low Connectivity between Mediterranean Marine Protected Areas: A Biophysical Modeling Approach for the Dusky Grouper Epinephelus marginatus 5
Andrello, Marco; Mouillot, David; Beuvier, Jonathan; Albouy, Camille; Thuiller, Wilfried; Manel, Stephanie.
Marine protected areas (MPAs) are major tools to protect biodiversity and sustain fisheries. For species with a sedentary adult phase and a dispersive larval phase, the effectiveness of MPA networks for population persistence depends on connectivity through larval dispersal. However, connectivity patterns between MPAs remain largely unknown at large spatial scales. Here, we used a biophysical model to evaluate connectivity between MPAs in the Mediterranean Sea, a region of extremely rich biodiversity that is currently protected by a system of approximately a hundred MPAs. The model was parameterized according to the dispersal capacity of the dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus, an archetypal conservation-dependent species, with high economic importance...
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Ano: 2013 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00391/50283/50924.pdf
Registros recuperados: 8
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