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Remote Sensing of Sea Surface Salinity From CAROLS L-Band Radiometer in the Gulf of Biscay ArchiMer
Martin, Adrien; Boutin, Jacqueline; Hauser, Daniele; Reverdin, Gilles; Parde, Mickael; Zribi, Mehrez; Fanise, Pascal; Chanut, Jerome; Lazure, Pascal; Tenerelli, Joseph; Reul, Nicolas.
A renewal of interest for the radiometric L-band Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) remote sensing appeared in the 1990s and led to the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) satellite launched in November 2009 and to the Aquarius mission (launched in June 2011). However, due to low signal to noise ratio, retrieving SSS from L-band radiometry is very challenging. In order to validate and improve L-band radiative transfer model and salinity retrieval method used in SMOS data processing, the Cooperative Airborne Radiometer for Ocean and Land Studies (CAROLS) was developed. We analyze here a coastal flight (20 May 2009), in the Gulf of Biscay, characterized by strong SSS gradients (28 to 35 pss-78). Extensive in-situ measurements were gathered along the plane track....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: L-band; Microwave radiometry; Remote sensing; Retrieval method; Sea surface salinity (SSS); Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS); Wind speed.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00079/18997/16600.pdf
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SKIM, a Candidate Satellite Mission Exploring Global Ocean Currents and Waves ArchiMer
Ardhuin, Fabrice; Brandt, Peter; Gaultier, Lucile; Donlon, Craig; Battaglia, Alessandro; Boy, François; Casal, Tania; Chapron, Bertrand; Collard, Fabrice; Cravatte, Sophie; Delouis, Jean Marc; De Witte, Erik; Dibarboure, Gerald; Engen, Geir; Johnsen, Harald; Lique, Camille; Lopez-dekker, Paco; Maes, Christophe; Martin, Adrien; Marié, Louis; Menemenlis, Dimitris; Nouguier, Frederic; Peureux, Charles; Rampal, Pierre; Ressler, Gerhard; Rio, Marie-helene; Rommen, Bjorn; Shutler, Jamie D.; Suess, Martin; Tsamados, Michel; Ubelmann, Clement; Van Sebille, Erik; Van Den Oever, Martin; Stammer, Detlef.
The Sea surface KInematics Multiscale monitoring (SKIM) satellite mission is designed to explore ocean surface current and waves. This includes tropical currents, notably the poorly known patterns of divergence and their impact on the ocean heat budget, and monitoring of the emerging Arctic up to 82.5°N. SKIM will also make unprecedented direct measurements of strong currents, from boundary currents to the Antarctic circumpolar current, and their interaction with ocean waves with expected impacts on air-sea fluxes and extreme waves. For the first time, SKIM will directly measure the ocean surface current vector from space. The main instrument on SKIM is a Ka-band conically scanning, multi-beam Doppler radar altimeter/wave scatterometer that includes a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ocean current; Tropics; Arctic; Doppler; Altimetry; Sea state; Remote sensing; Ocean waves.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00498/60964/64372.pdf
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The Seasonal Smorgasbord of the Seas ArchiMer
Martin, Adrien.
The spring bloom of phytoplankton—an annual population explosion that propagates poleward across much of the open ocean and spills across the continental shelves—is a seasonal bounty for the marine ecosystem. As it wanes, its annual legacy is a flux of carbon out of the atmosphere as the organic material, containing newly fixed carbon, sinks. On page 54 of this issue, Mahadevan et al. (1) suggest that the bloom can be triggered by instabilities in surface currents that trap phytoplankton near the sunlit surface. In another study, Teeling et al. (2) recently suggested that the bloom itself may help to explain the “paradox of the plankton” (3); how can a seemingly homogeneous ocean sustain thousands of species?
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00090/20112/17754.pdf
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