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Registros recuperados: 33
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Assessment of Biotechnology Policies and International Trade in Key Markets for U.S. Agriculture AgEcon
Marchant, Mary A.; Song, Baohui.
The United States leads the world in agricultural biotechnology research, adoption, commercialization, and exports. Our biotech commodities are highly dependent on international markets. Thus, any biotech policy changes by key importing countries may affect U.S. agricultural biotech product exports. This article identifies key markets for U.S. agricultural exports including biotech commodities and discusses current and proposed biotech policies in key markets for U.S. agricultural exports focusing on Canada, Mexico, Japan, the European Union (EU), and China. Among these markets, labeling of biotech products is voluntary in Canada and Mexico but is mandatory in Japan, the EU, and, most recently, in China. For the EU, U.S. corn exports were almost...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Biotechnology; Biotech policy; Corn; Cotton; International trade; Soybeans; U.S. agricultural exports; Q13; Q17; Q16; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43513
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China's Biotech Policies and Their Impacts on U.S. Agricultural Exports to China AgEcon
Song, Baohui; Marchant, Mary A..
China is a key player in global agricultural markets, and the number one importer of U.S. soybeans and cotton, whereby soybeans and cotton are two of the main biotech commodities commercialized in the United States. As of 2005, 87% of soybeans and 79% of cotton planted in the U.S. were biotech. Thus, changes in China's biotech policies may have a significant impact on U.S. biotech commodity exports to China. An understanding of the evolution of China's biotech regulations and factors that may influence China's future biotech policies is crucial for both U.S. producers and policymakers. This article introduces the development of China's biotech regulations in detail. Focusing on soybeans and cotton, the impact of China's biotech policy changes on U.S. trade...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25661
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China’s Soybean Imports — Price Impacts using a Production System Approach AgEcon
Chen, Wei; Marchant, Mary A.; Muhammad, Andrew.
A differential production model is applied to study how soybean and soybean oil imports from the U.S., Brazil and Argentina compete on China’s markets and how China’s domestic prices of soybean meal and oil impact the country’s imports. The results support a presumption that China’s soybean imports from global markets are impacted by China’s domestic soybean meal price but not by the soybean oil price.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Soybean imports; Differential production model; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56528
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Chinese Consumers' Preferences for Livestock Products AgEcon
Peng, Xuehua; Marchant, Mary A.; Qin, Xiang Dong; Zhuang, Jun.
Based on a consumer survey with over 700 observations, Chinese consumer preferences of livestock product attributes were evaluated using factor analysis and probit models. Regional and time differences were examined. Empirical results provide U.S. exporters with valuable information on China's emerging livestock market, its potential, and market access strategies.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22253
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Chinese Consumers' Preferences for Livestock Products AgEcon
Peng, Xuehua; Marchant, Mary A.; Qin, Xiang Dong; Zhuang, Jun.
This research surveyed over 784 Chinese consumers in Shanghai and Nanjing in 2001 and 2002, evaluating their preferences for livestock product attributes using ordered-probit models and factor analyses. Empirical results confirm the heterogeneity of Chinese livestock retail markets and suggest that livestock distributors should focus on Chinese female consumers and young consumers considering cooking convenience as a key attribute. Chinese consumers with higher incomes placed less importance on product price and shopping environment and more importance on product quality and brand name. Highly-educated Chinese consumers placed more importance on the brand name attribute. Our findings also indicate that it is crucial for U.S. livestock exporters to create...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: China; Factor analysis; Livestock products; Ordered-probit model; Consumer/Household Economics; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8134
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Commercialization of Herbicide-Tolerant Soybeans in China: Perverse Domestic and International Trade Effects AgEcon
Hansen, James M.; Lin, William W.; Tuan, Francis C.; Marchant, Mary A.; Kalaitzandonakes, Nicholas G.; Zhong, Funing; Song, Baohui.
Replaced with revised version of paper 06/12/07.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9906
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Competitive Analysis and Market Power of China’s Soybean Import Market AgEcon
Song, Baohui; Marchant, Mary A.; Reed, Michael R.; Xu, Shuang.
This research conducts a competitive structure analysis of the Chinese soybean import market which leads to the hypothesis that China’s soybean importers may have stronger market power in China’s soybean import market. Then, this research develops and simultaneously estimates a two-country partial equilibrium trade model to test U.S.-China market power of soybean trade. The empirical result supports our hypothesis that Chinese soybean importers have stronger market power relative to U.S. soybean exporters. This Chinese market power can be countered by U.S. and South American companies through developing new and expanding existing markets for soybeans throughout the world and investing in Chinese soybean storage and crushing capacity.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Chinese soybean import market; Competitive structure analysis; Market power; Two-country partial equilibrium trade model; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q10; Q12; Q17.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53744
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Competitive Analysis of Chinese Soybean Import Suppliers--U.S., Brazil, and Argentina AgEcon
Song, Baohui; Marchant, Mary A.; Xu, Shuang.
Globally, China is the number one soybean importer, and the U.S., Brazil, and Argentina are the top three soybean exporters. This research provides a detailed overview of the global soybean industry, analyzes the competitive structure of the Chinese soybean import market by examining both annual and monthly data, and compares competitiveness of the U.S., Brazil, and Argentina in the Chinese soybean import market. Results indicate that the U.S. and South America (Brazil and Argentina) were seasonal complementary soybean suppliers for China and Brazil has the greatest advantage in the Chinese soybean import market, followed by the U.S. and Argentina.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21109
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DEMAND DETERMINANTS FOR U.S. PROCESSED FOOD EXPORTS BY EMERGING/LOW AND MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES AgEcon
Marchant, Mary A.; Kumar, Sanjeev.
Replaced with new version 7/19/04
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20276
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Economic Analysis of Cellulase Production by Clostridium thermocellum in Solid State and Submerged Fermentation AgEcon
Zhuang, Jun; Marchant, Mary A.; Nokes, Sue; Strobel, Herbert.
Dependence on foreign oil remains a serious issue for the U.S. economy. Additionally, automobile emissions related to petroleum-based, fossil fuel has been cited as one source of environmental problems, such as global warming and reduced air quality. Using agricultural and forest biomass as a source for the biofuel ethanol industry, provides a partial solution by displacing some fossil fuels. However, the use of high cost enzymes as an input is a significant limitation for ethanol production. Economic analyses of cellulase enzyme production costs using solid state cultivation (SSC) are performed and compared to the traditional submerged fermentation (SmF) method. Results from this study indicate that the unit costs for the cellulase enzyme production are...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biomass; Enzyme production; Ethanol; Solid state fermentation; Submerged fermentation; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31982
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Economic Analysis of Cellulase Production by Clostridium thermocellum in Solid State and Submerged Fermentation AgEcon
Zhuang, Jun; Marchant, Mary A.; Nokes, Sue; Strobel, Herbert.
Replaced with revised version of paper 09/24/04.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20286
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Editors' Report - February 7, 2011 AgEcon
Marchant, Mary A.; Bosch, Darrell J..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113516
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EFFECTS OF THE CANADA-U.S. TRADE AGREEMENT ON U.S. AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS AgEcon
Munirathinam, Ravichandran; Reed, Michael R.; Marchant, Mary A..
This paper investigates the effects of the Canada-U.S. Trade Agreement (CUSTA) on U.S. exports of agricultural products. Econometric analysis found that CUSTA has had a large impact on many U.S. agricultural export categories. All of the consumer-oriented products (except wine and beer), five of the intermediate products, and four of the bulk products had significant CUSTA effects. It is clear that the CUSTA effects have been larger for consumer-oriented food products. There is also evidence that U.S. affiliate sales in Canada have stimulated U.S. exports of consumer-oriented products and intermediate products.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34513
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Endogenizing Government Behavior AgEcon
Marchant, Mary A.; McCalla, Alex F..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50886
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ENDOGENIZING GOVERNMENT BEHAVIOR: EMPIRICAL STUDY OF THE U.S. DAIRY PRICE SUPPORT PROGRAM AgEcon
Marchant, Mary A.; Song, Baohui.
The dairy price support program has existed for more than 70 years and the 2002 Farm Bill extends the dairy price support program through the end of 2007. The choice of the support price is a political decision and affects the economics of the U.S. dairy industry. In this research, economic, political, domestic, and international variables that may influence U.S. policymakers' choice of the support price for manufactured dairy products (MDP--butter, cheese and nonfat dry milk) were identified through the development of two models--a behavioral model and a criterion function model. Empirical results of these two models ranked the importance of these variables and compared results.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35103
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ESTIMATION OF MARKET POWER IN THE U.S. SOYBEAN EXPORT MARKETS AgEcon
Song, Baohui; Veeramani, Venkat N.; Marchant, Mary A.; Xu, Shuang.
Replaced with revised version of paper 08/11/04.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20311
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HOPES AND FEARS: THE NEW WORLD TRADE NEGOTIATIONS AND SOUTHERN AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Marchant, Mary A..
Understanding the impacts of the Uruguay Round (UR) Agreement on southern commodities serves as a starting point to assess the potential impacts of the next global trade negotiations in terms of hope (expanding export markets) and fear (new competition). Key issues examined include whether or not the UR Agreement resulted in new markets or new competition for key southern commodities-cotton, poultry, tobacco, and rice. For new markets, export data were analyzed to determine if exports increased since the passage of the UR Agreement in 1994. Also, countries that are leading world importers of these southern commodities were identified and data analyzed to determine whether the U.S. is exporting to these top markets. Alternatively, to assess whether the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade; Cotton; General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT); International trade; Poultry; Rice; The South; Tobacco; Uruguay Round Agreements; World Trade Organization (WTO); International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15367
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IDENTIFYING MONETARY IMPACTS ON FOOD PRICES IN CHINA: A VEC MODEL APPROACH AgEcon
Peng, Xuehua; Marchant, Mary A.; Reed, Michael R..
This research attempts to investigate the impacts of monetary variables (such as money supply and interest rates) on food prices in China using a vector error correction (VEC) model approach. Evidence indicates that monetary variables and the food price index (FPI) have a long-run equilibrium relationship in China. Furthermore, the direction of Granger-causality moves from the money supply to the FPI and then to interest rates, rather than the reverse. Monetary impacts on food prices in China mainly stem from the money supply rather than interest rates.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food prices; Monetary shock; VEC model; China; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20315
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Impacts of China's Food Consumption on U.S. Soybean Exports AgEcon
Chen, Wei; Marchant, Mary A.; Song, Baohui.
A model examines how the international and China’s market prices impact China’s soybean imports from the U.S. and South America. Based on soybean crushing ratios and a market clearing presumption, an equation of China’s soybean oil import prices is designed to achieve the goal.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: China's Soybean Imports; U.S. Soybean Exports; South American Soybean Exports; Price Elasticities; Soybean Crushing Ratios; Marke Clear; GMM; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade; Q17.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46820
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INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT: SUBSTITUTES OR COMPLEMENTS? AgEcon
Marchant, Mary A.; Cornell, Dyana N.; Koo, Won W..
International agricultural trade has evolved over time. Processed foods and developing countries have become major growth markets for U.S. agricultural exports, and foreign direct investment (FDI) has become even more important than exports as a means of accessing foreign markets. The critical question is whether FDI is a substitute for or a complement of exports. This research builds upon an existing theoretical FDI model and contributes to the literature through the development of a simultaneous equation system for FDI and exports, which is estimated using two-stage least squares. Empirical analyses were used to examine the relationship between U.S. FDI and exports of processed foods into East Asian countries - China, Japan, Singapore, South Korea,...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: East Asia; Exports; Foreign direct investment; International trade; Processed foods; International Relations/Trade; F47; Q17; C3; F17.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15471
Registros recuperados: 33
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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